关于创业的英语作文_范文大全

关于创业的英语作文

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范文一:有关创新的英语作文 投稿:叶嘘嘙

As an old saying goes,there is no doubt that creativity is the most important human resource of all.Especially in children’s education,innovation is playing a role in the direction of the subjects.

More and more educators are paying attention to imulate children’s creativity.For example,in the past art teachers drew an apple on the blackboard to allow students to imitate it.Compared with the traditional way,we find it wonderful to let students draw it by their natural imagination.

Einstein said,imagination is more important than knowledge,knowledge is limited after all.The following is more able to reflect the decisive role the innovation plays .Students are encouraged to take part in innovation activities,such as Science and Technology Exhibition,Creative Contest and so on.With the deepening of educational reforn,we fell the power of innovation.

The development of society is credited to excellent education,and the progress on creativity lays the basis for education.It is beyond doubt that we still have a long way to go in terms of educational innovation.

范文二:关于创新的英语作文 投稿:万勇勈

篇一:创新英语作文

ⅰ. writing(本题共100分)

directions:

recently, amy chua, or the “tiger mother”, aroused heated

discussions both in us and in china with her book, battle hymn of

the tiger mother. the following are the ten things she lists in

her book that she strictly forbids her two daughters to do:

a. attend a sleepover (a party for children in which they stay the

night at someone’s house);

b. have a play date (in which children hang out with their friends);

c. be in a school play;

f. choose their own extracurricular activities;

g. get any grade less than an a;

h. not be the no. 1 student in every subject except gym and drama;

i. play any instrument other than the piano or violin;

j. not play the piano or violin.

you are invited to write under either of the following two topics.

the length of your writing should not exceed 300 words.

(1) suppose you are a “tiger parent”. write a letter to your child

and explain to her/him your ideas about tiger parenting.

(2) suppose you are a child who has tiger parents. write a letter

to your parents and explain to them your ideas about tiger parenting

flying without own wings?

dear mother,

there was also a fierce battle between us on your forcing me to study calligraphy. as you say, writing calligraphy would shape an artistic temperament. however, this time i rebelled. how would the kids feel if the parents do not put themselves into their position?

i could not imagine a world where parents decide everything for their children. deciding everything for children sends the message that they can never gain independence. what will the kids learn if the parents always rule out their decision? how can they establish their assuredness? how can they work and live if there is no independent decision making?children need their parents guidance and support in order to develop real independence, but it is not appropriate if their parents decide everything for them.

thinking is the wing of human. please give me a pair of my own wings, and let me fly freely.

yours sincerely,

daughter篇二:关于科技创新的英语作文

dear mr. president,

in order to improve abilities for innovation, firstly university leaders can show the importance of innovation by lectures, posters, etc. then secondly, lessons and atmosphere in class can be improved by teachers, for example, to encourage creative thinking and innovative assignments. finally, large numbers of creative activities

such as scientific inventions also help a lot. by participating in those activities, students can not only be more creative, but also eich their lives.

in a word, scientific and technological innovation is of great importance. with more excellent and creative students in science and technology, our school will be more powerful, so will our country.篇三:英语作文创新单词(高分必备)

进入正题之前,先教你们几个当时我最喜欢我最喜欢用的装酷小技巧,首先就是very这个单词,以后不要再用了,弄哪个那,extraordinary!这个单词高中生会用的不多,不用掌握什么用法,就记住用very的地方都可以替换成这个,绝对比用very拉风! 然后那,however这个单词不知道你们掌握得好不好,教大家一个玩赖的技巧,一个句子+逗号

+however+另一个句子,这里面however是没有实际意义的,就是表转折,但你可以用这招把两个简单句捏在一块啊!短句子成长句了! 第三个,第三个,就是把很简单的句子,用一点小技巧,改成比较无耻的倒装句!举个例子,我不光唱歌,而且跳舞怎么说?i not onle sing,but also dance,改动一下,not only do i sing,but also dance.倒装句!(虽然简单且无耻,但谁敢说这不是倒装句?)此方法最适合倒装句掌握的不好的同学写出来骗批卷老师:大哥(姐)我会倒装句!

important?这是土人用的!牛人用什么?牛人用significant!由于怎么说?as a result?土人!牛人用什么?牛人用as a consequence. 所以怎么说?so?土人!牛人怎么说?牛人用therefore!(别看therefore这个单词简单,知道用它代替so的同学不多啊!)举个例子,i got up early,therefore i waslate. 类似的替换的单词很多,比如以后set这个单词不要用了,替换成establish。 越来越好怎么说? 土人也许会用better and better,牛人只用一个单词:enhance 造个句子 we need to enhanceour english,就等于better and better。 好怎么说?土人用good,比他们强一点的人也许会用great

好怎么说?土人用good,比他们强一点的人也许会用great , wonderful,但牛人用什么?牛人用gorgeous,更牛的人用fabulous,简单的替换一下,水平立刻显现出不一样了。不想要怎么说?土人会用unwanted,牛人用unsatisfactory。改变怎么说?土人用change,牛人用transform。类似的替换技巧有很多,但由于时间太长了多数都忘了,你们自己也可以总结积累一下,不要做土人,做牛人!

