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间接引用句

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范文一:直接引语改为间接引语(直接引语为陈述句) 投稿:蔡閽閾

直接引语改为间接引语(直接引语为陈述句)

广州市东圃中学 张虹

注意: 1. 连词that引导

2. 人称的改变(一随主、二随宾、三不变)

3. 时态的变化 (主句用现在时或将来时,从句可用任何时态;

主句用过去时,从句用与过去相关的时态。)

4. 如果直接引语是表示客观真理时,变为间接引语,时态不变如: The teacher said

→The teacher said(that)the earth goes round the sun.

一、把直接引语改为间接引语(主句为一般现在时)

1.‘We go to school on Saturday, too.’

____________ to school on Saturday.

2.‘I want to give your sister a Christmas card.’

3.‘I will visit my daughter in March.’

_ daughter in March.

4.She says, ‘I’m glad to meet you.’

She tells us ________ glad to meet ______.

5.David says, ‘ I want to hear their songs.’

David says ________________ to hear _________

二、把直接引语改为间接引语(主句为一般过去时)

1. ‘I am a solider.’

He said ___________ a solider

2. ‘We are at the race.’

They said _________________ at the race

3. ‘They don’t have any books about stamps.’

Rik told Annie ______________ have any books about stamps.

4. ‘I need the cook’s telephone number.’

Zak said________________________ the cook’s telephone number.

5. ‘She is running along the street.’

She said ______________ along the street.

三、把直接引语改为间接引语(两种时态混用)

6.Sally says, ‘Our exams are starting this week.’

Sally says ______________ starting this week.

7. ‘I am going to read these.’

My mother said ___________________________________.

8. ‘I shall find an easier job.’

He said ____________________________________.

9.The doctor says, ‘You’ll have to stay at home until I come to see you again’

The doctor says ________ have to stay at home until____ come to see_____ again.

10.Janet says, ‘ She doesn’t like her new bike.’

___ new bike.

11. ‘You must be on time for your lessons.’

_______.

12. She said to him, ‘It’s time for you to leave here.’

13.Jack says, ‘You must finish your homework first.’

14. ‘It may be a good idea.’

15.Kate says, ‘I’m doing some shopping when we meet in the park.’

16. ‘I will be a pilot when I grow up.’

He told us _____________________________________

17.The students say, ‘We would like to be teachers so we must study hard.’

___ would like to be teachers so _______ must study hard.

18. ‘You can’t all be managers.’

He told us ________________________________________.

19. ‘I have lost a book about animals.’

She said _______________ a book about animals.

20. The teacher said, ‘the earth is round.’

The teacher said .

范文二:直接引语改为间接引语2(直接引语为陈述句) 投稿:任銭銮

直接引语改为间接引语2(直接引语为陈述句) 东圃中学 张虹

注意: 1. 连词that引导

2. 人称的改变(一随主二随宾三不变)

3. 时态的变化 (主句用现在时或将来时,从句可用任何时态; 主句用过去时,从句用与过去相关的时态。)

4. 如果直接引语是表示客观真理时,变为间接引语,一般现在时不改为一般过去时。如:The teacher said

一、把直接引语改为间接引语(主句为一般现在时)

1.‘We go to school on Saturday, too.’

2.‘I want to give your sister a Christmas card.’

3.‘ I will visit my daughter in March.’

4.She says, ‘I’m glad to meet you.’

She tells us ________ glad to meet ______.

5.David says, ‘ I want to hear their songs.’

David says ________________ to hear _________

二、把直接引语改为间接引语(主句为一般过去时)

1. ‘I am a solider.’

He said ___________ a solider

2. ‘We are at the race.’

They said _________________ at the race

3. ‘They don’t have any books about stamps.’

Rik told Annie ______________ have any books about stamps.

4. ‘I need the cook’s telephone number.’

Zak said________________________ the cook’s telephone number.

5. ‘She is running along the street.’

She said ______________ along the street.

三、把直接引语改为间接引语(两种时态混用)

6.Sally says , ‘Our exam are starting this week.’

Sally says ______________ starting this week.

7. ‘I am going to read these.’

My mother said ___________________________________.

8. ‘I shall find an easier job.’

He said ____________________________________.

9.The doctor says, ‘You’ll have to stay at home until I come to see you again’

The doctor says _______ have to stay at home until____ come to see_____ again.

10.Janet says , ‘ She doesn’t like her new bike.’

___ new bike.

11. ‘You must be on time for your lessons.’

_______.

12. She said to him, ‘It’s time for you to leave here.’

13.Jack says, ‘ You must finish your homework first.’

14. ‘ It may be a good idea.’

_______ be a good idea.

15.Kate says, ‘ I’m doing some shopping when we meet in the park.’

______doing some shopping when __________ in the park.’

16. ‘I will be a pilot when I grow up.’

He told us _____________________________________

17.The students say, ‘We would like to be teachers so we must study hard.’

18. ‘You can’t all be managers.’

He told us ________________________________________.

19. ‘ I have lost a book about animals.’

She said _______________ a book about animals.

20. The teacher said, ‘the earth is round.’

The teacher said .

范文三:直接引句改间接引句练习题 投稿:胡鐚鐛

直接引句改间接引句

一、标点符号的改变

引述句改为转述句,冒号和引号要改为逗号。转述句改引述句,要加上冒号和引号。

二、人称的变化

1.引述是直接引用别人的话,而转述则是转达别人说的话,因此,引述句改为转述句时,说话人即第一人称“ 我 ”要改 为第三人称“ 他 ” 或“ 她 ”。 如:张童说:“我一定要坚持长跑锻炼。 ”

改:张童说,他一定要坚持长跑锻炼。

2.当引述内容涉及其他人称时的改法。

如:姐姐说:“ 你说得对,我就这样做。”

改:姐姐说我说得对,她就这样做。

上面的例句中涉及了第二人称,在改为转述句时就应改为第一人称。还应注意,冒号和引号前的内容不变。

3.转述句改为引述句,第三人称“ 他 ” 或 “ 她 ”应改 为第一人称“ 我 ”,说话内容涉及第一人称应改为第二人称。

如:老班长说,他没有完成任务,没把我们照顾好。

改:老班长说:“ 我没有完成任务,没把你们照顾好。”

一、把下面句子改变人称换个说法。

美丽的姑娘说:我是智慧的女儿。

_________________________________________________

一位台湾同胞说,他是中国人,他爱中国。

_________________________________________________

小明高兴地告诉妈妈,他在新华书店买了一本《雷锋日记》。

_________________________________________________

二、把直接引述改为间接引述

1、爸爸说:“小甜病了,我会不知道吗?”

2、王老师对同学们说:“如果明天下雨,我们就不去秋游了。”

3、 那位年轻的母亲说:“你这么大年纪了,我站一会儿就行了。”

4、 王军不好意思地说:“那次是我不好,不该弄坏你的钢笔。”

三、按要求改变句式,意思不变。

1、讲桌上的那束鲜花,正表达着我们对老师的一片深情。(变成反问句)

_________________________________________________

2、没有革命先烈的流血牺牲,就没有我们今天的幸福生活。(变成反问句)

_____________________________________________________________________

3、既然我的老师们播下的种子在他们学生的身上开花结果了,为什么我们播下的种子不会在自己的学生身上结果呢?(变为陈述句)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4、同窗五载的情谊,我们不能忘记。(变成反问句)

_______________________________________________________________

5、狼的本性会突然改变吗?不会,绝对不会!(改为陈述句)

________________________________________________________________

6、21世纪图书馆的大门不会关闭。(变成反问句)

________________________________________________________________

7、未来的社会不可能不是“多元”的社会。(改为肯定句)

________________________________________________________________

8、你和从前相比,不是变了个样子吗?(变为陈述句)

_________________________________________________

四、练一练

(1)把下列句子改写成反问句。

象桑娜那样品德高尚的人值得赞扬。

_________________________________________________

为了把祖国建设得更强盛,我们应该努力学习。

_________________________________________________

少先队员应该讲文明,有礼貌。

_________________________________________________

(2)把下列句子改成陈述句。

人的聪明与愚笨,难道是天生的吗?

