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范文一:句法4:直接引语间接引语 投稿:田焇焈

直接引语(Direct Speech):当我们引用别人的话语时,若引用的是原话,被引用的部分叫直接引语。 直接引证的最大特点就是有引号“”。

间接引语(Indirect Speech):当我们引用别人的话语时,也可以用自己的话把意思转述出来,这种转述的别人说话的部分叫做间接引语。 间接引语的最大特点就是没有引号“”。

典型例句:1. She said ,” I like English very much. “(直接引语)

(她说:“我非常喜欢英语”。)

典型例句:2. She said she liked English very much. (间接引语)

(她说她非常喜欢英语。)

换言之,直接引语变间接引语就是去掉引号。

直接引语变间接引语,示例如下:

例1)John said to me, “I will come here tomorrow.”

→直接引语变间接引语,会有如下变化:

①. 变主句动词:如例句的say变tell

②. 加连接词:如例句的that

③. 变从句人称:如例句的I 变成he.

④. 变时态:如例句一般将来时变过去将来时,will-would

⑤. 变从句方位动词、时间状语、地点状语和指示代词:come-go, here-there,

tomorrow-the next day

直接引语变为间接引语时,间接引语中的动词时态、人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、时间和地点状语以及主谓语词序往往要作相应的变化。

①. 人称变化:

1)“一随主”是指引号内的主语人称是第一人称或被第一人称修饰,变间接引 语时,人称要变成引号外的主语人称。

She said. "My brother wants to go with me tomorrow.”

→ She said her brother wanted to go with her the next day.

直接引语中my, me 为第一人称,要与主句主语she(第三人称)人称一样,故变成her, her. They said, “We will go there by bus.”

→They said they would go there by bus.

She said “My sister wants to go with me.”

→She said (that) her sister wanted to go with her.

2). “二随宾”是指引号内的主语及宾语是第二人称或被第二人称修饰,变间接引语时,人称要变成引号外的宾语人称。如果引号外没有宾语,也可以用第一人称。

Jack said to me,“You look worried today.”

→ Jack told me that I looked worried that day.

直接引语中you为第二人称,要与主句宾语me(第一人称)人称一样,变成I.

She said to me, “Are you interested in science?”

→She asked me if I was interested in science.

He said to Kate. "How is your sister now?"

→He asked Kate how her sister was then.

3)“三不变”是指引号内的主语及宾语是第三人称或被第三人称修 饰,变间接引语时,人称一般不需要变化。

The teacher asked,“Has she read enough this week?”

→ The teacher asked if she had read enough that week.

His mother said to me, “He can't go to school.”

→His mother told me that he couldn't go to school.

Mr. Smith said, "Jack’s brother is a good worker."

→Mr. Smith said Jack’s brother was a good worker.

②. 时态的变化

1)当主句(引号外句子)为现在时态时,直接引语变间接引语,时态不变化。

①.一般现在时。如:

He says, “I have finished my homework.” →He says that he has finished his homework. ②.一般将来时。如:

She will say, “I'll do it tomorrow.” →She will say that she'll do it the next day.

2)主句动词的时态若是过去时,间接引语的时态要变为相应的过去时态。

例1)She said ,” I like maths very much.” (一般现在时)

→ She said that she liked maths very much. (一般过去时)

例2)He said, “ I’ve never seen this man .” (现在完成时)

→ He said that he had never seen that man. (过去完成时)

例3)Joe said ,” I’m listening to music in my room.” (现在进行时)

→ Joe said that he was listening to music in his room. (过去进行时)

重要提示:在直接引语变为间接引语时,时态一般不变化。

①直接引语是客观真理。

1. "The earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth, the teacher told me. → The teacher told me the earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth。 ②直接引语是过去进行时,时态不变。如:

Jack said. "John, where were you going when I met you in the street?"

→Jack asked John where he was going when he met him in the street。

③直接引语中有具体的过去某年、某月、某日作状语,变为间接引语时,时态不变。如: Xiao Wang said. "I was born on April 2l, 1980。" →

Xiao Wang said he was born on April 20, 1980。

④直接引语如果是一般现在时。表示一种反复出现或习惯性的动作,变间接引语,时态不变。如:

He said, "I get up at six every morning。" →He said he gets up at six every morning。

⑤如果直接引语中的情态动词没有过去时的形式(例:ought to, had better, used to)和已经是过去时的形式时,(例:could, should, would, might)不再变。如:

1. Peter said. "You had better come have today。" →Peter said I had better go there that day。

2. The teacher said to me . "You must pay more attention to your pronunciation."→

The teacher told me that I must (have to ) pay more attention to my pronunciation.

3. He said , "I could swim when I was only six ."

→He said that he could swim when he was only six.

⑥如果直接引语中含有since, when, while 引导的表示过去时间的状语从句,在变为间接引语时,只改变主句中的谓语动词,从句的一般过去时则不变。如:

He said to me, "I have taught English since he came here ."

→He told me that he had taught English since he came here.

③. 时间状语、地点状语和指示代词的变化

直接引语的句子类型分为陈述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句四种。不同的句型对应着不同的引导词与主句动词,应该十分注意。

A. 陈述句的间接引语

当直接引语是陈述句时,如果主句动词为say/said时,变间接引语时动词不变;如主句动词为say to sb /said to sb,变间接引语时,要变成tell sb, told sb. 两种情况后面都要加连词that。例1:She said ,”We are very fond of sports.”

→ She said that they were very fond of sports.

例2:He says to me, “I will fly to Shanghai tomorrow.”

→He tells me that he will fly to Shanghai tomorrow.

例3:Our teacher said to us, “You must hand in your homework on time.”

→Our teacher told us that we must hand in our homework on time.”

【练一练】改为间接引语。

1. Tom said to me, “My brother is doing his homework.”

2. He said, “These books are mine.”

3. My teacher says, “we will have a meeting after class.”

4.“I am having supper,” he said.

5.“I‟ve seen the film,” Gina said to me.

B.疑问句的间接引语

1.一般疑问句 、反意疑问句

一般疑问句改为间接引语时,要用陈述语序,并要加连词if 或 whether,其主句动词用ask,句末不用问号。

例1)My teacher said to me, “Do you like American country music ?”

→ My teacher asked me if/whether I liked American country music.

例2) "You have finished the homework, haven„t you?”my mother asked.

→My mother asked me whether I had finished the homework.

重要提示: if 和whether 一般可通用,但 whether可以和or not , or连用,if不能。 例:I asked her whether she had visited the museum two days before or not.

【练一练】改为间接引语。

1. She said, “Is your father at home?”

2.“Did you read the book last week?” he said.

3.“Do you know where she lives?” he asked

4.“Are you interested in this?” he said.

5. She said to Tom, “Can you help me?”

6."Do you go to school by bus or by bike?"

2.特殊疑问句

间接引语为特殊疑问句时,间接引语前仍然用特殊疑问词作为连词引导宾语从句,注意从句必须用陈述语序,主句谓语动词常用ask。

例1)He asked, “How do you like it ?”

→ He asked how I liked it.

例2)She said to me, “What's the matter with you?”

→ She asked me what the matter was with me.

例3)”How many books do you have?” she said.

→ She asked how many books I had.

【练一练】改为间接引语。

1. He asked, “How did you find it, mother?”

2.“Do you know where she lives?” he asked.

3. The teacher asked, “How did you repair it?”

4. She asked me, "When do they have their dinner?"

C. 祈使句的间接引语

1.直接引语为祈使句时,引述动词可根据口气选用tell, ask, order, command, request等词,句中please去掉。 结构式为: ask/ tell sb to do sth(肯定句); ask /tell sb not to do sth (否定句) 例1)She said to me, “Please have a rest. ”

→例2)”Don't all answer at once”, she said to the pupils.

→ She told the pupils not to answer all at once.

【练一练】改为间接引语。

1. "Don‟t make any noise," she said to the children.

2. Bring me a cup of tea, please," said she.

3. “Keep quiet, children.” he said.

4. “Don‟t look out of the window,” she said.

2.带有let的祈使句(表示请求,建议或命令),可用suggest + -ing形式或suggest +that从句来表示其相应的意思。

例1)”Let's go for a walk”, said the girl.

→ The girl suggested going for a walk.

例2)The teacher said, “Let Lily tidy the classroom.”

→ The teacher suggested that Lily should tidy the classroom.

【练一练】改为间接引语。

1. “Let‟s go home.” Said the boy.

2. The gentleman said, “Let Tom finish his work by himself.

D. 感叹句的间接引语

1.直接引语是感叹句变为间接引语时,多采用宾语从句结构,用what或how引导。 例1)”What a clever boy you are!” My teacher said to him.

→ My teacher told him what a clever boy he was.

例2)She said,” How interesting the film is !”

→ She said how interesting the film was.

2.有些感叹句可以根据原句的意思,采用适当的动词变为陈述句,不需用间接宾语来转述。 例1) “Help! “he cried.

→ He called for help.

例2)”Happy Christmas!” he said.

→ He wished me a happy Christmas.

【练一练】改为间接引语。

1. “How beautiful China is !.” said the boy.

2. The gentleman said, “ What a wonderful match it is!”.

3. “How clever a boy you are!” my teacher said to me.

E. “Would you please „„? “ 如何变为间接引语

“ Would you please „„? “虽然是个一般疑问句,但它表示的是”请求”,变为间接引语时,一般用动词不定式来表示。

句型:主语+ ask / invite +宾语+不定式

例1)”Would you please have lunch with me tomorrow ?” Mr Zhou asked me.

→ Mr Zhou asked / invited me to have lunch with him the next day.

一、将下列直接引语变成间接引语。

1.He said: “I’ve left my book in my room.”

