专升本历年考试真题_范文大全

专升本历年考试真题

【范文精选】专升本历年考试真题

【范文大全】专升本历年考试真题

【专家解析】专升本历年考试真题

【优秀范文】专升本历年考试真题

范文一:新专升本考试题历年真题 投稿:钱魰魱

2011专升本计算机模拟试题(一)

发布时间:2011-03-18 发布者:

计算机文化基础模拟试题一

计算机考试模拟试题一

(考试时间:120分钟)

第一部分 主观试题

(说明:此部分的答案直接填在试卷上)

一、填空题(20分,共10题,每题2分)

1.CPU是计算机的核心部件,该部件主要由控制器和( )组成。

2.输入计算机的信息一般分为两类,一类称为数据,一类称为( )。

3.计算机中系统软件的核心是( ),它主要用来控制和管理计算机的所有软硬件资源。

4.具有及时性和高可靠性的操作系统是( )。

5.计算机在工作状态下想重新启动,可采用热启动,即同时按下( )三个键。

6.Word中的默认字体是____________。

7.多媒体技术的主要特点是信息载体的多样性、多种信息的综合处理和集成处理,多媒体系统是一个(

8.在Excel中,公式=Sum(Sheet1:Sheet5!$E$6)表示( )。

9.十进制数110. 125 转换为十六进制数是____________ H。

10.不少微机软件的安装程序都具有相同的文件名, Windows系统也如此,其安装程序的文件名一般为(

第二部分 客观试题

(说明:此部分的答案涂在答题卡上,答在试卷上无效)

二、单项选择题(50分)

1. 在FrontPage 中,要使页面上能显示访问次数,可使用()实现。

A.横幅广告管理器 B.滚动字幕 C.悬停按钮 D.计数器

2. 在FrontPage 中的( )视图可以直接制作网页。

A.网页 B.报表 C.文件夹 D.超链

3. 一台完整的微型机是由存储器、输入设备、输出设备和( )组成。

A.硬盘 B.软盘 C.键盘 D.中央处理器

4. Pentium(奔腾)指的是计算机中( ) 的型号。

A.主板 B.存储器 C.中央处理器 D.驱动器

5. 计算机最主要的工作特点是( )。

A.高速度 B.高精度 C.存储记忆能力 D.存储程序和程序控制

6. 微型计算机中使用的人事档案管理系统,属下列计算机应用中的( )。

A.人工智能 B.专家系统 C.信息管理 D.科学计算

7. Internet使用的协议是( )。

A.CSMA/CD B.TCP/IP C.X.25/X.75 D.Token Ring

8. 下列四个不同进制的无符号整数中,数值最小的是( )。

A.10010010(B) B.221(O) C.147(D) D.94(H)

9. 下列四条叙述中,正确的一条是( )。 )。)。

A.使用打印机要有其驱动程序 B.激光打印机可以进行复写打印

C.显示器可以直接与主机相连 D.用杀毒软件可以清除一切病毒

10. 调制解调器(Modem)的功能是实现( )。

A.模拟信号与数字信号的转换 B.数字信号的编码

C.模拟信号的放大 D.数字信号的整形

11. 局域网组网完成后,决定网络使用性能的关键是( )。

A.网络的拓扑结构 B.网络的通信协议 C.网络的传输介质 D.网络的操作系统

12. 下列四个无符号十进制数中,能用八位二进制表示的是( )。

A.256 B.299 C.199 D.312

13. 微处理器处理的数据基本单位为字。一个字的长度通常是( )。

A.16个二进制位 B.32个二进制位

C.64个二进制位 D.与微处理器芯片的型号有关

14. 主板上的IDE接口是连接( )的数据线接口。

A.硬盘 B.软驱 C.显卡 D.声卡

15. 下列四条叙述中,有错误的一条是( )。

A.两个或两个以上的系统交换信息的能力称为兼容性

B.当软件所处环境(硬件/支持软件)发生变化时,这个软件还能发挥原有的功能,则称该软件为兼容软件

C.不需调整或仅需少量调整即可用于多种系统的硬件部件,称为兼容硬件

D.著名计算机厂家生产的计算机称为兼容机

16. 在Word的编辑状态,当前文档中有一个表格,选定列后,单击表格菜单中

A.表格中的内容全部被删除,但表格还存在

B.表格和内容全部被删除

C.表格被删除,但表格中的内容未被删除

D.表格中插入点所在的列被删除

17. 十进制数8000转换为等值的八进制数是( )。

A.571(O) B.57100(O) C.175(O) D.17500(O)

18. 下列设备中,既能向主机输入数据又能接受主机输出数据的是( )。

A.显示器 B.扫描仪 C.磁盘存储器 D.音响设备

19. 下列操作中,( )不能关闭FrontPage应用程序。

A.单击“关闭”按钮 B.单击“文件”菜单中的“退出”

C.单击“文件”菜单中的“关闭” D.双击标题栏左边的控制菜单框

20. 在Excel 清单中,( )。

A.只能将标题行冻结 B.可以将任意的列或行冻结

C.可以将A列和1、2、3行同时冻结 D.可以将任意的单元格冻结

21. CRT显示器的像素光点直径有多种规格,下列直径中显示质量最好的是( )mm。

A.0.39 B.0.33 C.0.31 D.0.28

22. 软盘不加写保护,对它可以进行的操作是()。

A.只能读盘,不能写盘 B.只能写盘,不能读盘

C.既能读盘,又能写盘 D.不能读盘,也不能写盘

23. 软件与程序的区别是( )。

A.程序价格便宜、软件价格昂贵

B.程序是用户自己编写的,而软件是由厂家提供的

C.程序是用高级语言编写的,而软件是由机器语言编写的

D.软件是程序以及开发、使用和维护所需要的所有文档的总称,而程序是软件的一部分

24. 微型计算机中使用的人事档案管理系统,属下列计算机应用中的( )。

A.人工智能 B.专家系统 C.信息管理 D.科学计算

25. 下列四个不同进制的无符号整数中,数值最小的是( )。

A.10010010(B) B.221(O) C.147(D) D.94(H)

26. 局域网的网络软件主要包括网络数据库管理系统、网络应用软件和( )。

A.服务器操作系统 B.网络操作系统 C.网络传输协议 D.工作站软件

27. 在Excel 中,若要编辑修改内嵌图表时,我们首先必须()。

A.双击图表 B.复制图表 C.将图表移动到新工作表中 D.选定图表

28. 和通信网络相比,计算机网络最本质的功能是( )。

A.数据通信 B.资源共享 C.提高计算机的可靠性和可用性 D.分布式处理

29. 调制解调器(Modem)的功能是实现( )。

A.模拟信号与数字信号的转换 B.数字信号的编码

C.模拟信号的放大 D.数字信号的整形

30. 局域网组网完成后,决定网络使用性能的关键是( )。

A.网络的拓扑结构 B.网络的通信协议 C.网络的传输介质 D.网络的操作系统

31. 下列四个无符号十进制数中,能用八位二进制表示的是( )。

A.256 B.299 C.199 D.312

32. 下列四条叙述中,有错误的一条是( )。

A.两个或两个以上的系统交换信息的能力称为兼容性

B.当软件所处环境(硬件/支持软件)发生变化时,这个软件还能发挥原有的功能,则称该软件为兼容软件

C.不需调整或仅需少量调整即可用于多种系统的硬件部件,称为兼容硬件

D.著名计算机厂家生产的计算机称为兼容机

33. 在Excel公式复制时,为使公式中的( ),必须使用相对地址(引用)。

A.单元格地址随新位置有规律变化 B.单元格地址不随新位置而变化

C.单元格范围不随新位置而变化 D.单元格范围随新位置无规律变化

34. 选择网卡的主要依据是组网的拓扑结构、网络段的最大长度、节点之间的距离和( )。

A.接入网络的计算机种类 B.使用的传输介质的类型

C.使用的网络操作系统的类型 D.互连网络的规模

35. 已知一补码为10000101,则其真值用二进制表示为()。

A.-000010 B.-1111010 C.-000000 D.-1111011

36. 计算机字长取决于( )的总线宽度。

A.控制总线 B.数据总线 C.地址总线 D.通信总线

37. 计算机网络技术包含的两个主要技术是计算机技术和( )。

A.微电子技术 B.通信技术 C.数据处理技术 D.自动化技术

38. 计算机最主要的工作特点是( )。

A.高速度 B.高精度 C.存储记忆能力 D.存储程序和程序控制

39. 在计算机系统中,通常所说的

A.硬件 B.软件 C.数据 D.A)、B)、C)三者都是

40. 与十六进制数(AB)等值的二进数是( )。

A.10101010 B.10101011 C.10111010 D.10111011

41. 和广域网相比,局域网( )。

A.有效性好但可靠性差 B.有效性差但可靠性高

C.有效性好可靠性也高 D.有效性差可靠性也差

42. 下列四条叙述中,有错误的一条是( )。

A.以科学技术领域中的问题为主的数值计算称为科学计算

B.计算机应用可分为数值应用和非数值应用两类

C.计算机各部件之间有两股信息流,即数据流和控制流

D.对信息(即各种形式的数据)进行收集、储存、加工与传输等一系列活动的总称为实时控制

43. 在Windows 中,当一个应用程序窗口被最小化后,该应用程序将()。

A.被终止执行 B.继续在前台执行 C.被暂停执行 D.被转入后台执行

44. 客户机服务器模式的局域网,其网络硬件主要包括服务器、工作站、网卡和( )。

A.网络拓扑结构 B.计算机 C.传输介质 D.网络协议

45. 网卡(网络适配器)的主要功能不包括( )。

A.将计算机连接到通信介质上 B.进行电信号匹配

C.实现数据传输 D.网络互连

46. 世界上第一台电子计算机诞生于( ) 。

A.1943年 B.1946年

C.1945年 D.1949年

47. 微机的微处理器芯片上集成有( ) 。

A.CPU和微处理器 B.控制器和运算器

C.运算器和I/O接口 D.控制器和存储器

48. 某微型计算机的型号规格标有Pentium III 600字样,其中Pentium III是指( )。

A.厂家名称 B.机器名称 C.CPU型号 D.显示器名称

49. 四个数中,数值最小的是( ) 。

A.十进制数55 B.二进制数110101 C.八进制数101 D.十六进制数42

50. 下列四组数据中,每组有三个数,第一个数为八进制,第二个数为二进制,第三个数为十六进制数。这四组数中,三个数值相同是 ( ) 。

A.277,10111111,BF B.203,10000011,83

C.247,10100111,A8 D.213,10010110,96

三、多项选择题(20分)

1.某个局域网中的一台计算机带有打印机,如果其他计算机要使用这台打印机,则必须( )。

A.这台打印机被设置成共享

B.使用这台打印机的计算机必须安装网络打印机

C.这台打印机所在计算机必须打开

D.这台打印机只要设置成默认打印机其他计算机就可使用

E.这台打印机安装时,必须安装成网络打印机

2.联系的分类有( )。

A.一对一联系 B.一对多联系 C.多对多联系 D.多对一联系

3.计算机的主要特点有( )。

A.速度快、精度低 B.具有记忆和逻辑判断能力

C.能自动运行、支持人机交互 D.适合科学计算,不适合数据处理

4.从逻辑功能上可以把计算机网络分成( )。

A.计算机子网

B.教育网

C.通信子网

D.Internet

E.资源子网

5.以下属于Access数据库对象的是( )。

A.查询 B.报表 C.宏 D.模块 E.文件夹

6.根据计算机的用途划分,可将计算机分为( )。

A.模拟计算机B.数字计算机

C.混合计算机D.通用计算机E.专用计算机

7.Office2000办公自动化套件包括的组件有( )。

A.Word2000 B.Windows2000 C.Publisher2000 D.Outlook2000 E.SQLSever2000

8.微机中的总线一般可分为( )。

A.地址总线 B.指令总线 C.控制总线 D.管理总线 E.数据总线

9.接入Internet的方法有( )。

A.小型局域网接入 B.电话拨号上网接入 C.主板接入 D.宽带接入 E.大型局域网接入

10.计算机的发展趋势是( )。

A.多媒体化 B.网络化 C.智能化 D.巨型化 E.微型化

四、判断正误题(10分)

1.自然码、五笔字型、大众码都属于形码。

A. 正确 B. 错误

2.所谓活动窗口,是指该窗口在屏幕上可以任意移动位置。

A. 正确 B. 错误

3.Word主程序窗口右上角包含了

A. 正确 B. 错误

4.普通视图和大纲视图状态下,是不能显示页眉和页脚的,只有在页面视图和打印预览视图

状态下才能显示页眉和页脚。

A. 正确 B. 错误

5.剪贴板中将只存放最后一次“复制”的内容。

A. 正确 B. 错误

6.嵌入式对象不能放置到页面的任意位置,只能放置到文档插入点的位置。

A. 正确 B. 错误

7.用户在连接网络时,使用IP地址与域名地址的效果是一样的。

A. 正确 B. 错误

8.Windows2000操作系统没有为用户提供五笔字型输入法。

A. 正确 B. 错误

9.某人要在电子邮件中传送一个文件,他可以借助电子邮件中的附件功能。

A. 正确 B. 错误

10.在Excel中,如果公式中仅出现函数,则该公式一定不会出现错误信息。

A. 正确 B. 错误

答案:

一、填空题

1.运算器 2. 程序 3.操作系统 4.实时操作系统 5. Ctrl+Alt+Del 6. 宋体 7.交互式系统 8.工作表Sheet1到Sheet5中所有E6单元格的值之和 9. 6E.2 10.setup.exe或SETUP.EXE或Setup.exe

二、单选题

1-5 DADCD 6-10 CBBAA 11-15 DCDAD 16-20 DDCCB 21-25 DCDCB 26-30 BDBAD

31-35 CDABD 36-40 BBDDB 41-45 CDDCD 46-50 BBCBA

三、多选题

1.ABC 2.ABC 3.BC 4.CE 5.ABCD 6.DE 7.ACD 8.ACE 9.ABDE 10.ABCDE

四、判断

1-5 BBBAB 6-10 AAAAB

2011专升本英语模拟试题(二)

发布时间:2011-03-18 发布者:

英语公共课预测试题

英语试题

(考试时间:105分钟)

注意:所有答案都要写在答题纸上。

Part I Listening Comprehension(20Points,15minutes)(Omitted)

Part II Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: In this part there are 20 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

21There is miserable news that very few people ______the earthquake.

A. recovered B. survived C. existed D. discovered

22. ______your book, and do this work first. You may read it later.

A. put out B. put away C. put up D. put on

23. Would you like to come to see a film with me tonight?

I’d love to, ______I didn’t finish my homework yet.

A. and B. so C. as D. but

24. Many companies are seeking to exploit and develop the rich natural______in western regions.

A. sources B. resources C. materials D. power

25. Many students will watch TV only to ______ time during the summer vacation.

A. spend B. waste C. enjoy D. kill

26. When I try to understand ______that prevents so many Americans from being as happy as one might expect, it seems to me that there are two causes.

A. why it does B.what it does C.what it is D.why it is

27. I'm sure he is up to the job ______ he would give his mind to it.

A.if only B. in case C. until D.unless

28. The car ______ halfway for no reason.

A. broke off B. broke down C. broke up D.broke out

29. The newcomers found it impossible to ______ themselves to the climate sufficiently to make permanent homes in the new country.

A. suit B.adapt C. regulate D.coordinate

30. A ______ to this problem is expected to be found before long.

A. result B. response C. settlement D.solution

31. You have nothing to ______ by refusing to listen to our advice.

A. gain B. grasp C. seize D. earn

32. As a result of careless washing the jacket ______ to a child's size.

A. compressed B. shrank C.dropped D. decreased

33. He hoped the firm would ______ him to the Paris branch.

A. exchange B. transmit C. transfer D. remove

34. The lessons given by Mr. Smith are always_______and interesting.

A. lovingly B. lovely C. lively D. vividly

35. Calculations, which are astronomically exact, have been made __________ with the use of computers.

A. possible B. it possible C.possibly D.to be possible

36. He has so many inventions that he is really ______ Edison of ______Japan.

A. an; the B. an;/ C. the; the D. the; /

37. Even though they ______side by side for twenty years, the two neighbors are not on good terms.

A. have been lived B. had been lived C. had been living D. have been living

38. ______who she was, she said she was Mr. Johnson’s friend.

A. asking B. asked C. to ask D. when asking

39. You ______ the difficulties after I explain the whole thing to you.

A. will be seen B. will have seen C. will see D. see

40. Not only I but Jane and Mary ______worn out after having one examination after another.

A. is B. are C. painting D. to be painted

41. A survey of the opinions of students ______that they also admit several hours of sitting in front of the computer ______harmful for one’s health.

A. show; are B. shows; is C. show; is D. shows; are

42. By the time your plane lands tonight, I ______ at the airport for 3 hours.

A. had waited B. have been waited

C. had been waiting D. will have been waiting

43. The room is in a terrible mess; it ______cleaned.

A. can’t have been B. shouldn’t have been

C. mustn’t have been D. will have been waiting

44. It is the third time I ______to the Palace Museum, and I still think it is marvelous.

A. have gone B. go C. have been D. will go

45. All______you can do to comfort her is to listen to her story patiently.

A. what B. that C. which D. things

46. The driver, rather than the passengers, ______responsible for the accident.

A. are B. is C. been D. have been

47. Please make sure everything ------in its proper place before you leave the lab.

A. should be B. is C. will be D. would

48. You can fly to London this morning______you don’t mind changing planes in Paris.

A. provided B. except C. unless D. so far as

49. There is ______the fact that the assembly line has greatly improved productivity.

A. not to deny B. not deny C. not denying D no denying

50. He is not used to speaking to a stranger, ______to a large audience.

A. much less B. much more C. no less than D still more

Part III Reading Comprehension

Directions: This part is to test your reading ability. There are 4 tasks for you to fulfill. You should read this materials carefully and do the tasks as you are instructed. Task 1

In ancient times the most important examinations were spoken, not written. In the schools of ancient Greece and Rome , testing usually consisted of saying poetry aloud or giving

speeches.

In the European universities of the Middle Ages, students who were working for advanced degrees had to discuss questions in their field of study with people who had made a special study of the subject. This custom exists today as part of the process of testing candidates for the doctor's degree.

Generally, however, modern examinations are written. The written examination, where all students are tested on the same question, was probably not known until the nineteenth century. Perhaps it came into existence with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry. A room full of candidates for a state examination, timed exactly by electric clocks and carefully watched over by managers ,resembles a group of workers at an automobile factory. Generally, during examinations teachers and students are expected to act like machines.

One type of test is sometimes called an

51. In the Middle Ages students_________.

A.took objective tests

B.specialized in one subject

C.were timed by electric clocks

D.never wrote exams

52. The main idea of paragraph 3 is that_________.

A.workers now take examination

B.the population has grown

C.there are only written exams

D.examinations are now written and timed

53. The kind of exams where students must select answers are_________.

A.personal B.spoken

C.objective D.written

54. Modern industry must have developed_________.

A.before the Middle Ages

B.around the 19th century

C.in Greece or Rome

D.machines to take tests

55. It may be concluded that testing_________.

A.should test only opinions

B.should always be written

C.has changed since the Middle Ages

D.is given only in factories

Task 2

Adam Smith was the first person to see the importance of the division of the labor. He gave us an example of the process by which pins were made in England.

Ten men, Smith said, in this way, turned out twelve pounds of pins a day or about 4800 pins a worker. But if all of them had worked separately and independently without division of labor, they certainly could not have made twenty pins in a day and not even one. There can be no doubt that division of labor is an efficient way of organizing work. Fewer people can make more pins. Adam Smith saw this, but he also took it for granted that division of labor is itself responsible for economic growth and development and it accounts for the difference between expanding economies and those that stand still. But division of labor adds nothing new, it only enables people to produce more of what they already have.

56.According to the passage, Adam Smith was the first person to__________

A. take advantage of the physical labor

B. introduce the division of labor into England

C. understand the effects of the division of labor

D. explain the bad causes of the division of labor

57.Adam Smith saw that the division of labor__________

A. enabled each worker to design pins more quickly

B. increased the possible output per worker

C. increased the number of people employed in factories

D. improved the quality of pins produced

58.Adam Smith mentioned the number 4800 in order to__________

A. show the advantages of the old labor system

B. stress how powerful the individual worker was

C. show the advantages of the division of labor

D. stress the importance of increased production

59.According to the writer, Adam Smith's mistake was in believing

that the division of labor__________

A. was an efficient way of organizing work

B. was an important development in methods of production

C. finally led to economic development

D. increased the production of existing goods

60.According to the writer, which one of the following is NOT true?