________________________________________________

毒刑拷打算得了什么?死亡也无法叫我开口。

_________________________________________________

实现四个现代化,难道不上全国人民的伟大历史任务吗?

_________________________________________________

(3)把下面句子改成用把字的句子。

同学们交给我一项任务。

_________________________________________________

姐姐送给我一件最有意义的礼物。

_________________________________________________

(4)下面句子改成用被字的句子。

森林爷爷战胜了妖魔。

_________________________________________________

五、把下面的句子改成反问句

1、对少数同学不守纪律的现象,我们不能不闻不问。

2、我们现在不好好学习,长大了就不能参加祖国建设。

3、又烂又软的淤泥承受不了这样笨重的老象。

4、我的心啊,留在祖国的蓝天上。

六、把陈述句先改成否定句,再改成反问句,意思不能变。

1、那只可爱的小麻雀是我喂养的。

否定句:

反问句:

2、这个故事使妈妈感动不已。

否定句:

反问句:

3、我们要遵守交通规则。

否定句:

反问句:

(一)引述句改为转述句。把一个人直接说的话变成别人转述的话,要注意三点:①标点符号

(把冒号改为逗号,去掉双引号);②人称代词(把第一(二)人称代词“我”(“你”)

改为第三人称代词“他”(或者人名);③意思不变(有些句子需要改动或增加个别的文字,

才能做到使句子的意思不变)。

较复杂的例题[主要标志:引语中有“你”字]:

⑴赵王告诉蔺相如说:“你带着宝玉到秦国去。”

⑵父亲对科林说:“我敢肯定,圣诞节前一个星期你就会看到它了。”

⑶盲姑娘说:“哥哥,你别难过,我不过随便说说罢了。”

⑷孙膑对田忌说:“我不是挖苦你,你再同齐威王赛一次,我有办法让你取胜。”

⑸诸葛亮对鲁肃说:“你借给我二十条船,”

⑹诸葛亮说:“不能让都督知道。他要是知道了,我的计划就完了。”

(二)陈述句改为反问句。肯定(否定)的陈述句变成反问句,要加上(去掉)否定词“不”、“没有”等,句末加疑

问语气词“吗”、“呢”等,有时前面加上“难道”、“岂不”等,句号该为问号。

⑴许多到中国来游览的外宾,看到詹天佑留下的伟大工程,都赞叹不已。

⑵人与山的关系日益密切,使我们感到亲切、舒服。

⑶不劳动,连棵花也养不活,这是真理。

⑷蔺相如说:“秦王我都不怕,当然不怕廉将军。”

⑸这比山还高,比海还深的情谊,我们不会忘记。

⑹我从来没有留着像游丝样的痕迹。

(四)陈述句、反问句、双重否定句之间的互换。

例:我有办法称出大象的重量。

反问句:我怎能没有办法称出大象的重量呢?

双重否定句:我不可能没有办法称出大象的重量。

1、比较三个句子的不同之处,得出规律:

A、陈述句改成反问句时,判断词相反,同时有反问词(难道、那能、怎能等词,末尾加“?”

B、双重否定句中有两个否定词如:没有„„不„„;不可能„„不„„;

非„„不可„„等。

2、练一练:

(1)我们不会忘记党的恩情。

(2)邱润峰上课认真,学习怎么会不进步?

(3)作为一名少先队员,不能不讲文明。

(五)引述句与转述句的互换。

例:伯父摸了摸他的鼻子,笑着说:”他小的时候,鼻子和我的爸爸一样,也是又高又直。”(直间引用)

伯父摸了摸他的鼻子,笑着说,他小的时候,鼻子和我的爸爸一样,也是又高又直。”(间接引用)

1、比较两个句子的特点:

直间引用改为间接引用,第一人称变为第三人称。

1、 练习

(1)妈妈对我说:“我想看看你洗的衣服干净不干净。”

(2)山姆握着珊迪的手说:“我会永远照顾你的“周瑜长叹一声,说:“诸葛亮神机妙算,我真不如他。”

(3)妈妈严肃地对我说,马上就要期末考试了,叫我一定要认真 复习,不要辜负老师和她对我的一片期望。

(4)老师语重心长的说,雨天路滑,叫我们要注意安全。

(六)因果关系句式的互换

例:(1)我爱绿叶,因为它是大自然最宠爱的儿女。

(2)因为它是大自然最宠爱的儿女,所以我爱绿叶。

(3)我之所以爱绿叶,是因为它是大自然最宠爱的儿女。

反问句的特征是问中有答,如果能读出句中的答案,那么答案就是反问句即将变成的陈述句。如果不会,可以按下面的规则来变!

1、反问句变陈述句的规则:

·去掉反问词和疑问词,把问号改成句号。

·反问句中有否定词(例如:不、无、没有)等,就去掉;如果没有,就要加上。

例题:1、还有比事实更能说明道理的吗?

2、不劳动,连棵花也养不活,这难道不是真理吗?

3、他呀!都老头子了,还订这些东西干什么呀?

4、十万支箭,三天怎么造得成?

5、都是你自己找的,我怎么帮得了你的忙?

6、居里夫人只要在专利书上签个字,所有的困难不是都可以解决了吗?

7、我们怎能忘记老师的谆谆教导?

8、那浪花所奏的不正是一首欢乐的歌吗?

9、我们播下的种子怎么不会在自己学生的身上开花结果呢?

10、李大钊同志对革命事业充满信心,怎么会惧怕反动军阀?

11、钱在孤岛上又有什么用呢?

12.要想取得好成绩,不刻苦学习怎么行?

13.这个故事怎能不使我感动呢?

14. 王老师带病工作,我怎能不感动呢?

2、陈述句变反问句的规则:

·加上反问词、疑问词,把句号改成问号。

·如果陈述句是否定的,就要在变反问句时去掉否定词;如果陈述句是肯定的,就在变反问句时加上否定词。 例题:

1、今天依然屹立的金字塔是奴隶们的劳动和智慧的结晶。

2、马上要进行期末考试了,我们要努力学习。

3、人与山的关系日益密切,使我们感到亲切、舒服。

4、这活泼的小男孩是我的好朋友。

5、我们不会忘记党的恩情。

6、人类需要勇于实践的人。

7、这个故事使我感动得流泪。

8、可爱的小女孩是我的好朋友。

9、这比山高比海深的情谊,我们不会忘记。

10、坡度这么大,火车爬不上去。

11、这清白的梅花是不能玷污的。

12、这个困难,同学们会想办法克服的。

把下列肯定句式改成否定句式。

( 1 )这场演出你应该参加。

___________________________________________________

( 2 )这个故事使我感动得流泪。

___________________________________________________

( 3 )李小嫚会来的。

___________________________________________________

( 4 )你能看到大海。

___________________________________________________

解前精析

肯定一件事的句子叫肯定句,否定一件事的句子叫否定句。肯定句中表示肯定的词没有一定,否定句中表示否定的词常常用“不”、“不能”、“不会”、“没”、“没有”等词来表示。肯定的意思还可以用否定的句式来表达,不过得用两个否定词,表示双重否定,“否定 + 否定 = 肯定”。肯定句式和否定句式虽表示的意思差不多,但在语意上有轻重强弱之分。一般说来,同一个意思用否定句式来表达,语意要轻些弱些。

【本例答案】( 1 )这场演出你不应该不参加。( 2 )这个故事不能不使我感动得流泪。( 3 )李小嫚不会不来。( 4 )你不可能看不到大海。

【解法揭秘】将肯定句式改成否定句式,除了将原句中表示肯定的词语(如“能”、“会”、 “应该”等)改成表示否定的词语(如“不能”、“不会”、“不应该”等)外,还要在原句中的适当位置再添上一个表示否定的词。这样,句式虽然变了,意思却未变。

