动词过去式_范文大全

动词过去式

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【范文大全】动词过去式

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【优秀范文】动词过去式

范文一:动词过去式 投稿:姚桾桿

班级___姓名:_______

动原 动词过去式have___________ shop__________ want___________ look___________ am/is ___________go___________ help___________ call___________ wash___________ buy ___________see___________ hurt___________ are___________ miss___________ play ___________do___________ like__________ eat___________ walk___________ happen___________ watch__________ 故事__________

班级___姓名:_______

动原 动词过去式have___________ shop__________ want___________ look___________ am/is ___________go___________ help___________ call___________ wash___________ buy ___________see___________ hurt___________ are___________ miss___________ play ___________do___________ like__________ eat___________ walk___________ happen___________ watch__________ 故事__________

班级___姓名:_______

动原 动词过去式have___________ shop__________ want___________ look___________ am/is ___________go___________ help___________ call___________ wash___________ buy ___________see___________ hurt___________ are___________ miss___________ play ___________do___________ like__________ eat___________ walk___________ happen___________ watch__________ 故事__________

班级___姓名:_______

动原 动词过去式have___________ shop__________ want___________ look___________ am/is ___________go___________ help___________ call___________ wash___________ buy ___________see___________ hurt___________ are___________ miss___________ play ___________do___________ like__________ eat___________ walk___________ happen___________ watch__________ 故事__________

班级___姓名:_______

动原 动词过去式have___________ shop__________ want___________ look___________ am/is ___________go___________ help___________ call___________ wash___________ buy ___________see___________ hurt___________ are___________ miss___________ play ___________do___________ like__________ eat___________ walk___________ happen___________ watch__________ 故事__________

范文二:动词过去式 投稿:吴驓驔

(1) AAA型(动词原形、过去式、过去分

词同形)

cost(花费) cost cost cut(割) cut cut hit(打) hit hit hurt 伤害) hurt hurt let(让) let let put(放) put put

read (读) read read spread (伸展/ 传播) spread spread

(2) AAB型(动词原形与过去式同形) beat(跳动) beat beaten

(3) ABA型(动词原形与过去分词同形)

become(变成)became become come(来) came come run(跑) ran run

(4) ABB型(过去式与过去分词同形) dig(挖) dug dug get(得到) got got

hang(吊死) hanged hanged hang(悬挂) hung hung hold(抓住) held held lay (产卵) laid laid

shine(照耀) shone shone

(2) sit(坐) sat sat

win (赢) won won

meet(遇见) met met keep (保持) kept kept sleep(睡) slept slept sweep(扫) swept swept feel(感觉) felt felt flee (逃跑) fled fled

smell(闻) smelt smelt leave(离开) left left build(建设) built built

lend(借出) lent lent

send (传送) sent sent

spend(花费) spent spent

sink (沉下)sunk /sank snuk /sunken lose (丢失) lost lost burn (燃烧) burnt burnt learn(学习) learnt learnt mean(意思是)meant meant catch(抓住) caught caught teach(教) taught taught bring(带来) brought brought fight (战斗) fought fought buy(买) bought bought think(想) thought thought hear (听见) heard heard sell(卖) sold sold tell(告诉) told told say(说) said said find(找到) found found feed ( 饲养 )fed fed have/has(有) had had

make(制造) made made stand(站) stood stood

smell (闻)smelled /smelt smelled /smelt

stick (粘贴 /刺) stuck stuck

spell (拼写)spelt/spelled spelt/spelled spit (吐唾沫)spat spat

understand(明白)understood understood

(5) ABC型(动词原形、过去式与过去分词三者不同形)

begin(开始)began begun drink(喝) drank drunk hide (躲藏)hid hidden ring(铃响) rang rung sing (唱) sang sung

swim(游泳) swam swum blow(吹) blew blown draw (画) drew drawn

fly(飞) flew flown grow(生长) grew grown know(知道) knew known throw(投掷)threw thrown show(出示) showed shown break(打破)broke broken choose(选择)chose chosen

forget(忘记)forgot forgotten (forgot) fall(落下) fell fallen give(给) gave given rise(升高) rose risen take(取) took taken

mistake(弄错)mistook mistaken ride(骑) rode ridden write(写) wrote written do(做) did done freeze (结冰/ 凝固)froze frozen speak(说) spoke spoken wake(醒) woke woke drive(驾驶)drove driven eat(吃) ate eaten

go(去) went gone lie(平躺) lay lain see(看见) saw seen

wear (穿) wore worn

be ( am, is, are )(是)was, were been

(3) 不规则动词过去式和过去分词巧记方法

一、原形、过去式和过去分词的词形和读音都相同的单词,结尾字母一般是t或d。如:

cut-cut-cut, hit-hit-hit, put-put-put, cost-cost-cost, let-let-let, shut-shut-shut, set-set-set, hurt-hurt-hurt, spread-spread-spread