2.She said: “He will be busy.”

3.She said to Tom, “Can you help me?”

4.She asked, “Is this book yours or his?”

5.The teacher asked, “how did you repair it?”

6.The teacher said to the students, “Don’t waste your time.”

7.The mother said, “Tom, get up early, please.”

8.The teacher said, “The earth goes round the sun.”

9.My father said, “Practice makes perfect.”

10.The boy said to us, “ I usually get up at six every day.”

11.He said, “We are still students.’

12.He said to me, “I was born in 1978.”

13.The engineer said, “I was at college in 1967.”

14.He said, “I have studied English since I was a boy.”

15.She said, “I read the book while I was waiting for a bus.

16.Mr. Green said to them, “Joe told me all about his story when he asked for a job.”

17.He said, “We insisted that she start immediately.

18.She said, “He demanded that the girl leave at once.”

19.I said to him, “I have finished it.”

20.She said to us,“ I’ll come here tomorrow.”

21.“Where does your chemistry teacher live, Karen?” the young man asked.

22.“I have gained the first place in the mathematics competition,” the little boy said happily.

23.“Light travels faster than sound,” the physics teacher said to the boys and girls.

24.“Will you go to the concert with me this evening?” Mary asked me.

25.“What did you do here yesterday?” the old man asked my brother.

二、选择题 。

1. A: What did your teacher say just now ? B: He asked me ________ this morning.

A. how did Tom come to school B. When Tom got to school C. Why was Tom late for school

2. Tom said he ________ back in a week.

A. will come B. would come C. come

3. The policeman asked the child _________ so that he could take him home.

A. where did he live B. where he lived C. how he lived

4. John asked me _______ to visit his uncle‟s farm with him.

A. how would I like B. if or not would I like

C. whether I would like D. which I would like

5. He asked ________ for the computer.

A. did I pay how much B. paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid

6.---“Please close the window,” he said to me. ---He ______ me _____ the window.

A. said to; to close B. told to; closing C. asked to close D. said to; please close

7.---“I am a teacher,” Jack said. → He said _________.

A. that I am a teacher B. I was a teacher C. that he is a teacher D. he was a teacher

8.---He said, “Mother, the boy is very naughty.” →He _____very naughty.

A. said his mother that the boy was B. said to his mother that the boy is C. told his mother that the boy was D. spoke to his mother that the boy was

.---He asked , “ Are you a League member?”

→He asked me _________.

A. am I a League member B. was I a League member

C. if I was a League member D. whether a League member.

10.He asked, “How are you getting along?” →He asked _______.

A. how am I getting along B. how are you getting along

C. how I was getting along D. how was I getting along

11.---He said, “Don’t do that again.” →He _____ me _______ that again.

A. said to me; not to do B. said to me; don‟t do C. told me; don‟t do D. told me; not to do

12. I wonder if he ________ tonight. If he ________, I‟ll let you know.

A. will come; will come B. comes; comes C. will come; comes D. comes; will come

13. Nobody knows ________ he‟ll come or not.

A. that B. if C. / D, whether

14. I can‟t say _________ I want to see him again. We haven‟t seen each other for nearly three years.

A. how long B. how much C. how soon D. how often

15. After the examination, my teacher told me that failure ______ the mother of success.

A. was B. is C. be D. been

16. “You’ ve already got well, haven’ t you?” she asked. →She asked ________.

A. if I have already got well, hadn’ t you B. whether I had already got well

C. have I already got well D. had I already got well.

17. Excuse me, but can you tell me ___________?

A. where can I get to the library B. where I can get to the library

C. how can I get to the library D. how I can get to the library

18. I‟d like to know ________ Chinese.

A. when he began to learn B. when did he begin to learn

C. when did he begin learning D. for how long he began to learn

19. He asked me ________ with me.

A. what the matter is B. what the mater was C. what‟s the matter D. what was the matter

20. Can you make sure ___________?

A. that he will come here today B. when he will come here today

C. will he come here today D. whether will he come here today

21. Do you happen to know ________?

A. where is her address B. in which place is her address

C. what her address is D. the place her address is

22. Tom asked Jack ______________ .

A. why he was so excited B. why was he so excited

C. why is he so excited D. why he is so excited

23. “Have you seen the film?” he asked me.

→He asked me _______. A. had I seen the film B. have I seen the film

C. if I have seen the film D. whether I had seen the film

24. What did Mike say? He said ____________________.

A. if you are free the next week B. what colour was it

C. summer comes after spring

25. You must remember _______.

A. what your teacher said B. what did your teacher say C. your teacher said what

26. ─Mike wants to know if ____ a picnic tomorrow.

─Yes. But if it _______, we'll visit the museum instead.

A. you have/ will rain B. you will have/ will rain C. you will have/ rains

27. I don't know ________ up so early last Sunday.

A. why did he get B. why he gets C. why he got

28. She told me the sun ______ in the east. A. rise B. rose C. rises

29. He asked me _______.

A. who will kick the first goal in the World Cup

B. when was the APEC meeting held

C. where the 2008 Olympics would be held

II. 将下列直接引语转化为间接引语。

1. “My parents are very well. “ said Tom.

→ ______________________________________________

2. He asked, “ Tom, where did you read it ?”

→ ______________________________________________

3. The doctor said,” Stay in bed for a few days.”

→ ______________________________________________

4. Tom said,” I woke up feeling ill.”

→ ______________________________________________

5. He said,” I‟ll tell Ann I saw you.”

→ ______________________________________________

6. “ Is he doing his homework ?” Jim asked.

→ ______________________________________________

7. Do you like to make friends with us ? He asked.

→ ______________________________________________

8. Tina said ,” I usually get up at six.”

→ ______________________________________________

9.Nell said,” I have worked out this problem.”

→ ______________________________________________

10. Joanna said,” Professor Black is going to give a lecture next week.” → ______________________________________________

11. The boy said,” This is the first time I have been here.” → ______________________________________________

12. He said: “I‟ve left my book in my room.”

→ ______________________________________________

13. The teacher said to the students, “Don’t waste your time.”

→ ______________________________________________

14. He said to me, “I was born in 1978.”

→ ______________________________________________

15. The engineer said, “I was at college in 1967.”

→ ______________________________________________

16. “Where does your chemistry teacher live, Karen?”the young man asked.

→ ______________________________________________

17. “Light travels faster than sound.” the physics teacher said to the boys and girls. → ______________________________________________

18. “What did you do here yesterday? ”the old man asked my brother.

→ ______________________________________________

19. My father said, “Practice makes perfect.”

→ ______________________________________________

20. She said to Tom, “Can you help me?”

→ ______________________________________________

21. The teacher said, “The earth goes round the sun.”

→ ______________________________________________

22. “How do you like the food here?” said she.

→ ______________________________________________

23.He said, "I am proud of my motherland."

→ ______________________________________________

24. .She said to me, "Have lunch with us."

→ ______________________________________________

25. "Be careful, and don't cut your finger," he said to me.

→ ______________________________________________

26. The man asked me, "How manytimes have you been here?"

→ ______________________________________________

27. She said to her son, "Don't forget to turn off the light when you leave the room!"

→ ______________________________________________

28. I said, "I will give her some advice tomorrow."

→ ______________________________________________

29. Mary wrote in her letter, "Mr. Liu, when will you come to America?"

→ ______________________________________________

30. “You should be more careful next time,” his father said to him.

→ ______________________________________________

31. Mr. Wang said, “I will leave for Shanghai on business next month, children”

→ ______________________________________________

32. “I haven’t heard from my parents these days,” said Mary.

→ ______________________________________________

33. She said to him,“ It‟s time that you left here.”

→ ______________________________________________

34. Zhang Hong said to me, “Doctor Wang passed away in 1948.”

→ ______________________________________________

35. The history teacher said to them, “The Chinese Communist Party was founded on July 1st ,1921.”

→ ______________________________________________

36. Ann, have you seen my blue notebook?” Peter asked.

→ ______________________________________________

37. “What difference does it make?” Peter asked Jim.

→ ______________________________________________

38. “Is your father kind to you?” she often asks me.

→ ______________________________________________

39. When will you go back to work?” Mr. Smith asked.

→ ______________________________________________

40. Jane said, “What did he hear about a week ago?”

→ ______________________________________________

41. Does Mary study hard? He wants to know.

→ ______________________________________________

42. Jane asked me: “Why didn‟t you write to me?”

→ ______________________________________________

43. Ice gets into water when it‟s over zero. I learned.

→ ______________________________________________

44. “You must come here before five.” he said.

→ ______________________________________________

45. “I took it home with me.” she said.

→ ______________________________________________

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范文二:怎么把直接引用句改为间接转述句 投稿:韩綀綁

怎么把直接引用句改为间接转述句?

1.改标点.改冒号为逗号,删掉前后引号.

2.改人称.如果说话内容中是第一人称“我”或“我们”,应把“我”或“我们”改为第三人称“他(她)”或“他(她)们”;如果说话内容中是第二人称“你”或“你们”,应把“你”或“你们”改为第一人称“我”、“我们”或第三人称“他(们).

一种特殊情况:说话内容中有连用同性别或同音第三人称的,须指明其中一个,否则,就会造成对象不清.比如:孙子对祖父说:“老虎就在这里.我去把它叫醒.”

这里如果改成“他去把它叫醒”,就会让听话人不明白对象.那么,转换后的句子就应当是:孙子对祖父说,老虎就在那里.他去把老虎叫醒.