例 3 (西安市 2001 )

将下列陈述句改成反问句或将反问句改成陈述句。

( 1 )我是一个好人。(改成反问句)

_____________________________________________

( 2 )朝鲜人民永远不会忘记中国人民志愿军战士。(改成反问句)

_____________________________________________

( 3 )这件事你怎么能不做呢?(改成陈述句)

_____________________________________________

( 4 )难道这不是你的家?(改成陈述句)

范文四:怎样把直接引述句改为间接引述句 投稿:范携搻

妈对我说:“今天我回来的晚,你先吃饭,不用等我。”(改为第三人称) 怎样把直接引述句改为间接引述句 当我们引用别人的话时,我们可以使用别人的原话,也可以用自己的话把意思转述出来。如果引用原话,被引用的部分就称之为直接引语,反之,则称为间接引语。 引述或转述别人的话称为“引语”。直接引用别人的原话,两边用引号“ ”标出,叫做直接引语;用自己的语言转述别人的话,不需要引号这叫做间接引语,实际上间接引语大都是宾语从

今天 ,妈妈跟我说,她晚上回来的晚,让我先吃饭,不用等她.

2、老师说:“你们先把上次作业的错误改正后,再做今天的作业(改为第三人称)

老师说,我们先把上次作业的错误改正后,再做今天的作业.

引述句和转述句的互换

一、标点符号的改变

引述句改为转述句,冒号和引号要改为逗号。转述句改引述句,要加上冒号和引号。

二、人称的变化

1.引述是直接引用别人的话,而转述则是转达别人说的话, 因此,引述句改为转述句时,说话人即第一人称“ 我 ”要改 为第三人称“ 他 ” 或“ 她 ”。 如:张童说:“我一定要坚持长跑锻炼。 ”

改:张童说,他一定要坚持长跑锻炼。

2.当引述内容涉及其他人称时的改法 。

如:姐姐说:“ 你说得对,我就这样做。”

改:姐姐说我说得对,她就这样做 。

上面的例句中涉及了第二人称,在改为转述句时就应改为 第一人称。还应注意,冒号和引号前的内容不变。

3.转述句改为引述句,第三人称“ 他 ” 或 “ 她 ”应改 为第一人称“ 我 ”,说话内容涉及第一人称应改为第二人称。

如:老班长说,他没有完成任务,没把我们照顾好。

改:老班长说:“ 我没有完成任务,没把你们照顾好。” 会了么? 加油啊!

怎样教把直接引述句换成间接转述句

【摘要】:正 第九册

与引号外谁对应,就换成谁。如:

【关键词】: 转述句 人称代词 引号 标点符号 对应关系 引述 分析比较 立脚点 第三者 句子

直接引述改成间接转述的方法(转载)

2008-12-22 13:37:36| 分类: 句型句式 | 标签: |字号大中小 订阅

1、确定引号里有多少个代词。2、确定各代词分别代指谁。3、按下面

的两种方法进行改写:

A、确定谁叫谁做什么的,可以用“xx叫xx做什么”的格式改写。

如:老师对小民说:“你把作业抱到办公室去。”

改:老师叫小民把作业抱到办公室去。

B、不能确定谁叫谁做什么的,首先把话中的“我”改为“他

(她)”,再把其它的的代词改成具体的人。

如:老师对小明说:“我看了你的作文很满意。”

改:老师对小明说,他看了小明的作文很满意。

注意:

1、要是引号中是反问语气,要改成陈述语气。

2、提示语在中间或在句末的句子,把提示语调整到句首后,可按

以上方法进行改动。

、反问句改陈述句方法:

1、去 即去掉反问词和语气词:“难道„吗?怎么„呢?”

2、改 即把“?”号改成“。”

3、变 肯定变否定,否定变肯定。

4、查 即检查修改后的句子意思应和原来的一样。

二、陈述句改反问句方法:

1、加 即加上反问词和语气词:“难道„吗?怎么„呢?”

2、改 即把“?”号改成“。”

3、变 肯定变否定,否定变肯定。

4、查 即检查修改后的句子意思应和原来的一样。

(一)把下列反问句改成陈述句

1、朝鲜战场上我们有多少优秀儿女献出了生命,他们的父母难道就不悲痛吗?

2、我们如果没有老百姓的支持,能有今天的局面吗?

3、这清白的梅花,是玷污得的吗?

4、我们吃的穿的,哪一样能离开群众的支持?

5、我为什么不从毛衣入手,自己设计、制作和出售时装呢?

6、在人类古老的历史长河中,有哪一个民族能像中华民族这样拥有如此丰富的书法瑰宝?

7、难道这世界上糟糕的诗还不够多吗?

8、还有什么别的话比这句最简单的话更能表达我此时的全部感情呢?

(二)把下面的陈述句改成反问句:

1、这活泼的小孩是我的好朋友。

2、六小开展的师生才艺表演活动很好看。

3、顽强拼搏的运动员是我们学习的榜样。

4、现在的条件这么好,我们应该好好学习。

5、这件事大家都同意。

6、别人能做到的事,我们也能做到。

7、这件事大家会同意。

8、这比山高比海深的情谊,我们不会忘记。

9、这是祖国母亲对我的期望。

10、不劳动,连棵花叶养不活,这是真理。

转载]二、2、反问句:定义、特点、种类、作用、变换、注意

【九种句式浅析】 二、五种常用句式 2、反问句 (1)、定义:

反问句,也不同于一般的疑问句,它是用疑问的形式,来表示肯定或否定。

(2)、特点:

反问句,只问不答,问中有答。

(3)、种类:

反问句有两种形式:

第一种:是用否定的形式,来表示肯定的内容。

这种反问句的语气,比一般肯定句还要强。

第二种:是用肯定的形式,来表示否定的内容。

这种反问句的语气,比一般否定句还要强。

(4)、作用:

反问句的主要作用是:加强语气,发人深醒。

(5)、用途:

它常用于一般文章,特别是在议论文中。

(6)、变换:

在写作中,

有时,为了加强语气,把一般陈述句变成反问句。

变化时,如原句是肯定的,则加否定词,变成疑问形式;

如果原句是否定的, 则去掉否定词, 变成疑问形式。

有的反问句,还要加“难道”、“岂”等字样。

有时,反问句还和设问句连用,用反问句去充当设问句的答句,这样,能同时发挥这两种句式的作用,收到更好的效果。

(7)、注意:

运用反问句时要注意三点:

A、反问是只问不答,问中有答。这就要求隐含在问句中的答案必须明确。

B、反问句常用在叙述、描写 、抒情的后面,以加强语气。

C、反问时,要问得自然,不要强问。

转载]什么是陈述句、祈使句、疑问句、感叹句

读读下面的句子,想想各语句和使用的标点有什么不同。

例1 造纸是我国古代四大发明之一。 例2 老大爷,请进来喝碗茶吧!

例3 你到公园去吗? 例4 天安门广场真大啊!

【解答】

根据语气可以把句子分成陈述句、祈使句、疑问句和感叹句四种类型。

1.陈述句

陈述句是用来说明事实的句子。它的后面用句号表示,语调一般是平的。有的陈述句表示肯定的语气,比如例1。还有像“小树长高了。”有的陈述句表示否定的语气,如“他没有参加小组会。”“我不认识这位老师。”有的陈述句用双重否定的形式表示肯

定的语气,如“社会主义的物质文明与精神文明非搞好不可。”“乡亲们没有不夸雨来聪明的。”

2.祈使句

用来要求听话人做某件事情的句子。如命令、请求、禁止或劝阻语气的句子都是祈使句。祈使句常常是要求别人做什么或不做什么,句末用句号或叹号。

表示命令的祈使句言词肯定,坚定不移,句子的前半部分常常被省略。如“立正!出发!”“把他带走!”