特殊:动词read的过去式和过去分词虽然词形与原形一致,read-read-read,但发音分别是[ri:d]-[red]-[red]。

二、有些动词的过去分词与原形是一样的。如:

come-came-come, become-became-become, run-ran-run, overcome-overcame-overcome

三、有些动词的过去式和过去分词相同。如:

1. 把单词结尾的字母d改为t。如:

lend-lent-lent, spend-spent-spent, send-sent-sent

2. 改变单词中间元音字母。如:

sit-sat-sat, win-won-won, shine-shone-shone, hold-held-held

3. 以eep结尾的动词,把eep改为ept。如:

keep-kept-kept, sleep-slept-slept, sweep-swept-swept

4. 过去式和过去分词都以augh或ough结尾的动词。如:

buy-bought-bought, fight-fought-fought, think-thought-thought, bring-brought-brought, teach-taught-taught, catch-caught-caught

5. 有的以ay结尾的动词,在过去式和过去分词中把ay变成aid。如:

say-said-said, lay-laid-laid, pay-paid-paid

6. 另有一些其它形式的变化。如:

have-had-had, learn-learnt-learnt, leave-left-left, lose-lost-lost, make-made-made,

meet-met-met, feel-felt-felt

四、有些动词原形中含有字母i,在过去式中变i为a,在过去分词中变i为u。如:

begin-began-begun, sing-sang-sung

五、以字母ow或aw结尾的动词,在变成过去式时,通常把元音字母变成e,在变成过去分词时,通常只在词尾加n。如:

blow- blew- blown, draw-drew-drawn, grow-grew-grown, throw-threw-thrown, know-knew-known

六、有些动词的过去分词是在原形词尾加n或en,变成以en结尾的单词。如:

Rise-rose-risen, arise-arose-arisen, give-gave-given, take-took-taken, fall-fell-fallen, drive-drove-driven, eat-ate -eaten

特殊: write-wrote-written, speak-spoke-spoken, ride-rode-ridden, get-got-gotten 1. cut cut cut 2. hit hit hit 3. let let let 4. put put put 5. cost cost cost 6. hurt hurt hurt 7. read read read A B B

1. lend lent lent 2. spend pent spent 3. build built built 4. sleep slept slept 5. keep kept kept 6. leave left left 7. feel felt felt 8. lose lost lost 9. sit sat sat

10. meet met met 11. tell told told 12. sell sold sold 13. hold held held 14. make made made

15. find found found 16. have had had 17. say said said 18. stand stood stood 19. hear heard heard 20. mean meant meant 21. win won won

22. bring brought brought 23. buy bought bought 24. think thought thought 25. teach taught taught 26. catch caught caught

A B A

1. run ran run

2. come came come

3. become became become

A B C

1. grow grew grown 2. know knew known 3. throw threw thrown 4. blow blew blown 5. draw drew drawn 6. drive drove driven 7. wake woke woken 8. give gave given 9. take took taken

10. mistake mistook mistaken 11. see saw seen

12. write wrote written 13. ride rode ridden 14. eat ate eaten 15. fall fell fallen

16. break broke broken 17. choose chose chosen 18. speak spoke spoken 19. forget forgot forgotten 20. do did done 21. go went gone