A. Division of labor can enable fewer people to make more pins.

B. Division of labor helps people to produce more of what they already have.

C. Division of labor is by no means responsible for economic growth.

D. Division of labor is an efficient way of organizing work.

Task 3

A new poll shows that people believe that computers and the Internet have made life better for Americans, but people also see some dangers in the trend toward computerization.

The poll found that the public favors some government protection from cyber-problems, but in general people are not essentially concerned with issues such as information overload or the never-ending flow of phone calls, faxes and e-mails. A separate survey of children aged 10-17 shows that they have a more positive attitude about computers than adults do, and most have made use of up-to-date technology in their schools.

The survey found that enthusiasms for computers and the Internet is found in all income groups, all regions of the country, all races, and most age groups. However, people over 60 and those toward the lower end of the income rank tend to show lower rates of computer ownership and Internet usage. The survey shows that “some kind of gap has been crossed: computers are part of everyday life for most Americans, and the Internet is close behind.” 61.The first paragraph shows that

A. the new poll about computers and the Internet is helpful

B. people should explore the dangers of computerization

C. people can not do without computers and the Internet

D. computerization has its advantages and disadvantages

62.The word “enthusiasm” is closest in meaning to

A. great love B. great hatred C. problem D. advantage 63.What are the Americans concerned about according to the poll?

A. Age of children using the Internet

B. Government protection from the Internet problems

C. Information overload

D. The flow of phone calls, faxes, and e-mails. 64. American adults tend to than teenagers.

A. care more about information overload

B. like using computers more

C. dislike using computers more

D. face less danger 65. We can learn from the passage that

A. all the American children have used the latest technology in schools

B. computers and the Internet are very popular with Americans

C. Americans tend to place more importance in the Internet usage than computers

D. the public in America do not hate the Internet problems

Task 4

Directions: After reading it, you should give brief answers below it (numbered 66 through

70). You should write your answers briefly (in no more than 4 words) after the corresponding numbers.

This autumn term, spring term, or academic year program offers advanced students an opportunity to improve their spoken and written Chinese, and to be familiar with a range of people and organizations that are helping to shape China’s relationship with the United States and the world. All students who take intermediate or advanced Chinese language may make a choice to participate in the Professional Development Program that includes guest lectures by Chinese and foreign professionals on areas such as politics, foreign affairs,

economics, trade, media, art, and culture. This program is supplemented (补充) by field trips and short journeys in and around Beijing.

Housing and meals: Students live in the foreign students dormitories and take meals in the dormitory dining hall or local restaurants.

Requirements: Two years of college-level Chinese and one Chinese studies course; graduate students accepted.

Program Free: 2004 Autumn Term: $6, 995, 2005 Spring Term: 6, 995. Fees include tuition, housing and all meals, cultural activities, local journeys and field trips, insurance, and the International Student Identity Card.

66.What language abilities will be improved if advanced students take part in the program? __________________________________ Chinese.

67.Who will be guest speakers in the Professional Development Program?

Both __________________________________.

68.Where will the foreign students stay when they are in China?

In __________________________________

69.Apart from academic activities, what else will the foreign students do in this program? They will take__________________________________ and tour around Beijing.

70.How many requirements are there for one who wants to be accepted to the program? ___________________________________.

Part IV Translation

Section A Put the following into Chinese. ( 10 Points )

71.In ancient times the most important examinations were spoken, not written. _________________________________________________________________

72.Perhaps it came into existence with the great increase in population and the development _________________________________________________________________

73. But if all of them had worked separately and independently without division of labor, they certainly could not have made twenty pins in a day and not even one.

_________________________________________________________________

74. But he also took it for granted that division of labor is itself responsible for economic growth and development and it accounts for the difference between expanding economies and those that stand still.

_________________________________________________________________

75. A good many proposals were raised by the delegates as was to be expected

_________________________________________________________________

Section B Put the following into Einglish. ( 10 Points )

76.他下决心,不管遇到什么困难都要坚持做这项工作。

_________________________________________________________________

77.要是没有你的帮助,我们不能按时完成任务。

_________________________________________________________________

78.在出国期间, 他一直与他的同事保持联系。

_________________________________________________________________

79.在教学中,学生参与课堂活动是很重要的。

_________________________________________________________________

80.我们制定的计划由于多种原因不能付诸实践。

_________________________________________________________________

Part V Writing

Directions: This part is to test your ability to do practical writing. You are required to write something according to the following information given in chinese . Remember to wirte something in no less than 120 words on the Composition Sheet.

写一篇关于我的理想的文章,提示如下:句子连贯清晰,表达清楚。

1.我理想的职业是什么?

2.为什么我选择这个职业?

3.我怎样为我理想的职业作准备?

英语试题 答案

Part II Vocabulary and Structure

21-25. B B D B D 26-30:CABBD 31-35: ABCCA

36-40: D D B C B 41-45: B D A C B 46-50: B B A D A

Part III Reading Comprehension

51-55:D D C B C 56-60: C B C C C

61-65: D A B C B

66. Spoken and written

67. Chinese and foreign professionals

68. the foreign student dormitories

69. field trips

70. requirements

Part IV Translation

Section A

71. 【译文】在远古时代,最重要的考试的是通过发言,不用手写。

72. 【译文】也许它是伴随着人口的急剧增长和发展而产生的。

73. 【译文】但是如果他们分散工作,没有劳动分工,他们肯定不可能一天生产出20个大头针,也许一个也生产不出来。

74. 【译文】但是他想当然地认为劳动分工本身就可以促进经济增长和发展并且以此来解释为什么有些经济体经济快速增长,而有些则停滞不前。

75. 【译文】正如人们期望的那样,许多好的建议被代表们提出。

Section B

76.He was determined to hold on to this job whatever difficulties he might run into.

77.But for your help, we could not have accomplished our task in time.

78.While he was abroad, he kept in touch with his colleagues constantly.

79.In the process of teaching, it is very important for students to participate in the classroom activities.

80.The plan we made can not be put into practice because of various reasons.

Part v Writing (10分)

In China young people usually want to be engineers, doctors, businessmen, etc. and few want to be teachers. Unlike most young people I decide to be a teacher. There are many reasons

for my personal preference but generally they come down to three major ones. First, I was born in a teacher's family and so I was greatly influenced by my father. Second, I find that education is important because it is the basis of science and technology and if a country's education is backward, its science and technology will never be advanced. Third, teachers are needed in our country, especially in the countryside.

However, it is not easy to be a qualified teacher. A qualified teacher must have a good command of his specialty. Besides, he should be responsible and devoted to the educational cause. Most important of all, he should be patriotic. To be a qualified teacher in the future I must lose no time to acquire as much knowledge as possible. 'Furthermore I must know the history of our country so as to cultivate patriotism

范文二:高考高中起点(升本、专科)统一考试历年真题 投稿:方捼捽

2003年全国各类成人高考高中起点(升本、专科)统一考试

数学(文科)

第一部分 选择题

一、选择题:本大题共15小题;每小题5分,共75分.在每小题给出的

四个选项中,只有一项是符合题目要求的.

1.设集合M(x,y)x2y21,集合N(x,y)x2y22,则集合M与集合N的关系是( )

A.MNM B.MN C.NM D.MN

2.函数y5x1(x)的反函数为( )

A.ylog5(1x),(x1) B.y5x1,(x)

C.ylog5(x1),(x1) D.y51x1,(x)

3.下列函数中,偶函数是( )

A.y3x3x B.y3x2x3 C.y1sinx D.ytanx

4.已知

π( )

A.sincos B.sincos C.sin2 D.sin2

5.不等式x12的解集为( ) A.xx3或x1 B.x3x1 C.xx3 D.xx1

6.设0x1,则在下列不等式中成立的是( )

A.log0.5xlog0.5x B.22x C.sinx2sinx D.x2x 2x2π2

7.用0,1,2,3,4组成的没有重复数字的不同的3位数共有( )

A.64个 B.16个 C.48个 D.12个

8.

设logx,则x等于( )

A.10 B. C.2 D.4

9.设甲:k1且b1,乙:直线ykxb与yx平行,则( )

A.甲是乙的必要条件但不是乙的充分条件

B.甲是乙的充分条件但不是乙的必要条件

C.甲不是乙的充分条件也不是乙的必要条件

D.甲是乙的充分必要条件

10.函数y2x3x21在x1处的导数为( )

A.5 B.2 C.3 D.4

11.

函数y ) A.xx1 B.xx2 C.xx1或x2 D.空集

12.从3个男生和3个女生中选出2个学生参加文艺汇演,选出的全是女生的概率是( )

A. B.1

5111 C. D. 10431254

13.已知向量a、b满足a4,b3,a,b30o,则ab等于( )

B. C.6 D.12

14.焦点为(5,0),(5,0)且过点(3,0)的双曲线的标准方程为( )

y2x2x2y2 A.1 B.1 16994

x2y2y2x2C.1 D.1 91694

x2y215.椭圆1与圆(x4)2y22的公共点个数是( ) 49

A.4 B.2 C.1 D.0

第二部分 非选择题

二、填空题:本大题共4小题;每小题4分,共16分.把答案填在题中横

线上.

16.点p(1,2)到直线y2x1的距离为.

17.设函数f(t1)t22t2,则函数f(x).

18.某蓝球队参加全国甲级联赛,任选该队参赛的10场比赛,其得分情况如下:99,104,87,88,96,94,100,92,108,110,则该篮球队得分的样本方差为_______.

19.函数ycos3xsin3x的最大值是_______.

三、解答题:本大题共5小题,共59分.解答应写出推理、演算步骤.

20.设函数f(x)ax,g(x),f(2)g()8,f()g(3),求a,b的值.

21.设二次函数f(x)x22axa2满足条件f(2)f(a),求此函数的最大值.

22.如图,某观测点B在A地南偏西10o方向,由A地出发有一条走向为南偏东12o的公路,由观测点B发现公路上距观测点10km的C点有一汽车沿公路向A地驶去.到达D点时,测得DBC90,BC10km问这辆汽车还要行驶多少km才能到达A地?(计算结果保留到小数点后两位).

23.已知数列an的前n项和Sn2an3.

(Ⅰ)求an的通项公式; (Ⅱ)设bnnan,求数列bn的前n项和. n2bx121313

24.已知抛物线y28x的焦点为F,点A、C在抛物线上(AC与x轴不垂直). (Ⅰ)若点B在该抛物线的准线上,且A、B、C三点的纵坐标成等差数列,求证:BFAC.

(Ⅱ)若直线AC过点F,求证以AC为直径的圆与定圆(x3)2y29相内切.

2004年全国各类成人高考高中起点(升本、专科)统一考试

数学(文科)

第一部分 选择题

一、 选择题:本大题共15小题;每小题5分,共75分.在每小题给出的

四个项中,只有一项是符合题目要求的.

1.设集合M{a,b,c,d},N{a,b,c},则集合MN( )

A. {a,b,c} B.{d}

C.{a,b,c,d} D.空集

2.设甲:四边形ABCD是平行四边形,乙:四边形ABCD是正方形,则(

A.甲是乙的充分条件但不是乙的必要条件

B.甲是乙的必要条件但不是乙的充分条件

C.甲是乙的充要条件

D.甲不是乙的充分条件也不是乙的必要条件

3.点(-1,3)关于点(1,0)的对称点的坐标是( )

A.(1,-1) B.(3,-5)

C.(0,0) D.(3,-3)

4.到两定点和距离相等的点的轨迹方程为( )

A.xy40 B.xy50

C.xy50 D.xy20

5.不等式x123的解集为( ) A.{xx15} B.{x12x12} C.{x9x15} D.{xx15} )

x2y26.以椭圆1上的任一点(长轴两端除外)和两个焦点为顶点的三角形169

的周长等于( )

A. 12

B. 8

C. 13 D. 18

7.设{an}为等差数列,其中a59,a1539,则 a10( )

A. 24 B. 27

C. 30 D. 33

8.十位同学互赠贺卡,每人给其他同学各寄出贺卡一张,那么他们共寄出贺卡的张数是( )

10A. 50 B. 100 C. 10 D. 90 9.sin

12

1

2cos12( ) 14A. B.

C.

10.函数f(x)sinxx3( )

D. 24

A. 是偶函数 B. 是奇函数

C. 既是奇函数又是偶函数 D. 既不是奇函数又不是偶函数

11.掷两枚硬币, 两枚的币值面都朝上的概率是( ) A. B. 1

2111 C. D. 348

12.通过点(3,1)且与直线xy1垂直的直线方程是( )

A.xy20 B. 3xy80

C.x3y20 D.xy20

13.如果抛物线上一点到其焦点的距离为8,则这点到该抛物线准线的距离为( )

A. 4 B.20 C. 16 D.32

14. 如果向量a=(3,-2),b=(-1,2),则(2a+b)(a-b)等于( )

A. 28 B. 20 C.24 D.10

15. 已知函数f(x)x33,则f'(3)=( )

A.27 B. 18 C.16 D.12

第二部分 非选择题

二、填空题:本大题共4小题;每小题4分,共16分.把答案填在题中横线上.

16.求值:64log2231____ 16

17.函数y5sinx12cosx的最小值为________

18.已知点A(1,2),B(3,0),C(3,2),则BCA_____

19.从篮球队中随机选出5名队员,其身高分别为(单位:cm)180,188,200,195,187,则身高的样本差为____cm2.

三、解答题:本大题共5小题,共59分.解答应写出推理、演算步骤.

20.设函数yf(x)为一次函数,已知f(1)8,f(2)1求f(11).

21.已知锐角ABC的边长AB=10,BC=8,面积S=32,求AC的长(用小数表示,结果保留小数点后两位).

22.在某块地上种植葡萄,若种50株葡萄藤,每株葡萄藤将产出70kg葡萄,若多种1株葡萄藤,每株产量平均下降1kg,试问在这块地上种多少株葡萄藤才能使产量达到最大值,并求出这个最大值.

23.设{an}为等差数列,且公差d为正数,已知a2a3a415,又a2,a31,a4成等比数列,求a1和d.

1x224.设A、B两点在椭圆y21上,点M(1,)是AB的中点. 24

(Ⅰ)求直线AB的方程;

(Ⅱ)若该椭圆上的点C

的横坐标为ABC的面积.

2005年全国各类成人高考高中起点(升本、专科)统一考试

数学(文科)

第一部分 选择题

一、选择题:本大题共15小题;每小题5分,共75分.在每小题给出的

四个选项中,只有一项是符合题目要求的.

1.设集合P1,2,3,4,5,集合Q2,4,6,8,10,则PQ( )

A.{2,4} B.{1,2,3,4,5,6,8,10} C.{2} D.{4}

3x272.不等式组的解集为( ) 45x21

A.(,3)(5,) B.(,3][5,) C.(3,5) D.[3,5]

3.设函数f(x)x21,则f(x2)( )

A.x24x5 B.x24x3 C.x22x5 D.x22x3

4.函数ysinx的最小正周期为( )

A.8π B.4π C.2π D.π

5.中心在原点,一个焦点为(0,4)且过点(3,0)的椭圆的方程是( ) x2y2x2y2x2y2x2y2A.1 B.1 C.1 D.1 25419259169412

6.

函数y的定义域是( ) A.{xx1} B.{xx1} C.{xx1} D.{xx1或x1}

7.设命题甲:k1, 命题乙:直线ykx与直线yx1平行,则( )

A.甲是乙的必要条件但不是乙的充分条件

B.甲是乙的充分条件但不是乙的必要条件

C.甲不是乙的充分条件但不是乙的必要条件

D.甲是乙的充分必要条件

x2y28.双曲线1的焦距是( )

288

A.

B. C.12 D.6

9.下列各选项中,正确的是( )

A.yxsinx是偶函数 B.yxsinx是奇函数 C.yxsinx是偶函数 D.yxsinx是奇函数

10.设(0,),cos,则sin2( ) 235

A.891224 B. C. D. 25252525

11.从4本不同的书中任意选出2本, 不同的选法有( )

A.12种 B.8种 C.6种 D.4种

12.设m0且m1,如果logm812,那么logm3( ) A. B. C. D.

13.在等差数列{an}中,若a31,a811则a13的值等于( )

A.19 B.20 C.21 D.22

14.已知向量a、b满足a3,b4,且a和b的夹角为120o,则ab=( )

A.

B. C.6 D.6

15.8名选手在有8条跑道的运动场进行百米赛跑,其中有2名中国选手,按随机抽签方式决定选手的跑道,2名中国选手在相邻的跑道的概率为( ) A. B. C. D.

第二部分 非选择题

二、填空题:本大题共4小题;每小题4分,共16分.把答案填在题中横

线上. 1214181 1612121313

16.过点(2,1)且与直线yx1垂直的直线的方程为. 17.函数yx(x1),在x2处的导数值为_______.

18.设函数f(x)axb且f(1),f(2)4则f(4)的值为_______.

19.从一批袋装食品中抽取5袋分别称重,结果(单位:g)如下:99.6, 100.1,101.4, 99.5, 102.2,则样本的方差为_______(g2)(精确到0.1g2). 三、解答题:本大题共5小题,共59分.解答应写出推理、演算步骤. 20.(Ⅰ)把下面表中的角度值化为弧度值,计算的值并填入表中:

5

2

(Ⅱ)参照上表中的数据,在下面的直角坐标系中画出函数ytanxsinx在区间[0,]上的图象.

4

21.求函数yx33x在区间[0,2]上的最大值和最小值.

22.已知等比数列an的各项都是正数, a12,前3项的和为14. (Ⅰ)求an的通项公式;

(Ⅱ)设bnlog2an,求数列bn的前20项的和.

23.已知函数y1x22x5的图象交y轴于点A,它的对称轴为l;函数

y2ax(a1)的图象交y轴于点B,且交l于点C.

(Ⅰ)求ABC的面积; (Ⅱ)设a3,求AC 的长.

x2y2

24.如图,设A1、A2是椭圆C1:1长轴的两个端点,l是C1的右准线.

43x2y2

双曲线C2:1.

43

(Ⅰ)求l的方程

(Ⅱ)设P为与C2的一个交点,直线PA1与C1的另一个交点为Q,直线PA2与C1的另一个交点为R,求QR

.

范文三:重庆市专升本考试历年真题答案 投稿:朱雕雖

2007年专升本考试答案

16-25:ACDBA DBDDA

26-35:BADBC CDDCA

36:Difficult to get enough protein.

37: not in favor of

38: always eat vegetables

39: Vegetable food is much cheaper than animal food.

40: it must be pointed out

41: Turn over 42: 36 43: new 44: training department

45: European technology program

46—49: C B D D

Summary

During the hiring process, the candidate try to meet different people to give the different opinions. Taking notes during the interview. Pre-determine some questions and ask those same question to each interviewee. Time limits should be set on response to candidates.

Writing

NOTICE

Our company has been founded for 20 years and become one of the Five Strongest at the same industry with its scope and economic benefits. We will take series of activities to celebrate our achievements. Making proposals are welcomed. The proposals will be sent to the department office. You’ll be awarded if your proposals are accepted.

Public Relations Department

NOTICE

1. History and Present: having been founded for 20 years and one of the Five Strongest at the

same industry with its scope and economic benefits.

2. Celebrating Activities: Series of activities will be held to celebrate the achievement.

3. Making proposals are welcomed: The proposals will be sent to the department office. Be

awarded if proposals are accepted.

Public Relations Department

2008年专升本考试答案

16-25:C B D C D C A B A D

26-35:A C C B B B D B D C

36: spend more money

37: manage to do so

38: Long time interest free credit

39: It’s worth shopping with credit card.

40: positive

41: GoToMyPC

42: get access

43: $30 a month or $279.4 a year

44: paid or not

45: file sharing

46-49: D B A B

50: 垃圾填埋土地的缩减以及掩埋和焚烧垃圾费用的增加,这些都是迫使当地政府更倾向于使用垃圾再回收技术,在许多地区,特别是东海岸地区,垃圾再回收已经是最便宜、防止浪费的选择了。

Summary

Historian believed the calendars came with the agriculture, because people should know seasons. But recent scientific evidence shows it is not true. Historian are puzzled by symbols and marks on wall, bones. The nomads lived in last Ice Age by hunting and fishing. Historian found the code is connected with the days and the moon with these marks. It is a primitive type to calendar. The hunting scenes depicted on walls were not artistic expression. They had a meaning and the early writing for man. There is a relation between painting and marking. Man was trying to understand the seasons earlier than we supposed.