3.检查.改标点、人称之后的句子表述是否合理这一步必不可少.通过添加、删去或改换某些词语,使句子在表述上通顺、连贯、合理.“这里”、“这时候”要换成“那里”、“那时候”,“现在”要换成“那时”,等等.比如:老师再三嘱咐我们说:“你们寒假里要认真完成作业,坚持锻炼身体.”这个句子如果改成:老师再三嘱咐我们说,我们寒假里要认真完成作业,坚持锻炼身体.这样表述就显得不连贯,应作适当调整:老师再三嘱咐我们说,要我们寒假里认真完成作业,坚持锻炼身体.

范文三:直接引语改为间接引语(直接引语为陈述句) 投稿:蔡閽閾

直接引语改为间接引语(直接引语为陈述句)

广州市东圃中学 张虹

注意: 1. 连词that引导

2. 人称的改变(一随主、二随宾、三不变)

3. 时态的变化 (主句用现在时或将来时,从句可用任何时态;

主句用过去时,从句用与过去相关的时态。)

4. 如果直接引语是表示客观真理时,变为间接引语,时态不变如: The teacher said

→The teacher said(that)the earth goes round the sun.

一、把直接引语改为间接引语(主句为一般现在时)

1.‘We go to school on Saturday, too.’

____________ to school on Saturday.

2.‘I want to give your sister a Christmas card.’

3.‘I will visit my daughter in March.’

_ daughter in March.

4.She says, ‘I’m glad to meet you.’

She tells us ________ glad to meet ______.

5.David says, ‘ I want to hear their songs.’

David says ________________ to hear _________

二、把直接引语改为间接引语(主句为一般过去时)

1. ‘I am a solider.’

He said ___________ a solider

2. ‘We are at the race.’

They said _________________ at the race

3. ‘They don’t have any books about stamps.’

Rik told Annie ______________ have any books about stamps.

4. ‘I need the cook’s telephone number.’

Zak said________________________ the cook’s telephone number.

5. ‘She is running along the street.’

She said ______________ along the street.

三、把直接引语改为间接引语(两种时态混用)

6.Sally says, ‘Our exams are starting this week.’

Sally says ______________ starting this week.

7. ‘I am going to read these.’

My mother said ___________________________________.

8. ‘I shall find an easier job.’

He said ____________________________________.

9.The doctor says, ‘You’ll have to stay at home until I come to see you again’

The doctor says ________ have to stay at home until____ come to see_____ again.

10.Janet says, ‘ She doesn’t like her new bike.’

___ new bike.

11. ‘You must be on time for your lessons.’

_______.

12. She said to him, ‘It’s time for you to leave here.’

13.Jack says, ‘You must finish your homework first.’

14. ‘It may be a good idea.’

15.Kate says, ‘I’m doing some shopping when we meet in the park.’

16. ‘I will be a pilot when I grow up.’

He told us _____________________________________

17.The students say, ‘We would like to be teachers so we must study hard.’

___ would like to be teachers so _______ must study hard.

18. ‘You can’t all be managers.’

He told us ________________________________________.

19. ‘I have lost a book about animals.’

She said _______________ a book about animals.

20. The teacher said, ‘the earth is round.’

The teacher said .

范文四:直接引语改为间接引语2(直接引语为陈述句) 投稿:任銭銮

直接引语改为间接引语2(直接引语为陈述句) 东圃中学 张虹

注意: 1. 连词that引导

2. 人称的改变(一随主二随宾三不变)

3. 时态的变化 (主句用现在时或将来时,从句可用任何时态; 主句用过去时,从句用与过去相关的时态。)

4. 如果直接引语是表示客观真理时,变为间接引语,一般现在时不改为一般过去时。如:The teacher said

一、把直接引语改为间接引语(主句为一般现在时)

1.‘We go to school on Saturday, too.’

2.‘I want to give your sister a Christmas card.’

3.‘ I will visit my daughter in March.’

4.She says, ‘I’m glad to meet you.’

She tells us ________ glad to meet ______.

5.David says, ‘ I want to hear their songs.’

David says ________________ to hear _________

二、把直接引语改为间接引语(主句为一般过去时)

1. ‘I am a solider.’

He said ___________ a solider

2. ‘We are at the race.’

They said _________________ at the race

3. ‘They don’t have any books about stamps.’

Rik told Annie ______________ have any books about stamps.

4. ‘I need the cook’s telephone number.’

Zak said________________________ the cook’s telephone number.

5. ‘She is running along the street.’

She said ______________ along the street.

三、把直接引语改为间接引语(两种时态混用)

6.Sally says , ‘Our exam are starting this week.’

Sally says ______________ starting this week.

7. ‘I am going to read these.’

My mother said ___________________________________.

8. ‘I shall find an easier job.’

He said ____________________________________.

9.The doctor says, ‘You’ll have to stay at home until I come to see you again’

The doctor says _______ have to stay at home until____ come to see_____ again.

10.Janet says , ‘ She doesn’t like her new bike.’

___ new bike.

11. ‘You must be on time for your lessons.’

_______.

12. She said to him, ‘It’s time for you to leave here.’

13.Jack says, ‘ You must finish your homework first.’

14. ‘ It may be a good idea.’

_______ be a good idea.

15.Kate says, ‘ I’m doing some shopping when we meet in the park.’

______doing some shopping when __________ in the park.’

16. ‘I will be a pilot when I grow up.’

He told us _____________________________________

17.The students say, ‘We would like to be teachers so we must study hard.’

18. ‘You can’t all be managers.’

He told us ________________________________________.

19. ‘ I have lost a book about animals.’

She said _______________ a book about animals.

20. The teacher said, ‘the earth is round.’

The teacher said .

范文五:引用句改间接转述句的方法 投稿:崔蘳蘴

引用句改间接转述句的方法

直述句是直接引用别人的话。转述句是把别人说的话转达出来。第一人称:我。 第二人称:你。第三人称他(她。)

张红说:“我一定要坚持长跑锻炼。 ”

改:张红说,他一定要坚持长跑锻炼。

3.双引号中的 “你”

看句子中的“你”指谁→能明确就改为相应人名、人称→不能明确就改为“我”

如:叶一茜对周笔畅说:“《笔记》那歌你唱得真好,能教教我吗?” 改:叶一茜对周笔畅说,《笔记》那歌周笔畅唱得真好,能教教她吗? 如:姐姐说:“你说得对,我就这样做。”

改:姐姐说,我说得对,她就这样做 。

4.双引号中的“他”

看句子中的“他”指谁→能明确就改为相应人名、人称→不能明确就改为“我”

如:我不断地对自己说:“这就是我们新中国的总理。我看到了他的一夜工作。他是多么的劳苦,多么的简朴!”

改:他不断地对自己说,这就是新中国的总理。他看到了周总理的一夜工作。周总理是多么的劳苦,多么的简朴!

如:父亲说:“我早已不管他了。”

改:父亲说,他早已不管我了。

5.双引号中有“这”改为“那”

如:周总理对何其芳说:“我今天要批这些文件。”

改:周总理对何其芳说,他今天要批那些文件。

6.双引号中有“来”改为“去”

如:妈妈对我说:“我来给你烧饭。”

改:妈妈对我说,她去给我烧饭。

练习

1、老班长说:“我没有完成任务,没把你们照顾好。”

2、妈妈对我说:“今天我要开会,你自己做饭吃。”

3、张老师对小明说:“这件事情,你冤枉了小红。”

引用句改间接转述句的练习:

1、他微笑着说:“我们到延安来,专门赶来采槐花蜜。”

2、贝多芬说:“我是来弹一首曲子给这位姑娘听的。”

3、王老师说:"我要尽自己的力量,让你们健康成长。

4、老师对我说:"你先回去吧,我还要批改作业。"

5、王明再也忍不住了,抢着对老班长说:“我帮你一起找,我找得见。”

6、总理站起来对我说;“我要去休息了。上午睡一觉,下午还要参加活动。你也回去睡觉吧。”

1.老师对我说:“我教你怎么写。”

3、董存瑞坚决地说:“我去炸掉它!”

4、乌龟对青蛙:“你跳出井口来看一看吧。”

5、老师对我说:“你回去吧,我还要批改作业。”

9、那挑山工想了想说:“我们哪里有近道,还不和你们是一条道?”

12、海力布急得掉下眼泪说:“我可以发誓,我说的话千真万确。相信我的话吧,赶快搬走!”

13、雷锋说:“我送你们一程吧!”

14、大嫂含着热泪激动地说:“同志呀,我一辈子也忘不了你的情意。”

17、 老师说:“你今天放学之前必须完成作业。”

21、 妈妈对我说:“你今天晚上不能看电视。”

22、爸爸说:“今天晚上你和妈妈先吃饭,我有事。”

23、一个同学对我说:“借我一只笔。”

24、 外婆问我:“你在干什么?”

她对我说,她从来没有喝过比凉白开的味道更好的纯净水。

范文六:直接引句改间接引句练习题 投稿:胡鐚鐛

直接引句改间接引句

一、标点符号的改变

引述句改为转述句,冒号和引号要改为逗号。转述句改引述句,要加上冒号和引号。

二、人称的变化

1.引述是直接引用别人的话,而转述则是转达别人说的话,因此,引述句改为转述句时,说话人即第一人称“ 我 ”要改 为第三人称“ 他 ” 或“ 她 ”。 如:张童说:“我一定要坚持长跑锻炼。 ”

改:张童说,他一定要坚持长跑锻炼。

2.当引述内容涉及其他人称时的改法。

如:姐姐说:“ 你说得对,我就这样做。”

改:姐姐说我说得对,她就这样做。

上面的例句中涉及了第二人称,在改为转述句时就应改为第一人称。还应注意,冒号和引号前的内容不变。

3.转述句改为引述句,第三人称“ 他 ” 或 “ 她 ”应改 为第一人称“ 我 ”,说话内容涉及第一人称应改为第二人称。

如:老班长说,他没有完成任务,没把我们照顾好。

改:老班长说:“ 我没有完成任务,没把你们照顾好。”

一、把下面句子改变人称换个说法。

美丽的姑娘说:我是智慧的女儿。

_________________________________________________

一位台湾同胞说,他是中国人,他爱中国。

_________________________________________________

小明高兴地告诉妈妈,他在新华书店买了一本《雷锋日记》。

_________________________________________________

二、把直接引述改为间接引述

1、爸爸说:“小甜病了,我会不知道吗?”