我上gxenglish的

不规则动词表(初中生用) Infinitive Past tense Past participle be

am, is was been are were been

become became become begin began begun break broke broken bring brought brought build built built

burn burned/burnt burned/burnt buy bought bought can could —

catch caught caught choose chose chosen come came come cost cost cost cut cut cut do did done

draw drew drawn

dreamdreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt drink drank drunk drive drove driven eat ate eaten fall fell fallen feel felt felt

fight fought fought find found found fly flew flown

forget forgot forgotten get got got

give gave given go went gone grow grew grown have/has had had hear heard heard hide hid hidden hit hit hit

hold held held

hurt hurt hurt

keep kept kept know knew known

learn learned/learnt learned/learnt leave left left lend lent lent let let let lose lost lost make made made may might — mean meant meant meet met met pay paid paid put put put read read read ride rode ridden ring rang rung rise rose risen run ran run say said said see saw seen sell sold sold send sent sent set set set

shakeshook shaken shall should — shine shone shone shoot shot shot

show showed shown shut shut shut sing sang sung sit sat sat

sleep slept slept

smell smelled/smelt smelled/smelt speak spoke spoken

spell spelled/spelt spelled/spelt spend spent spent stand stood stood steal stole stolen stick stuck stuck swim swam swum

take took taken

teach taught taught tear tore torn tell told told

think thought thought throw threw thrown

understand understood understood wake woke waken wear wore worn will would — win won won write wrote written

范文三:动词的过去式 投稿:李顙顚

am

are - - was were 是 是 do – did 做

does – did 做 go – went 去 come – came 来

has – had 有,吃,得到 have – had 有,吃,得到 make – made 制造 take – took 取,拿 give – gave 给

get – got 得到 获得 see – saw 看 say – said 说

meet – met 遇见

write – wrote 写 run – ran 跑

eat – ate 吃 drink – drank

ride – rode 骑

buy – bought

swim – swam

sit – sat 坐

喝 买 游泳

范文四:动词的过去式 投稿:曾瓪瓫

动词的过去式

一、一般过去时态由动词的过去式表示。大多数动词的过去式是在动词原形后加上ed构成。这类动词称为规则动词。

1) 一般情况下在词尾直接加ed。 如:

play―played 玩 work―worked 工作 walk—walked 走路 look—looked 看

help—helped 帮助 ask—asked 问 wash—washed 洗 touch—touched 摸

2) 以e结尾的动词只加d. 如:

like--- liked 喜欢 love―loved 爱 hope—hoped 希望 close—closed 关

3) 以辅音字母+Y结尾的动词,变y为i,再加ed. 如:

study―studied 学习 carry―carried 搬运 copy—copied 抄写 tidy—tidied整理

4) 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,要双写最后这个辅音字母,再加ed.

如:

stop―stopped 停止 clap—clapped 拍手 nod—nodded 点头

二、 --ed的读音规则如下:

1) 在清辅音后面读[t]. work―worked help―helped

2) 在浊辅音或元音后读[d]. learn―learned 学习

3) 在[t] 和[d] 后读[d]. support―supported 支持

三、不以ed 结尾的过去式,称为不规则动词。我们常用的有:

am --was(是) is—was (是) are—were (是)

begin—began (开始) bring—brought (拿来) can—could (能)

catch—caught (捉住) come—came (来) cut—cut(砍,割)

dig—dug (挖,掘) do—did(做,干) draw—drew (画画) drink—drank (喝) drive—drove(驾驶) eat—ate (吃)

fall—fell(跌倒,落下) feel—felt (感觉) fly—flew (飞)

get—got (获得) give—gave (给) go--went(去)

grow—grew (生长) have (has)—had (有) hurt--hurt(伤害)

keep—kept (保持) know—knew(知道,认识) learn—learnt (学习) leave—left (离开) let—let(让) lie—lay(躺,平放) make—made (使得,做) may—might(可以) must—must(必须)

read—read (读) ride—rode(骑) ring—rang(鸣铃)

run—ran (跑) say—said(说) see—saw (看见)

sell—sold (卖) send—sent(送) set—set (放)

sing—sang(唱歌) sit—sat(坐) sleep—slept(睡觉) smell—smelt (闻) speak—spoke(说话) spend—spent (花费) stand —stood (站立) swim—swam(游泳) take—took (拿到)

teach—taught (教) tell—told(告诉) think—thought (认为) throw—threw (投掷) wake—woke (唤醒) write—wrote(写)

wear—wore(穿) will—would(将要) win—won(获胜)

understand—understood(懂得)