范文四:吉林省计算机专升本考试历年真题 投稿:周浩浪

吉林省普通高等学校专升本教育考试

2003年吉林省普通高等学校专升本教育考试

计算机科学技术专业综合试卷

一、 填空题

1.向栈中推入元素的操作是。

2.线性表中结点的集合是,结点间的关系是

3.在双链表中要删除已知结点*p,其时间复杂度为。

4.已知数组A[11][6]采用行序为主方式存储,每个元素占4个存储单元,并且

数组元素A[0][0]的存储地址是1000,数组元素A[8][4]的地址是 。

5.在栈中存取数据遵从的原则是。

6.广义表的长度是指,广义表的深度是指。

7.N个顶点的连通图至少有

8.深度为k的完全二叉树至少有结点,至多有 个结点。

9.在各种查找方法中,平均查找长度与结点个数n无关的查找方法

是 。

10.已知完全二叉树的第8层有8个结点,则其叶子结点数是。

11.对一组记录(54,38,96,23,15,72,60,45,83)进行直接插入排序,

当把第7个记录60插入到有序表时,为寻找插入位置,需比较 次。

12.拓扑排序算法是通过重复选择具有成。

二、单项选择题

1.不带头结点的单链表head为空的判定条件是( )

A.head= =NULL B.head->next= =NULL

C.head->next= =head D.head!=NULL

2.设长度为n的链队列用单循环链表表示,若只设尾指针,则出队操作的时间

复杂度为()

A.O(1) B.O(log2n)

C.O(n) D.O(n2)

3.数组A中,每个元素A[i][j]的长度为3个字节,行下标i从0到7,列下标j

从0到9,从首地址SA开始连续存放在存储器内,该数组按行存放时,元素A[7][4]

的起始地址为()

A.SA+141 B.SA+144

C.SA+222 D.SA+225

4.某二叉树的后序遍历为dabec,中序遍历为debac,则前序遍历序列为()

A.acbed B.decab

C.deabc D.cedba

5.对于二叉树来说,第i层上至多有()个结点。

A.2i B.2i-1

C.2i-1 D.2i-1-1

6.递归函数f(n)=f(n-1)+n (n>1)的递归体是( )

A.f(1)=0 B.f(0)=1

C.f(n)=f(n-1)+n D.f(n)=n

7.在一个有向图中,所有顶点的入度之和等于所有顶点的出度之和的()倍。

A.1/2 B.1

C.2 D.4

8.已知图的邻接表如下所示,根据算法,则从顶点0出发按广度优先遍历的结点序列是()

A.0 3 2 1 B.0 1 2 3

C.0 1 3 2 D.0 3 1 2

9.对线性表进行二分查找时,要求线性表必须()

A.以顺序方式存储

B.以链接方式存储

C.以顺序方式存储,且结点按关键字有序排列

D.以链接方式存储,且结点按关键字有序排列

10.如果要求一个线性表既能较快地查找,又能适应动态变化的要求,可以采用()查找。

A.分块 B.顺序

C.二分 D.散列

11.设有1000个无序的元素,希望用最快的速度挑出其中前10个最大的元素,最好采用()法。

A.冒泡排序 B.快速排序

C.堆排序 D.基数排序

12.非线性结构中,每个结点()

A.无直接前趋

B.只有一个直接前趋和后继

C.只有一个直接前趋和个数不受限制的直接后继

D.有个数不受限制的直接前趋和后继

13.设高度为h的二叉树只有度为0和度为2的结点,则此类二叉树所包含的结点数至少为()

A.2h B.2h-1

C.2h+1 D.h+1

14.矩阵

A.对称矩阵 B.三角矩阵

C.带状矩阵 D.稀疏矩阵

15.散列文件是一种()

A.顺序文件 B.索引文件

C.链接文件 D.计算寻址文件

三、假设二叉树包含的结点数据为1,3,7,2,12

1}画出两棵高度最大的二叉树

2)画出两棵完全二叉树,要求每个双亲结点的值大于其孩子结点的值。

四、程序分析题

1.程序:

#include

int x=1;

main()

{

func(x);

printf(“%d\n”,x);

}

func(int x)

{

x=3;

} 是一个()

程序的执行结果是:

2.程序:

#include

main()

{

int a=2,*p,**pp;

pp=&p;

p=&a;

printf(“%d,%d,%d”,a,*p,**pp);

}

程序的执行结果是:

3.程序:

#include

main()

{

char s[80],c1,c2=‟ „;

int i=0,num=0;

gets(s);

while(s[i]!=‟\0‟)

{

c1=s[i];

if(i= =0)

c2=‟ „;

else

c2=s[i-1];

if(c1!=‟ „ && c2= =‟ „)

num++;

i++;

}

printf(“%d”,num);

}

程序完成功能是:

4.下面的函数invert的功能是将一个字符串的内容颠倒过来。程序有一处错误请找出,度改正。

程序:

void invert(char str[])

{

int i,j,k;

for(i=0,j=strlen(str); i>j; i++,j--)

{

k=str[i];

str[i]=str[j];

str[j]=k;

}

}

5.下面程序中有一处错误,请指出,并改正。

main()

{

float a[10];

int i;

for(i=0; i

scnaf(”%d”,&a[i]);

for(i=1; i

a[0]=a[0]+a[i];

printf(”%f\n”,a[0]);

}

五、程序设计题

1.设计求二叉树深度的算法。

2.用递归方法,计算x的n次方。

3.如果一个正整数等于其各个数字的立方和,则该数称为阿姆斯特朗数。试编程求1000以内的所有阿姆斯特朗数。

2005年吉林省普通高校专升本教育试点考试

计算机科学与技术专业综合试卷

一、填空题

1.栈的主要特点是;队列的主要特点是。

2.在一长度为n的向量中的第i个元素(1≤i≤n)之前插入一个元素时,需向后移动 个元素。

3.对于一个具有n个结点的单链表,在已知P所指结点后插入一个新的结点的时间复杂度为 ;在给定值为x的结点后插入一个新的结点的时间复杂度为 。

4.设n行n列的下三角矩阵A已压缩到一维数组s[0…n*(n-1)/2]中,若按行序为主存储,则A[i][j]对应的s中的存储位置为 。

5.将f=1+1/2+1/3+…1/n转化成递归函数,其递归出口是是 。

6.设高度为h的二叉树上只有度为0和度为2的结点,则此类二叉树中所包含的结点数至少为 。

7.具有n个叶子结点的哈夫曼树中,其结点总数为。

8.对一个满二叉树,m个树叶,n个结点,深度为h,则。

9.判定一个有向图是否存在回路,除了可以利用拓扑排序方法外,还可以利用 算法。

10.在各种查找方法中,平均查找长度与结点个数无关的查找方法是 。

11.快速排序在最坏情况下的时间复杂度为。

12.一组记录的排序码为(46,79,56,38,40,84),则利用堆排序方法建立的初始堆为 。

13.直接存取文件是用方法组织的。

14.-18在内存中的补码形式是

15.若a=3, b=4, c=5, d=6, 则执行完如下表达式(a

二、单项选择题

1.线性表的顺序存储结构是一种( )的存储结构;线性表的链式存储结构是一种( )的存储结构。

A.随机存取,顺序存取 B.顺序存取,随机存取

C.索引存取,散列存取 D.散列存取,随机存取

2.表达式a*(b+c)-d的中辍表达式为( )

A.a b c d + - * B.a b c + * d –

C.a b c * + d - D.- + * a b c d

3.在一个单链表中,若P所指结点不是最后的结点,在P之后插入S所指结点,则执行( )

A.S->next=P; P->next=S; B.S->next=P->next; P->next=S;

C.S->next=P->next; P=S; D.P->next=S; S->next=P;

4.一个栈的入栈序列为1,2,…,n,其输出序列为P1,P2,…,Pn,若P1=n,则Pi为( )

A.i B.n-i C.n-i+1 D.不确定

5.数组A中,每个元素的长度为3个字节,行下标i从1到8,列下标j从1到10,从首地址SA开始连续存放在存储器内,该数组按行序存放时,元素A[8][5]的起始地址为( )

A.SA+141 B.SA+144 C.SA+222 D.SA+225

6.将递归算法换成对应的非递归算法时,通常需要使用( )

A.栈 B.队列 C.链表 D.树

7.任何一棵二叉树的叶结点在前序、中序和后序遍历中的相对次序是( )

A.不发生改 B.发生改变 C.不能确定 D.以上都不对

8.已知一有向图的邻接表存储结构如下图所示,根据有向图的深度优先遍历算法,从顶点V1出发,所得到的顶点序列为( )

A.V1V2V3V5V4 B.V1V2V3V4V5

C.V1V3V4V5V2 D.V1V4V3V5V2

9.快速排序方法在( )情况下最不利于发挥其长处。

A.要排序的数据量太大 B.要排序的数据中含有多个相同值

C.要排序的数据已基本有序 D.要排序的数据个数为奇数

10.有一个长度为12的有序表,按二分查找法对该表进行查找,在表内各元素等概率情况下查找成功所需的平均比较次数为( )

A.35/12 B.37/12 C.39/12 D.43/12

11.下面给定的四个数中最大的是( )

A.(38)10 B.(00101011)2 C.(1F)16 D.(41)8

12.若x=4, y=-2, z=5,则表达式++x-y+z++的值为( C )

A.10 B.11 C.12 D.13

13.以下给定程序的输出结果为( )

main()

{

int x=12;

while(x--);

printf(“%d”,x);

}

A.-1 B.0 C.11 D.1

14.有一二维数组a[3][4],其第2行第3列元素的正确表示方法是( )

A.&a[2][3] B.a[2]+3 C.*(a+2)+3 D.*(a[2]+3)

15.执行完下列语句后,*p的最终值是( )

int a[8]={1,3,2,4,6},*p=a,c=11;

p+=5;

a[4]=c;

A.6 B.11 C.0 D.4

三、算法设计与解答

1.设有一组关键字{19,01,23,14,55,20,84,27,68,11,10,77}采用哈希函数:H(key)=key%13,采用开放地址法的二次探测再散列方法解决冲突,试在0~18的散列地址空间中对该关键字序列构造哈希表。

2.试用普里姆法构造如图所示的一棵最小生成树。(要求每加入一个结点,画一个图)

3.已知二叉树的先序遍历序列为“-,+,a,*,b,c,-,/,d,e,f”中序遍历序列为:“a,+,b,*,c,-,d,/,e,-,f”,画出此二叉树,并写出它的后序遍历序列。

4.二叉树采用链接存储结构,试设计一个算法计算一棵给定二叉树的单孩子结点数。(只写算法函数)

int onechild(btree *b)

{…}

5.已知线性表中的元素以值递增有序排列,并以单链表作为存储结构,试写一高效的算法,删除表中所有值相同的多余元素(使得操作后的线性表中所有元素的值均不相同),同时释放被删除结点空间,并分析你的算法的时间复杂度。 status Delete_Equal(Linklist &L)

{…}

四、程序填空

1.下面程序的功能是求1+2+3+…+10的和。补充程序使之完整。

main( )

{

int sum=0,i;

i=1;

while(i

{

【1】 ;

【2】 ;

}

printf(“sum=%d\n”,sum);

}

2.从键盘输入一行句子,统计其中单词的个数,补充程序使之完整。

#include

main()

{

char s[80];

int i,num=0;

;

gets(s);

while(s[i]!=‟\0‟)

{

if((i= =0) && (s[i]!=‟ „))

num++;

else if(())

num++;

i++;

}

printf(“num=%d\n”,num);

}

3.在已排好序的字符串a,下面的程序是将字符串b的每个字符按顺序插入到a中。请将该程序填写完整。

#include

main()

{

char a[30]=”adeghkortuw”;

char b[ ]=”flmsx”;

int i,j,k;

printf(“string a:%s\n”,a);

for(k=0; s[k]!=‟\0‟; k++)

{

j=0;

while(s[k]>=a[j] && a[j]!=‟\0‟)

j++;

for()

a[j]=s[k];

}

printf(“string a:%s\n”,a);

}

五、读程序写结果

1.写出如下程序的执行结果

#include

int m=5;

int f1( )

{

m=m+3;

return(m);

}

main()

{

int m=3;

{

int m=10;

m++;

}

f1( );

m+=1;

printf(“%d\n”,m);

}

2.写出下面程序的执行结果

void swap(int *r, int *s)

{

int *t;

t=r;

r=s;

s=t;

}

main()

{

int a=3,b=9;

int *p,*q;

p=&a;

q=&b;

printf(“%d,%d\n”,*p,*q);

swap(p,q);

printf(“%d,%d\n”,*p,*q);

}

3.写出下面程序的执行结果。

main()

{

union

{

struct

{

int x;

int y;

}n;

int a;

int b;

}e;

e.a=5;

e.b=4;

e.n.x=e.a+e.b;

e.n.y=e.a*e.b;

printf(“%d,%d\n”,e.n.x,e.n.y);

}

六、编程题

1.编程实现求1+1/2!+1/3!+…1/n!,真到使最后一项1/n!小于10-4.

2.从键盘输入10个数,将其存入一个数组中,处理使这10个数在原数组中逆序存放。输出原数组和处理后数组。(注:要求处理过程占用最少存储空间)

3.将给定数组a中,10个元素(初始值为1001,1000,2001,1030,5201,4110,2111,3302,6013,3123)按每数各位之和(千位+百位+十位+个位)从小到大排序。

2007年吉林省普通高校专升本教育试点考试

计算机科学与技术专业综合试卷

一 、填空题(每空2分,共40分)

1.设有变量说明:int a=3,b=2; 则表达式 a>b 的值为

2.若有如下定义:int x=65;则语句printf(“%c”,x);的输出结果是。

3.有条件表达式:a>b?a:c>d?c:d,若a=1,b=2,c=3,d=4,则表达式的值为。

4.已知 int a[ ][ 3]={1,2,3,4,5,6,7};则数组a的第一维(行)的大小是。

5.设有语句:int i;for(i=0;i

6.下面程序段运行的结果是。

Char c[ 5]={„a‟,‟b‟,‟\0‟,‟c‟,‟\0‟};

Printf(“%s”,c);

7.已知 int b[ ]={1,2,3,4},y,*p=b; 则执行语句y=*p++;后,变量y的值为 。

8.C语言中,十进制数10的八进制表示方法为

9.C语言中,字符型常量以

10.已知 struct { int i; char c; float a;} test;则结构体变量test 的存储长度为 个字节。

11.设元素1,2,3,4,5依次进入栈S,在经过操作序列为

push(S,1),push(S,2),push(S,3),

pop(S),push(S,4),pop(S), pop(S),push(S,5), pop(S), pop(S)之后得到的输出序列 。

12.一个稀疏矩阵,按照行序递增的顺序,下标从1开始构造对应的三元组线性表为 。

13.一颗具有35个结点的二叉树可能的最小深度___________;最大深度为___________。

14.一颗树的广义表表示为a(b,c(e,f(g)),d),当用孩子兄弟链表表示时 ,右指针余非空的结点个数为___________。

15.利用n个值生成哈夫曼树中共有___________个结点 。

16.具有n个顶点的强连通图至少有___________条边。

17.已知一个有向图的邻接矩阵表示,计算第i个结点的入度的方法是___________。

18.已知8个数据元素(35,75,40,15,20,55,95,65)按照依次插入点结点的方法生成一颗二叉树排序树后,最后 两层上的结点总数为___________。

19.若对一组记录(46,79,56,38,40,80,35,50,74)进行直接插入排序,当把第8个记录50插入到前面已排序的有序表时 ,为寻找插入位置需比较___________次。

二、单项选择题(每小题2分,共40分)

1.若定义了int x ;则将x强制转化为双精度类型应该写成A.(double )x B. x(double) C. double(x) D.(x)double

2.已知int i=5, 执行语句 i+=++i 后,i的值是

A.10 B.11 C.12 D.A,B,C答案都不对

3.C语言中的函数A.可以嵌套定义 B.不可以嵌套调用

C.可以嵌套调用不可以递归调用 D.嵌套调用和递归调用均可

4.合法的数组说明语句是

A. char a[ ]={0,1,2,3,4,5}; B. int a[5]={ 0,1,2,3,4,5};

C. char a=”string”; D.int a[ ]=”string”;

5.有字符组a[80],b[80],正确在输出语句是

A.puts(a,b); B.printf(“%s,%s”,a[],b[]);

C.putchar (a,b); D.puts(a),puts (b);

6.已知int *p,a;则语句p=&a;中运算符&的含义是A.位与运算 B.逻辑与运算

C.取指针内容 D. 取变量地址

7.若 int i=10; 则执行下列语句后,变量i的正确结果是switch (i)

{

case 9: i+=1;

case 10: i+=1;

case 11: i+=1;

default: i+=1;

}

A.10 B.11 C.12 D.13

8.在C语言中,二维数组的元素在内存中存放的顺序是

A.按行存放 B.按列存放

C.用户自己定义 D.由编译程序决定

9.已知 char *p,*q;选择正确的语句A.p*=3; B.p/=q;

C. p+=3; D. p+=q;

10.设有以下说明语句,则错误的叙述是

union data

{

int i;

char c;

float f;

}a;

A. a所占内存长度为成员f的长度

B. a的地址和它的成员地址都是同一地址

C. a不可作为函数的参数

D. 不能对a赋值,但可以在定义a时对它初始化

11.下面列出的四种时间复杂性,最好的是()

A. O(n) B. O( nlog2) C. O(n ) D.O(log2n)

12.在一个长度为n的顺序存储的线性表中,删除值为x的元素时需要比较元素和移动元素的总次数为()

A.(n+1)/2 B.n/2 C.n D.n+1

13.二维数组M的行下标i的范围从0到4,列下标j的范围从0到5,每个元素占4个存储单元,M按行序存储元素M[3][5]的起始地址与M按列序存储时元素( )的起始地址相同。

A. M[2][4] B. M[3][4] C. M[3][5] D. M[4][4]

14.一棵度为3的树中,度为3的结点数为2个,度为2的结点数为1个,度为1的结点数为2个,则度为0的结点数为( )个。

A.3 B.4 C.5 D.6

15.对于一个具有n个顶点的无向连通图,它包含的连通分量的个数为( )

A.0 B.1 C.n D.n+1

16.已知一个图如下所示,若从从顶点a出发按深度优先搜索遍历,可能得到的一种遍历序列为( )

A. a,b,e,c,d,f

B. a,c,f,e,b,d

C. a,e,d,f,c,b

D.a,e,b,c,f,d

17.已知一个有向图如下所示,由该图得到的一种拓扑序列为( )

A. V1,V4,V6,V2,V5,V3

B. V1,V2,V3,V4,V5,V6

C. V1,V4,V2,V3,V6,V5

D. V1,V2,V4,V6,V3,V5

18.对于一个长度为18的顺序存储的有序表,若采用折半查找,则查找第15个元素的查找长度为()

A. 3 B.4 C. 5 D.6

19.对下列四个序列进行快速排序,各以第一个元素为基准进行第一次划分,则在该次划分过程中需要移动元素次数最多的序列是()

A.1,3,5,7,9 B.5,7,9,1,3 C.5,3,1,7,9 D.9,7,5,3,1

20.一组记录的关键字为 (45,80,55,40,42,85),则利用堆排序的方法建立的初始堆为( )

A.(80,45,55,40,42,85) B.(85,80,55,45,42,40)

C.(85,80,55,40,42,45) D.(85,55,80,42,45,40)

三、解答题(共50分)

1.设有一种数据结构B的元素集合K和它的二元关系R为:

B=(K,R)

K={K1,K2……K7}

R={,,,,,,,}(表示结点a到结点b是单向的)画出此结构对应的图形,并判断它属于哪种逻辑

结构?(6分)

2.将下面所示的森林转换成一棵二叉树(按字母序号顺序),并分别写出二叉树的先序、中序、后序的遍历序列。(6分)

3.假设用于通信的电文有8个字母A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H组成,各字母在电文中出现的频率为5%,25%,4%,7%,9%,12%,30%,8%,试为这8个字母设计哈夫曼编码,并求其带权路长度WPL。(要求权值集取{5,25,4,7,9,12,30,8},按照左子树权值小于右子树的权值的顺序构造哈夫曼树,并注明每个节点的权值。) (10分)

4.对下面的带权图按照普里姆法从顶点V1出发构造一棵最小生成树,并求该生成树的权值。(要求:每加入一个结点,画一个图)(8分)