2、王老师对同学们说:“如果明天下雨,我们就不去秋游了。”

3、 那位年轻的母亲说:“你这么大年纪了,我站一会儿就行了。”

4、 王军不好意思地说:“那次是我不好,不该弄坏你的钢笔。”

三、按要求改变句式,意思不变。

1、讲桌上的那束鲜花,正表达着我们对老师的一片深情。(变成反问句)

_________________________________________________

2、没有革命先烈的流血牺牲,就没有我们今天的幸福生活。(变成反问句)

_____________________________________________________________________

3、既然我的老师们播下的种子在他们学生的身上开花结果了,为什么我们播下的种子不会在自己的学生身上结果呢?(变为陈述句)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4、同窗五载的情谊,我们不能忘记。(变成反问句)

_______________________________________________________________

5、狼的本性会突然改变吗?不会,绝对不会!(改为陈述句)

________________________________________________________________

6、21世纪图书馆的大门不会关闭。(变成反问句)

________________________________________________________________

7、未来的社会不可能不是“多元”的社会。(改为肯定句)

________________________________________________________________

8、你和从前相比,不是变了个样子吗?(变为陈述句)

_________________________________________________

四、练一练

(1)把下列句子改写成反问句。

象桑娜那样品德高尚的人值得赞扬。

_________________________________________________

为了把祖国建设得更强盛,我们应该努力学习。

_________________________________________________

少先队员应该讲文明,有礼貌。

_________________________________________________

(2)把下列句子改成陈述句。

人的聪明与愚笨,难道是天生的吗?

________________________________________________

毒刑拷打算得了什么?死亡也无法叫我开口。

_________________________________________________

实现四个现代化,难道不上全国人民的伟大历史任务吗?

_________________________________________________

(3)把下面句子改成用把字的句子。

同学们交给我一项任务。

_________________________________________________

姐姐送给我一件最有意义的礼物。

_________________________________________________

(4)下面句子改成用被字的句子。

森林爷爷战胜了妖魔。

_________________________________________________

五、把下面的句子改成反问句

1、对少数同学不守纪律的现象,我们不能不闻不问。

2、我们现在不好好学习,长大了就不能参加祖国建设。

3、又烂又软的淤泥承受不了这样笨重的老象。

4、我的心啊,留在祖国的蓝天上。

六、把陈述句先改成否定句,再改成反问句,意思不能变。

1、那只可爱的小麻雀是我喂养的。

否定句:

反问句:

2、这个故事使妈妈感动不已。

否定句:

反问句:

3、我们要遵守交通规则。

否定句:

反问句:

(一)引述句改为转述句。把一个人直接说的话变成别人转述的话,要注意三点:①标点符号

(把冒号改为逗号,去掉双引号);②人称代词(把第一(二)人称代词“我”(“你”)

改为第三人称代词“他”(或者人名);③意思不变(有些句子需要改动或增加个别的文字,

才能做到使句子的意思不变)。

较复杂的例题[主要标志:引语中有“你”字]:

⑴赵王告诉蔺相如说:“你带着宝玉到秦国去。”

⑵父亲对科林说:“我敢肯定,圣诞节前一个星期你就会看到它了。”

⑶盲姑娘说:“哥哥,你别难过,我不过随便说说罢了。”

⑷孙膑对田忌说:“我不是挖苦你,你再同齐威王赛一次,我有办法让你取胜。”

⑸诸葛亮对鲁肃说:“你借给我二十条船,”

⑹诸葛亮说:“不能让都督知道。他要是知道了,我的计划就完了。”

(二)陈述句改为反问句。肯定(否定)的陈述句变成反问句,要加上(去掉)否定词“不”、“没有”等,句末加疑

问语气词“吗”、“呢”等,有时前面加上“难道”、“岂不”等,句号该为问号。

⑴许多到中国来游览的外宾,看到詹天佑留下的伟大工程,都赞叹不已。

⑵人与山的关系日益密切,使我们感到亲切、舒服。

⑶不劳动,连棵花也养不活,这是真理。

⑷蔺相如说:“秦王我都不怕,当然不怕廉将军。”

⑸这比山还高,比海还深的情谊,我们不会忘记。

⑹我从来没有留着像游丝样的痕迹。

(四)陈述句、反问句、双重否定句之间的互换。

例:我有办法称出大象的重量。

反问句:我怎能没有办法称出大象的重量呢?

双重否定句:我不可能没有办法称出大象的重量。

1、比较三个句子的不同之处,得出规律:

A、陈述句改成反问句时,判断词相反,同时有反问词(难道、那能、怎能等词,末尾加“?”

B、双重否定句中有两个否定词如:没有„„不„„;不可能„„不„„;

非„„不可„„等。

2、练一练:

(1)我们不会忘记党的恩情。

(2)邱润峰上课认真,学习怎么会不进步?

(3)作为一名少先队员,不能不讲文明。

(五)引述句与转述句的互换。

例:伯父摸了摸他的鼻子,笑着说:”他小的时候,鼻子和我的爸爸一样,也是又高又直。”(直间引用)

伯父摸了摸他的鼻子,笑着说,他小的时候,鼻子和我的爸爸一样,也是又高又直。”(间接引用)

1、比较两个句子的特点:

直间引用改为间接引用,第一人称变为第三人称。

1、 练习

(1)妈妈对我说:“我想看看你洗的衣服干净不干净。”

(2)山姆握着珊迪的手说:“我会永远照顾你的“周瑜长叹一声,说:“诸葛亮神机妙算,我真不如他。”

(3)妈妈严肃地对我说,马上就要期末考试了,叫我一定要认真 复习,不要辜负老师和她对我的一片期望。

(4)老师语重心长的说,雨天路滑,叫我们要注意安全。

(六)因果关系句式的互换

例:(1)我爱绿叶,因为它是大自然最宠爱的儿女。

(2)因为它是大自然最宠爱的儿女,所以我爱绿叶。

(3)我之所以爱绿叶,是因为它是大自然最宠爱的儿女。

反问句的特征是问中有答,如果能读出句中的答案,那么答案就是反问句即将变成的陈述句。如果不会,可以按下面的规则来变!

1、反问句变陈述句的规则:

·去掉反问词和疑问词,把问号改成句号。

·反问句中有否定词(例如:不、无、没有)等,就去掉;如果没有,就要加上。

例题:1、还有比事实更能说明道理的吗?

2、不劳动,连棵花也养不活,这难道不是真理吗?

3、他呀!都老头子了,还订这些东西干什么呀?

4、十万支箭,三天怎么造得成?

5、都是你自己找的,我怎么帮得了你的忙?

6、居里夫人只要在专利书上签个字,所有的困难不是都可以解决了吗?

7、我们怎能忘记老师的谆谆教导?

8、那浪花所奏的不正是一首欢乐的歌吗?

9、我们播下的种子怎么不会在自己学生的身上开花结果呢?

10、李大钊同志对革命事业充满信心,怎么会惧怕反动军阀?

11、钱在孤岛上又有什么用呢?

12.要想取得好成绩,不刻苦学习怎么行?

13.这个故事怎能不使我感动呢?

14. 王老师带病工作,我怎能不感动呢?

2、陈述句变反问句的规则:

·加上反问词、疑问词,把句号改成问号。

·如果陈述句是否定的,就要在变反问句时去掉否定词;如果陈述句是肯定的,就在变反问句时加上否定词。 例题:

1、今天依然屹立的金字塔是奴隶们的劳动和智慧的结晶。

2、马上要进行期末考试了,我们要努力学习。

3、人与山的关系日益密切,使我们感到亲切、舒服。

4、这活泼的小男孩是我的好朋友。

5、我们不会忘记党的恩情。

6、人类需要勇于实践的人。

7、这个故事使我感动得流泪。

8、可爱的小女孩是我的好朋友。

9、这比山高比海深的情谊,我们不会忘记。

10、坡度这么大,火车爬不上去。

11、这清白的梅花是不能玷污的。

12、这个困难,同学们会想办法克服的。

把下列肯定句式改成否定句式。

( 1 )这场演出你应该参加。

___________________________________________________

( 2 )这个故事使我感动得流泪。

___________________________________________________

( 3 )李小嫚会来的。

___________________________________________________

( 4 )你能看到大海。

___________________________________________________

解前精析

肯定一件事的句子叫肯定句,否定一件事的句子叫否定句。肯定句中表示肯定的词没有一定,否定句中表示否定的词常常用“不”、“不能”、“不会”、“没”、“没有”等词来表示。肯定的意思还可以用否定的句式来表达,不过得用两个否定词,表示双重否定,“否定 + 否定 = 肯定”。肯定句式和否定句式虽表示的意思差不多,但在语意上有轻重强弱之分。一般说来,同一个意思用否定句式来表达,语意要轻些弱些。

【本例答案】( 1 )这场演出你不应该不参加。( 2 )这个故事不能不使我感动得流泪。( 3 )李小嫚不会不来。( 4 )你不可能看不到大海。

【解法揭秘】将肯定句式改成否定句式,除了将原句中表示肯定的词语(如“能”、“会”、 “应该”等)改成表示否定的词语(如“不能”、“不会”、“不应该”等)外,还要在原句中的适当位置再添上一个表示否定的词。这样,句式虽然变了,意思却未变。