范文五:动词过去式 投稿:陈譸譹

1:过去式

(1)Group 1,这个最复杂,分三种

第一种 :动词结尾是 く、ぐ 将く改为 いた。ぐ改为いだ 如 聞く--> 聞いた , 書く --> 書いた

急ぐ--> 急いだ 、 泳ぐ --> 泳いだ

第二种 : 动词结尾是 う、つ、る ,将 う、つ、る去掉,改成った

如 歌う --> 歌った 買う --> 買った

待つ --> 待った 勝つ --> 勝った

帰る--> 帰った

第三种: 动词结尾是ぬ、ぶ、む,将ぬ、ぶ、む去掉,改成んだ 如 死ぬ --> 死んだ

遊ぶ --> 遊んだ

飲む --> 飲んだ

(2) Group 2

这个就简单的多,把る去掉,直接加た

如 食べる--> 食べた 見る --> 見た

(3) Group 3

没啥好说的 : 来る --> 来た ,する -- > した

范文六:动词的过去式 投稿:覃鈓鈔

动词的过去式(动词ed形式)

一般情况在动词后直接加ed

特殊情况:1,以辅音+e结尾,直接加d

2,以辅音字母+y结尾,改y为i加ed,以元音字母+y结尾直接+ed.

3,只以一个辅音结尾,且不发a,e,I,o,u的音,(以重读闭音节或r音结尾,且末尾只有一个辅音字母,)要双写这个字母,再加ed

一,写出下列词语的过去式

1,, ,3,,play

7, ,9,,need 11,

二,填写正确的过去式

1, We 2, 3, I (wash) the shirt with my mother.

4, 5,

6, (stop) my car before the shop 7, (stay) in the restaurant for 2hours.

1,我是一个好女孩

2,昨天我做了很多作业

3,我两天前(two days ago)有一个可爱(lovely)的小狗

4,我们前天(the day before yesterday)不是好朋友 5,我上个月(last month)和我的叔叔去了广州

6,我们去年有三只可爱的小猫

不规则变化:

(1) AAA型(动词原形、过去式、过去分词同形) cost cost cost 花费

cut cut cut 割

hit hit hit 打

hurt hurt hurt 伤害

let let let 让

put put put 放

read read read 读

(2) AAB型(动词原形与过去式同形)

beat beat beaten 跳动

(3) ABA型(动词原形与过去分词同形)

become became become 变成

come came come 来

run ran run 跑

(4) ABB型(过去式与过去分词同形)

dig dug dug (挖)

get got got (得到)

hang hanged hanged (吊死)

hang hung hung (悬挂)

hold held held (抓住)

shine shone shone (照耀)

sit sat sat (坐)

win won won (赢)

meet met met (遇见)

keep kept kept (保持)

sleep slept slept (睡)

sweep swept swept (扫)

feel felt felt (感觉)

smell smelt smelt (闻)

leave left left (离开)

build built built (建设)

lend lent lent (借出)

send sent sent (传送)

spend spent spent (花费)

lose lost lost (丢失)

burn burnt burnt (燃烧)

learn learnt learnt (学习)

mean meant meant (意思是)

catch caught caught (抓住)

teach taught taught (教)

bring brought brought (带来)

fight fought fought (战斗)

buy bought bought (买)

think thought thought (想)

hear heard heard (听见)

sell sold sold (卖)

tell told told (告诉)

say said said (说)

find found found (找到)

have/has had had (有)

make made made (制造)

stand stood stood (站)

Understand understood understood (明白)

(5) ABC型(动词原形、过去式与过去分词三者不同形) begin began begun (开始)

drink drank drunk (喝)

ring rang rung (铃响)

sing sang sung (唱) swim swam swum (游泳) blow blew blown (吹) draw drew drawn (画) fly flew flown (飞)

grow grew grown (生长) know knew known (知道) throw threw thrown (投掷) show showed shown (出示) break broke broken (打破) choose chose chosen (选择) forget forgot forgotten (忘记) speak spoke spoken (说,讲) wake woke woke (醒) drive drove driven (驾驶) eat ate eaten (吃)

fall fell fallen (落下)

give gave given (给)

rise rose risen (升高)

take took taken (取)

mistake mistook mistaken (弄错) ride rode ridden (骑)

write wrote written (写) do did done (做)

go went gone (去)

lie lay lain (平躺)

see saw seen (看见)

wear wore worn (穿)

be ( am, is, are ) was, were been(是)

范文七:规则动词的过去式 投稿:白趲足

规则动词的过去式由“动词原形+-ed”构成,具体变化有:

1. 直接在词尾加-ed。如: want—wanted, work—worked, need—needed, clean—cleaned

2. 以不发音的e结尾的在词尾加-d。如:like—liked, live—lived, use—used, move—moved

3. 以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,先双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop—stopped, trip—tripped

4. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先把y变成i,再加-ed。如:study—studied, carry—carried, hurry—hurried, marry—married

不规则动词的过去式见课本后的不规则动词表。大体上归纳有以下六条记忆法:

1. 以t结尾的词,过去式与原形相同。如:put—put, let—let, cut—cut, beat—beat

2. 以d结尾的词,把d变成t。如:build—built, lend—lent, send—sent, spend—spent

3. 以n结尾的词,在词后加t。如:mean—meant, burn—burnt, learn—learnt

4. 以ow / aw结尾的词,把ow / aw变成ew。如:blow—blew, draw—drew, know—knew, grow—grew

5. 含有双写字母的词,将双写改为单写,在词尾加t。如:keep—kept, sleep—slept, feel—felt, smell—smelt

6. 含有元音字母o / i的词,将o / i变成a。如:sing—sang, give—gave, sit—sat, drink—drank

范文八:动词变过去式 投稿:田榛榜

动词变过去式

1.规则动词过去式的变化规则

1)一般在动词词尾加ed。

work—worked,rain—rained,watch—watched

2)如果动词以字母e结尾,变过去式时直接在词尾加d。 love—loved,live—lived,change—changed

3)如果动词是以一个元音字母加上一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节单词,变过去式时,要双写这个辅音字母,再加ed。

stop—stopped,plan—planned,drop—dropped

4)如果动词是以辅音字母加y结尾,变过去式时要变y为i再加ed。 study—studied,carry—carried,try—tried

2.部分不规则动词的过去式

let—let(让),put—put(放),read—read(读),run—ran(跑)

come—came(来),become—became(成为),bring—brought(带来),buy—bought(买)

go—went(去),think—thought(想),catch—caught(抓住),teach—taught(教)

lend—lent(给),send—sent(寄,送),feel—felt(感觉),keep—kept(保持)

leave—left(离开),meet—met(遇见),learn—learnt/learned(学习)

sell—sold(卖),tell—told(告诉),hold—held(抓住),get—got(得到)

hear—heard(听),make—made(制造),sit—sat(坐),

find—found(发现)

see—saw(看见),begin—began(开始),swim—swam(游泳),sing—sang(唱)

write—wrote(写),know—knew(知道),show—showed(出示) speak—spoke(讲),take—took(拿走),eat—ate(吃),give—gave(给),find—found(找)

比较级 & 最高级

一、形容词的比较级

1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。

比较级的句子结构通常是:

什么 + 动词be (am , is , are ) + 形容词比较级 + than(比)+ 什么 ,如:

I'm taller and heavier than you. (我比你更高和更重。) An elephant is bigger than a tiger. (一只大象比一只老虎更大。)

比较级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。

2.形容词加er的规则:

① 一般的直接在词尾加er ,如 tall - taller , strong - stronger ,

② 以e结尾的,直接加r ,如 fine - finer ,

③ 以辅音字母加y结尾的,先改y为i再加er,如funny - funnier

④以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,双写最后的字母再加er,

如big--bigger, thin--thinner ,hot–-hotter,

sad--sadder,fat—fatter

3.不规则形容词比较级:

good--better,

beautiful--more beautiful, expensive--more expensive

二、副词的比较级

1.形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动)

⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后。 ⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后。

2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同

☆注意☆

1、比较的两者应该是互相对应的可比较的东西。

典型错误:My hair is longer than you.(我的头发比你更长。) 比较的两者是我的头发、你(整个人),那么比较的对象就没有可比性。

应该改为:My hair is longer than yours. 或My hair is longer than your hair.

2、如果比较的两者是一样的时候,我们会用 as„as„这个词组。 它的用法是:

什么+be+as+形容词原形+as+什么,意思是什么和什么一样„„。如:

I'm as tall as you.(我和你一样高。)

My feet are as big as yours.(我的脚和你的一样大。)

一、形容词的最高级变化类似于比较级,只是把词尾的er改成est,如:

tall (原形)- taller (比较级)- tallest (最高级) long(原形)- longer(比较级)- longest(最高级) big (原形)- bigger(比较级)- biggest(最高级)

二、除此之外,还有几个特殊的单词,它的比较级和最高级都是不规则。如:

many / much(原形)- more(比较级)- most(最高级)

little / few(原形) - less (比较级)- least(最高级)

good(原形) - better(比较级) - best(最高级) bad (原形) - worse(比较级) - worst(最高级) far (原形)-- further-- furthest