5.设有一组关键字(4,9,26,10,12,33,22,19),利用哈希函数为:H(key)=key%12,采用线性探测散列处理冲突,试在0~10的散列地址空间中对该组关键字构造哈希表,并求在关键字的查找概率相等的前提下查找成功的平均查找长度。(要求:直接写出哈希表格,查找长度表示为分数形式)(10分)

6.对长度为n的记录序列进行快速排序时,所需要的比较次数依赖于这几个元素的初始序列。点n=8时,在最好的情况下共需要进行多少次比较?(要求:写出每一趟的划分情况和比较次数。)(10分)

四、算法设计题(共10分)

试编写一个在带有头结点的双向循环链表中为x的结点之前,插入值为y的结点的算法。(要求:用C语言描述,结点类型定义为dlnode)

Status InsertPrior-L(DlinkList &L)

五、程序填空题

1.华氏温度与摄氏度的转换公式为:C=5/9×(F-32),其中表示C摄氏温度,F

表示华氏温度。要求输出从华氏0°到华氏300°,每隔20°一个值。

main()

{

int upper,step;

float fahr=0.0,celsius;

upper=300;step=20;

while()

{

printf(“%f%f\n”,fahr,celsius);

}

}

2.求两数中的较大值。

#include

main()

{

int a ,b,max;

printf(“please input:\n”);

scanf(“%d%d”, max=a;

max=b;

printf(the max is :%d\n“,max);

}

3.输入一行字符,分别统计出其中英文字母、空格、数字和其他字符的个数。

#include

main()

{

char c;

int letters=0,space=0,digit=0,other=0;

printf(“please input characters\ n”);

while((c=getchar())! =‟\n‟)

{

if(c>=‟a‟&&c

;

else if(c= =‟ ‟)

;

else if (c>=‟0‟&&C

;

else

;

}

printf(“%d%d%d%d\n”,letter,space,digit,other);

}

4.程序读入20个整数,统计非负数的个数,并计算非负数的和。 #include

main()

{

int i,a[20],s,count;

s=0;count=0;

for(i=0;i

scanf(“%d”,);

for(i=0;i

{if(a[i]

;

s+=a[i];

count++;

}

printf(“s=%d\t count=%d\n”,s,count);

}

5.计算一个3×3矩形对角线元素之和。

mian()

{

float a[3][3],sum=0;

int i,j;

print(“please input the matrix:\n”);

for(i=0;i

for(j=0;j

scanf(“%f”,); for(i=0;i

}

六、读程序写结果 1.# include “stdio.h”

main() {int a,b,c;

printf(“please input:\n”); scanf(“%d,%d,%d”,&a,&b,&c); if(a

printf(“max=%d\n”,c); else

printf(“max=%d\n”,b); else if(a

printf(“max=%d\n”,c); else

printf(“max=%d\n”,a); }

本程序的功能为 。 2. #include main()

{int count,num,total; count=0;total=0; while(count

printf(“enter the NO.%d=”,count) scanf(“%d”,&num); total+=num;

}

printf(“Total=%\n”,total); }

本程序若输入 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9十个数,输出的结果是 。 3.#include

int a[2][3]={{1,2,3},{4,5,6}}; main() {int i,j,b[3][2]; for(i=0;i

本程序的输出结果为 。 4.#include main()

{int a [10]={1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0};

int *p,i; printf(“\n”);

for(p=a;p

本程序的输出的结果是 。 七、编程题(共10分)

请编写一个完整的程序,要求输入一个整型3×4矩阵,求其中最大元素的值并输出。

2010年吉林省普通高等学校招生“专升本”教育考试

计算机科学与技术综合试题2010.04.24

一、选择题

1.在单链表的一个节点当中,指针域的个数为()

A:0 B:1 C:2 D:3 2.int fun(float ,char)函数的返回值类型( )

A:float B:int C:char D:void 3.int a =3,b=5;

printf(“%d,%d”,b,a); 输出的值( )

A:5 3 B:3,5 C:3 5 D:5,3 4.在一个有n个顶点的无向完全图中, 有()条边

A:n B:2n C:n-1 D:2n-1 5. int x,y; for(i=1,i

printf(“the one sent\n”); }

运行成寻输出“the one sent”的行数( )

A:x*y B: (x-1)*y C:(x-1)*(y-1) D:x*(y-1) 6.二叉树中第K层,最多有()个节点

A:2k B:2k-1 C:2k-1 D:2k+1 7.一个二叉树中,有n 个度为2的节点;该二叉树有()个叶子节点;

A:n+1 B:n-1 C:2n+1 D:2n-1

8.在树中,一个节点有三个兄弟节点,该节点的双亲节点的度为()

A:2 B:3 C:4 D:5

9.一个循环队列用数组A[m]存储,没有标记变量,则该队列最多能输入()个元素

A:m-1 B:m C:m+1 D:2m 10.int a=2,b=5,在TurobC中a>b的输出值是( )

A:ture B: false C:1 D:0

11.int a=0,b=20,c=30 ,m,n;执行(m=a++)&&(n=++b)后,n的值为( )

A:0 B:20 C:21 D:30

12.在C语言中,调用数学函数,要引用的头文件(B)

A:stdio.h B:math.h C:graph.h D:stream.h 二、填空题

1.一个n阶的三角矩阵中它的存储空间为

2.一个n个节点的的无向图,是连通图,至少有条边

3.对图进行广度遍历:要求尽量按字母序列输出

.

4.一个有10个节点的完全二叉树,有层

5.一个有n 个节点的二叉树,用二叉链表储存,有 6.向一个队列中以a,b,c,d依次入队,则出队的序列为 7.已知a[4]={1,2,3},那么a[3]的值为 8.已知a[4]={1,2,3},*p=a,那么*(p++)的值为

9.给定一待排序列{12,10,44,56,78,23},写出用冒泡排序法进行第一趟排序后的结果 10,12,44,56,23,78 三、判断题

1.顺序表的存取结构为顺序存取

2.在一棵完全二叉树当中,所有节点的度都为2

3.在一个有向图的邻接表中,边表的节点数等于该图的弧数

4.在一个完全二叉树中,如果一个节点没有左子树,那么该节点就是叶子节点

四、数据结构应用题

1.已知一棵树如下图所示

(1)将该树转换成二叉树

(2)对该二叉树,按照左根序、中根序、后跟序,写出相应的遍历序列 2.给下列无向网图

(1)用邻接矩阵存储改图

(2)用Kruskal算法画出最小生成树,每一次只加一条边 3.散列表题。(10分)

散列函数的设计H(k)=k%7或(H(k)=k mod7),以线性探测法处理冲突,存储下数据{36,15,47,52,44}

(1)请填写下表

(2)查找关键码44要比较几次? 4.哈夫曼树题(10分) {4,5,6,7,18,10,12}

(1)画出该哈夫曼树,要求左孩子的权值小于右孩子的权值 (2)求

WPL值

5.定义一个单链表节点结构

{ };

struct node *p,*q;

已知指针*p和*q,p指向单链表中的一个节点,将q指向的节点插入到p节点的后面,写出语句序列。 五、程序填空题

1.补充以下程序,将x和y换值 void main() {

int x=5,y=3,temp; ; ; ; printf(“%d %d”,x,y); }

2.用插入排序对数组排序 int j;

for(int i=2;i

j=i-1;

while(j>=0&&r[j]>r[i]) /* 找到插入位置 */ {

j--; }

; /* 插入x */ }

3.以下程序功能是输入一个浮点型的数据,并输出,要求保留2位小数 void main() {

int data; struct node *next;

; printf(“”,x); }

六、看程序写结果题

1.void main() {

int i;

int a[6]={1,1}; for(i=2;i

}

for(i=0;i

结果: 2.void main() {

int i,j;

for(i=1;i

for(j=1;j

printf(“C”); }

printf(“\n”) ; } }

结果: 3.#define PI 3

#include int area(int x,int y) {

printf(“%d ”,a[i]); a[i]=a[i-2]+a[i-1];

int z= PI*x*y; printf(“%d”,z); } main() { }

结果: 4.main()

{

int sage=70,s; s=sage/10; switch(s) {

case 9: case 8: case 7:

case 6: pintf(“SUCCESS”); } }

结果: 七、编程题

在一个灰图形脱色的时候,以如图所示的RGB图形矩阵为例,编写一个程序,定义一个整型的二维数组,并在定义的时候将其初始化,用两个双For循环将矩阵中所有小于5的元素赋值为0,在用两个For双循环将修改后的二维矩阵按行序输出。 3649 1 4 800 2699 3 4

int a=4,b=5; area(a,b);

break;

default: printf(“FAILED”);

2012年吉林省普通高等学校专升本教育考试 计算机科学与技术综合试题2012.04.24

一、选择题

1.下面程序段的时间复杂度量级为()

for(i=1;i

for(j=1;j

for(k=1;k

x=x+1;

A:O(1) B:O(n) C:O(n2) D:O(n3)

2.一个栈的输入序列是1,2,3,4,5,则下列序列中()是栈的输出序列。

A:31245 B:41325 C:23415 D:14253

3.假定一个顺序循环队列的队首和队尾指针分别用front和rear表示,则判断队列空的条件为()。

A:front+1==rear C:front==0

B:rear+1=fron D:front==rear

4.设有10000个无序元素,希望用最快的速度挑选出其中前十个最大元素,最好选用()排序法。

A:堆排序 C:起泡排序 A:O(n2)

B:快速排序 D:插入排序

C:O(n)

D:O(logn)

5.采用折半查找长度为n的线性表时,每个元素的平均查找长度为()。

B:O(nlogn)

6.快速排序方法在()情况下最不利于发挥其长处。

A:要排序的数据量太大

B:要排序的数据中含有多个相同值 D:要排序的数据个数为奇数

C:要排序的数据已基本有序

7.G是一个非连通无向图,共有28条边,则该图至少有()个顶点。

A:6 B:7 C:8 D:9 8.堆的形状是一棵()。

A:二叉排序树 C:完全二叉树

B:满二叉树 D:判定树

9.在一个单链表中,若要在p所指向的节点之后插入一个新节点,则需要相继修改()个指针域的值。

A:1 B:2 C:3 D:4

10.假定一个顺序循环队列存储于数组a[N]中,其队首和队尾指针分别用front

的rear表示,则判断队列满的条件为( )

A:(rear-1)%N==front C:(front-1)%N==rear

B:(rear+1)%N==front D:(front+1)%N==rear

11.已知大写字母A的ASCII码值是65,小写字母a的ASCII码值是97,则用八进制表示的字符常量'\101'是()。

A:字符A B:字符a C:字符c D:非法的常量 12.以下选项中,合法转义字符的选项是()。

A:'\\' A:2

B:'\018'

C:'xab'

D:'\abc'

D:4

13.设a=5,b=6,c=7,d=8,m=2,n=2,则执行(m=a>b)&&(n=c>d)后n的值为()。

B:1

C:3

14.以下程序的运行结果是()。

#include"stdio.h" main() { } A:0

B:1

C:2

D:3

int a=1;

if(a++>1) printf("%d\n",a); else

printf("%d\n",a--);

15.以下程序的输出结果是()。

#include"stdio.h" main() { } A:5

B:4

C:4

D:不确定

int a=5,b=4,c=6,d;

printf("%d\n",d=a>b?a>c?a:c:b);

16.程序的输出结果是()。

#include"stdio.h" main() {

int x=1,y=0,a=0,b=0; switch(x) {

} } case 1: switch(y) { } case 0: a++; break; case 1: b++; break; case 2: a++; b++; break; printf("a=%d,b=%d\n",a,b); B:a=1,b=1 D:a=2,b=2

C:512 D:511 A:a=2,b=15 C:a=1,b=0 17.若定义:int a=511,*b=&a,则printf("%d",*b);的输出结果是()。 A:无确定的值

#include"stdio.h" main() { }

A:ABC

B:ABC9 D:ABC456789 C:123456ABC char ss[10]="12345"; strcat(ss,"6789"); gets(ss); printf("%s\n",ss); B:a的地址 18.运行下面的程序,如果从键盘上输入:ABC时,输出的结果是()。

19.在以下给出的表达式中,与do-while(E)语句中的(E)不等价的表达式是()。

A:(!E==0) B:(E>0||E,0) C:(E==0) D:(E!=0)

20.以下程序运行后,输出结果是()。

#include"stdio.h" main() { int aa[4][4]={{1,2,3,4},{5,6,7,8},{3,9,10,2},{4,2,9,6}}; int i,s=0; for(i=0;i

}

A:11 B:19 C:13 D:20

二、填空题

1.设有一空栈,现有输入序列1,2,3,4,5,经过push,push,pop,push,pop,push,push后,对应的输出序列是 。

2.在一棵二叉树中,假定度为2的节点数为5个,度为1的节点数为6个,则 叶子节点数为 。

3.设树T的度为4,其中度为1、2、3、4的节点个数分别为4、2、1、1,则 T中的叶子节点为

4.某二叉树中度为2的结点有18个,则该二叉树中有叶子节点。

5.已知二叉树后序遍历序列是:dabec,中序遍历序列是:debac,它的前序遍历序列是 。

6.某二叉树前序遍历:abdgcefh,中序遍历:dgbaechf,画图。

7.设单链表中指针p指向结点ai,指针q指向将要插入的新节点x,则当x插在链表中两个数据元素ai和ai+1之间时,只要先修改q->next=p->next,后再修改 即可。

8.广义表((a),(((b),c),(d)))的表尾是

9.访问单链表中的结点,必须沿着依次进行。

10.在长度为n的线性表中顺序查找元素x的时候,查找成功的平均查找长度应该为 。

11.定义int x,y;执行y=(x=1,++x,x+2);后,y的值是

12.设有static char str[]="Beijing";则执行printf("%d\n",strlen(strcpy(str,"China")));后的输出结果为 。

13.在定义int n[5][6];后,第10个元素是。

14.若有数组定义:char array[]="China";则数组array所占的空间为。

15.执行下面的程序后,a的值是。

#define SQR(X) X*X main() { } char s[]="\\141\141abc\t"; int a=10,k=2,m=1; a/=SQR(k+m)/SQR(k+m); printf("%d\n",a); 16.若有以下程序段,输出结果是。

printf("%d\n",strlen(s));

17.变量的指针,其含义是指该变量的。

18.表达式:(int)((double)9/2)-(9)%2的值是

19.在对文件进行操作的过程中,若要求文件的位置回到文件的开头,应当调用的函数是 函数。

20.在C程序中,可把整型数以二进制形式存放到文件中的函数是。

三、解答题

1.有一个含有14个数的序列(39,80,76,41,13,29,50,78,30,11,100,7,41,86),写出使用希尔排序进行升序排序的每一趟结果。取增量:5、3、1。

2.以下函数creatlist用来建立一带头节点的单链表,链表的结构如下图所示,新的节点总是插入在链表的末尾,链表的头指针作为函数值返回。链表最后一个节点的next域放入NULL,作为链表的结束标志。data为字符型数据域,next为指针域。读入时字符以#表示输入结束(#不存入链表)。请填空。

struct node

{

};

【 】reatelist()

{

struct node *h,*s,*r; char ch; h=(struct node*)malloc(sizeof(struct node)); r=h; ch=getchar(); while(ch!='#') {

s=(struct node*)malloc(sizeof(struct node)); r->next=s.r; r=s; char data; struct node *next;

} } ; return h;

3.已知一个连通图如图所示,给出图的邻接矩阵示意图。若从顶点v1出发对该图进行遍历,分别给出一个按深度优先遍历和广度优先遍历顶点序列。

4.如图所示是一个无向带权图,请按Prim算法求最小生成树。要求每加入一条边画一个图。

5.已知一个AOV网,如图所示,写出所有的拓扑结构序列。

6.一个稀疏矩阵如下图所示,写出对应的三元组顺序表和十字链表存储表示。

0 3 0

0 0 0 0 0 2 0 -1 0

0 0 5 0

试问哪个射手技术较好?

解答:设甲、乙射手击中的环数分别为x1,x2

8.冒泡排序的方法是,首先比较r[n-1].key和r[n-2].key,若为逆序则交换之,然后比较r[n-2].key和r[n-3].key,以此类推,直到比较r[1].key和r[0].key称为一趟“冒泡”,其结果是将具有最小关键码的记录排到序列的第1个位置上;然后在r[n-1]到r[1]之间进行一趟“冒泡”,将具有次小关键码的记录排到序列的第2个位置;以此类推,直到第n-1趟,在r[n-1]和r[n-2]之间进行“冒泡”后,待排序序列已排成有序。

具体算法如下:

void Bublesort(RECNode *r, int n)

{

}

解答:

效率分析:空间效率:

总的比较次数:

移动次数:

最好情况下:

最坏情况下:

四、程序填空题

1.程序是对用户输入的字母进行大小写转换,请在【】内填入正确内容。 #include"stdio.h"

int i,j; RECNode temp; for(i=0;i=i;j--) if(r[j+1].key

main()

{

char ch;

printf("please input a letter:");

scanf("%c",&ch);

ch=ch+32;

else if(ch>='a'&&ch

;

printf("the converted letter is:%c\n",ch);

}

2.求出1000以内的“完全数”。(提示:如果一个数恰好等于它的因子之和(因子包括1,不包括数本身),则称该数为完全数。如6的因子是1,2,3而6=1+2+3,则6是个“完全数”)

main()

{

}

3.下列程序判断一个数是否为素数。

#include"stdio.h"

main()

{

}

int i,a,m; for(i=1;i

4.分别计算并输出1!、2!、3!、4!和5!。

main()

{

}

int fac(int n)

{

}

5.下面程序完成以下功能:从键盘上输入一行字符,统计其中有多少个单词,单词之间用空格分隔。

#include"stdio.h"

main()

{

}

5.以下程序中,主函数调用了LineMax函数,实现在N行M列的二维数组中,找出每一行上的最大值。请填空。

#define N 3

#define M 4

void LineMax(int x[N][M])

{

int i,j,p; for(i=0;i

for(j=1;j

}

main()

{

int x[N][M]={1,5,7,4,2,6,4,3,8,2,3,1};

;

}

五、写出下面程序的运行结果

1.下面程序的输出是( )。

#include"stdio.h"

int w=3;

main()

{

int w=10;

printf("%d\n",fun(5)*w);

}

fun(int k)

{

if(k==0) return w;

return (fun(k-1)*k);

}

2.下面程序执行后,文件test.t中的内容是(

#include"stdio.h"

void fun(char *fname, char *st)

{

FILE *myf;

int i;

myf=fopen(fname,"w");

for(i=0;i

fclose(myf);

)。

main()

{

}

3.以下程序的输出结果是( )。 #include"stdio.h"

#include"string.h"

void main()

{

}

4.以下程序的输出结果是( )。 #include"stdio.h"

struct stu

{

};

void fun(struct stu *p)

{

}

void main()

{

}

六、编程题 struct stu students[3]={{9801,"zhang",20},{9802,"wang",19}, {9803,"zhao",18}}; fun(students+2); printf("%s\n",(*p).name); int num; char name[10]; int age; char b1[8]="abcdefg",b2[8],*pb=b1+3; while(--pb>=b1) strcpy(b2,pb); printf("%d\n",strlen(b2)); fun("test.t","new world"); fun("test.t","hello");

写一函数,将两个字符串连接。 运行结果:

Input string1:mother↙ input string2:land↙

The new string is motherland #include"stdio.h"

void main()

{

}

char s1[100],s2[100],s[100]; printf("\nInput string1: "); scanf("%s",s1); printf("\nInput string2: "); scanf("%s",s2); concatenate(s1,s2,s); /*将串s1、s2合并成新串s*/ printf("The new string is %s\n",s);

范文五:吉林省计算机专升本考试历年真题 投稿:陶舄舅

吉林省普通高等学校专升本教育考试

2003年吉林省普通高等学校专升本教育考试

计算机科学技术专业综合试卷

一、 填空题

1.向栈中推入元素的操作是。

2.线性表中结点的集合是结点间的关系是

3.在双链表中要删除已知结点*p,其时间复杂度为。

4.已知数组A[11][6]采用行序为主方式存储,每个元素占4个存储单元,并且

数组元素A[0][0]的存储地址是1000,数组元素A[8][4]的地址是 。

5.在栈中存取数据遵从的原则是。

6.广义表的长度是指,广义表的深度是指。

7.N个顶点的连通图至少有

8.深度为k的完全二叉树至少有结点,至多有 个结点。

9.在各种查找方法中,平均查找长度与结点个数n无关的查找方法

是 。

10.已知完全二叉树的第8层有8个结点,则其叶子结点数是。

11.对一组记录(54,38,96,23,15,72,60,45,83)进行直接插入排序,

当把第7个记录60插入到有序表时,为寻找插入位置,需比较 次。

12.拓扑排序算法是通过重复选择具有成。

二、单项选择题

1.不带头结点的单链表head为空的判定条件是( )