例 3 (西安市 2001 )

将下列陈述句改成反问句或将反问句改成陈述句。

( 1 )我是一个好人。(改成反问句)

_____________________________________________

( 2 )朝鲜人民永远不会忘记中国人民志愿军战士。(改成反问句)

_____________________________________________

( 3 )这件事你怎么能不做呢?(改成陈述句)

_____________________________________________

( 4 )难道这不是你的家?(改成陈述句)

范文七:陈述句的间接引语直接引语是陈述句 投稿:洪醰醱

直接引语和间接引语

讲解部分:

引述某人的话一般采用两种形式:一种是直接引语(Direct Speech),即原封不动地引用原话,把它放在引号内;另一种是间接引语(Indirect Speech),即用自己的话加以转述,被转述的内容不放在引号内

一.直接引语变间接引语

A. 陈述句的间接引语

直接引语是陈述句,变为间接引语时,在多数情况下都构成一个that引导的宾语从句,引述动词通常是say, tell等。与此同时,间接引语中的人称、时态和其他方面也要相应有所变化。

The foreigner aid to me, I like Beijing very much.那老外告诉我:我很喜欢北京。

→ The foreigner told me that he she liked Beijing very much. 那老外告诉我说他(她)很喜欢北京。

She said, We are very fond of sports. 她说:我们都喜欢体育运动。 → She said that they were very fond of sports. 她说他(她)们都喜欢体运动。

I'll go over the grammar lesson once again, he said. 他说:我将把

语法课再复习一遍。 → He said he would go over the grammar lesson once again. 他说他将要把语法课再复习一遍。(that可省略)

B. 疑问句的间接引语

1. 一般疑问句和反意疑问句

一般疑问句改为间接引语时,要用陈述语序,并要加连词if 或 whether,其主句动词常用ask, wonder, want to know, didn't know等。句末不用问号。

My teacher asked me, Do you like American country music 我老师问我:你喜欢美国乡村音乐吗?

→ My teacher asked me if whether I liked American country music. 我老师问我是否喜欢美国乡村音乐。

You haven't been to Beijing, have you asked he. 他问:你没去过北,是吗?

→ He asked me if whether I had been to Beijing. 他问我是否去过北京。

2. 否定的一般疑问句和选择问句

or 如果直接引语为否定的一般问句或选择疑问句时,用whether

连接。

She said, Don't you know my telephone number 她说:你难道不知

道我的电话号码吗? → She asked me whether I knew her telephone number or not. 她问我是知道她的电话号码。

Do you like this one or that one Tom asked. 汤姆问:你是喜欢这个还是那个?

→ Tom asked me whether I liked this one or that one. 汤姆问我是喜欢这个还是那个

3. 特殊疑问句

间接引语为特殊疑问句时,间接引语前仍然用特殊疑问词作为连词引导宾语从句,注意从句必须用陈述语序,主句谓语动词常用ask。 He asked, How do you like it 他问:你觉得怎样?

→ He asked me how I liked it. 他问我觉得它怎样。

She asked me, What's the matter with you 她问我:你怎么啦? → She asked me what was the matter with me. 她问我我怎么啦。 How many books do you have she asked. 她问:你有多少本书? → She asked me how many books I had. 她问我有多少本

4.其它

英语中有些疑问句并非提出疑问,而是表示请求、劝告、建议等。这种疑问句变为间接引语时,往往采用其他的形式。

①. suggest doing

Shall we all go to the film tonight said Michael. 迈克尔说:我们今晚

都去看电影,好吗?

→ Michael suggested going to the film tonight. 迈克尔建议今晚都去看电影。

What about having a drink he asked. 他问:喝杯怎么样? He suggested having a drink. 他建议喝一杯。

②. advise sb. to do

Why don't you go hiking asked James. 詹姆士问:你为什么不徒步旅行?

James advised me to go hiking. 詹姆士建议我去徒步旅行。 ③. offer to do

He said, Would you like me to post the letter 他说:你要我寄信吗? He offered to post the letter. 他主动提出寄信。

③. ask sb. to do

Will you please bring your reference book here tomorrow she said to me. 她对我说:劳驾你明天把你的参考书带来好吗?

→ She asked me to take my reference book there the next day. 她让我第二天把我的参考书带去

C.祈使句的间接引语

1.直接引语为祈使句时,间接引语往往用复合宾来表示,其结构为主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语(动词不定式)。引述动词可根据口气选用tell, ask, order, command, request等词,句中please去掉。

She said to me, Please have a rest. 她对我说:请休息一下。 → She asked me to have a rest. 她要求我休息一下。

Don't all answer at once, she said to the pupils. 她对学生说:大家不要齐声回答。→ She told the pupils not to answer all at once. 她叫学生不要齐声回答。

2.带有let的祈使句(表示请求,建议或命令),可用suggest + -ing形式或suggest +that从句来表示其相应的意思。

Let's go for a walk, said the girl. 那姑娘说,让我们去散散步吧。 → The girl suggested going for a walk. 这女孩建议去散散步。 T he teacher said, Let Lily tidy the classroom. 老师说:让莉莉整理教室

→ The teacher suggested that Lily should tidy the classroom. 老师建议让莉莉整理教室

D. 感叹句的间接引语

1.直接引语是感叹句变为间接引语时,多采用宾语从句结构,既可用what或how引导,也可用that引导。

What a clever boy you are! my teacher said to him. 老师对他说,你是个聪明的孩子啊! → My teacher told him what a clever boy he was. 老师对他说他是一个多聪明的孩子啊。

→ My teacher told him that he was a very clever boy. 老师说他是

一个非常聪明的孩子。

He said, How well you look! 他说:你看起来气色多好啊! → He said how well I looked. 他说我看起来是气色多好啊。 → He said that I looked very well. 他说我看起来气色很好

2.有些感叹句可以根据原句的意思,采用适当的动词变为陈述句,不需用间接宾语来转述。 Help! he cried. 他喊到:救命啊! → He called for help. 他大声呼救。

What terrible weather it is! he said. 他说:多么糟糕的天气!

→ He complained about the terrible weather. 他抱怨这糟糕的天气。 Happy Christmas! he said. 他说:圣诞快乐!

He wished me a happy Christmas. 他祝我圣诞快乐

二. 间接引语中的词语变化

直接引语变为间接引语时,间接引语中的动词时态、人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、时间和地点状语以及主谓语词序往往要作相应的变化。

A. 时态的变化

1.时态的变化

①现在时间推移到过去时间

直接引语中的时态 间接引语中的时态

一般现在时 一般过去时

现在完成时 过去完成时

现在进行时 过去进行时

现在完成进行时 过去完成进行时

The old man said, I have lived in this street since 1960.

→The old man said that he had lived in that street since 1960. 那老人说他自从196年起就住在那条街上了

He said, Is it raining

→ He asked if it was raining. 他问是不是正在下雨 ②过去时间推移到过去的过去

直接引语中的时态 间接引语中的时态

一般过去时 过去完成时

过去完成时 过去完成时(不变)

过去进行时 过去完成进行时或不变 She said to me, I wrote a letter to my parents three days ago. →She told me that she had written a letter to her parents three days before.她告诉我她三天前已给她母亲写了一封信。

What were you doing at seven p.m. yesterday he asked

→ He asked me what I was doing at seven p.m. the day before. 他问我前一天晚上七点在干什么

③将来时间推移到过去将来时间

直接引语中的时态

一般将来时 is am are going to do is am are to do

间接引语中的时态 过去将来时 was were going to do was

were to do

He said, We shall get ready by eight o'clock.

→He said that they would get ready by eight o'clock. 他说他们将在8点前准备好。

We are to meet at the school gate, she said to me.

→ She told me that they were to meet at the school gate. 她告诉我他们约定在校门口见面

④间接引语中保持原来时态不变

在下列情况下,间接引语中的谓语动词时态可以保持不变。 a. 主句为现在时或将来时,间接引语的时态保持不变。

He thinks, She will be back in a month.

→ He thinks she will be back in a month. 他想她将在一个月后回来。

He says, I have accepted her invitation.

He says he has accepted her invitation. 他说他已接受了她的邀请。 比较:

间接引语中的谓语动词时态对比。

Sarah said to me, I have two brothers. 莎莎对我说:“我有两个弟弟。”

Sarah told me that she has two brothers. 莎莎告诉我说她有两个弟弟。(说话才认为这情况是真实的)

Sarah told me that she had two brothers. 莎拉告诉我说她有两个

弟弟。(说话者对此没有什么把握

b. 间接引语表示的是现在的习惯动作、科学真理、客观事实、格言等。

The geography teacher said to the students, The earth moves round the sun.

→ The geography teacher told the students that the earth moves round the sun. 老师告诉学生地球围绕太阳转。

He said, Every dog has his day.

→ He said that every dog has his day. 他说是人皆有出头日。 c. 间接引语中动词表示的动作说话时仍在进行或状态仍然存在,时态可保持不变。

He said, The window is broken.

→ He said that the window is broken.他说玻璃窗碎了。 Just now Brown said, My son is ill today.

→ Brown told me just now that his son is ill today. 布朗刚才告诉我说,他儿子今天病了。

d. 间接引语中有明确的过去时间状语,仍可用一般过去时,不必改为过去完成时。

The girl said, I was born in 1978.

→ The girl said that she was born in 1978.那女孩说她生于1978年。 She said, My teacher was busy yesterday.

→ She said that her teacher was busy yesterday. 她说她老师昨天

很忙

2.情态动词的变化

情态动词在间接引语中都可以改为过去式,must表示必、推测、禁止等意思时,可不变;表示必须时可不变,也可用had to 或would have to。

The senior said, All men must die.