表示请求的祈使句语气比较缓和,如例2。还有像“老师,让我去吧!”

表示禁止的祈使句语气比较强硬,大多省去句子的前半部分。如“不要攀折花木!”“禁止吸烟!”

表示劝阻的祈使句语气较缓和,有商量的口气。如“以后别再迟到啦!”

3.疑问句

疑问句是用来提出问题的句子,句末用问号表示。比如例3。还有像“这是谁的书包?”

4.感叹句

用来抒发某种强烈感情的句子是感叹句,句末用叹号。比如例4。还有像“这些花真美啊!”表示了赞美的语气;“这么做太不像话了!”表示谴责的语气。

我们了解了这四种句式,对于理解句子、使用标点、表达感情,都很有好处。 分享:

范文五:直接引语和间接引语Ⅰ(陈述句和疑问句) 投稿:黎楥楦

直接引语和间接引语Ⅰ ( 陈述句和疑问句)

教学目标:

一.知识目标:

掌握直接引语和间接引语的概念。

学会区分直接引语和间接引语。

二.能力目标

掌握当直接引语是陈述句和疑问句时,该怎样将直接引语转化成间接引语。

掌握直接引语便间接引语时,时态的变化。

熟练在直接引语和间接引语之间进行转化。

教学重点:

时态的变化

指示代词,时间状语,地点状语和动词的变化。

间接引语时态不作改变的情况

教学难点:准确无误地将直接引语转化成间接引语。

教学方法:

教学步骤:

一.引入新课

我们在生活中,经常会遇到这种情况:我们请别人帮我们传达信息;别人请我们传达信息。在这样的情况下,用怎么样的方法才能时需要传达的信息不会变质呢?

如:今天,一位学生家长带着自己正在念初三的学生来到恒名教育,想向蒲老师打听一下收费情况及具体的课时安排。结果,不巧,蒲老师出去了只有等到第二天才回来,等蒲老师回来后,你该怎样转述家长的话给蒲老师呢/

二.新课教学

(一)出示本节课的学习目标

(二)学习目标完成过程

变直接引语为间接引语时,应注意以下事项:

(1)句型的变化

①直接引语为陈述句时,下列情况中的that不可省略:

当宾语从句作直接宾语时。

当宾语从句中的状语置于从句句首时。

当两个或两个以上的宾语从句并列时,仅能省略第一个that,其余的不可省略。 ②直接引语为一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,宾语从句有whether或if引导。 He said, “Can you come this afternoon?” →

He asked whether/if John could come that afternoon.

③特殊疑问句变为由who, what, when等疑问词引导的宾语从句。

He said, “Where is Mr Wang?” →

He asked where Mr Wang is.

④直接引语是祈使句时,应注意常变为ask/tell/order sb. to do sth.句型。若是以let’s开头的祈使句,则通常变为suggest doing或suggest+从句的形式。

“Will you pen the door for me?” →

She asked me to pen the door for her.

(2)时态的变化

若主句谓语动词是过去时,从句的时态应变成过去相应的过去的某种时态。如下表所示:

如果直接引语属于下面的情况,变为间接引语时时态不作改变:

①主句的谓语动词为现在和将来时态。

a. He says, “I’m tired.” → He says that he is tired.

b. He will says, “The boy was lazy.” →He will tell you that the boy was lazy. ②当直接引语是客观真理时,不受时间限制。

He said to us,“The earth goes around the sun.” →

He said to us that the earth goes around the sun.

③直接引语是过去时,并且和具体的过去时间连用,时态不作改变。

She said, “I was born in 1995.” →She said she was born in1995.

(3)指示代词,时间状语,地点状语和动词的变化。

(4)人称代词的变化

①“一随主”若直接引语中有第一人称,变间接引语时应与主句中主语的人称相一致。 ②“二随宾”若直接引语中有第二人称,变间接引语时应与主句中宾语的人称相一致 ③“第三人称不更新”直接引语中的第三人称变间接引语时不需要变化。

三.巩固训练

教材完全解读16-17页例题4,

四.小结

1.什么是直接引语?什么是间接引语?1.

2.变直接引语为间接引语时,应注意哪些事项?(句型的变化;时态的变化;指示代词,时间状语,地点状语和动词的变化; 人称代词的变化)

五.作业

教材完全解读18页:速效基础演练的3个小题,知能提升突破的6个小题。

六.板书设计

七.课后反思

范文六:祈使句变间接引语 投稿:毛貓貔

祈使句祈使句的作用是要求、请求或命令、劝告、建议别人做或不做一件事。变为间接引语

祈使句变为间接引语时应注意的几个问题

祈使句变间接引语,通常将say改为ask或tell、order等动词,构成ask(或tell或order)sb.to do sth.结构

。原祈使句如果是否定的,要在不定式结构前加not。原祈使句中如果带有please一词,间接引语中亦不再使用

。例如:

“Please open the window,”he said.

He asked me to open the window.

He said,“Don't do that again.”

He told me not to do that again.

以Let开头的祈使句变为间接引语时,有下列几种形式:

1)Let's如果表示某种建议,变间接引语时,要用“suggest+动名词”或“suggest+宾语从句”结构(从句谓语用should+动词原形)。例如:

Our teacher said,“Let's go boating together.”

Our teacher suggested going boating together.

Our teacher suggested that we (should) go boating together.

2)Let祈使句作“允许、同意”解,变间接引语时,可按一般祈使句变间接引语的规律进行。例如:

“Let her come with me, mother. I'll take good care of her.”said Tom.

Tom asked his mother to let her go with him and promised to take good care of her.

2) Let him(或them)表示“建议”时,其间接引语用应suggest + 动名词复合结构或 suggest(或say)+宾语从句(从句谓语用should + 动词原形)。

Mother said,“Let him go to school.”

Mother suggested his going to school.

Mother suggested that he (should) go to school.

4)Let's not单独用来回答一个肯定的建议时,其间接引语一般使用be against„或oppose the idea等短语

。例如:

“Let's sell the old car and buy a new one,”said Peter.

“Let's not,”said Mary.

Peter suggested selling the old car and buying a new one,but Mary was against it.

范文七:第二十八课间接引句(一) 投稿:程擵擶

第二十八课 间接引句(一)

一.本课要点及示例

在这一课里, 我们学习间接引句的用法, 比方:

M: Is everyone here today?

F: No, Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: That's strange. We're choosing teams today. He asked if he could be a captain. It's really too bad that he is not here.

F: He and his father came to see me early this morning. His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today. He said that they were going on a trip.

M: How long will Jimmy be out of school?

F: His father didn't say, but he did give the reason for the trip.

M: What is that?

F: Jimmy's grandmother died.

现在我们再听英文老师把对话慢慢儿地念一遍.

M: Is everyone here today?

F: No, Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: That's strange. We're choosing teams today. He asked if he could be a captain. It's really too bad that he is not here.

F: He and his father came to see me early this morning. His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today. He said that they were going on a trip.

M: How long will Jimmy be out of school?

F: His father didn't say, but he did give the reason for the trip.

M: What is that?

F: Jimmy's grandmother died.

下面我请英文老师把对话里的间接引句再念一遍.

M: He asked if he could be a captain.

F: His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today.

F: He said that they were going on a trip.

二.间接引句

第一组练习是由凯特或是比尔说一句话, 比方凯特说: Jimmy Taylor is absent. 接着学生就用间接引句说: Kate said that Jimmy Taylor was absent. 请你注意 在引述别人的话的时候应该把话里的现在时态动词改成过去时态. 现在我们开始作练习, 学生作句子的时候请你也一起作.

F: Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: Kate said that Jimmy Taylor was absent.

F: Jimmy is excused from school.

M: Kate said that Jimmy was excused from school.

F: Jimmy's grandmother is dead.

M: Kate said that Jimmy's grandmother was dead.

下面学生引述比尔说的话, 还是请你跟着作练习.

M: It is strange that Jimmy is absent.

F: Bill said that it was strange that Jimmy was absent.