A.head= =NULL B.head->next= =NULL

C.head->next= =head D.head!=NULL

2.设长度为n的链队列用单循环链表表示,若只设尾指针,则出队操作的时间

复杂度为()

A.O(1) B.O(log2n)

C.O(n) D.O(n2)

3.数组A中,每个元素A[i][j]的长度为3个字节,行下标i从0到7,列下标j

从0到9,从首地址SA开始连续存放在存储器内,该数组按行存放时,元素A[7][4]

的起始地址为()

A.SA+141 B.SA+144

C.SA+222 D.SA+225

4.某二叉树的后序遍历为dabec,中序遍历为debac,则前序遍历序列为()

A.acbed B.decab

C.deabc D.cedba

5.对于二叉树来说,第i层上至多有()个结点。

A.2i B.2i-1

C.2i-1 D.2i-1-1

6.递归函数f(n)=f(n-1)+n (n>1)的递归体是( )

A.f(1)=0 B.f(0)=1

C.f(n)=f(n-1)+n D.f(n)=n

7.在一个有向图中,所有顶点的入度之和等于所有顶点的出度之和的()倍。

A.1/2 B.1

C.2 D.4

8.已知图的邻接表如下所示,根据算法,则从顶点0出发按广度优先遍历的结

点序列是()

A.0 3 2 1 B.0 1 2 3

C.0 1 3 2 D.0 3 1 2

9.对线性表进行二分查找时,要求线性表必须()

A.以顺序方式存储

B.以链接方式存储

C.以顺序方式存储,且结点按关键字有序排列

D.以链接方式存储,且结点按关键字有序排列

10.如果要求一个线性表既能较快地查找,又能适应动态变化的要求,可以采用

()查找。

A.分块 B.顺序

C.二分 D.散列

11.设有1000个无序的元素,希望用最快的速度挑出其中前10个最大的元素,

最好采用()法。

A.冒泡排序 B.快速排序

C.堆排序 D.基数排序

12.非线性结构中,每个结点()

A.无直接前趋

B.只有一个直接前趋和后继

C.只有一个直接前趋和个数不受限制的直接后继

D.有个数不受限制的直接前趋和后继

13.设高度为h的二叉树只有度为0和度为2的结点,则此类二叉树所包含的结

点数至少为()

A.2h B.2h-1

C.2h+1 D.h+1

14.矩阵

A.对称矩阵 B.三角矩阵

C.带状矩阵 D.稀疏矩阵

15.散列文件是一种()

A.顺序文件 B.索引文件

C.链接文件 D.计算寻址文件

三、假设二叉树包含的结点数据为1,3,7,2,12

1}画出两棵高度最大的二叉树

2)画出两棵完全二叉树,要求每个双亲结点的值大于其孩子结点的值。

四、程序分析题

1.程序:

#include

int x=1;

main()

{

func(x);

printf(“%d\n”,x);

}

func(int x)

{

x=3;

} 是一个()

程序的执行结果是:

2.程序:

#include

main()

{

int a=2,*p,**pp;

pp=&p;

p=&a;

printf(“%d,%d,%d”,a,*p,**pp);

}

程序的执行结果是:

3.程序:

#include

main()

{

char s[80],c1,c2=‟ „;

int i=0,num=0;

gets(s);

while(s[i]!=‟\0‟)

{

c1=s[i];

if(i= =0)

c2=‟ „;

else

c2=s[i-1];

if(c1!=‟ „ && c2= =‟ „)

num++;

i++;

}

printf(“%d”,num);

}

程序完成功能是:

4.下面的函数invert的功能是将一个字符串的内容颠倒过来。程序有一处错误

请找出,度改正。

程序:

void invert(char str[])

{

int i,j,k;

for(i=0,j=strlen(str); i>j; i++,j--)

{

k=str[i];

str[i]=str[j];

str[j]=k;

}

}

5.下面程序中有一处错误,请指出,并改正。

main()

{

float a[10];

int i;

for(i=0; i

scnaf(”%d”,&a[i]);

for(i=1; i

a[0]=a[0]+a[i];

printf(”%f\n”,a[0]);

}

五、程序设计题

1.设计求二叉树深度的算法。

2.用递归方法,计算x的n次方。

3.如果一个正整数等于其各个数字的立方和,则该数称为阿姆斯特朗数。试编

程求1000以内的所有阿姆斯特朗数。

2005年吉林省普通高校专升本教育试点考试

计算机科学与技术专业综合试卷

一、填空题

1.栈的主要特点是;队列的主要特点是。

2.在一长度为n的向量中的第i个元素(1≤i≤n)之前插入一个元素时,需向后

移动 个元素。

3.对于一个具有n个结点的单链表,在已知P所指结点后插入一个新的结点的

时间复杂度为 ;在给定值为x的结点后插入一个新的结点的时间复杂度

为 。

4.设n行n列的下三角矩阵A已压缩到一维数组s[0…n*(n-1)/2]中,若按行序

为主存储,则A[i][j]对应的s中的存储位置为 。

5.将f=1+1/2+1/3+…1/n转化成递归函数,其递归出口是是 。

6.设高度为h的二叉树上只有度为0和度为2的结点,则此类二叉树中所包含

的结点数至少为 。

7.具有n个叶子结点的哈夫曼树中,其结点总数为。

8.对一个满二叉树,m个树叶,n个结点,深度为h,则。

9.判定一个有向图是否存在回路,除了可以利用拓扑排序方法外,还可以利用 算法。

10.在各种查找方法中,平均查找长度与结点个数无关的查找方法

是 。

11.快速排序在最坏情况下的时间复杂度为。

12.一组记录的排序码为(46,79,56,38,40,84),则利用堆排序方法建立

的初始堆为 。

13.直接存取文件是用方法组织的。

14.-18在内存中的补码形式是

15.若a=3, b=4, c=5, d=6, 则执行完如下表达式(a

,,

二、单项选择题

1.线性表的顺序存储结构是一种( )的存储结构;线性表的链式存储结构是一

种( )的存储结构。

A.随机存取,顺序存取 B.顺序存取,随机存取

C.索引存取,散列存取 D.散列存取,随机存取

2.表达式a*(b+c)-d的中辍表达式为( )

A.a b c d + - * B.a b c + * d –

C.a b c * + d - D.- + * a b c d

3.在一个单链表中,若P所指结点不是最后的结点,在P之后插入S所指结点,则执行( )

A.S->next=P; P->next=S; B.S->next=P->next; P->next=S;

C.S->next=P->next; P=S; D.P->next=S; S->next=P;

4.一个栈的入栈序列为1,2,…,n,其输出序列为P1,P2,…,Pn,若P1=n,则Pi为( )

A.i B.n-i C.n-i+1 D.不确定

5.数组A中,每个元素的长度为3个字节,行下标i从1到8,列下标j从1到10,从首地址SA开始连续存放在存储器内,该数组按行序存放时,元素A[8][5]的起始地址为( )

A.SA+141 B.SA+144 C.SA+222 D.SA+225

6.将递归算法换成对应的非递归算法时,通常需要使用( )

A.栈 B.队列 C.链表 D.树

7.任何一棵二叉树的叶结点在前序、中序和后序遍历中的相对次序是( )

A.不发生改 B.发生改变 C.不能确定 D.以上都不对

8.已知一有向图的邻接表存储结构如下图所示,根据有向图的深度优先遍历算法,从顶点V1出发,所得到的顶点序列为( )

A.V1V2V3V5V4 B.V1V2V3V4V5

C.V1V3V4V5V2 D.V1V4V3V5V2

9.快速排序方法在( )情况下最不利于发挥其长处。

A.要排序的数据量太大 B.要排序的数据中含有多个相同值

C.要排序的数据已基本有序 D.要排序的数据个数为奇数

10.有一个长度为12的有序表,按二分查找法对该表进行查找,在表内各元素等概率情况下查找成功所需的平均比较次数为( )

A.35/12 B.37/12 C.39/12 D.43/12

11.下面给定的四个数中最大的是( )

A.(38)10 B.(00101011)2 C.(1F)16 D.(41)8

12.若x=4, y=-2, z=5,则表达式++x-y+z++的值为( C )

A.10 B.11 C.12 D.13

13.以下给定程序的输出结果为( )

main()

{

int x=12;

while(x--);

printf(“%d”,x);

}

A.-1 B.0 C.11 D.1

14.有一二维数组a[3][4],其第2行第3列元素的正确表示方法是( )

A.&a[2][3] B.a[2]+3 C.*(a+2)+3 D.*(a[2]+3)

15.执行完下列语句后,*p的最终值是( )

int a[8]={1,3,2,4,6},*p=a,c=11;

p+=5;

a[4]=c;

A.6 B.11 C.0 D.4

三、算法设计与解答

1.设有一组关键字{19,01,23,14,55,20,84,27,68,11,10,77}采用哈希函数:H(key)=key%13,采用开放地址法的二次探测再散列方法解决冲突,试在0~18的散列地址空间中对该关键字序列构造哈希表。

2.试用普里姆法构造如图所示的一棵最小生成树。(要求每加入一个结点,画一个图)

3.已知二叉树的先序遍历序列为“-,+,a,*,b,c,-,/,d,e,f”中序遍历序列为:“a,+,b,*,c,-,d,/,e,-,f”,画出此二叉树,并写出它的后序遍历序列。

4.二叉树采用链接存储结构,试设计一个算法计算一棵给定二叉树的单孩子结点数。(只写算法函数)

int onechild(btree *b)

{…}

5.已知线性表中的元素以值递增有序排列,并以单链表作为存储结构,试写一高效的算法,删除表中所有值相同的多余元素(使得操作后的线性表中所有元素的值均不相同),同时释放被删除结点空间,并分析你的算法的时间复杂度。 status Delete_Equal(Linklist &L)

{…}

四、程序填空

1.下面程序的功能是求1+2+3+…+10的和。补充程序使之完整。

main( )

{

int sum=0,i;

i=1;

while(i

{

【1】 ;

【2】 ;

}

printf(“sum=%d\n”,sum);

}

2.从键盘输入一行句子,统计其中单词的个数,补充程序使之完整。

#include

main()

{

char s[80];

int i,num=0;

;

gets(s);

while(s[i]!=‟\0‟)

{

if((i= =0) && (s[i]!=‟ „))

num++;

else if(())

num++;

i++;

}

printf(“num=%d\n”,num);

}

3.在已排好序的字符串a,下面的程序是将字符串b的每个字符按顺序插入到a中。请将该程序填写完整。

#include

main()

{

char a[30]=”adeghkortuw”;

char b[ ]=”flmsx”;

int i,j,k;

printf(“string a:%s\n”,a);

for(k=0; s[k]!=‟\0‟; k++)

{

j=0;

while(s[k]>=a[j] && a[j]!=‟\0‟)

j++;

for()

a[j]=s[k];

}

printf(“string a:%s\n”,a);

}

五、读程序写结果

1.写出如下程序的执行结果

#include

int m=5;

int f1( )

{

m=m+3;

return(m);

}

main()

{

int m=3;

{

int m=10;

m++;

}

f1( );

m+=1;

printf(“%d\n”,m);

}

2.写出下面程序的执行结果

void swap(int *r, int *s)

{

int *t;

t=r;

r=s;

s=t;

}

main()

{

int a=3,b=9;

int *p,*q;

p=&a;

q=&b;

printf(“%d,%d\n”,*p,*q);

swap(p,q);

printf(“%d,%d\n”,*p,*q);

}

3.写出下面程序的执行结果。

main()

{

union

{

struct

{

int x;

int y;

}n;

int a;

int b;

}e;

e.a=5;

e.b=4;

e.n.x=e.a+e.b;

e.n.y=e.a*e.b;

printf(“%d,%d\n”,e.n.x,e.n.y);

}

六、编程题

1.编程实现求1+1/2!+1/3!+…1/n!,真到使最后一项1/n!小于10-4.

2.从键盘输入10个数,将其存入一个数组中,处理使这10个数在原数组中逆序存放。输出原数组和处理后数组。(注:要求处理过程占用最少存储空间)

3.将给定数组a中,10个元素(初始值为1001,1000,2001,1030,5201,4110,2111,3302,6013,3123)按每数各位之和(千位+百位+十位+个位)从小到大排序。

2007年吉林省普通高校专升本教育试点考试

计算机科学与技术专业综合试卷

一 、填空题(每空2分,共40分)

1.设有变量说明:int a=3,b=2; 则表达式 a>b 的值为

2.若有如下定义:int x=65;则语句printf(“%c”,x);的输出结果是。

3.有条件表达式:a>b?a:c>d?c:d,若a=1,b=2,c=3,d=4,则表达式的值为。

4.已知 int a[ ][ 3]={1,2,3,4,5,6,7};则数组a的第一维(行)的大小是。

5.设有语句:int i;for(i=0;i

6.下面程序段运行的结果是。

Char c[ 5]={„a‟,‟b‟,‟\0‟,‟c‟,‟\0‟};

Printf(“%s”,c);

7.已知 int b[ ]={1,2,3,4},y,*p=b; 则执行语句y=*p++;后,变量y的值为 。

8.C语言中,十进制数10的八进制表示方法为

9.C语言中,字符型常量以

10.已知 struct { int i; char c; float a;} test;则结构体变量test 的存储长度为 个字节。

11.设元素1,2,3,4,5依次进入栈S,在经过操作序列为

push(S,1),push(S,2),push(S,3),

pop(S),push(S,4),pop(S), pop(S),push(S,5), pop(S), pop(S)之后得到的输出序

列 。

12.一个稀疏矩阵,按照行序递增的顺序,下标从1开始构造对应的三元组线性表为 。

13.一颗具有35个结点的二叉树可能的最小深度___________;最大深度为___________。

14.一颗树的广义表表示为a(b,c(e,f(g)),d),当用孩子兄弟链表表示时 ,右指针余非空的结点个数为___________。

15.利用n个值生成哈夫曼树中共有___________个结点 。

16.具有n个顶点的强连通图至少有___________条边。

17.已知一个有向图的邻接矩阵表示,计算第i个结点的入度的方法是___________。

18.已知8个数据元素(35,75,40,15,20,55,95,65)按照依次插入点结点的方法生成一颗二叉树排序树后,最后 两层上的结点总数为___________。

19.若对一组记录(46,79,56,38,40,80,35,50,74)进行直接插入排序,当把第8个记录50插入到前面已排序的有序表时 ,为寻找插入位置需比较___________次。

二、单项选择题(每小题2分,共40分)

1.若定义了int x ;则将x强制转化为双精度类型应该写成A.(double )x B. x(double) C. double(x) D.(x)double

2.已知int i=5, 执行语句 i+=++i 后,i的值是

A.10 B.11 C.12 D.A,B,C答案都不对

3.C语言中的函数A.可以嵌套定义 B.不可以嵌套调用

C.可以嵌套调用不可以递归调用 D.嵌套调用和递归调用均可

4.合法的数组说明语句是

A. char a[ ]={0,1,2,3,4,5}; B. int a[5]={ 0,1,2,3,4,5};

C. char a=”string”; D.int a[ ]=”string”;

5.有字符组a[80],b[80],正确在输出语句是

A.puts(a,b); B.printf(“%s,%s”,a[],b[]);

C.putchar (a,b); D.puts(a),puts (b);

6.已知int *p,a;则语句p=&a;中运算符&的含义是A.位与运算 B.逻辑与运算

C.取指针内容 D. 取变量地址

7.若 int i=10; 则执行下列语句后,变量i的正确结果是switch (i)

{

case 9: i+=1;

case 10: i+=1;

case 11: i+=1;

default: i+=1;

}

A.10 B.11 C.12 D.13

8.在C语言中,二维数组的元素在内存中存放的顺序是

A.按行存放 B.按列存放

C.用户自己定义 D.由编译程序决定

9.已知 char *p,*q;选择正确的语句A.p*=3; B.p/=q;

C. p+=3; D. p+=q;

10.设有以下说明语句,则错误的叙述是

union data

{

int i;

char c;

float f;

}a;

A. a所占内存长度为成员f的长度

B. a的地址和它的成员地址都是同一地址

C. a不可作为函数的参数

D. 不能对a赋值,但可以在定义a时对它初始化

11.下面列出的四种时间复杂性,最好的是()

A. O(n) B. O( nlog2) C. O(n ) D.O(log2n)

12.在一个长度为n的顺序存储的线性表中,删除值为x的元素时需要比较元素和移动元素的总次数为()

A.(n+1)/2 B.n/2 C.n D.n+1

13.二维数组M的行下标i的范围从0到4,列下标j的范围从0到5,每个元素占4个存储单元,M按行序存储元素M[3][5]的起始地址与M按列序存储时元素( )的起始地址相同。

A. M[2][4] B. M[3][4] C. M[3][5] D. M[4][4]

14.一棵度为3的树中,度为3的结点数为2个,度为2的结点数为1个,度为1的结点数为2个,则度为0的结点数为( )个。

A.3 B.4 C.5 D.6

15.对于一个具有n个顶点的无向连通图,它包含的连通分量的个数为( )

A.0 B.1 C.n D.n+1

16.已知一个图如下所示,若从从顶点a出发按深度优先搜索遍历,可能得到的一种遍历序列为( )

A. a,b,e,c,d,f

B. a,c,f,e,b,d

C. a,e,d,f,c,b

D.a,e,b,c,f,d

17.已知一个有向图如下所示,由该图得到的一种拓扑序列为( )

A. V1,V4,V6,V2,V5,V3

B. V1,V2,V3,V4,V5,V6

C. V1,V4,V2,V3,V6,V5

D. V1,V2,V4,V6,V3,V5

18.对于一个长度为18的顺序存储的有序表,若采用折半查找,则查找第15个元素的查找长度为()

A. 3 B.4 C. 5 D.6

19.对下列四个序列进行快速排序,各以第一个元素为基准进行第一次划分,则在该次划分过程中需要移动元素次数最多的序列是()

A.1,3,5,7,9 B.5,7,9,1,3 C.5,3,1,7,9 D.9,7,5,3,1

20.一组记录的关键字为 (45,80,55,40,42,85),则利用堆排序的方法建立的初始堆为( )

A.(80,45,55,40,42,85) B.(85,80,55,45,42,40)

C.(85,80,55,40,42,45) D.(85,55,80,42,45,40)

三、解答题(共50分)

1.设有一种数据结构B的元素集合K和它的二元关系R为:

B=(K,R)

K={K1,K2……K7}

R={,,,,,,,}(表示结点a到结点b是单向的)画出此结构对应的图形,并判断它属于哪种逻辑

结构?(6分)

2.将下面所示的森林转换成一棵二叉树(按字母序号顺序),并分别写出二叉树的先序、中序、后序的遍历序列。(6分)

3.假设用于通信的电文有8个字母A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H组成,各字母在电文中出现的频率为5%,25%,4%,7%,9%,12%,30%,8%,试为这8个字母设计哈夫曼编码,并求其带权路长度WPL。(要求权值集取{5,25,4,7,9,12,30,8},按照左子树权值小于右子树的权值的顺序构造哈夫曼树,并注明每个节点的权值。) (10分)

4.对下面的带权图按照普里姆法从顶点V1出发构造一棵最小生成树,并求该生成树的权值。(要求:每加入一个结点,画一个图)(8分)

5.设有一组关键字(4,9,26,10,12,33,22,19),利用哈希函数为:H(key)=key%12,采用线性探测散列处理冲突,试在0~10的散列地址空间中对该组关键字构造哈希表,并求在关键字的查找概率相等的前提下查找成功的平均查找长度。(要求:直接写出哈希表格,查找长度表示为分数形式)(10分)

6.对长度为n的记录序列进行快速排序时,所需要的比较次数依赖于这几个元素的初始序列。点n=8时,在最好的情况下共需要进行多少次比较?(要求:写出每一趟的划分情况和比较次数。)(10分)

四、算法设计题(共10分)

试编写一个在带有头结点的双向循环链表中为x的结点之前,插入值为y的结点的算法。(要求:用C语言描述,结点类型定义为dlnode)

Status InsertPrior-L(DlinkList &L)