→ The senior said that all men must die. 那老者说人总是要死的。 She said, I must go to see the doctor tomorrow afternoon.

→ She said she must would have to go to see the doctor the next afternoon. 她说第二天下午她一定得去看医生。

He said to me, We used to go there every year.

→ He told me that they used to come here every year. 他对我说他们过去每年都来这里。(used to在间接引语中不变)

B. 代词的变化

1.人称代词的变化

①当主句的主语是第一人称时,引语中的人称代词不变。 I said, You did quite well in the exam yesterday.

→ I said that you had done quite well in the exam the day before.我说你那天考得不错。

②直接引语中主语是第一人称时,在改为间接引语时,其人称与主句中的主语的人称一致。 He said to Tom, I'll do my best to catch up with others.

→ He told Tom that he would do his best to catch up with others. 他告诉汤姆他将尽他所能赶上其他人。

③直接引语中主语是第二人称时,在改为间接引语时,其人称和主句的宾语相一致。 He said to her, Where did you put the glasses

→ He asked her where she had put the glasses. 他问她,她把杯子放哪儿了。

提示: 如果主句中无宾语,应根据语境或想象,自添适当的宾语;如果直接引语中有呼语,则将其改为间接引语的宾语。

Mother asked, Where have you been

→ Mother asked me where I had been. 母亲问我去哪儿了。

Why are you late again, John the teacher asked.

→ The teacher asked John why he was late again. 老师问约翰为什么他又迟到。 ④直接引语中主语是第三人称时,在改为间接引语时不发生变化。

He said to Tom, She can help them.

→ He told Tom that she could help them. 他告诉汤姆她能够帮助他们。

2.物主代词的变化

You should not overlook your fault, Mum said to me.

→ Mum told me that I should not overlook my fault. 妈妈对我说我不应该忽略我的缺点。 The two boys said, We have lost our dog.

→ The two boys said they had lost their dog. 这两个男孩说他们的狗丢了。

4. 指示代词的变化

直接引语中的指示代词 this these

间接引语中的指示代词 that those

She said, This is the house in which Lu Xun once lived.

→ She said that that was the house in which Lu Xun had once lived. 她说那是鲁迅曾经住过的房子。

I bought these flowers for you, Jane said.

Jane said that she had bought those flowers for me. 简说那些花是她为我买的。 I grow these tomatoes myself, he said.

→ He aid that he grew those tomatoes himself. 他说那些胡萝卜是他自己种的。

C. 时间和地点状语的变化

1.时间状语的变化

He said, I spoke to them yesterday.

→ He said that h had spoken to them the day before. 他说他前一天跟他们讲过话了。 The student said, We have learned about 3,000 English words so far.

→ The student said that they had learned about 3,000 English words by then. 那学生说到那时为止他们已学会了3,000个英语单词。

2.地点状语的变化

当直接引语变间引语时,地点状语here通常变为there。但如果说话人所在地点就是引述人所在地点,那么仍然使用here.

Come here, please, he said.

→ He asked me to come here. 他叫我到这里来。(引述人地点不变)

→ He asked me to go there. 他叫我到那里去。(引述人地点发生变化)

Here she burst out into a flood of tears, he said to me.

→ He told me that she had burst out into a flood of tears there. 他告诉我说,谈到那个地

方她就放声大哭了起来。

练习部分:

I. 请选出正确的答案:

1. “You’ve already got well, haven’t you?” she asked.

→She asked ________.

A. if I have already got well, hadn’t you B. whether I had already got well C. have I already got well D. had I already got well.

2. He asked , “ Are you a Party member or a League member?”

→He asked me _________.

A. am I a Party member or a League member B. was I a Party member or a League member C. if I was a Party member or a League member

D. whether was I a Party member or a League member.

3. He asked, “How are you getting along?”

→He asked _______.

A. how am I getting along B. how are you getting along

C. how I was getting along D. how was I getting along

4. He asked me ________ with me.

A. what the matter is B. what the mater was

C. what’s the matter D. what was the matter

5. He said, “Don’t do that again.” He _____ me _______ that again.

A. said to me; not to do B. said to me; don’t do

C. told me; don’t do D. told me; not to do

6. Can you make sure ___________?

A. that he will come here today B. when he will come here today

C. will he come here today D. whether will he come here today

7. Do you happen to know ________?

A. where is her address B. in which place is her address C. what her address is D. the place her address is

8. Excuse me, but can you tell me ___________?

A. where can I get to the library B. where I can get to the library

C. how can I get to the library D. how I can get to the library

9. John asked me _______ to visit his uncle’s farm with him.

A. how would I like B. if or not would I like

C. whether I would like D. which I would like

10. I’d like to know ________ Chinese.

A. when he began to learn B. when did he begin to learn

C. when did he begin learning D. for how long he began to learn II. 将下列句子变为间接引语:

1. “You should be more careful next time,” his father said to him.

2. Mr. Wang said, “I will leave for Shanghai on business next month, children” 3. “I haven’t heard from my parents these days,” said Mary.

4. The geography teacher said to us, “The moon moves around the earth and the earth

goes round the sun.”

5. She said to him, “It’s time that you left here.”

6. Zhang Hong said to me, “Doctor Wang passed away in 1948.”

7. John said to his parents, “I had learned 500 Chinese words by the end of last term.”

8. The history teacher said to them, “The Chinese Communist Party was founded on July 1st, 1921.”

9. He said, “Are you a student?”

10. “Have you anything interesting I can read, George?” she said.

11. “She’s here to ask for help, isn’t she?” he asked.

12. “Where are you going?” the father asked his son.

13. “Are you sorry for what you have done?” the mother asked the naughty boy.

14. She said, “Did you meet this man at the station two hours ago, Mr. Li?”

15. “Write your names on your papers first,” the teacher said to us.

16. “Please come here again tomorrow,” her friend said to her.

17. “Let me pack the parcel for you,” he said.

18. “Don’t make so much noise in class, boys and girls,” said the teacher.

19. “What a lovely day it is!”

20. “Happy New Year to you!” he said.

III. 把下列句子变为直接引语:

1. I told him that I had lost my money and that I would find it.

2. She asked whether I would be free the next day or not.

3. I asked her where she was going and what she was going to do the next day.

4. His father told him not to climb that high tree in his new coat.

5. The stranger asked me what my name was.

6. She said that she would finish her work the next day.

7. The teacher asked if we could do it.

8. The commander ordered his men not to cross the river before dawn.

9. My teacher asked whether he was coming.

10. The scientist asked me what I was doing.

I. 1~5 B C C D D 6~10 A C D C A

II. 1. His father told him that he should be more careful the next time.

2. Mr. Wang told the children that he would leave for Shanghai on business the next month.

3. Mary said that she hadn’t heard from her parents those days.

4. The geography teacher told us that the moon moves around the earth and the earth goes round the sun.

5. She told him that it was time that he left there.

6. Zhang Hong told me that Doctor Wang passed away in 1948.

7. John told his parents that he had learned 500 Chinese words by the end of last term.

8. The history teacher told them that the Chinese Communist Party was founded on July 1st, 192

9. He asked whether I was a student.

10. She asked George if he had anything interesting she could read.

11. He asked whether she was there to ask for help or not.

12. The father asked his son where he was going.

13. The mother asked the naughty boy if he was sorry for what he had done.

14. She asked Mr. Li whether he had met that man at the station two hours before. 15. The teacher told us to write our names on our papers first.

16. Her friend asked her to go there again the next/ following day.

17. He offered to pack the parcel for me.

18. The teacher told the boys and girls not to make so much noise in class.

19. He/ She exclaimed that it was really a lovely day.

20. He wished me a Happy New Year.

III.

1. I said to him, “I have lost my money. I will find it.”

2. She asked, “You will be free tomorrow, won’t you?”

3. I asked her, “Where are you going and what are you going to do tomorrow?”

4. His father said, “Don’t climb this high tree in your new coat.”

5. The stranger asked, “ What’s your name?”

6. “I’ll finish my work tomorrow,” she said.

7. The teacher asked, “Can you do it ?”

8. The commander ordered his men, “Don’t cross the river before dawn.”

9. My teacher asked, “Is he coming?”

10. The scientist asked me, “What are you doing?”

范文八:直接引语和间接引语Ⅰ(陈述句和疑问句) 投稿:黎楥楦

直接引语和间接引语Ⅰ ( 陈述句和疑问句)

教学目标:

一.知识目标:

掌握直接引语和间接引语的概念。

学会区分直接引语和间接引语。

二.能力目标

掌握当直接引语是陈述句和疑问句时,该怎样将直接引语转化成间接引语。

掌握直接引语便间接引语时,时态的变化。

熟练在直接引语和间接引语之间进行转化。

教学重点:

时态的变化

指示代词,时间状语,地点状语和动词的变化。

间接引语时态不作改变的情况

教学难点:准确无误地将直接引语转化成间接引语。

教学方法:

教学步骤:

一.引入新课

我们在生活中,经常会遇到这种情况:我们请别人帮我们传达信息;别人请我们传达信息。在这样的情况下,用怎么样的方法才能时需要传达的信息不会变质呢?

如:今天,一位学生家长带着自己正在念初三的学生来到恒名教育,想向蒲老师打听一下收费情况及具体的课时安排。结果,不巧,蒲老师出去了只有等到第二天才回来,等蒲老师回来后,你该怎样转述家长的话给蒲老师呢/

二.新课教学

(一)出示本节课的学习目标

(二)学习目标完成过程

变直接引语为间接引语时,应注意以下事项:

(1)句型的变化

①直接引语为陈述句时,下列情况中的that不可省略:

当宾语从句作直接宾语时。

当宾语从句中的状语置于从句句首时。

当两个或两个以上的宾语从句并列时,仅能省略第一个that,其余的不可省略。 ②直接引语为一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,宾语从句有whether或if引导。 He said, “Can you come this afternoon?” →

He asked whether/if John could come that afternoon.