小学英语反义词大全

1. above 在……上-- below 在……下

2. after 在……后 -- before 在……前

3. all 全部 -- none 全无

4. alone 单独地 -- together 一起

5. always 总是 -- sometimes 有时

6. answer 回答 -- ask 询问

7. answer 答案 -- question 问题

8. back 背部 -- front 前面

9. bad 坏的 -- good 好的

10. badly 恶劣地 -- well 很好地

11. beautiful美丽的-- ugly丑陋的

12. before之前 -- after之后

13. begin 开始 -- end, finish 结束

14. best 最好的 -- worst 最坏的

15. better 更好的 -- worse 更坏的

16. big 大的 -- small, little 小的

17. black 黑的 -- white 白的

18. borrow 借入 -- lend 借给

19. both 两者都 -- neither 两者都不

20. break 打破 -- mend, repair 修理

21. busy 忙碌的 -- free 空闲的

22. buy 买(入)-- sell 卖(出)

23. certainly 当然地 -- perhaps, maybe 或许;大概

24. cheap 便宜的 -- expensive, dear 昂贵的

25. clean 干净的 -- dirty 肮脏的

26. clever 聪明的 -- foolish 愚蠢的

27. cloudy 天阴的 -- bright, clear, sunny 晴朗的

28. cold 寒冷的 -- hot 炎热的

29. come 来 -- go 去

30. cool 凉爽的 -- warm 温暖的

31. danger 危险 -- safety 安全

32. dark 黑暗的 -- bright, light 明亮的

33. day 白天 -- night 夜晚

34. dead 死的 -- alive, living 活的

35. death 死亡 -- life 生命

36. die 死去 -- live 活着

37. down 向下 -- up 向上

38. dry 干燥的 -- wet 潮湿的

39. early 早的 -- late 迟的

40. easy 容易的 -- difficult, hard 困难的;艰巨的

41. empty 倒空 -- fill 装满

42. empth 空的 -- full 满的

43. entrance 入口 -- exit 出口

44. fall 落下 -- rise 升起

45. far 远的 -- near 近的

46. fast 快-- slow 慢

47. fine 晴朗的 -- cloudy, rainy 天阴的下雨的

48. finish 结束 -- begin, start 开始

49. first 最初的 -- last 最后的

50. foreign 外国的 -- home 本国的

51. forget 忘记 -- remember 记得

52. freeze冰冻 -- melt融化

53. from 从…… -- to 到……

54. give 给予 -- take 拿走

55. glad 愉快的 -- sad, sorry悲伤的难过的

56. good 好的 -- bad, ill, poor 坏的;恶劣的

57. great 伟大的 little, small 渺小的

58. happy 高兴的 -- unhappy, sad 难过的

59. hard 艰难的 -- easy 容易的

60. hard 硬的 -- soft 软的

61. hate 憎恨 -- love, like 热爱喜欢

62. here 在这里 -- there 在那里

63. high 高的 -- low 低的

64. hold 拿住 -- drop 掉落

65. holiday 假日-- weekday 工作日平时

66. ill 生病的 -- healthy, well 健康的

67. in 在里面 -- out 在外面

68. innocent无罪的-- guilty有罪的

69. inside 在里面 -- outside 在外面

70. into 到……里面 -- out of 从……里向外

71. kill 杀死 -- save 救活

72. laugh 笑 -- cry 哭

73. leave 离开 -- arrive 到达

74. leave 离开 -- stay 逗留

75. left 左-- right 右

76. light 明亮的 -- dark 黑暗的

77. light 轻的 -- heavy 重的

78. like 喜欢 -- hate 憎恨

79. like 与……一样 -- unlike 与……不一样

80. lose 丢失 -- find 找到

81. lose 失败;丢失 -- win 胜利;赢得

82. many 许多 -- few 很少

83. miss 未抓住未赶上 -- catch 抓住赶上

84. miss 未击中 -- hit 击中

85. more 更多的 -- less, fewer 更少的

86. most 最多的 -- least, fewest 最少的

87. move 移动 -- stop 停止

88. much 许多 -- little 很少

89. neat/tidy整齐的-- messy凌乱的

90. never 从未 -- ever 曾经

91. next 下一个--last 上一个

92. nobody无一人-- everybody 每个人

93. nothing什么也没有-- everything 一切

94. now -- 现在 then 当时

95. old 旧的 -- new 新的

96. old 年老的 -- young 年轻的

97. on 连续;使用中 -- off 离开;中断

98. open 打开(的) -- close(d)关闭(的)