M: The school is choosing teams.

F: Bill said that the school was choosing teams.

M: Jimmy wants to be a captain.

F: Bill said that Jimmy wanted to be a captain.

M: It is too bad that Jimmy is not in school.

F: Bill said that it was too bad that Jimmy was not in school.

下面一组练习是由凯特自我介绍, 说明她是小学三年级教员, 并且叙述她的日常工作, 比方她教什么课程, 她预备教材, 跟学生和学生家长开会等等. 练习的作法是凯特说一句话, 比方:

F: I am an elementary school teacher.

M: Kate told me that she was an elementary school teacher.

F: I am a third grade teacher.

M: Kate told me that she was a third grade teacher.

F: I teach arithmetic.

M: Kate told me that she taught arithmetic.

F: I introduce other subjects as well.

M: Kate told me that she introduced other subjects as well.

F: All my students are eight or nine years old.

M: Kate told me that all her students were eight or nine years old.

F: I prepare for my classes.

M: Kate told me that she prepared for her classes.

F: I have conferences with my students quite often.

M: Kate told me that she had conferences with her students quite often.

F: Sometimes I talk to my students' parents.

M: Kate told me that sometimes she talked to her students' parents.

下面一组练习是要请你引述比尔说的话. 练习的作法跟刚才大同小异, 这次是由比尔自我介绍, 说明他能作什么, 愿意为学生作什么等等, 比方比尔告诉你说:

M: I can teach physical training.

F: Bill told me that he could teach physical training.

M: I will teach my students how to play tennis.

F: Bill told me that he would teach his students how to play tennis.

M: I will play volleyball with my students.

F: Bill told me that he would play volleyball with his students.

M: I will take my students swimming.

F: Bill told me that he would take his students swimming.

M: I can teach my classes outdoors.

F: Bill told me that he could teach his classes outdoors.

M: I can enjoy sunshine when I am teaching.

F: Bill told me that he could enjoy sunshine when he was teaching.

M: I will help my students.

F: Bill told me that he would help his students.

M: I can make my students healthy.

F: Bill told me that he could make his students healthy.

刚才我们引述的句子都是陈述句, 下面我们学习怎么引述问句. 比方比尔问凯特: Is Jimmy coming to school? 引述这句话的时候就应该这么说: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was coming to school. 请注意引述问句的时候必须用if, i-f, if 连接前后两句话, 并且必须把问句改为陈述句. 现在我们作一组练习, 学学这种说 法. 练习的内容都是关于比尔问凯特吉米来不来上课的事情. 每作完一个句子就听老师念正确答案.

M: Is Jimmy coming to school?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was coming to school.

M: Is Jimmy absent?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was absent.

M: Is Jimmy excused from class?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was excused from class.

M: Is Jimmy taking a trip?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was taking a trip.

下面请你引述凯特问比尔的话, 内容都是说到吉米能够不能够参加校队去比赛的事情. 请你还是跟刚才一样作练习.

F: Can Jimmy still be a captain?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy could still be a captain.

F: Will Jimmy be chosen to be a captain?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy would be chosen to be a captain.

F: Can Jimmy still play in the game?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy could still play in the game.

F: Will Jimmy make it to the game?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy would make it to the game.

刚才我们学习了怎么引述问句, 现在我们继续学习. 在引述问句的时候除了用 if 连接两句话以外, 也可以用whether, w-h-e-t-h-e-r, whether 来代替. 现在我们作一组练习,学学这种说法. 练习的作法是比尔问凯特一些有关她的工作的问题, 凯特就用间接引句引述比尔提出的问题:比方比尔问凯特:

M: Do you give your students a lot of homework?

F: Bill asked me whether I gave my students a lot of homework.

M: Do you meet with your students' parents?

F: Bill asked me whether I met with my students' parents.

M: Do you eat lunch with your students?

F: Bill asked me whether I ate lunch with my students.

M: Do you make sure that your students eat well?

F: Bill asked me whether I made sure that my students ate well.

M: Do you make sure that your students drink milk?

F: Bill asked me whether I made sure that my students drank milk.

M: Do you teach reading, writing and arithmetic?

F: Bill asked me whether I taught reading, writing and arithmetic.

M: Do you have black students?

F: Bill asked me whether I had black students.

M: Do you have other minority students?

F: Bill asked me whether I had other minority students.

M: Do you teach your students to have good study habits?

F: Bill asked me whether I taught my students to have good study habits.

三.听短文回答问题

现在我们来作今天这一课的听力测验. 今天我们要听的文章是介绍凯特的工作. 文章里提到她每天几点上下班, 在学校里作些什么事情. 文章里许多词汇都是我们已经学习过的. 现在请你注意听老师念这篇文章, 等一会儿我们要问你几个问题.

Kate is an elementary school teacher. She has a third grade class this year, with children who are eight or nine years old. She has white students, black students and students of other minorities. She teaches reading, writing and arithmetic. Other teachers teach music and physical training. Kate uses reading to introduce history and other subjects to her students. She gives them a lot of work, but she tries to teach them good study habits. She also makes her lessons interesting.

Kate usually gets to school at 7:30 in the morning, an hour before classes begin. She uses the extra time to prepare for her classes. Sometimes students and their parents come to school early for conferences with Kate. This is one of the few occasions when Kate can meet with her students' parents, because most of them work when their children are in school.

At lunch time Kate usually eats with her students. She wants to make sure that they eat well and drink their milk. After class, Kate corrects the students' homework and prepares for the next day. She usually doesn't get away from the school until nearly 4:30 in the afternoon.

She has a long day.

等一会儿我们再请英文老师用慢速度把整篇文章念一遍. 现在我们先来听今天测验的三个问题.

第一个问题是:

M: What are some of the subjects taught in elementary school?

第二个问题是:

M: What does Kate do in school?

第三个问题是:

M: What hours does Kate work?

现在英文老师用慢速度把文章再念一遍给你听.

Kate is an elementary school teacher. She has a third grade class this year, with children who are eight or nine years old. She has white students, black students and students of other minorities. She teaches reading, writing and arithmetic. Other teachers teach music and physical training. Kate uses reading to introduce history and other subjects to her students. She gives them a lot of work, but she tries to teach them good study habits. She also makes her lessons interesting.

Kate usually gets to school at 7:30 in the morning, an hour before classes begin. She uses the extra time to prepare for her classes. Sometimes students and their parents come to school early for conferences with Kate. This is one of the few occasions when Kate can meet with her students' parents, because most of them work when their children are in school.

At lunch time Kate usually eats with her students. She wants to make sure that they eat well and drink their milk. After class, Kate corrects the students' homework and prepares for the next day. She usually doesn't get away from the school until nearly 4:30 in the afternoon.

She has a long day.

刚才那篇文章希望你都听懂了. 现在请你回答刚才老师念过的三个问题, 你回答之后老师会念出正确答案让你作个比较.

第一个问题是:

M: What are some of the subjects taught in elementary school?

F: Reading, writing, arithmetic, history, music and physical training are taught in elementary school.

第二个问题是:

M: What does Kate do in school?

F: She prepares for her classes, teaches, has conferences with students, eats lunch with students and corrects students' homework.

第三个问题是:

M: What hours does Kate work?

F: She works from 7:30 in the morning to 4:30 in the afternoon.

范文八:宾语从句直接引语与间接引语 投稿:覃系糼

Winter 9-7

宾语从句直接引语与间接引语 判断下列句子属于哪种句型

The children are playing happily. ( ) The Greens enjoy living in China. ( ) He became a famous doctor. ( ) The apple pie tastes really delicious. ( ) My aunt bought me a computer. ( ) I passed him the salt. ( ) We must keep our school clean. ( ) We study very hard. ( )

Our teacher often tells us interesting stories. ( ) Who made you so angry? ( ) I lost a pen yesterday. ( ) Sally looks very happy. ( ) 将下列句子改为带宾语从句的复合句。 1. Where does Mr. Green live? Do you know... 2. How much did you pay for the book? Please tell me... 3. Does Mr. Black live in Room 102? Can you tell me... 4. How much milk is there in the bottle? He asked...