③特殊疑问句变为由who, what, when等疑问词引导的宾语从句。

He said, “Where is Mr Wang?” →

He asked where Mr Wang is.

④直接引语是祈使句时,应注意常变为ask/tell/order sb. to do sth.句型。若是以let’s开头的祈使句,则通常变为suggest doing或suggest+从句的形式。

“Will you pen the door for me?” →

She asked me to pen the door for her.

(2)时态的变化

若主句谓语动词是过去时,从句的时态应变成过去相应的过去的某种时态。如下表所示:

如果直接引语属于下面的情况,变为间接引语时时态不作改变:

①主句的谓语动词为现在和将来时态。

a. He says, “I’m tired.” → He says that he is tired.

b. He will says, “The boy was lazy.” →He will tell you that the boy was lazy. ②当直接引语是客观真理时,不受时间限制。

He said to us,“The earth goes around the sun.” →

He said to us that the earth goes around the sun.

③直接引语是过去时,并且和具体的过去时间连用,时态不作改变。

She said, “I was born in 1995.” →She said she was born in1995.

(3)指示代词,时间状语,地点状语和动词的变化。

(4)人称代词的变化

①“一随主”若直接引语中有第一人称,变间接引语时应与主句中主语的人称相一致。 ②“二随宾”若直接引语中有第二人称,变间接引语时应与主句中宾语的人称相一致 ③“第三人称不更新”直接引语中的第三人称变间接引语时不需要变化。

三.巩固训练

教材完全解读16-17页例题4,

四.小结

1.什么是直接引语?什么是间接引语?1.

2.变直接引语为间接引语时,应注意哪些事项?(句型的变化;时态的变化;指示代词,时间状语,地点状语和动词的变化; 人称代词的变化)

五.作业

教材完全解读18页:速效基础演练的3个小题,知能提升突破的6个小题。

六.板书设计

七.课后反思

范文九:怎样把直接引述句改为间接引述句 投稿:范携搻

妈对我说:“今天我回来的晚,你先吃饭,不用等我。”(改为第三人称) 怎样把直接引述句改为间接引述句 当我们引用别人的话时,我们可以使用别人的原话,也可以用自己的话把意思转述出来。如果引用原话,被引用的部分就称之为直接引语,反之,则称为间接引语。 引述或转述别人的话称为“引语”。直接引用别人的原话,两边用引号“ ”标出,叫做直接引语;用自己的语言转述别人的话,不需要引号这叫做间接引语,实际上间接引语大都是宾语从

今天 ,妈妈跟我说,她晚上回来的晚,让我先吃饭,不用等她.

2、老师说:“你们先把上次作业的错误改正后,再做今天的作业(改为第三人称)

老师说,我们先把上次作业的错误改正后,再做今天的作业.

引述句和转述句的互换

一、标点符号的改变

引述句改为转述句,冒号和引号要改为逗号。转述句改引述句,要加上冒号和引号。

二、人称的变化

1.引述是直接引用别人的话,而转述则是转达别人说的话, 因此,引述句改为转述句时,说话人即第一人称“ 我 ”要改 为第三人称“ 他 ” 或“ 她 ”。 如:张童说:“我一定要坚持长跑锻炼。 ”

改:张童说,他一定要坚持长跑锻炼。

2.当引述内容涉及其他人称时的改法 。

如:姐姐说:“ 你说得对,我就这样做。”

改:姐姐说我说得对,她就这样做 。

上面的例句中涉及了第二人称,在改为转述句时就应改为 第一人称。还应注意,冒号和引号前的内容不变。

3.转述句改为引述句,第三人称“ 他 ” 或 “ 她 ”应改 为第一人称“ 我 ”,说话内容涉及第一人称应改为第二人称。

如:老班长说,他没有完成任务,没把我们照顾好。

改:老班长说:“ 我没有完成任务,没把你们照顾好。” 会了么? 加油啊!

怎样教把直接引述句换成间接转述句

【摘要】:正 第九册

与引号外谁对应,就换成谁。如:

【关键词】: 转述句 人称代词 引号 标点符号 对应关系 引述 分析比较 立脚点 第三者 句子

直接引述改成间接转述的方法(转载)

2008-12-22 13:37:36| 分类: 句型句式 | 标签: |字号大中小 订阅

1、确定引号里有多少个代词。2、确定各代词分别代指谁。3、按下面

的两种方法进行改写:

A、确定谁叫谁做什么的,可以用“xx叫xx做什么”的格式改写。

如:老师对小民说:“你把作业抱到办公室去。”

改:老师叫小民把作业抱到办公室去。

B、不能确定谁叫谁做什么的,首先把话中的“我”改为“他

(她)”,再把其它的的代词改成具体的人。

如:老师对小明说:“我看了你的作文很满意。”

改:老师对小明说,他看了小明的作文很满意。

注意:

1、要是引号中是反问语气,要改成陈述语气。

2、提示语在中间或在句末的句子,把提示语调整到句首后,可按

以上方法进行改动。

、反问句改陈述句方法:

1、去 即去掉反问词和语气词:“难道„吗?怎么„呢?”

2、改 即把“?”号改成“。”

3、变 肯定变否定,否定变肯定。

4、查 即检查修改后的句子意思应和原来的一样。

二、陈述句改反问句方法:

1、加 即加上反问词和语气词:“难道„吗?怎么„呢?”

2、改 即把“?”号改成“。”

3、变 肯定变否定,否定变肯定。

4、查 即检查修改后的句子意思应和原来的一样。

(一)把下列反问句改成陈述句

1、朝鲜战场上我们有多少优秀儿女献出了生命,他们的父母难道就不悲痛吗?

2、我们如果没有老百姓的支持,能有今天的局面吗?

3、这清白的梅花,是玷污得的吗?

4、我们吃的穿的,哪一样能离开群众的支持?

5、我为什么不从毛衣入手,自己设计、制作和出售时装呢?

6、在人类古老的历史长河中,有哪一个民族能像中华民族这样拥有如此丰富的书法瑰宝?

7、难道这世界上糟糕的诗还不够多吗?

8、还有什么别的话比这句最简单的话更能表达我此时的全部感情呢?

(二)把下面的陈述句改成反问句:

1、这活泼的小孩是我的好朋友。

2、六小开展的师生才艺表演活动很好看。

3、顽强拼搏的运动员是我们学习的榜样。

4、现在的条件这么好,我们应该好好学习。

5、这件事大家都同意。

6、别人能做到的事,我们也能做到。

7、这件事大家会同意。

8、这比山高比海深的情谊,我们不会忘记。

9、这是祖国母亲对我的期望。

10、不劳动,连棵花叶养不活,这是真理。

转载]二、2、反问句:定义、特点、种类、作用、变换、注意

【九种句式浅析】 二、五种常用句式 2、反问句 (1)、定义:

反问句,也不同于一般的疑问句,它是用疑问的形式,来表示肯定或否定。

(2)、特点:

反问句,只问不答,问中有答。

(3)、种类:

反问句有两种形式:

第一种:是用否定的形式,来表示肯定的内容。

这种反问句的语气,比一般肯定句还要强。

第二种:是用肯定的形式,来表示否定的内容。

这种反问句的语气,比一般否定句还要强。

(4)、作用:

反问句的主要作用是:加强语气,发人深醒。

(5)、用途:

它常用于一般文章,特别是在议论文中。

(6)、变换:

在写作中,

有时,为了加强语气,把一般陈述句变成反问句。

变化时,如原句是肯定的,则加否定词,变成疑问形式;

如果原句是否定的, 则去掉否定词, 变成疑问形式。

有的反问句,还要加“难道”、“岂”等字样。

有时,反问句还和设问句连用,用反问句去充当设问句的答句,这样,能同时发挥这两种句式的作用,收到更好的效果。

(7)、注意:

运用反问句时要注意三点:

A、反问是只问不答,问中有答。这就要求隐含在问句中的答案必须明确。

B、反问句常用在叙述、描写 、抒情的后面,以加强语气。

C、反问时,要问得自然,不要强问。

转载]什么是陈述句、祈使句、疑问句、感叹句

读读下面的句子,想想各语句和使用的标点有什么不同。

例1 造纸是我国古代四大发明之一。 例2 老大爷,请进来喝碗茶吧!

例3 你到公园去吗? 例4 天安门广场真大啊!

【解答】

根据语气可以把句子分成陈述句、祈使句、疑问句和感叹句四种类型。

1.陈述句

陈述句是用来说明事实的句子。它的后面用句号表示,语调一般是平的。有的陈述句表示肯定的语气,比如例1。还有像“小树长高了。”有的陈述句表示否定的语气,如“他没有参加小组会。”“我不认识这位老师。”有的陈述句用双重否定的形式表示肯

定的语气,如“社会主义的物质文明与精神文明非搞好不可。”“乡亲们没有不夸雨来聪明的。”

2.祈使句

用来要求听话人做某件事情的句子。如命令、请求、禁止或劝阻语气的句子都是祈使句。祈使句常常是要求别人做什么或不做什么,句末用句号或叹号。

表示命令的祈使句言词肯定,坚定不移,句子的前半部分常常被省略。如“立正!出发!”“把他带走!”

表示请求的祈使句语气比较缓和,如例2。还有像“老师,让我去吧!”

表示禁止的祈使句语气比较强硬,大多省去句子的前半部分。如“不要攀折花木!”“禁止吸烟!”