99. over 在……上 under 在……下 100. pain 痛苦 -- pleasure 快乐

101. pass 通过;及格 -- fail 未通过;不及格 102. poor 贫穷的 -- rich 富裕的

103. pull 拉 -- push 推

104. punish惩罚 -- reward奖励

105. rainy 下雨的 -- dry 干旱的

106. right 右边(的) -- left 左边(的) 107. right 正确的 -- wrong 错误的 108. safe 安全的 -- dangerous 危险的 109. same 相同的 -- different 不同的 110. serious严肃-- silly无聊

111. short 短的 -- long 长的

112. short (个子)矮的 -- tall (个子)高的 113. shy害羞-- social大胆

114. sleep 睡觉 -- wake 醒来

115. small 小的 -- big, large, great 大的 116. smooth 平滑-rough粗糙

117. start 出发 -- reach 到达

118. strong 强壮的 -- weak 虚弱的 119. take 拿走 -- bring 带来

120. take 拿取 -- give 给予

121. take on穿上take off脱下

122. teach 教(课) -- learn 学习 123. thin 瘦的 -- fat 胖的

124. thin 薄的 -- thick 厚的

125. town 城镇 -- country 乡下 126. true真的-- false假的 127. war战争-- peace 和平 128. warm温暖的 -- cool凉爽的 129. whole 全体;全部 -- part 部分 130. win赢-- fail输

131. wide 宽的 -- narrow 窄的 132. with 有 -- without 没有 133. yes 是的 -- no 不是的 初中英语反义词大全

above 在……上 below 在……下 after 在……后 before 在……前 all 全部 none 全无 alone 单独地 together 一起 always 总是 sometimes 有时 answer 回答 ask 询问 answer 答案 question 问题 back 背部 front 前面 bad 坏的 good 好的 badly 恶劣地 well 很好地 begin 开始 end, finish 结束 best 最好的 worst 最坏的

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better 更好的 worse 更坏的 big 大的 small, little 小的 black 黑的 white 白的 borrow 借入 lend 借给 both 两者都 neither 两者都不 break 打破 busy 忙碌的 buy 买(入) certainly 当然地 cheap 便宜的 clean 干净的 clever 聪明的 cloudy 天阴的 cold 寒冷的 come 来 cool 凉爽的 danger 危险 dark 黑暗的 day 白天 dead 死的 death 死亡 die 死去

mend, repair 修理 free 空闲的 sell 卖(出)

perhaps, maybe 或许;大概 expensive, dear 昂贵的 dirty 肮脏的 foolish 愚蠢的

bright, clear, sunny 晴朗的 hot 炎热的 go 去 warm 温暖的 safety 安全 bright, light 明亮的 night 夜晚 alive, living 活的 life 生命 live 活着

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down 向下 up 向上 dry 干燥的 wet 潮湿的 early 早的 late 迟的

easy 容易的 difficult, hard 困难的;艰巨的 empty 倒空 fill 装满 empth 空的 entrance 入口 fall 落下 far 远的 fine 晴朗的 finish 结束 first 最初的 foreign 外国的 forget 忘记 from 从…… give 给予 glad 愉快的 good 好的 great 伟大的 happy 高兴的 hard 艰难的 hard 硬的

full 满的 exit 出口 rise 升起 near 近的

cloudy, rainy 天阴的;下雨的 begin, start 开始 last 最后的 home 本国的 remember 记得 to 到…… take 拿走

sad, sorry 悲伤的;难过的 bad, ill, poor 坏的;恶劣的 little, small 渺小的 unhappy, sad 难过的 easy 容易的 soft 软的