5.Which film are they talking about? Could you tell me... Turn the following into indirect speech 1. “does everyone want to go ?”he asked

______________________________________ 2. “Have you lost a pen ?”asked Betty .

_______________________________________ 3. “Can I have another cake?” asked the boy

_______________________________________

4. “Why does he have so many strange questions ?”the teacher asked

Tom’s mother

______________________________________________________ 5. “Which dress do you like best ?”Mrs. Green asked Betty ______________________________________________________ 6. “stop talking !”the teacher said to the class (tell ) ____________________________________________

7. “Please tell me what happened ,”Betty said to Daming . (ask ) 8. “ don’t forget to wake me up , “he said to him mother , (tell ) 9. “Don’t take off your coat , “ betty said to her little brother (ask ) 10. “Lie down !” Tony said t his dog . (order )

______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________

1

Turn the following into direct speech

1. She asked if I would go to the cinema that evening

______________________________________________________ 2. Daming asked whether it was true

______________________________________________________ 3. He asked the boy why he had made so many mistakes in the test that

time

______________________________________________________ 4. I asked him where he came from

______________________________________________ 5. She asked her parents not to worry about her _______________________________________________ 三、单项填空。

1 . Please tell me .Why does Sally miss her parents ?(连成 复合句) Please tell me _______ ______ _______ _______ _________ ? 2. I wanted to know .Is he doing his homework ?(连成复合句) I wanted to know _______ ______ _______ _______ his homework . 3. The match was very exciting. (改为感叹句)

it was! 4. Mary said, “I want to go to the cinema.” (改为间接引语) Mary said to go to the cinema. 5. Miss Gao said, “The students are cleaning the classroom.” (间接引语) the students the classroom. 6. He said, “I don’t want to go there.” (改为间接引语)

He said go there.

2

7. Mary said, “It’s time for me to go to sleep.” (间接引语) Mary said that it time to go to sleep. 8. Lucy said that she didn’t like playing basketball. (改为直接引语) Lucy said, “ like playing basketball. 9. Daming said that he had finished his homework.直接引语) Daming said, “ homework. 综合填空。

Today it is found that school students hardly pay much attention to

They have to spend much time on all kinds of examinations at school. Books stop them from (4) in for sports. Because of the pressure(压力) from their parents and teachers, the

students have to work harder and spend most of their time on b

(5). As for the students, they want to get good results so that they can f (7) time to their studies and stop their school sports.

In fact, education can’t go w(8) physical exercises, (9) with a weak body. If you don’t have a strong body, you can never achieve(获得) anything, let (10) in your life. Choose the best answers

1. Please tell me ________ up this morning

A when did you get B when you got C when you getting 2. –I don’t know if the teacher ___________

---I think he ________ if it doesn’t rain

(6) their studies. So it is necessary for them to give all of their f

A will come ;comes B will come ;will come C comes ;will come 3. I can’t decide _________

A to buy which bike B which to buy the bike C which bike to buy 4. Can you tell me _______ they will come back with ?

A when B where C who 5. Could you tell me ___________

A what time does the train leave B what time the train leaves C where the train leave for

6. Mum’s words made me ________ afraid of the difficulty _______

A not to be ;any long B not be ;any more C to be not ;any more D not be ;any long 7. I don’t know ______ it will rain or not tomorrow .

A that B when C if D whether 8. Can you tell me _________?

A where he lives B he lives where C where he live D where does he live 9. He asked me _______ I knew French

A as B that C if D what 10. --- What did you mother say , Tom ? ---She asked me ________

A Why my sister was crying B why my sister is crying C why is my crying D why was my sister crying Cloze test

Life is not easy , so I’d like to say “When anything happens , believe in yourself , “ When I was 14 years old . I was __1____ nervous to talk with others . My class mates often ___2___ me . I was sad but could do nothing . Later , something happened . It changed my

3

life . It was an English speech contest . My mother asked me to take part in it . What a (n)___3__idea! It meant I had to speak in front of all the teachers and students of my school!

“ Come on , boy . Believe in yourself . You are sure to ____4_____.” Then , Mother and I talked about many different topics. At last I chose the topic “ Believe in yourself “ . I tried my best to ___5___ all the sentences and practiced them over100 times. ___6___ my mother’s great love , I did well in the contest . I could ___7___ believe my ears when the news came that I had won the first place . I heard the cheers from the teachers and students , Those _____8___ who once looked down on me , now all said “Congratulations !”To me . My mother hugged me and cried _____9____.____10_____then , everything has changed for me .No matter what I do , I tried to tell myself to be confident 1. A so

B too

C very

D quite 2. A looked after B fell in love with C listened to D laughed at 3. A interesting B exciting C terrible

D wonderful 4. A win B pass C fail D lose 5. A remember

B see C spell D hear 6. A At B To

C With D Of 7. A almost

B nearly C every D hardly 8. A teachers B classmates C boys

D girls 9. A angrily B sadly C badly D excitedly 10. A Since

B Except

C From

D Before

1. Could you tell me ______ to the Science Museum?

A. which bus I should take C. how can I get 2. I wonder ______.

A. how they were waiting for C. who were they waiting

B. whom they were waiting D. who they were waiting for

B. I should take which bus D. which bus shall I take

C. what was it like A. where did he go

D. what it was like B. where he has gone

9. We have no idea at all ______.

C. where has he gone D. which place has he gone 10. ---Can you guess _______ the MP4 player yesterday?

---Sorry, I've no idea about it. A. how much did he pay for C. how can he get

11. Could you make sure ______.

A. when the bus would leave C. when the bus leaves

B. if the bus had left D. where has the bus gone

B. how much he paid for D. how he has got

3. Lingling's parents wanted to know _______.

A. How is she studying at school B. How did she work at her lessons in class. C. if she is good at her lessons in class. D. if she worked hard at her lessons at school

4. My father told me ______ he would go to Japan the next month.

A. what A. what

B. that

C. if

D. where

D. /

5. Nobody knows ______ he looks so worried.

B. how

C. why

6. ---Could you tell me _______?

---Sorry, I don't know. I'm new here.

A. where the history museum is B. where is the history museum C. how can I get to the history museum. D. what place is the history museum in 7. She didn't tell me ______.

A. which room did he live in C. which room he lived that he knew ______.

A. how it looked like B. how was it like

12. ---The train is leaving right now, but David hasn't arrived yet.

---Don't worry. He said he ______ here on time. A. couldn't come

B. will be C. would come D. can be

C. went

D. goes

13. Our teacher told us the earth ______ round the sun.

A. has gone B. was gone 14. Could you tell me ______?

A. where the Grand Central Station is B. . how far the Grand Central Station was C. when was the Grand Central Station built D. how can we get to the Grand Central Station

B. which floor he lived on 15. Do you still remember ______ at the meeting? A. what did the headmaster say

B. what the headmaster said

D. he lived in which house

8. When the blind men touched the elephant, each of them trusted C. that did the headmaster say D. that the headmaster said

4

范文九:直接引语改间接引语(宾语从句)练习 投稿:孔摣摤

直接引语改间接引语(宾语从句)

1、将下列句子变成陈述句。 1) Were they in Grade one last year?

2) Are the boys and girls enjoying themselves? 3) Will they go act?

4) Were the farmers picking apples this time yesterday? 5) Do they usually do sports in the afternoon? 6) Does he to his homework every day? 7) Did you help your mother? 8) Are you going to have a meeting?

2、直接引语改为间接引语步骤:1)找引导词:that, if / whether,特殊疑问词;2)变为陈述句;3)时态:主句为过去时,从句相应改变(如第9点);4)考虑人称、时间等变化。

练习:1)陈述句允当间接引语(宾语从句)。 ① He tells me: “ The moon goes a round the san.” ② He told me: “ The moon goes around the san.” ③ He said: “ They were planning football on the

playground.”