五、程序填空题

1.华氏温度与摄氏度的转换公式为:C=5/9×(F-32),其中表示C摄氏温度,F

表示华氏温度。要求输出从华氏0°到华氏300°,每隔20°一个值。

main()

{

int upper,step;

float fahr=0.0,celsius;

upper=300;step=20;

while()

{

printf(“%f%f\n”,fahr,celsius);

}

}

2.求两数中的较大值。

#include

main()

{

int a ,b,max;

printf(“please input:\n”);

scanf(“%d%d”, max=a;

max=b;

printf(the max is :%d\n“,max);

}

3.输入一行字符,分别统计出其中英文字母、空格、数字和其他字符的个数。

#include

main()

{

char c;

int letters=0,space=0,digit=0,other=0;

printf(“please input characters\ n”);

while((c=getchar())! =‟\n‟)

{

if(c>=‟a‟&&c

;

else if(c= =‟ ‟)

;

else if (c>=‟0‟&&C

;

else

;

}

printf(“%d%d%d%d\n”,letter,space,digit,other);

}

4.程序读入20个整数,统计非负数的个数,并计算非负数的和。 #include

main()

{

int i,a[20],s,count;

s=0;count=0;

for(i=0;i

scanf(“%d”,);

for(i=0;i

{if(a[i]

;

s+=a[i];

count++;

}

printf(“s=%d\t count=%d\n”,s,count);

}

5.计算一个3×3矩形对角线元素之和。

mian()

{

float a[3][3],sum=0;

int i,j;

print(“please input the matrix:\n”);

for(i=0;i

for(j=0;j

scanf(“%f”,); for(i=0;i

}

六、读程序写结果 1.# include “stdio.h”

main() {int a,b,c;

printf(“please input:\n”); scanf(“%d,%d,%d”,&a,&b,&c); if(a

printf(“max=%d\n”,c); else

printf(“max=%d\n”,b); else if(a

printf(“max=%d\n”,c); else

printf(“max=%d\n”,a); }

本程序的功能为 。 2. #include main()

{int count,num,total; count=0;total=0; while(count

printf(“enter the NO.%d=”,count) scanf(“%d”,&num); total+=num;

}

printf(“Total=%\n”,total); }

本程序若输入 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9十个数,输出的结果是 。 3.#include

int a[2][3]={{1,2,3},{4,5,6}}; main() {int i,j,b[3][2]; for(i=0;i

本程序的输出结果为 。 4.#include main()

{int a [10]={1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0};

int *p,i; printf(“\n”);

for(p=a;p

本程序的输出的结果是 。 七、编程题(共10分)

请编写一个完整的程序,要求输入一个整型3×4矩阵,求其中最大元素的值并输出。

2010年吉林省普通高等学校招生“专升本”教育考试

计算机科学与技术综合试题2010.04.24

一、选择题

1.在单链表的一个节点当中,指针域的个数为()

A:0 B:1 C:2 D:3 2.int fun(float ,char)函数的返回值类型( )

A:float B:int C:char D:void 3.int a =3,b=5;

printf(“%d,%d”,b,a); 输出的值( )

A:5 3 B:3,5 C:3 5 D:5,3 4.在一个有n个顶点的无向完全图中, 有()条边

A:n B:2n C:n-1 D:2n-1 5. int x,y; for(i=1,i

printf(“the one sent\n”); }

运行成寻输出“the one sent”的行数( )

A:x*y B: (x-1)*y C:(x-1)*(y-1) D:x*(y-1) 6.二叉树中第K层,最多有()个节点

A:2k B:2k-1 C:2k-1 D:2k+1 7.一个二叉树中,有n 个度为2的节点;该二叉树有()个叶子节点;

A:n+1 B:n-1 C:2n+1 D:2n-1

8.在树中,一个节点有三个兄弟节点,该节点的双亲节点的度为()

A:2 B:3 C:4 D:5

9.一个循环队列用数组A[m]存储,没有标记变量,则该队列最多能输入()个元素

A:m-1 B:m C:m+1 D:2m 10.int a=2,b=5,在TurobC中a>b的输出值是( )

A:ture B: false C:1 D:0

11.int a=0,b=20,c=30 ,m,n;执行(m=a++)&&(n=++b)后,n的值为( )

A:0 B:20 C:21 D:30

12.在C语言中,调用数学函数,要引用的头文件(B)

A:stdio.h B:math.h C:graph.h D:stream.h 二、填空题

1.一个n阶的三角矩阵中它的存储空间为

2.一个n个节点的的无向图,是连通图,至少有条边

3.对图进行广度遍历:要求尽量按字母序列输出

.

4.一个有10个节点的完全二叉树,有层

5.一个有n 个节点的二叉树,用二叉链表储存,有 6.向一个队列中以a,b,c,d依次入队,则出队的序列为 7.已知a[4]={1,2,3},那么a[3]的值为 8.已知a[4]={1,2,3},*p=a,那么*(p++)的值为

9.给定一待排序列{12,10,44,56,78,23},写出用冒泡排序法进行第一趟排序后的结果 10,12,44,56,23,78 三、判断题

1.顺序表的存取结构为顺序存取

2.在一棵完全二叉树当中,所有节点的度都为2

3.在一个有向图的邻接表中,边表的节点数等于该图的弧数

4.在一个完全二叉树中,如果一个节点没有左子树,那么该节点就是叶子节点

四、数据结构应用题

1.已知一棵树如下图所示

(1)将该树转换成二叉树

(2)对该二叉树,按照左根序、中根序、后跟序,写出相应的遍历序列 2.给下列无向网图

(1)用邻接矩阵存储改图

(2)用Kruskal算法画出最小生成树,每一次只加一条边 3.散列表题。(10分)

散列函数的设计H(k)=k%7或(H(k)=k mod7),以线性探测法处理冲突,存储下数据{36,15,47,52,44}

(1)请填写下表

(2)查找关键码44要比较几次? 4.哈夫曼树题(10分) {4,5,6,7,18,10,12}

(1)画出该哈夫曼树,要求左孩子的权值小于右孩子的权值 (2)求

WPL值

5.定义一个单链表节点结构

{ };

struct node *p,*q;

已知指针*p和*q,p指向单链表中的一个节点,将q指向的节点插入到p节点的后面,写出语句序列。 五、程序填空题

1.补充以下程序,将x和y换值 void main() {

int x=5,y=3,temp; ; ; ; printf(“%d %d”,x,y); }

2.用插入排序对数组排序 int j;

for(int i=2;i

j=i-1;

while(j>=0&&r[j]>r[i]) /* 找到插入位置 */ {

j--; }

; /* 插入x */ }

3.以下程序功能是输入一个浮点型的数据,并输出,要求保留2位小数 void main() {

int data; struct node *next;

; printf(“”,x); }

六、看程序写结果题

1.void main() {

int i;

int a[6]={1,1}; for(i=2;i

}

for(i=0;i

结果: 2.void main() {

int i,j;

for(i=1;i

for(j=1;j

printf(“C”); }

printf(“\n”) ; } }

结果: 3.#define PI 3

#include int area(int x,int y) {

printf(“%d ”,a[i]); a[i]=a[i-2]+a[i-1];

int z= PI*x*y; printf(“%d”,z); } main() { }

结果: 4.main()

{

int sage=70,s; s=sage/10; switch(s) {

case 9: case 8: case 7:

case 6: pintf(“SUCCESS”); } }

结果: 七、编程题

在一个灰图形脱色的时候,以如图所示的RGB图形矩阵为例,编写一个程序,定义一个整型的二维数组,并在定义的时候将其初始化,用两个双For循环将矩阵中所有小于5的元素赋值为0,在用两个For双循环将修改后的二维矩阵按行序输出。 3649 1 4 800 2699 3 4

int a=4,b=5; area(a,b);

break;

default: printf(“FAILED”);

2012年吉林省普通高等学校专升本教育考试 计算机科学与技术综合试题2012.04.24

一、选择题

1.下面程序段的时间复杂度量级为()

for(i=1;i

for(j=1;j

for(k=1;k

x=x+1;

A:O(1) B:O(n) C:O(n2) D:O(n3)

2.一个栈的输入序列是1,2,3,4,5,则下列序列中()是栈的输出序列。

A:31245 B:41325 C:23415 D:14253

3.假定一个顺序循环队列的队首和队尾指针分别用front和rear表示,则判断队列空的条件为()。

A:front+1==rear C:front==0

B:rear+1=fron D:front==rear

4.设有10000个无序元素,希望用最快的速度挑选出其中前十个最大元素,最好选用()排序法。

A:堆排序 C:起泡排序 A:O(n2)

B:快速排序 D:插入排序

C:O(n)

D:O(logn)

5.采用折半查找长度为n的线性表时,每个元素的平均查找长度为()。

B:O(nlogn)

6.快速排序方法在()情况下最不利于发挥其长处。

A:要排序的数据量太大

B:要排序的数据中含有多个相同值 D:要排序的数据个数为奇数

C:要排序的数据已基本有序

7.G是一个非连通无向图,共有28条边,则该图至少有()个顶点。

A:6 B:7 C:8 D:9 8.堆的形状是一棵()。

A:二叉排序树 C:完全二叉树

B:满二叉树 D:判定树

9.在一个单链表中,若要在p所指向的节点之后插入一个新节点,则需要相继修改()个指针域的值。

A:1 B:2 C:3 D:4

10.假定一个顺序循环队列存储于数组a[N]中,其队首和队尾指针分别用front

的rear表示,则判断队列满的条件为( )

A:(rear-1)%N==front C:(front-1)%N==rear

B:(rear+1)%N==front D:(front+1)%N==rear

11.已知大写字母A的ASCII码值是65,小写字母a的ASCII码值是97,则用八进制表示的字符常量'\101'是()。

A:字符A B:字符a C:字符c D:非法的常量 12.以下选项中,合法转义字符的选项是()。

A:'\\' A:2

B:'\018'

C:'xab'

D:'\abc'

D:4

13.设a=5,b=6,c=7,d=8,m=2,n=2,则执行(m=a>b)&&(n=c>d)后n的值为()。

B:1

C:3

14.以下程序的运行结果是()。

#include"stdio.h" main() { } A:0

B:1

C:2

D:3

int a=1;

if(a++>1) printf("%d\n",a); else

printf("%d\n",a--);

15.以下程序的输出结果是()。

#include"stdio.h" main() { } A:5

B:4

C:4

D:不确定

int a=5,b=4,c=6,d;

printf("%d\n",d=a>b?a>c?a:c:b);

16.程序的输出结果是()。

#include"stdio.h" main() {

int x=1,y=0,a=0,b=0; switch(x) {

} } case 1: switch(y) { } case 0: a++; break; case 1: b++; break; case 2: a++; b++; break; printf("a=%d,b=%d\n",a,b); B:a=1,b=1 D:a=2,b=2

C:512 D:511 A:a=2,b=15 C:a=1,b=0 17.若定义:int a=511,*b=&a,则printf("%d",*b);的输出结果是()。 A:无确定的值

#include"stdio.h" main() { }

A:ABC

B:ABC9 D:ABC456789 C:123456ABC char ss[10]="12345"; strcat(ss,"6789"); gets(ss); printf("%s\n",ss); B:a的地址 18.运行下面的程序,如果从键盘上输入:ABC时,输出的结果是()。

19.在以下给出的表达式中,与do-while(E)语句中的(E)不等价的表达式是()。

A:(!E==0) B:(E>0||E,0) C:(E==0) D:(E!=0)

20.以下程序运行后,输出结果是()。

#include"stdio.h" main() { int aa[4][4]={{1,2,3,4},{5,6,7,8},{3,9,10,2},{4,2,9,6}}; int i,s=0; for(i=0;i

}

A:11 B:19 C:13 D:20

二、填空题

1.设有一空栈,现有输入序列1,2,3,4,5,经过push,push,pop,push,pop,push,push后,对应的输出序列是 。

2.在一棵二叉树中,假定度为2的节点数为5个,度为1的节点数为6个,则 叶子节点数为 。

3.设树T的度为4,其中度为1、2、3、4的节点个数分别为4、2、1、1,则 T中的叶子节点为

4.某二叉树中度为2的结点有18个,则该二叉树中有叶子节点。

5.已知二叉树后序遍历序列是:dabec,中序遍历序列是:debac,它的前序遍历序列是 。

6.某二叉树前序遍历:abdgcefh,中序遍历:dgbaechf,画图。

7.设单链表中指针p指向结点ai,指针q指向将要插入的新节点x,则当x插在链表中两个数据元素ai和ai+1之间时,只要先修改q->next=p->next,后再修改 即可。

8.广义表((a),(((b),c),(d)))的表尾是

9.访问单链表中的结点,必须沿着依次进行。

10.在长度为n的线性表中顺序查找元素x的时候,查找成功的平均查找长度应该为 。

11.定义int x,y;执行y=(x=1,++x,x+2);后,y的值是

12.设有static char str[]="Beijing";则执行printf("%d\n",strlen(strcpy(str,"China")));后的输出结果为 。

13.在定义int n[5][6];后,第10个元素是。

14.若有数组定义:char array[]="China";则数组array所占的空间为。

15.执行下面的程序后,a的值是

#define SQR(X) X*X main() { } char s[]="\\141\141abc\t"; int a=10,k=2,m=1; a/=SQR(k+m)/SQR(k+m); printf("%d\n",a); 16.若有以下程序段,输出结果是。

printf("%d\n",strlen(s));

17.变量的指针,其含义是指该变量的。

18.表达式:(int)((double)9/2)-(9)%2的值是

19.在对文件进行操作的过程中,若要求文件的位置回到文件的开头,应当调用的函数是 函数。

20.在C程序中,可把整型数以二进制形式存放到文件中的函数是。

三、解答题

1.有一个含有14个数的序列(39,80,76,41,13,29,50,78,30,11,100,7,41,86),写出使用希尔排序进行升序排序的每一趟结果。取增量:5、3、1。

2.以下函数creatlist用来建立一带头节点的单链表,链表的结构如下图所示,新的节点总是插入在链表的末尾,链表的头指针作为函数值返回。链表最后一个节点的next域放入NULL,作为链表的结束标志。data为字符型数据域,next为指针域。读入时字符以#表示输入结束(#不存入链表)。请填空。

struct node

{

};

【 】reatelist()

{

struct node *h,*s,*r; char ch; h=(struct node*)malloc(sizeof(struct node)); r=h; ch=getchar(); while(ch!='#') {

s=(struct node*)malloc(sizeof(struct node)); r->next=s.r; r=s; char data; struct node *next;

} } ; return h;

3.已知一个连通图如图所示,给出图的邻接矩阵示意图。若从顶点v1出发对该图进行遍历,分别给出一个按深度优先遍历和广度优先遍历顶点序列。

4.如图所示是一个无向带权图,请按Prim算法求最小生成树。要求每加入一条边画一个图。

5.已知一个AOV网,如图所示,写出所有的拓扑结构序列。

6.一个稀疏矩阵如下图所示,写出对应的三元组顺序表和十字链表存储表示。

0 3 0

0 0 0 0 0 2 0 -1 0

0 0 5 0

试问哪个射手技术较好?

解答:设甲、乙射手击中的环数分别为x1,x2

8.冒泡排序的方法是,首先比较r[n-1].key和r[n-2].key,若为逆序则交换之,然后比较r[n-2].key和r[n-3].key,以此类推,直到比较r[1].key和r[0].key称为一趟“冒泡”,其结果是将具有最小关键码的记录排到序列的第1个位置上;然后在r[n-1]到r[1]之间进行一趟“冒泡”,将具有次小关键码的记录排到序列的第2个位置;以此类推,直到第n-1趟,在r[n-1]和r[n-2]之间进行“冒泡”后,待排序序列已排成有序。

具体算法如下:

void Bublesort(RECNode *r, int n)

{

}

解答:

效率分析:空间效率:

总的比较次数:

移动次数:

最好情况下:

最坏情况下:

四、程序填空题

1.程序是对用户输入的字母进行大小写转换,请在【】内填入正确内容。 #include"stdio.h"

int i,j; RECNode temp; for(i=0;i=i;j--) if(r[j+1].key

main()

{

char ch;

printf("please input a letter:");

scanf("%c",&ch);

) ch=ch+32;

else if(ch>='a'&&ch

;

printf("the converted letter is:%c\n",ch);

}

2.求出1000以内的“完全数”。(提示:如果一个数恰好等于它的因子之和(因子包括1,不包括数本身),则称该数为完全数。如6的因子是1,2,3而6=1+2+3,则6是个“完全数”)

main()

{

}

3.下列程序判断一个数是否为素数。

#include"stdio.h"

main()

{

}

int i,a,m; for(i=1;i

4.分别计算并输出1!、2!、3!、4!和5!。

main()

{

}

int fac(int n)

{

}

5.下面程序完成以下功能:从键盘上输入一行字符,统计其中有多少个单词,单词之间用空格分隔。

#include"stdio.h"

main()

{

}

5.以下程序中,主函数调用了LineMax函数,实现在N行M列的二维数组中,找出每一行上的最大值。请填空。

#define N 3

#define M 4

void LineMax(int x[N][M])

{

int i,j,p; for(i=0;i

for(j=1;j

}

main()

{

int x[N][M]={1,5,7,4,2,6,4,3,8,2,3,1};

;

}

五、写出下面程序的运行结果

1.下面程序的输出是( )。

#include"stdio.h"

int w=3;

main()

{

int w=10;

printf("%d\n",fun(5)*w);

}

fun(int k)

{

if(k==0) return w;

return (fun(k-1)*k);

}

2.下面程序执行后,文件test.t中的内容是(

#include"stdio.h"

void fun(char *fname, char *st)

{

FILE *myf;

int i;

myf=fopen(fname,"w");

for(i=0;i

fclose(myf);

)。

main()

{

}

3.以下程序的输出结果是( )。 #include"stdio.h"

#include"string.h"

void main()

{

}

4.以下程序的输出结果是( )。 #include"stdio.h"

struct stu

{

};

void fun(struct stu *p)

{

}

void main()

{

}

六、编程题 struct stu students[3]={{9801,"zhang",20},{9802,"wang",19}, {9803,"zhao",18}}; fun(students+2); printf("%s\n",(*p).name); int num; char name[10]; int age; char b1[8]="abcdefg",b2[8],*pb=b1+3; while(--pb>=b1) strcpy(b2,pb); printf("%d\n",strlen(b2)); fun("test.t","new world"); fun("test.t","hello");

写一函数,将两个字符串连接。 运行结果:

Input string1:mother↙

input string2:land↙

The new string is motherland #include"stdio.h"

void main()

{

}

char s1[100],s2[100],s[100]; printf("\nInput string1: "); scanf("%s",s1); printf("\nInput string2: "); scanf("%s",s2); concatenate(s1,s2,s); /*将串s1、s2合并成新串s*/ printf("The new string is %s\n",s);

范文六:山东专升本英语考试翻译历年真题解析 投稿:董戰戱

词汇的翻译

Experts have long thought that depression could be bad for your heart. A new research demonstrates just how dangerous it can be. 专家们长期以来就认为抑郁症会对心脏有害,最近的一项研究证明了这种危害有多大。

In the end, they found that people with major depression were at least three times as likely to die of heart disease as were patients who weren’t depressed.

最终,他们发现患有严重抑郁症的人死于心脏病的可能性至少是正常人的三倍。

His ignorance of the company’s financial situation resulted in his failure to take effective measures.

他对公司财务状况一无所知,结果未能采取有效措施。

Although some areas suffered from serious natural disasters, the total grain output was higher than that of last year.

虽然有些地区遭受了严重的自然灾害,但是粮食总产量还是比去年高。

For one reason or another, all countries impose trade barriers on certain goods crossing their border.

由于种种原因,所有国家对通过他们边境的某种商品都强行设置贸易壁垒。

Every employer wants and needs employees who can suggest improvements in an honest and constructive manner. 每位雇主都希望有以诚实积极态度提出改进意见的雇员。

The words and phrases given in this dictionary are those that are likely to be needed by every person.

本字典提供的单词和词组是每个人都有可能要用的。

As far as an Advertising and Sales Manager is concerned, excellent oral English is also a necessary requirement.

对广告和销售经理而言,娴熟的英语口语能力也是必要的条件。

It is reported that so far, foreign insurance companies have made their way

据报道,迄今为止,外国保险公司已进驻中国19个城市。

Air moves from places where the pressure is high to places where the pressure is low.

空气从压力高的地方向压力低的地方流动。

英文句式的翻译 状语前移

All lawyers have had expensive and highly specialized training, and they work long, difficult hours for the money they earn.