表示劝阻的祈使句语气较缓和,有商量的口气。如“以后别再迟到啦!”

3.疑问句

疑问句是用来提出问题的句子,句末用问号表示。比如例3。还有像“这是谁的书包?”

4.感叹句

用来抒发某种强烈感情的句子是感叹句,句末用叹号。比如例4。还有像“这些花真美啊!”表示了赞美的语气;“这么做太不像话了!”表示谴责的语气。

我们了解了这四种句式,对于理解句子、使用标点、表达感情,都很有好处。 分享:

范文十:第二十八课间接引句(一) 投稿:程擵擶

第二十八课 间接引句(一)

一.本课要点及示例

在这一课里, 我们学习间接引句的用法, 比方:

M: Is everyone here today?

F: No, Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: That's strange. We're choosing teams today. He asked if he could be a captain. It's really too bad that he is not here.

F: He and his father came to see me early this morning. His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today. He said that they were going on a trip.

M: How long will Jimmy be out of school?

F: His father didn't say, but he did give the reason for the trip.

M: What is that?

F: Jimmy's grandmother died.

现在我们再听英文老师把对话慢慢儿地念一遍.

M: Is everyone here today?

F: No, Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: That's strange. We're choosing teams today. He asked if he could be a captain. It's really too bad that he is not here.

F: He and his father came to see me early this morning. His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today. He said that they were going on a trip.

M: How long will Jimmy be out of school?

F: His father didn't say, but he did give the reason for the trip.

M: What is that?

F: Jimmy's grandmother died.

下面我请英文老师把对话里的间接引句再念一遍.

M: He asked if he could be a captain.

F: His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today.

F: He said that they were going on a trip.

二.间接引句

第一组练习是由凯特或是比尔说一句话, 比方凯特说: Jimmy Taylor is absent. 接着学生就用间接引句说: Kate said that Jimmy Taylor was absent. 请你注意 在引述别人的话的时候应该把话里的现在时态动词改成过去时态. 现在我们开始作练习, 学生作句子的时候请你也一起作.

F: Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: Kate said that Jimmy Taylor was absent.

F: Jimmy is excused from school.

M: Kate said that Jimmy was excused from school.

F: Jimmy's grandmother is dead.

M: Kate said that Jimmy's grandmother was dead.

下面学生引述比尔说的话, 还是请你跟着作练习.

M: It is strange that Jimmy is absent.

F: Bill said that it was strange that Jimmy was absent.

M: The school is choosing teams.

F: Bill said that the school was choosing teams.

M: Jimmy wants to be a captain.

F: Bill said that Jimmy wanted to be a captain.

M: It is too bad that Jimmy is not in school.

F: Bill said that it was too bad that Jimmy was not in school.

下面一组练习是由凯特自我介绍, 说明她是小学三年级教员, 并且叙述她的日常工作, 比方她教什么课程, 她预备教材, 跟学生和学生家长开会等等. 练习的作法是凯特说一句话, 比方:

F: I am an elementary school teacher.

M: Kate told me that she was an elementary school teacher.

F: I am a third grade teacher.

M: Kate told me that she was a third grade teacher.

F: I teach arithmetic.

M: Kate told me that she taught arithmetic.

F: I introduce other subjects as well.

M: Kate told me that she introduced other subjects as well.

F: All my students are eight or nine years old.

M: Kate told me that all her students were eight or nine years old.

F: I prepare for my classes.

M: Kate told me that she prepared for her classes.

F: I have conferences with my students quite often.

M: Kate told me that she had conferences with her students quite often.

F: Sometimes I talk to my students' parents.

M: Kate told me that sometimes she talked to her students' parents.

下面一组练习是要请你引述比尔说的话. 练习的作法跟刚才大同小异, 这次是由比尔自我介绍, 说明他能作什么, 愿意为学生作什么等等, 比方比尔告诉你说:

M: I can teach physical training.

F: Bill told me that he could teach physical training.

M: I will teach my students how to play tennis.

F: Bill told me that he would teach his students how to play tennis.

M: I will play volleyball with my students.

F: Bill told me that he would play volleyball with his students.

M: I will take my students swimming.

F: Bill told me that he would take his students swimming.

M: I can teach my classes outdoors.

F: Bill told me that he could teach his classes outdoors.

M: I can enjoy sunshine when I am teaching.

F: Bill told me that he could enjoy sunshine when he was teaching.

M: I will help my students.

F: Bill told me that he would help his students.

M: I can make my students healthy.

F: Bill told me that he could make his students healthy.

刚才我们引述的句子都是陈述句, 下面我们学习怎么引述问句. 比方比尔问凯特: Is Jimmy coming to school? 引述这句话的时候就应该这么说: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was coming to school. 请注意引述问句的时候必须用if, i-f, if 连接前后两句话, 并且必须把问句改为陈述句. 现在我们作一组练习, 学学这种说 法. 练习的内容都是关于比尔问凯特吉米来不来上课的事情. 每作完一个句子就听老师念正确答案.

M: Is Jimmy coming to school?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was coming to school.

M: Is Jimmy absent?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was absent.

M: Is Jimmy excused from class?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was excused from class.

M: Is Jimmy taking a trip?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was taking a trip.

下面请你引述凯特问比尔的话, 内容都是说到吉米能够不能够参加校队去比赛的事情. 请你还是跟刚才一样作练习.

F: Can Jimmy still be a captain?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy could still be a captain.

F: Will Jimmy be chosen to be a captain?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy would be chosen to be a captain.

F: Can Jimmy still play in the game?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy could still play in the game.

F: Will Jimmy make it to the game?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy would make it to the game.

刚才我们学习了怎么引述问句, 现在我们继续学习. 在引述问句的时候除了用 if 连接两句话以外, 也可以用whether, w-h-e-t-h-e-r, whether 来代替. 现在我们作一组练习,学学这种说法. 练习的作法是比尔问凯特一些有关她的工作的问题, 凯特就用间接引句引述比尔提出的问题:比方比尔问凯特:

M: Do you give your students a lot of homework?

F: Bill asked me whether I gave my students a lot of homework.

M: Do you meet with your students' parents?

F: Bill asked me whether I met with my students' parents.

M: Do you eat lunch with your students?

F: Bill asked me whether I ate lunch with my students.

M: Do you make sure that your students eat well?

F: Bill asked me whether I made sure that my students ate well.

M: Do you make sure that your students drink milk?

F: Bill asked me whether I made sure that my students drank milk.

M: Do you teach reading, writing and arithmetic?

F: Bill asked me whether I taught reading, writing and arithmetic.

M: Do you have black students?

F: Bill asked me whether I had black students.

M: Do you have other minority students?

F: Bill asked me whether I had other minority students.

M: Do you teach your students to have good study habits?

F: Bill asked me whether I taught my students to have good study habits.

三.听短文回答问题

现在我们来作今天这一课的听力测验. 今天我们要听的文章是介绍凯特的工作. 文章里提到她每天几点上下班, 在学校里作些什么事情. 文章里许多词汇都是我们已经学习过的. 现在请你注意听老师念这篇文章, 等一会儿我们要问你几个问题.

Kate is an elementary school teacher. She has a third grade class this year, with children who are eight or nine years old. She has white students, black students and students of other minorities. She teaches reading, writing and arithmetic. Other teachers teach music and physical training. Kate uses reading to introduce history and other subjects to her students. She gives them a lot of work, but she tries to teach them good study habits. She also makes her lessons interesting.

Kate usually gets to school at 7:30 in the morning, an hour before classes begin. She uses the extra time to prepare for her classes. Sometimes students and their parents come to school early for conferences with Kate. This is one of the few occasions when Kate can meet with her students' parents, because most of them work when their children are in school.

At lunch time Kate usually eats with her students. She wants to make sure that they eat well and drink their milk. After class, Kate corrects the students' homework and prepares for the next day. She usually doesn't get away from the school until nearly 4:30 in the afternoon.

She has a long day.

等一会儿我们再请英文老师用慢速度把整篇文章念一遍. 现在我们先来听今天测验的三个问题.

第一个问题是:

M: What are some of the subjects taught in elementary school?

第二个问题是:

M: What does Kate do in school?

第三个问题是:

M: What hours does Kate work?

现在英文老师用慢速度把文章再念一遍给你听.

Kate is an elementary school teacher. She has a third grade class this year, with children who are eight or nine years old. She has white students, black students and students of other minorities. She teaches reading, writing and arithmetic. Other teachers teach music and physical training. Kate uses reading to introduce history and other subjects to her students. She gives them a lot of work, but she tries to teach them good study habits. She also makes her lessons interesting.

Kate usually gets to school at 7:30 in the morning, an hour before classes begin. She uses the extra time to prepare for her classes. Sometimes students and their parents come to school early for conferences with Kate. This is one of the few occasions when Kate can meet with her students' parents, because most of them work when their children are in school.

At lunch time Kate usually eats with her students. She wants to make sure that they eat well and drink their milk. After class, Kate corrects the students' homework and prepares for the next day. She usually doesn't get away from the school until nearly 4:30 in the afternoon.

She has a long day.

刚才那篇文章希望你都听懂了. 现在请你回答刚才老师念过的三个问题, 你回答之后老师会念出正确答案让你作个比较.

第一个问题是:

M: What are some of the subjects taught in elementary school?

F: Reading, writing, arithmetic, history, music and physical training are taught in elementary school.

第二个问题是:

M: What does Kate do in school?

F: She prepares for her classes, teaches, has conferences with students, eats lunch with students and corrects students' homework.

第三个问题是:

M: What hours does Kate work?

F: She works from 7:30 in the morning to 4:30 in the afternoon.

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