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hate 憎恨 love, like 热爱;喜欢 here 在这里 there 在那里 high 高的 low 低的 hold 拿住 drop 掉落

holiday 假日 weekday 工作日;平时 ill 生病的 healthy, well 健康的 in 在里面 out 在外面 inside 在里面 outside 在外面 into 到……里面 out of 从……里向外 kill 杀死 save 救活 laugh 笑 cry 哭 leave 离开 arrive 到达 leave 离开 stay 逗留 light 明亮的 dark 黑暗的 light 轻的 heavy 重的 like 喜欢 hate 憎恨

like 与……一样 unlike 与……不一样 lose 丢失 find 找到 lose 失败;丢失 win 胜利;赢得 many 许多 few 很少

miss 未抓住;未赶上 catch 抓住;赶上 miss 未击中 hit 击中

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more 更多的 less, fewer 更少的 most 最多的 least, fewest 最少的 move 移动 stop 停止 much 许多 little 很少 never 从未 ever 曾经 next 下一个 nobody 无一人 nothing 什么也没有 now 现在 old 旧的 young 年轻的

on 连续;使用中 open 打开(的) over 在……上 pain 痛苦 pass 通过;及格 poor 贫穷的 pull 拉 quiet 寂静的 rainy 下雨的 right 右边(的) right 正确的

last 上一个 everybody 每个人 everything 一切 then 当时

new 新的 old 年老的 off 离开;中断 close(d) 关闭(的) under 在……下 pleasure 快乐 fail 未通过;不及格 rich 富裕的 push 推 noisy 嘈杂的 dry 干旱的 left 左边(的) wrong 错误的

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sad 悲伤的 glad, happy 快乐的 safe 安全的 dangerous 危险的 same 相同的 different 不同的 short 短的 long 长的 short (个子)矮的 tall (个子)高的 sleep 睡觉 wake 醒来

slow(ly) 满的(地) quick(ly), fast 快的(地) small 小的 big, large, great 大的 start 开始 end, finish 结束;停止 start 出发 reach 到达

一课时:be 动词 主讲与人称代词的搭配

1、基本形式:am、are、is (1) am

第一人称I+am (注意:“I”无论何时都要大写,不管位于句首还是句中)

例:I am a beautiful girl. I am twenty. (2) are

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第二人称you+are; 一人称复数we+are; 三人称复数they+are 其他复数名词+are (注意:第二人称单复数同形,都为you)

例:You are my good friend. We are in the same class.

They are on the road. The books are on the desk. (3 is

第三人称he(男) +is ; she(女)+is; it(不是人)+is;其他单数名词+is

例:He\She is a good student. It is a white cat. A dog is on that street.

2、肯定、否定、疑问(等于号后是简写)

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例:I am(not) from London. My eyes are(not) small. My hair is(not) long.

Am I a Chniese? 回答: 肯定:Yes, you are. 否定: No, you aren’t.

Is the cat fat? 回答:肯定:Yes, it is. 否定: No, it isn’t. 注意:在一般疑问回答中,肯定回答除I’m不可简写,否定回答均可简写。

另:特殊疑问句中:where\how\who\what\why+be动词+人称代词或名词?

例:What is your name? My name is GaoBuHan. Where are you? I’m in the classroom. 3.总结:Be的用法口诀

I用am;you、we、they 都 用are;is连着he,she,it; 单数名词用is,复数名词全用are。 变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫丢弃。 变否定,更容易,be后not莫忘记。

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疑问否定任你变,句首大写莫迟疑 。

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范文九:不规则动词过去式 投稿:万唟唠

1) 一般在动词后加-ed(发音的y就直接加ed)。如:play-played, offer-offered, weigh-weighed, destroy- destroyed, sign-signed.

(2) 在以字母e结尾的动词后,只加-d。如:like-liked, provide-provided, hate - hated, date-dated。live-lived。

(3) 在以“辅音字母+y”结尾的动词后,则改y为i,再加-ed。如:supply-supplied, fly-flied, study- studied,cry-cried.

(4) 在以单短元音的重读闭音节结尾且,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词后,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:plan-planned, refer-referred, regret-regretted, ban-banned,

stop-stopped. 动词原形中的e改为o,变成过去式。如: get-got,forget-forgot

范文十:动词过去式doc 投稿:洪甬甭

原形 be begin bring buy catch come cut do draw drink eat feel find fly see

过去式

原形 give go grow have hear know leave lose make put read ride run say can

过去式

原形 sing sit sleep speak stand swim take teach tell throw understand wear write get become

过去式

原形 be begin bring buy catch come cut do draw drink eat feel find fly see

过去式

原形 give go grow have hear know leave lose make put read ride run say can

过去式

原形 sing sit sleep speak stand swim take teach tell throw understand wear write get become

过去式

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