?所有律师都要经过费用高昂、极为专业化的训练,而且他们的收入都是通过长时间辛苦工作才得来的。

?The people there will pay two or three times as much as they used to pay for a house.

那里的人们买一栋房子将比过去多付一两倍的钱。

那里的人们买一栋房子所付的价钱将是过去的一倍或两倍。

定语从句 前置法

译作状语法

The are just a few of the many situations in which the men and the women who are public interest lawyers serve to extend justice throughout the country.

作为公益律师的人们(在各种场合开展工作?),在全国播散正义,以上提到的只是其中的几个实例而已。

增词法

增词译法主要是添加原文中虽无形式却意在其中的成分。

Pessimistic forecasts say that there is only enough coal for 450 years, enough natural gas for 50 years and that oil might run out in 30 years.

根据悲观论者的预测,现有的煤矿仅够使用450年,天然气仅够使用50年,而石油则可能在30年内枯竭。

语法方面的扩充

汉语习惯省略句子主语,没有系动词和冠词,也没有像形式主语或形式宾语那样的句型。

据估计已经有1000万人从这项工程中获益。

It is estimated that about 10 million people have benefited from the project.(补充上形式主语)

调整语序

调整状语、定语的位置

如果你想获得成功,除了努力工作以外别无选择。

You have no choice but to work hard if you want to succeed.(状语后置)

他把所有的闲暇时间都用来学习英语,目的就是尽快适应国外的生活。

He spent all his spare time (in) learning English in order to adapt to life abroad as soon as possible.(状语后置)

我们应该勇敢地面对遇到的任何困难,否则我们就无法取得更大的进步。 We should face bravely any difficulties we meet with, otherwise we cannot make greater progress.(定语后置)

我代表公司对你所做的一切表示感谢。

On behalf of the company, I would like to thank you for all you have done.(定语后置)

我们最关心的是那个城市的饮用水质量。

What we are concerned about most is the quality of drinking water in the city.(定语顺序)

改译法

尽管警察怀疑这名年轻人,但还没有足够证据证明他就是罪犯。

Although they suspected the young man, the police had not enough evidence to prove that he was guilty.(名词变为形容词)

一些词语的翻译

高昂的学费使一些贫穷的学生不能进入大学。

The high tuition discourage some poor students from entering colleges.

在我们做出决定前,必须确定我们已经将所有相关因素考虑进去了。

Before we come to a decision, we must make sure that we have taken all the relevant factors into consideration.

他会讲法语、德语、西班牙语,更不用说英语了。

He can speak French, German and Spanish, not to mention English.

省译法

省译法是指为了使英语翻译符合英语语言的规范,省略汉语行文中的多余词语,以使英语译文更加流畅自然。

鉴于政府在解决失业问题上效果不佳,他们在选举中获胜的机会似乎不大。 ?Given the government’s record on unemployment, their chance of winning the election look poor.

我仍然记得20年前我第一次遇到我的老师的情景。

I can still remember the first time I met my teacher twenty years ago.

特殊句式

是我们的所为和所不为决定着我们的未来。

It is what we do and what we do not do that determines our future.(强调句)

他要是知道她的电话,就用不着费那么多事儿了。

It might have saved him some trouble, had he known her telephone number.(虚拟语气) 其他

比尔盖茨是世界上最富裕的人,没有他买不起的东西。

Bill Gates is the richest person in the world; there is nothing he can’t afford.

范文七:河南专升本考试公共英语历年真题精练 投稿:赵毘毙

河南专升本考试公共英语历年真题精练(1)

单选

1. The police are _____ for the thief in the region now.

A. running B. reaching

C. searching D. charging

2. What is the reason for _____ on time?

A. not your coming B. you not come

C. your not coming D. you not to come

3. The college is planning to offer more English courses to _____ the needs of beginners of English.

A. meet with B. meet

C. supply D. satisfy with

4. He kept silent, so I couldn’t know _____ he agreed _____ not.

A. if; or B. whether; or

C. either; or D. neither; nor

5. He had never given a speech to so many people, so he felt _____.

A.exciting B. stupid

C. disappointed D. Nervous

6. Once you arrive in a new place, you’d better _____the local custom.

A. keep B. make

C. follow D. Return

7. The manner _____ which he talked reminded us _____ his grandfather.

A. on; towards B. at; in

C. for; by D. in; of

8. All of us still remember the terrible earthquake that _____ Wenchuan four years ago.

A. interrupted B. struck

C. knocked D. exploded

9. —Our holiday cost a lot of money.

—Did it? Well, that doesn’t matter _____ you enjoyed yourselves.

A. unless B. as far as

C. as long as D. until

10. I didn’t hear _____ because there was too much noise where I was sitting.

A. what did he say B. what he said

C. what was he saying D. what for him to say

11. I found her sitting in the corner, reading _____ newspaper, with _____ in her eyes.

A. a; tear B. a picece; tears

C. a; tears D. a piece of; tear

12. _____ you decide to do, you should try to make it a success.

A. If only B. Unless

C. Wherever D. Whatever

13. So loudly _____ that all the people in the room got a fright.

A. he shouted B. shout he

C. did he shout D. he did shout

14. Let’s put the matter to the vote and not waste our time arguing about it, _____ ?

A. shall we B. can we

C. may I D. will you

15. Your children must stop _____ me by asking for candy all day long. I am _____ every day by the slow bus service in this town.

A. annoyed; annoying B. to annoy; annoying

C. annoying; annoying D. annoying; annoyed

16. He _____ by his sister at that moment.

A. happened to see B. was happened to see

C. was happened to be seen D. happened to be seen

17. We consider _____ the machine should be adjusted each time it is used.

A. that it necessary B. necessary it that

C. it that necessary D. it necessary that

18. —I don’t drink coffee at all.

—_____ .

A. So don’t I B. I do either

C. Nor I do D. Neither do I

19. He made another wonderful discovery, _____ of great importance to science.

A. which I think is B. which I think it is

C. which I think it D. I think is

20. His fellow workers saw him fall down and blood came out from the open _____ .

A.wound B.injury

C.hurt D.damage

21. She heard a continual strange noise coming from the next room, her heart _____ fast.

A. beat B. beats

C. beating D. beaten

22. —You should have thanked her before you left.

—I meant _____ , but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere.

A. to do B. to

C. doing D. doing so

23. He is the sort of businessman who would do anything in his _____ of profit.

A.pursuit B.catch

C.grasp D.master

24. Either of _____ is quite capable of the work.

A. girl B. the girls

C. girls D. the girl

25. This treatment works for people of all ages, for the baby _____ for the old man.

A.as far as B.as much as

C.as long as D.as well as

26. I like watching TV _____ to the cinema.

A. more than to go B. than going

C. more than going D. rather than to go

31. Tom’s bedroom was in a _____ , for books and papers were here and there.

A. litter B. disorder

C. rubbish D. mess

32. A car _____ Jane’s cat and sped away.

A.ran over B.ran into

C.ran through D.ran down

33. _____ idea of _____ sounds much better than Clare’s.

A.The; hers B.That; her

C.That; her’s D.One; her

34. I made this myself but it was _____ who taught me.

A.he B.him

C.himself D.by him

35. It was in the factory _____ you worked five years ago _____ you learned the technique.

A. that; where B. where; when

C. where; where D. where; that

36. We must get there before 7 o’clock. That’s _____ we have to start so early.

A. the reason that B. the reason for why

C. why that D. why

37. You can only fly to London this evening _____ you don’t mind changing planes in Paris.

A. except B. provided

C. although D. where

38. _____ looked up in alarm.

A. All the present women B. All the women present

C. The all women present D. The all present women

39. The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, _____ the quality of life is probably one of the highest.

A. since B. when

C. as D. while

40. —Do you like the material?

—Yes, it _____ very soft.

A. is felling B. felt

C. feels D. is felt

翻译

81. 你跟你的同学相处得好吗?

82. 使我们失望的是,他没有恪守诺言。

83. 我前天收到了一封用法语写的信。

84. 他年纪轻轻就已经成为了世界上最杰出的艺术家之一。

85. 就是在那个电影院我们第一次相遇。

86. He talks about you nine times out of ten when we have a chat.

87. That’s the last thing I’d expect you to do.

88. Not all the new drugs have been sufficiently tested for safety.

89. We will not make greater progress unless we face up any difficulties bravely.

90. We are used to thinking that women enjoy shopping more than men. 改错 93. A he nor his two brothers B responsible the fire 94. The

total darkness.

99. Japan, after A Second World War, grew B an C 100. I’m to go to the

范文八:河南专升本考试公共英语历年真题精练(2) 投稿:夏禾禿

河南专升本考试公共英语历年真题精练(2)

1. The fire must have after the shop was closed.

A. broken out B. broken down

C. broken in D. broken through

2. He is A. too young to B. enough young to

C. very young to D. young enough to

3. Finally he got time for a glance this report.

A. off B. Round C. on D. at

4. Your idea seems to be good but it isn’t .

A. Practical B. Possible C. Plentiful D. precious

5. He enjoys pop music while I prefer classical music.

A. to listen to B. to listen

C. listening D. listening to

6. When the little girl awoke, she found herself by a group of soldiers.

A. Surround B. be surrounded

C. being surrounded D. being surrounding

7. The manager lost his just because his secretary was ten minutes late.

A. Mood B. Temper C. mind D. passion

8. There are several characteristics of the textbook attention.

A. Worthwhile B. worth of C. Worthy D. worthy of

9. The new building all the other buildings in the town.

A. Dwarfs B. Distorts C. Deserts D. depresses

10. I passed the test. I it without your help.

A. would not pass B. wouldn’t have passed

C. didn’t pass D. had not passed

11. The Internet has brought big changes in the way we work.

A. About B. Out C. Back D. up

12. The father writes in his will that every son and daughter a share of his property.

A. has B. to have C. having D. have

his father had just died.

A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told

14. A. Would he come B. If he comes

C. Was he coming D. Were he to come

15. The speaker could hardly find safe ground his arguments.

A. on which to base B. to base on

C. on the base D. which to base on

16. He is a man who is always fault with other people.

A. Putting B. Seeking C. Finding D. looking for

17. The factory had to a number of employees because of the

economic crisis in the country.

A. lay out B. lay off C. lay aside D. lay down

18. Would you spare some time to have a chat with me a cup of coffee?

A. For B. With C. during D. over

19. Ten days ago the young man his boss his intention to resign.

A. informed; of B. informed; on

C. informed; in D. informed; to

20. It is necessary that he the task by the end of next week.

A. Fulfill B. will fulfill

C. will have fulfilled D. fulfills

21. It is impossible for so workers to do so work in a single day.

A. few; much B. few; many

C. little; much D. little; many

22. No further discussions , the meeting was brought to an end.

A. arose B. arising

C. to arise D. be arisen

23. The other day, Mum and I went to St. James’s Hospital, and they did lots and lots of tests on me, are horrible and frightening.

A. most of them B. most of which

C. most of that D. most of what

24. He is a pleasant fellow to .

A. Work B. work with

C. be working D. be worked

25. On his way to the airport, it to him that he had forgotten to take his passport.

A. happened B. occurred C. reflected D. took place

26. Orlando, a city in Florida, for its main attraction, Magic Kingdom.

A. which is well known B. being well known

C. well known D. is well known

, he couldn’t earn enough to support the family.

A. Hard as he worked B. As he worked hard

C. As hard he worked D. Hard as did he work

28. I used on the left in England, but I soon got used on the right in China.

A. to driving; to drive B. to drive; to driving

C. to drive; to drive D. to driving; to driving

29. Can machines perform the same tasks ?

A. that man does B. what man does

C. how man does D. as man does

30. that the trade between the two countries reached its highest

point.

A. During the 1960’s B. It was in the 1960’s

C. That it was in the 1960’s D. It was the 1960’s

31. It’s no use with him since he has made up his mind.

A. to argue B. arguing

C. to be argued D. argued

32. The more he tried to please her, she seemed to appreciate it.

A. less B. Lesser C. the less D. the lesser

33. The information technology has greatly people’s life.

A. affected B. effect C. impact D. infected

34. Having a good command of English is an easy thing.

A. by all means B. by any means

C. by every means D. by no means

35. My mobile phone isn’t working. It.

A. needs being repaired B. needs repairing

C. needs to repair D. needs repaired

36. That was so serious a matter that I had no choice but the police.

A. called in B. calling in C. call in D. to call in

37. He never to his customers in his business except occasionally for some special reasons. This time he cut the price by half, which really shocked me.

A. Leaked B. Drew C. Quoted D. yielded

38. It is useful to be able to predict the extent which a price change will influence supply and demand.

A. from B. with C. to D. for

39. Undergraduate students the rare books in the school library.

A. have access for B. keep access in

C. keep access on D. have access to

40. sat down the phone rang.

A. No sooner had he; than B. No sooner he had; than

C. No sooner had he; when D. No sooner he had; when 翻译句子

81. 长城是中国的历史文化符号之一。

82. 无论生活多难,我们都不会失去信心。

83. 物体离我们越远,看起来就越小。

84. 政府已经采取积极措施防止空气污染。

85. 建设和谐校园的关键在于让每个学生都能积极参与进来。

86. Practice should go hand in hand with theory.

87. Closely related to our daily life are goods prices.

88. One who makes no investigation has no right to speak.

89. Individual freedom does not in any way mean that you can do what you like at your freewill.

90. When it came to his amazing achievements, the famous scientist put

an emphasis on the importance of creating rather than waiting for opportunities.

翻译对话

91. A: 你好!我叫张明,我在外语系学习。你学的是什么专业?

92. B: 我学的是数学。英语难学吗?

93. A: 难学,不过很有趣。

94. B: 我很喜欢英国的文化,和我们国家的不一样。

95. A: 是的。如果想更好地了解英国文化,首先应该学好英语。

96. A: I like this dress. It’s the latest, but the problem is the price, sort of expensive.

97. B: The price is quite reasonable, Madam.

98. A: But I’m still wondering if you could possibly give me a discount.

99. B: It’s already on sale, Madam. But since it fits you so perfectly, 10% off, is that OK?

100.A: That’s a deal! Thank you and I’d like to pay by credit card.

范文九:山东专升本英语考试翻译历年真题解析 投稿:萧瞨瞩

词汇的翻译

Experts have long thought that depression could be bad for your heart. A new research demonstrates just how dangerous it can be.

专家们长期以来就认为抑郁症会对心脏有害,最近的一项研究证明了这种危害有多大。

In the end, they found that people with major depression were at least three times as likely to die of heart disease as were patients who weren’t depressed.

最终,他们发现患有严重抑郁症的人死于心脏病的可能性至少是正常人的三倍。

His ignorance of the company’s financial situation resulted in his failure to take effective measures.

他对公司财务状况一无所知,结果未能采取有效措施。

Although some areas suffered from serious natural disasters, the total grain output was higher than that of last year.

虽然有些地区遭受了严重的自然灾害,但是粮食总产量还是比去年高。

For one reason or another, all countries impose trade barriers on certain goods crossing their border.

由于种种原因,所有国家对通过他们边境的某种商品都强行设置贸易壁垒。

Every employer wants and needs employees who can suggest improvements in an honest and constructive manner.

每位雇主都希望有以诚实积极态度提出改进意见的雇员。

The words and phrases given in this dictionary are those that are likely to be needed by every person.

本字典提供的单词和词组是每个人都有可能要用的。

As far as an Advertising and Sales Manager is concerned, excellent oral English is also a necessary requirement.

对广告和销售经理而言,娴熟的英语口语能力也是必要的条件。

It is reported that so far, foreign insurance companies have made their way into 19 cities in China.

据报道,迄今为止,外国保险公司已进驻中国19个城市。

Air moves from places where the pressure is high to places where the pressure is low. 空气从压力高的地方向压力低的地方流动。

英文句式的翻译

All lawyers have had expensive and highly specialized training, and they work long, difficult hours for the money they earn.

?所有律师都要经过费用高昂、极为专业化的训练,而且他们的收入都是通过长时间辛苦工作才得来的。

?The people there will pay two or three times as much as they used to pay for a house. 那里的人们买一栋房子将比过去多付一两倍的钱。

那里的人们买一栋房子所付的价钱将是过去的一倍或两倍。

定语从句

前置法

译作状语法

The are just a few of the many situations in which the men and the women who are public interest lawyers serve to extend justice throughout the country.

作为公益律师的人们(在各种场合开展工作?),在全国播散正义,以上提到的只是其中的几个实例而已。

增词法

增词译法主要是添加原文中虽无形式却意在其中的成分。

Pessimistic forecasts say that there is only enough coal for 450 years, enough natural gas for 50 years and that oil might run out in 30 years.

根据悲观论者的预测,现有的煤矿仅够使用450年,天然气仅够使用50年,而石油则可能在30年内枯竭。

语法方面的扩充

汉语习惯省略句子主语,没有系动词和冠词,也没有像形式主语或形式宾语那样的句型。 据估计已经有1000万人从这项工程中获益。

It is estimated that about 10 million people have benefited from the project.(补充上形式主语)

调整语序

调整状语、定语的位置

如果你想获得成功,除了努力工作以外别无选择。

You have no choice but to work hard if you want to succeed.(状语后置)

他把所有的闲暇时间都用来学习英语,目的就是尽快适应国外的生活。

He spent all his spare time (in) learning English in order to adapt to life abroad as soon as possible.(状语后置)

我们应该勇敢地面对遇到的任何困难,否则我们就无法取得更大的进步。

We should face bravely any difficulties we meet with, otherwise we cannot make greater progress.(定语后置)

我代表公司对你所做的一切表示感谢。

On behalf of the company, I would like to thank you for all you have done.(定语后置)

我们最关心的是那个城市的饮用水质量。

What we are concerned about most is the quality of drinking water in the city.(定语顺序)

改译法

尽管警察怀疑这名年轻人,但还没有足够证据证明他就是罪犯。

Although they suspected the young man, the police had not enough evidence to prove that he was guilty.(名词变为形容词)

一些词语的翻译

高昂的学费使一些贫穷的学生不能进入大学。

The high tuition discourage some poor students from entering colleges.

在我们做出决定前,必须确定我们已经将所有相关因素考虑进去了。

Before we come to a decision, we must make sure that we have taken all the relevant factors into consideration.

他会讲法语、德语、西班牙语,更不用说英语了。

He can speak French, German and Spanish, not to mention English.

省译法

省译法是指为了使英语翻译符合英语语言的规范,省略汉语行文中的多余词语,以使英语译文更加流畅自然。

鉴于政府在解决失业问题上效果不佳,他们在选举中获胜的机会似乎不大。

?Given the government’s record on unemployment, their chance of winning the election look poor.

我仍然记得20年前我第一次遇到我的老师的情景。

I can still remember the first time I met my teacher twenty years ago.

特殊句式

是我们的所为和所不为决定着我们的未来。

It is what we do and what we do not do that determines our future.(强调句)

他要是知道她的电话,就用不着费那么多事儿了。

It might have saved him some trouble, had he known her telephone number.(虚拟语气)

其他

比尔盖茨是世界上最富裕的人,没有他买不起的东西。

Bill Gates is the richest person in the world; there is nothing he can’t afford.

范文十:专升本英语考试历年作文真题 投稿:杨惥惦

2009年

Directions: For this part, you are required to write an enquiry (询价) letter. You should write the letter on the basis of the following instructions given in Chinese. Remember to write the letter in the space given on the Composition Sheet.

说明:以HCM 公司销售经理王丽娜的名义写一封询价函。

内容如下:

在法国服装展上见到贵公司展出的时装,这些时装适合中国市场的需求;

请寄来产品目录和最新价目表;

如价格合理,将大量订货。

注意信函格式!

May 15th, 2010

Dear Sir or Madam,

I’m writing to you to show our great interest in your company’s clothes which are exhibited on the French Fashion Fair. There is a great of demand in Chinese market.

It would be appreciated if you can send us a copy of your catalogue, together with your latest price list. If the prices are competitive and reasonable, we will place a large order(大量订购). Looking forward to hearing from you very soon.

Yours sincerely,

Wang Lina

Sales Manager of HCM Company

※敬希即复为盼。

(We are) Looking forward to hearing from you very soon.

(We are) Looking forward to your prompt reply.

Your early reply would be appreciated.

It would be appreciated that you pay prompt attention to this matter.

We appreciate your early/prompt reply.

We look forward to your kind attention and favorable reply.

2008年

Directions: For this part you are required to write a poster. You should write the poster on the basis of the following instructions given in Chinese. Remember to write the poster in the space given on the Composition Sheet.