④ She said: “ I’m writing a letter to my grandma.” ⑤ My son said to me: “ I’m going to lone here.

⑥ Dad said to us: “ I can’t decide what to buy

tomorrow.”

⑦ She says: “I’m a student.” ⑧ He tells me: “ I live in YiBin.”

⑨ She said to herself: “ I will come to the park

tomorrow.”

⑩ Lucy says: “ I’ll come here.”

⑾ Miss Gao tad us: “ The sun rises in the east.” 2、特殊疑问句允当间接引语(宾语从句)。 ① Could you tell me: “ How many people are there?” ② Does anybody knows: “ Whose pencil is this?” ③ Fei said to the policemen: “ How can I get to the

zoo?”

④ Betty asked me: “ Which floor do you tine?” ⑤ I want to know: “ who will do it?” ⑥ He asked me: “ Where were you born?” ⑦ He asked me: “ How often do you cook a meal?” ⑧ The girl asked me: “ where are you going to visit

tomorrow?”

⑨ The teacher asked me: “ What were you dong?” 3、一般疑问句允当间接引语(宾语从句)。 ① He wondered: “ Do you go to Beijing?” ② I didn’t know: “ Are you born on July. 7th?” ③ Do you know: “ Did Mr Jones tine in Room2s?” ④ The little girl said to me: “ Do you know Mr. Gao?” ⑤ I asked Tom: “ Will you finish doing your

homework?”

⑥ He asked me: “ Are you reading now?”

⑦ The little boy asked: “ Does the earth go around the

sun?”

⑧ Tom asked me: “ Are you going to fly to shanghai?” ⑨ He asked me: “ Are you a student?”

4、祈使句作间接引语(宾语从句),用ask sb to do 或tell sb to do 引导肯定祈使句,用ask sb not to do 或tell sb not to do 引导否定祈使句。

例:He said to me: “ Study hard.” → He asked me to study hard.

She said to me: “ Don’t play in the street.” → She

asked me not to Play in the street.

练习:1) “ Don’t read in bed”. Mother said to me.

2) “ Get up early”. He said to me.

3) The teacher said to them: “ Don’t talk in class.” 4) Tom said to the cat: “ Run quickly.”

5、主语+谓语+特殊疑句作宾语=主语+谓语+特殊疑问词+to+动原。

练习:1) The teacher taught me how to learn English.

= The teacher taught me _____ I _____ English. 2) I don’t know I shell do.= I don’t know

what_____ ______.

3) I don’t know should do=I don’t know_____ _______.

4) I can’t decide which one to choose=I can’t

decide which on _____ ________

5) Could you tell me how can I read there?=

Could you tell me_____ _____ _______there? 宾语从句综合练习:选择填空: 1) Could you tell me if__ tomorrow?

A. he will com a B. he comes C. Will he come D. he

came

2) The teacher told us __on a trip .

A. will go B. Was going C. would going D. goes 3) The scientist told us that __.

A. the earth goes around the sun B. the earth go around the sun

C. the earth went around the sun

4) He asked __he was a student? A. \ B. if C. what D. How

5) Do you know__? A. if Mr Jones live in Room 2? B. did Mr Jones live in room2 C. if Mr Jones live in Room2

6) Dose anybody knows__?

A. Whose pencil this is B. Whose pencil is this C. Whose pencil that was. D. Whose pencil is that 7) He tells me__.

A. I live in YiBin in 1997 B. He live in YiBin in 1997 C. He lived in YiBin in 1997 D. That he live in YiBin in 1997

8) My son said to me that__.

A. I’m going to come here tomorrow B. He was going to go there next day C. He is going to go there tomorrow

9) Miss Gao told us__. A. if the sun rises in the east B. that the sun rose in the east C. the sun rises in the east.

10) Scientist predicted that no one__ want to see actors talk.

A. will B. would C. is going to D. are going to 11) We never know__ A. what will happen in the future. B. what would happen in the future C. what happened in the future

12) Some people believe__.

A. that there will happen in the future B. if there would bt such robot one day C. there will such robot one day 13) I don’t know __? A. what I does B. what to do C. what I would do

14) She asked me if__? A. I can copy my home work B. she could copy my C. she will copy my homework 15) She said that she__ (be) going to play.

A. be B. was C. is D. will

语法(三)

1、用正确情态动词填写(can. lould. may. must. need. Have to )。

1) He can swim but he __ skate. 2) Ask the policeman. He__ know.

3) When she was six. She__ dance well. 4) Mum, __ I finish my home work now? No , you__ you __ finish it this waning. 5) --- May I go swimming now?

---No. you__ .You__ finish your home work first. 6) Must I finish the work now? No, you__

7) ---Need I wait for you here? ---Yes, you__. ---No, you__.

8) You’d better go and ask Mr Brown. He__ know how to use the computer.

9) He said I __ use the computer. 10) You __ go now.

11) This book __ be Lucy’s. Yes, Maybe.

12) The work __ be finished f as soon as possible.

13) You __ play football in the street. It’s dangerous. 14) Jill __ stay in bed when she is sick. 15) Do you __ stop eating ice cream? No, I don’t__ but I __ eat less of it.

16) The ground is wet, it __ rain yesterday night. 17) I __ not do it again.

2、句型转换:1) She had to look after her mother at home(否定句)。2)You need a bag(一般疑问句)。3) He needs to sleep(否定句)。 3、用正确adj. adv 填空:

1) Li Lei is __(thin) of the two boys. 2) Kate is __ (Careful) of the twins. 3) Mike is a little __ (bad) than Jim.

4) Shang hai is one of __ (big) __ (city) in china.

5) My home is __ (far) than any other children’s home from school.

6) Tom did __ (well) of all.

7) Yesterday was even __ (cold). 8) He did the work much__ (badly).

9) This building is (large)__ building in the world. 10) He does it __ (easy) than I.

11) Miss Gao runs as __ (quick) as she could.

12) I don’t speak English so__ (good) as my sister.

13) I wrote a letter to him. I think he will write to me as__

(soon) as possible.

14) I had__ (few) books than you.

15) The second truck carries as__ (many) books as the first one.

16) There’s no time left now. please be as__ (quick) as you could.

17) She was__ (good) at learning English of all. 4、用正确的adj. adv填写。 1) He is quite__ (hardworking) .

2) Science is__ (little) popular than Chinese.

3) She__ (use) a dictionary to look up words. It’s__ (use). 4) Be__ (care) Don’t catch cold you should take good__ (care) of yourself.

5) Miss yang often__ (help) students. She is very__ (help).

6) He is a very good__ (play). He__ (play) very well. 7) They were the__ (win). They__ (win) the football match yesterday.

8) People like__(quietly) place. 9) There’s a __ (suddenly) storm.

10) He a __ (unusual) person. He __ (usual) writes with feet.

11) I have many__ (friend), but they one not__ (friend) to others .

1、比较级:用于两者间:①who is __ (tall) Tom or Many? ②I’m __(nice) than her. ③Mary is __ (good) than any other girl in her class. 4)He is _____( thin) of the two twins. 5、最高级:用于三者间:①Who is__ (young) John, Jim or Mary?

②She is __ (bad) of the three . ③his family.

a lot + 比较级 er

6、特殊用法:1) more +原形

a little/ mud + better/ lures/

more/ less/ farther

a little____(nice) a little___(big) a little____(friendly)

much____(easy) much_____(athletic) much_____(outgoing) 2)比较级与最高级互换:1)John is the best student in his class=John is __ than __ __ __ in his class. 7、练习:1、选择填空:1)Nancy runs__ faster than__ girl in her class.

A. more, any other B. much, any other C. much, any other D. more, the other

2) The amount of the boys__ than that of the girls in China.