说明:为了迎接2008年奥运会,你校准备在7月30日举行大型晚会。各年级将演出节目。请为你自己班级写一个通告,邀请同学们参加表演。表演的节目可以是舞蹈、唱歌、短剧、相声„„。

Words of reference:

奥运会 Olympic Games 相声quick talks

Poster

In order to celebrate/greet the 2008 Olympic Games, a great/grand Evening Party will be held on July 30th in our university.

Each grade is requested to perform at the party. So we’d like to invite everyone in our class to take part in the performance. Various forms of performance are welcome, including dancing, singing, short drama and quick talks.

2007年

Directions:For this part you are required to write a letter to a customer. You should write the poster on the basis of the following instructions given in Chinese. Remember to write the poster in the space given on the Composition Sheet.

假设你的名字是王平,某公司的一名职员;张静是你公司的顾客。用英语写一篇关于推迟你与张先生约会的短信。

时间:2005年6月4日,星期一

内容:1. 你原来与他约好明天上午见面;

2. 表示抱歉,你不能同他见面;

3. 原因:公司派你去机场接一位来自澳大利亚的客人;

4. 你下星期二到星期四有空;

5. 希望他再另约时间。

June 4th, 2005

Dear Mr. Zhang,

I am terribly sorry to tell you that I cannot meet you tomorrow morning as we arranged before because my company has appointed me to meet a customer from Australia. Shall we fix/make it another time? I’m free/ available from Tuesday to Thursday next week.

Please forgive me for any inconvenience I have caused.

Yours sincerely,

Wang Ping

2006年

Directions: For this part you are required to write a letter to the dean of your English Department. You should write the letter according to the instructions given in Chinese below. Remember to writer the letter on the Composition Sheet.

说明:现在的社会对英语的要求很高,可是你们学校的英语教学设施还很不完备,请给你们学校英语系的主任写一封信,要求提供一些课外学习英语的便利条件。比如:定期播放经典的英语影片,开放语音室等等,以提高大家的学习兴趣和便于大家的交流。

注意:必须包括对收信人的称谓、写信日期、发信人的签名等基本格式。

Words for reference:经典的 classical 语音室 language lab

June 3rd, 2006

Dear Mr. Dean,

I’m writing to you to make some suggestions on English learning in our department. As we all know, the standards of good English are becoming higher and higher nowadays, however, English teaching facilities in our department are not satisfying.

I was wondering if you could provide us some beneficial after-class/ extra-curricular activities to learn English, such as playing classical English movies regularly, opening language labs, which will greatly improve our interest of language lab English learning and communication. Thanks for your consideration!

Yours sincerely,

Li Yong

2005年

Directions: For this part you are required to write a poster entitled Contribution Wanted. You should write the poster on the basis of the following instructions given in Chinese. Remember to write the poster in the space given on the Composition sheet.

征稿启示

为了丰富大学生的课余活动,反映校园生活,学生会最近创办了杂志“我们的校园”。现特向全校同学征稿。征稿内容为大学生活的方方面面,稿件形式不限,字数不超过2000字。本期特别开辟一个专栏,刊登帮组新同学熟悉学校生活的文章。稿件截止时间为2005年9月20日,欢迎大家踊跃投稿。

稿件请寄:创新大学学生会“我们的校园”编辑部收

Words of reference: 稿件manuscript; 期 issue;专栏 special column

Contribution Wanted

In order to enrich extra-curriculum/ after-class activities and reflect our college life, a magazine entitled (named) Our Campus is recently opened by the Students’ Union. It wants your contribution now. A special column, which focuses on helping the freshmen get familiar with college life/freshmen orientation, will be opened.

Any form of manuscripts with no more than 2,000 words is welcome as long as it reflects college life.

Pay attention to the deadline: September 20th, 2005.

Please address to: Edition Department of Our Campus, the Students’ Union, Chuangxin University.

2004年

Directions: In this part you are required to write a composition on the topic Why Do I Want to

Further My Study? You should base your writing on the following outline given in Chinese. And your writing should be no less than 100 words. Remember to write the composition on the Composition Sheet.

1. 已经在高等专科/职业学校毕业,成绩良好。

2. 希望能进入大学继续学习,因为„

3. 将努力学习,成为一个„

4. 要为„作出更大贡献。

Words for reference:

高等专科学校: junior college; 高等职业学校: professional college

Why Do I Want to Further My Study?

Graduating from a junior college/ professional college with excellent achievements, I’d like to further my study in a university.

Being able to study in a university has always been my dream, because there are more highly qualified teachers from who I can get a rich knowledge, more friendly classmates from all over the country who I can make friends with and more beautiful campus where I can enjoy my study and so on.

If I’m lucky enough to have a chance to further my study in a university, I’ll work harder, trying my best to become a teacher. Therefore, after graduation, I can be a good teacher in my hometown, so that I can make great contribution in educating poor children there.

2003年

Directions: In this part, you are required to write a letter of application according to the following content. You should write the composition on the Composition Sheet.

假定你是张华,刚从大学毕业,现在是某大学物理系的实验员(experimenter),想到国外继续学习深造,以获得硕士学位(the degree of Master of Science),需从对方学校获取该校的申请表及相关信息。你在信中简单介绍了自己的情况,说明自己的打算和意图,请对方将有关资料寄给你。

Physics Department of

X University

Nanchang, Jiangxi, China 100071

June 21st, 2003

Admission Officer

Graduate School of Physics

North Carolina State University

Raleigh, North Carolina, 27650

U.S.A

Dear Sir,

I am writing to apply for the degree of Master of Science in your university to pursue my graduate study.

Having graduated from a university recently, I’m now working as an experimenter in Department of Physics in ×× University. I should be grateful/ obliged if you could send me your application forms and relevant information.

Thanks for your consideration and look forward to your early reply.

Yours sincerely, Zhang Hua

2002年

Directions: In this part, you are required to write a letter of application according to the following content. You should write the composition on the Composition Sheet.

姓名:李华,男,1980年5月16日出生,未婚,家住南昌市复兴路61号。

昨天见到贵公司的广告,招聘一名计算机程序员,我现在向您申请该职位。

我在2001年毕业于南昌学院计算机系,主修计算机程序设计,学习成绩优秀。大学期间一直学习英语,有较强的阅读能力,擅长笔译并具有一定的口语能力。业余爱好为音乐、游泳和文学,喜欢上网。

如果能安排面试,我将十分感谢。

Words for reference: 南昌Nanchang 擅长 good at 上网 surf the net

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing you to show my keen interest in the position of computer programmer in your company. I strongly believe I meet the qualification listed in your advertisement.

I was born on May 16th, 1980, unmarried, and I’m living in No. 61, Fuxing Road, Nanchang. I graduated from Nanchang College in 2001 with satisfactory scores in all the courses, majoring in Computer Programming. During college, I’m fond of English and have a good command of reading. What’s more, I’m good at translation and have a strong ability to speak English. My hobbies are music, swimming, literature and surfing the net.

I’ll appreciate if you could give me a chance for an interview.

Looking forward to hearing from you.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

2001年

Directions: you are required to write a letter to invite a friend to celebrate New Year’s Day. The letter should include the following:

1. The date to hold the party

2. The place

3. The length of time for the party to last

4. The arrangement of the party

5. The other guests

Remember to use the right letter form. And you should write no less than 100 English words in the Composition Sheet.

June 25, 2001

Dear Wang Jun,

In order to celebrate New Year’s Day, a great party will be held in the hall of our university on December 27th, 2001. I was wondering if you can attend the party.

The party begins at 7:00 pm and ends at 10:00 pm, which will last for 3 hours. There will be all kinds of activities on the party, such as singing, dancing and some interesting games. The president of our school, teachers in our department, and some foreign teachers will also attend our party.

I believe that we’ll have great fun there. Hope you can come.

Yours sincerely,

Ling Ping

☆模拟练习

1. Directions: This part is to test your ability to do practical writing. Please write a letter of inquiry according to the outline given below in Chinese.

1) 请汇寄“美的”牌空调的目录和最新价格表

2) 由于本市的气温偏高,需要大量的空调。

3) 如质量令人满意且价格合理,打算大量订购。

参考范文:

Dear Sir,

Please kindly mail us a copy of your catalogue and latest price list for ―Mei Di‖ air-conditioners. We are greatly interested in your products.

There is a heavy demand for air-conditioners in this city, where high-temperature weather continues for a long time. People can’t endure the heat.

If the quality of your air-conditioners proves satisfactory and your price is reasonable, we are ready to place a great order with you.

Your early reply will be appreciated very much.

Yours faithfully,

Wang Qiang

2. 你叫李丽,一周前去杭州度假时在一家商店买了一件女上衣,现有质量问题。请结合下面提示向该店经理写一封投诉信。

所购衣物:绿色女上衣,价格468元;

问题:洗涤时退色,并说明理由。

要求:退款或换衣,并说明理由。

就此事发表看法或提出建议。

参考范文:

Dear Sir or Madam,

I’m writing to you to complain about the quality of a green blouse which I bought in your shop while I was on holiday in Hangzhou about a week ago. I bought a green blouse for 468 dollars in your shop, but there seems to be something wrong with it. When it is washed, the color runs. Now I can’t possibly wear it. It’s not my fault, so I’d like you to solve the problem for me. I insist you change it for another one for me or give my money back (refund the money). I think it’s better for you to make sure that everything in your shop is good. Then you will have more customers. I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Yours sincerely,

Lily

3. 著名教授史密斯先生是外国语大学的英语语言文学教授,他专门从事美国文学研究,要来做一个关于“20世纪美国文学发展的报告”,学院要发布通知,告知英语系的学生和老师届时参加。时间:2010年5月18日下午3点,地点:主楼报告厅。

参考范文:

Notice

Lecture on Twentieth-century American Literature Development

Speaker: Professor Smith

Time: 3:00 p.m., Friday, May 18, 2010

Place: Lecture Hall, Main Building

Mr. Smith, Professor of English language and literature

at Foreign Languages University, specialized in the study of

the American literature. He will give us a wonderful lecture. After the lecture,

you are allowed to put forward your questions and discuss with Professor Smith.

Teachers and students of the English Department are warmly welcome.

English Department Office

4. Directions: You are applying for admission to graduate law program and in need of a resume. Please write it to describe:

1) Your education background, qualifications and honors

2) Experience

3) Personal information

You should write about 100 words.

参考范文:

RESUME

LI MING

203 APT 32 ALLEY 1324 NANJING RD (E)

SHANGHAI 20020, PRC

E-MAIL ADDRESS:Liming@sohu.com

OBJECTIVE: Seeking admission to graduate program of law

EDUCATION: Fu Dan University1999-present, Major in law

QUALIFICATIONS: University graduation certificate and bachelor degree to be conferred upon graduation (2003)

CET6 College English Test level 6 Oct. 2002

HONORS: First prize winner of Department speech contest Oct.2002

University scholarship for Excellent Students (2001, 2002)

EXPERIENCE: President of Students’ Union 2001-present Editor of University Journal 2000-2001

SPECIAL SKILLS: Good at public speech and debate

Proficient in English (fluent speaking and writing)

Expertise on commercial law

Good command of Word & Excel software

PERSONAL DATA:

Date of Birth: 8/21/1980

Sex: Male

Marital Status: Single

Health: Good

REFERENCE: Zhang Ming, Law professor, Dean of Law Dept., Fu Dan University

5. 征稿启事

内容: 1) 本报的主要对象为我公司员工; 出版日期为每个月的15 日。

2) 欢迎下列各种形式和体裁的稿件:

a. 各部门情况的报道;

b. 对我公司生产,销售,产品推广的意见和建议;

c. 员工业余(spare time)生活;

d. 其他。

3) 来稿请勿超过1000字;英文来稿要求打字。

4) 来稿如不采用,三个月内退还作者。

5) 联系人:林月

6) 联系地址:公司公共关系部

参考范文:

Contributions Wanted

This newspaper is mainly for our clerks. It’s published on 15th monthly. Welcome all the reading public to send your contributions.

Your contributions should be the following forms: A. Reports of each branch; B. Opinions and suggestions to our company’s production, sale and production expending; C. Our clerks’ spare time life; D. Others.

Your contribution should be no more than 1000 words and those written in English should be typed.

If your contribution isn’t adopted, it will be returned in three months.

Contact Person: Lin Yue

Contact Address: Public Relation Department of Company

6. 假如你叫李华,你的澳大利亚朋友来信想了解有关北京为迎接2008年奥运会而进行的城市美化工作的情况。请你根据下表内容用英语写一封短信,并欢迎他届时能来北京。 口号:“绿色奥运”

计划投资:122亿美元

美化内容:环境:大面积植树,种草,栽花

环保:使用清洁能源;处理和再利用污水

目标:花园城市;天再蓝些,水再清些

参考范文:

Dear David,

How nice to hear from you again. Now let me tell you something about the beautifying work on Beijing for the 2008 Olympic Games. Our slogan is ―Green Olympic‖. 12.2 billion dollars will be spent on this project. A lot more trees, flowers and grass will be planted in many places to make Beijing more beautiful. We will use clean energy and try out best to make waste water clean and reuse it. In 2008, you will see Beijing as beautiful as a garden, with cleaner water and a clearer sky.

I look forward to meeting you in Beijing in 2008.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

7. 假设你叫王红,于5月7日星期五在学校门口看到两则海报后,决定邀你的好友Harry一起参加其中的一项活动。你赶到Harry住处时,发现他不在。请根据海报内容给Harry 写一张留言条,要他选择其中的一项活动并尽快通知你。Movie –Gone with the Wind In the School Hall

7 p.m. Sat. 8 May

Lecture—Women’s Liberation

Speaker: Prof. Power--- writer of The Other Half of the Sky

Date: Sat., 8 May 27, 2005

Time: 7 p.m.

Place: Room 101

参考范文:

Dear Harry,

It’s a pity that you are not in, so I have to leave you a note. There are two posters at the school gate. One is about the movie ―Gone with the Wind‖, which is to be shown at 7 Saturday evening in the school hall. The other is about a lecture on women’s liberation, which is to be given by Prof. Betty Power, writer of the book ―The Other Half of the Sky‖, at 7 on Saturday evening in Room 101. I’d like to invite you to either the movie or the lecture, but I wonder which you would prefer. Please let me know your decision as soon as possible.

Wang Hong

8. 假如你是李华,你澳大利亚的朋友Johnson来信告知将来北京工作,他打算买一套合适的住房。碰巧你在报纸上看到了一则售房广告。该房位于市中心,交通十分便利。给Johnson

写一封信,介绍住房的情况,以征求意见。

参考范文:

Dear Johnson,

I’m very glad to learn from your last letter that you’re coming to Beijing and want to buy an apartment in Beijing. I happened to see an advertisement in a newspaper, which may be suitable for you. The apartment building lies in the center of the city. It is very convenient for you to travel anywhere from here. It is made up of (It consists of) six rooms—a living room, a dining room, two bedrooms, a kitchen and a bathroom. A newly built parking lot (停车场) lies in front of the apartment building. There are a large lawn and many trees around it, which makes the air here very fresh. I’d like to know your opinion about the apartment.

If you’re interested in it, just call me. I’m looking forward to your reply.

Best wishes to you!

Yours truly,

Li Hua

9.假设你是李平,将赴美学习,并已拿到去纽约的机票。请你根据下面你将乘坐的班机起落时间表,写信告所将到纽约机场接你的美国朋友John.

SCHEDULE

From To Flight Date Departure Arrival

Beijing Shanghai CA981 June25 10:20 AM 12:20 PM

Shanghai Los Angeles CA981 June 25 13:40 PM 10:50 AM

Los Angeles New York CA981 June 25 14:45 PM 19:45 PM

参考范文:

Dear John,

I’ve got my plane ticket to New York and I will take Flight CA981 to New York on June 25th. My plane takes off at 10:20 am from Beijing Airport. It arrives at Shanghai at 12:20 pm and stops for one hour and twenty minutes. Then it continues its flight and lands at Los Angles at 10:50 am on June 25th. I will have to stay about four hours at Los Angles Airport. Then my plane leaves Los Angles at 14:45 pm. The flight takes five hours and I will finally get to New York at 19:45 pm. I’m looking forward to meeting you soon.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ping

10. 下面是一家电子公司刊登在2008年4月25日的China Daily 上的一则招聘广告。假如你是李平,符合该公司的招聘条件,并对其待遇感到满意,请写一封自荐信。

Administrative Secretary Wanted

Should have an electronics degree and practical experience of working in an electronics company. Should be good at communicating with people, physics, English and Computer. Should be in good health.

Hours: 8:30 am—5:00pm. Mon. –Fri.

Salary: 3500.

Letter of application to: Mrs. Chan

NOVA LECTRONICS, 45 GORDON Rd, Hung Hom, Kowloon.

参考范文:

NOVA EECTRONICS

45 Gordon Rd

HungHom, Kowloon

February 8th, 2003

Dear Mrs. Chan,

I’m writing to you to show my keen interest in (apply for) the position of an administrative secretary which you have advertised in China Daily of April 25th, 2008.

I graduated from the Physics Department of Jiujiang University with an electronics degree and I have been working as a secretary in ~ Electronics Company in Guangdong for three years. So I have a good command of dealing with people. Having passed CET-4, I find myself fluent in both spoken and written English. I am also quite familiar with computer skills. I’m quite able to work in your company from 8:30 am to 5:00pm. In addition, I’m in good health and I’m quite pleased with the salary your company offers.

Enclosed please find my resume. I should be most grateful to you if you would give me favorable consideration.

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ping

11. 假如你是李明。请以A Big Funeral Is Too Late为题,向一家英文报纸写一封信,批评子女虐待老人,老人死后却又花钱大操大办丧事的不良社会风气。

1. 举一例虐待老人的事例(在住、吃、治病方面),但老人死后儿子花钱大办丧事的事例。

2. 发表你自己的看法。

A Big Funeral Is Too Late

Dear editor,

I’m writing to you to draw our attention to one of bad social customs – ill-treating the old while they are alive but holding a big funeral after their death.

Grandma Li was my neighbor, who died last month. The old lady had three sons. All of them had grown up and got married, but none of them wanted to take care of her. They let her live in a small dark room. They gave her little food. When she got ill, they refused to take her to hospital.

But to my surprise, the old lady’s sons spent a lot of money on her funeral. The funeral lasted several days, and scores of cars and trucks were used on the day when the old lady was buried. What is the use of such a big funeral for the old lady? It is too late for her. We should take care of old parents while they are alive instead of spending so much money on them when they are dead. Yours faithfully,

Li Ming

12. 假如你是Helen,要写一封信给Julie,对她和她的丈夫昨日请你和你丈夫吃饭表示感谢,表示要回请他们(回请时间地点自己定),以答谢他们的盛情款待。

Dear Julie,

Thank you very much for the dinner that you invited my husband and me to yesterday. The food not only was fabulous but also tasted great. My husband and I enjoyed it very much. To return your kindness and hospitality, we would like to invite you to dinner at 7:00 pm. this Friday at ~ Hotel.

Please do come.

Yours,

Helen

13. 假设你是李明,昨天因父亲身体不适而未能与王教授赴约。写一篇100字左右的致歉信。

1) 表达你的歉意之情;

2) 说明未能赴约的原因

3) 建议再约一个时间

Dear Prof. Wang,

I write this note to express my great apology/regret to you as I failed to turn up for the appointment with you yesterday afternoon. To be frank, I did remember to meet you at your office when my father suddenly had a stomachache and I had to send him to a nearby hospital. Then I gave you a phone to call off the meeting but the line was busy. I intend to arrange another appointment if it takes no further trouble for you. I am wondering if it is convenient for us to meet next Monday morning. I am expecting an early reply from you.

Sincerely yours,

Li Ming

14. 假设你是李明,最近一直忙于期末英语测试,直到昨天才得知你朋友Jimmy这几天又患了重感冒了。你非常担心,写一篇100字左右的慰问信。

1) 表达你对他病情的担忧;

2) 建议他做一次全面的身体检查(complete physical checkup);

3) 希望他早日康复。

Dear Jimmy,

I’m so sorry to hear that you have been ill these days. Because recently I’m busy preparing for the final English test, I haven’t heard anything about you until yesterday. I became very worried when I heard that you have caught a terrible flu again. So I am writing to you and would like to know how you are now. I think you should take a complete physical checkup and find out the real trouble it the illness persists. My help will be available if you need any help. Wish you good health.

Sincerely yours,

Li Ming

站点地图