A. are bigger B. is bigger C. are bigger D. is bigger.

3) I think Chinese is __ than moths. A. interesting B. more interesting C. interesting D. the most interesting 4) It was__ yesterday than today.

A. hot B. well C. hotter D. the hottest

5) Which subbed do you like__, English or Chinese ? A. best B. well C. better D. good 6) ___she practices , __she’ll be

A. more for B. the more, fitter C. more ,the fitter D. the fitter

7) If you like the chicken .you may have as __ as you can A. many B. much C. more D. little 8)Science is not as __ as Chinese

A. popular B. more popular C. much more popular D. popular

9) Do you think biology is __ than chemist

A. easy B. much easy C. more easy D. much more easy

10) Would you like __ coffee, Please? No, thanks.

A. some more B. more some C. too much D. much too

11) Jim’s computer is __ than __ . Don’t you think so? A. newer enough. Lin Tao’s B. much newer. Lin Tao’s C. lot newer, my site

12) Harry is __ in his family.

A. younger B. the youngest C. much youngest 13) Which animus you__, Cats, dogs or horse? A. fast B. faster C. fastest 14) John is __ of the two boys.

A. thin B. thinner C. the thinner D. the thinnest 15) Liu ying is not as __ at sports as her sister. A. well B. good C. better 16) She is a little__ than me.

A. out going B. more outgoing C. most outgoing 17) I have__ than one sister.

A. many B. much C. more D. most 18) You have much__ water in the bottle. A. many B. much C. more D. most 19) Holly is much__ than I.

A. happy B. happier C. more happier D. most happier 2、句型转换:1)Ling Fang works hardest in our class.(同义句)

Ling Fang works ___ than any ___ student in our class. 2) I’m outgoing. Jane is more outgoing (合并成一句) Jane is _____ _____ _____ _____ .

3) My hair is short. Mary’s hair is long(合并成一句) My hair is _____ than _____.

4) Math is important. Chemistry is important as Moths(合并成一句)

Math is _____ _____ _____ Chemistry.

3、翻译句子,1)她的母亲比她父母多得多白头发。 His mother has_____ _____ _____ white hair than his father.

2)约翰比汤姆更受欢迎。 John is _____ _____ ____Tom. 3)玛丽是两姐妹中较外向的。

Many is ____ _____ _____ _____ of the _____ ____ . 4)上海比中国其它任何一个城市都大。

Shang hai is _____ than _____ _____ _____ in China. 句型转换(三)

A、对画线部分提问

in the bottle?

2.The new boot is ___ ___ ___ the new coat?

school by car? ___ ___ does it take you to go to the Great wall from your school by car.

___ ___ ___ this big classroom ___?

练习1,选择填空:1)If it ___ tomorrow. I’ll go there by bike.

A. rain B. rains C. not rain D. doesn’t rain 2) Could you tell me if ___ tomorrow?

A. he will come B. he comes C. will he come D. he came

3) ___ it ___ tomorrow, they won’t go out.

A. If, will rain B. If, rains C. Whether, will rain D. Whether, rains

4) If you ___ him tomorrow, ask him if he ___ to our party next week.

A. see, comes B. will see, comes C. will see. will come D. see, will come

5) Could you tell me when we___ the football club? A. visit B. will visit C. visited D. visits

6) I’ll call you when I___ free. A. will be B. am C. was D. am going

7) I don’t know if he ___, if he___, I’ll tell you. A. Comes, will come

B. Comes, Comes C. will Come, comes D. will Come, will come

8) Please give him the message when he___ next day. A. will return

B. returns C. returned D. return

9) I want to know when it ____ tomorrow? A. rain B. rains

C. will rain D. doesn’t rain

10) I’m afraid he will call your parents if you ___ school. A. will leave B. leave C. left D. leaving 11) The old woman won’t get off the bus until it___. A. stop B. stops C. will stop D. stopped

12) Many was doing her homework ___ her brother walked in.

A. when B. while C. after D. if 13) I didn’t go to bed until my father ___ back. A. came B. comes C. will come. 选择填空:

( )1. The students ___ to the park if it ___ tomorrow. A. will go, not rain B. went, didn’t rain C. will go, won’t rain D. will go , doesn’t rain ( ) 2. If you take the bus to the party, you___ late.

A. will B. will be C. are go D. are going to be ( )3. If it___ tomorrow, we will go to the Great wall. A. isn’t rain B. doesn’t rain C. rain D. will rain ( )4. If you do, you ___sorry. A. will be B. are C. be. D. were

( )5. I___ to the zoo if it ___ tomorrow. A. will go; will rain

B. will go; rain C. go; rains D. will go, doesn’t rain ( )6. If you don’t knock at the door, the teacher___ you in.

A. don’t let B. doesn’t let C. won’t let D. will let ( )7. If you use your head, you___ a way. A. find B. found C. finds D. will find ( )8. what__ if they have the party today?

A. happened B. happen C. will happen D. happing

( )9. If we have the party today, half the class___. A. will come B. would come C. come D. came ( )10. If we ___ snacks, the teachers will be angry. A. bring B. will bring C. brings D. brought ( )11. If a have enough money, I ___ around the world. A. travel B. traveled C. arm traveling D. will travel

( )12. It I ___ to collage, I__ with children.

A. will go B. go C. wont D. goes

( )13. If I . become a teacher, I ___ with children.

A. work B. arm working C. will work D. worked ( )14. It I ___ to the movies, I’ll not finish my homework.

A. go B. will go C. went D. am going.

( )15. If I become a lawyer, I ___ able to help people. A. am B. be C. will be D. was 15) When it __, I was not at home.

A. happened B. happens C. was happened D. had happened

16) Many was doing her home work ___ her brother walked in.

A. when B. while C. after D. if 17) Work hard,___ you ___ the exam.

A. or, will fail B. and, fail C. or, fail D. or, would fail

范文十:小学直接引语与间接引语的句式练习 投稿:胡蟾蟿

一、直接引语(直接说法) →→间接引语(间接说法或转述句)

直接引语(人物直接说的话,提示语后有冒号、双引号)

间接引语(转述别人的话,提示语后加逗号,去掉冒号和双引号)

直接转间接注意:说话内容中人称代词要变换,一般去掉语气词

第一人称:我、我们→→第三人称

第二人称:你、你们→→听话人:我、我们或者特定人物(提示语中找)

第三人称:他她它、他们、它们、她们→→特定人物(提示语中找)

话语转换(只改动引号说话内容中的人称,其余一般不动)

命令式句子改转述:老师说:“小红你去帮我倒杯水。”

→→老师叫小红去帮他倒杯水。

附:间接转直接(按照以上步骤,一步一步复原回直接说法)

带有反问口气的直接说法,要把说话内容改为陈述语气之后才改为转述句

二、把句子改为夸张句:(两种方法)

1、直接夸张描写:他的声音如洪钟。 这巴掌大的地方居然呆了几十个人。

2、借用夸张词(人山人海、香飘十里、血流成河、摩肩接踵、一目十行…….)来描写。

练习

1、老师说:“小东,你放学后带我去小红家家访。”(改为间接引用)

2、王老师对同学们说:“星期天,我们一起去滑雪”。(改为间接引用)

3、小红军对陈庚说:“我还要等我的同伴呢?”(改为间接引用)

4、爸爸对妈妈说:“明天我出发,你别去上班了。”(改为间接引用)

5、蔺相如说:“秦王我都不怕,会怕廉将军吗?”(改为转述语句)

6、爸爸对小红说:“今晚妈妈不回家吃饭,你叫一份外卖吧。” ?”(改为转述语句)

7、他热情地和我握了握手,说:“我的国语讲得不好,是初学的。”(改为不用引号的转述)

1.广场上的人很多.(改为夸张句)

2.礼堂响起掌声.(改为夸张句)

3.小明房间很小.(改为夸张句)

4.小女孩穿的那双鞋子实在太大了.(改为夸张句)

5、教室很静。 .(改为夸张句)

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