以上的问题解决了,我们来说一下语法,从句。相信很多同学掌握的不是很好,我教大家一些简单的技巧?首先弄清句子的最主要成分是什么?主语加谓语。不管大家写多复杂的句? 子,一定记住不管写多复杂的句子,没有谓语动词不叫句子!接下来具体地说语法的技巧: 有一个很简单的从句,叫宾语从句,i think that...... 没有人不会用吧,不过我

奉劝大家尽量别这么用,老师批10张卷子看到了8张里面有i think that不烦吗?如果一定要用宾语从句的话换一种说法:i have a thought that......别看只改动了一点,同位语从句!同样i hear that谁都会用吧,不过同样谁都会用所以我们不要用!厉害一些的人会用:it is reported that...... 不过真正的牛人用there is a piece of news tha

t 同样的意思,但明显比i hear that要帅! 还有一种从句叫定语从句很多人也愿意用,不过我建议大家不要用,因为其实在英语里,定语从句是种挺白痴的句子,没人说的!(你们看美国大片时发现过有人说定语从句吗?)不过如果大家非要用我教大家一个必杀!很少有人知道的!其实定语从句是可以并列排比的!这招凑字数最好使,写出来也挺酷的。这招凑字数最好使,写出来也挺酷的。举个例子,我喜欢玩篮球,然后篮球有很多种特点,就可以把这些特点用定语从句的形式并列出来:i love basketball,which is......,which is......,which is.......其实在上千年前,我们的老祖宗就会这么用了,大家学过韩愈的师说吧,里面有句话:师者,所以传道授业解惑也。这就是个经典的定语从句,翻译过来就是teacher is a job who传道,who授业and who 解惑。这种定语从句你要是用出来绝 对能吓批卷老师

一跳!

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还有种用法叫后置定语有人感觉挺难吧,其实记住个例子就行了,穿着比基尼的女孩a girl who wears a bikini,变成a girls wearing a bikini就行了,这就是后置定语,很简单吧 语法的问题不也解决了吗,接下来就教大家一些细节地方上的技巧,首先因为什么怎么说?because 绝大多数人都用这个单词,教大家一个很绝的用法,逗号+for 就可以代替because!举个例子,我总听李孝利的歌,因为我喜欢李孝利:i often hear the songs of 李孝利,for i love her 中间的逗号+for就相当于because,同样,掌握这个用法的同学不多! 尽管怎么说?土人们although,而牛人用in spite of 举个例子,尽管你是女生你也不能欺负我!in spite of thefact that you are 女生,you cant 欺负 me!

时间状语大家掌握的都不错吧,一看到她妈妈,小女生一下就哭了,用when就是土人!直接写seeing her mother,zhe girl cried

还有首先是first吧,以后大家可以写first and foremost,和first一个意思,但看上去牛x的多,另外,用到这个用法时还可以用到一个简单的插入结构 主语,first and foremost,谓语这就是一个插入结构,我在前面还讲了一个however吧,这个单词放到句子中是没什么意义的,就是为了装酷!同样可以用到这:主语,however,谓语插入结构! 有一个句式说:“?for the simple reason that?”表示某种现象的原因是什么。然而,很多同学一谈到原因仍然是“?because?”如果要表示“总是能够”的概念,很多同学提笔就会写can always,但理想的句子应该是用双重否定表示强烈的肯定,用never fail to。 注意英语中一些表达上的习惯。比如在正式文体的写作中,很少用 “it isn’t”这样的略缩形式,而是 “it is not”。同理,在正式文体中的日期一般不缩写,阿拉伯数字一般会用英文表达(特别长的数字除外)。

许多同学在写作文时,习惯于把 “since” “because” “for”这样的词放在句首引导原因状语从句。事实上,在我们见到的英语报刊杂志文章中,这样的从句一般都是放在主句之后的。另外, “and”也常常被误放在一句话的开头,表示两个句子之间的并列或递进关系。其实,经常留心地道的英语文章能发现,如果是并列关系,完全可以不用连词;如果是递进关系,用 “furthermore”“what is more”更为普遍

accordingto(根据)??题目大意??ibelieve that(我认为) ??你的观点

2.as far as we know(我们都知道)??题目大意??from my point of view (我认为)??你的观点first (首先)??second(其次)??at last (最后)??

first(首先)??andthen (然后)??inconclusion(最后,总之)

asfar as we know(我们都知道)??moreover(而且,此外)??

specially(特 别是)??inconclusion(最后,总之)表并列: similarly同样的 / in the same way 以同样的方式

表转折:however/but但是

表对比:notthat ?but that?不是?而是?/ one hand?.on the other hand一方面?另一 方面?/ unlike?与?不同/not so much?.as?与其?不如?

表目的:forthe???.为了?

表因果:therefore因此,所有/ so 所以

表例证:forexample

例如

表假设:if如果

表让步:although?虽然??(注意:后不可接but!虽然但是不可这样连用)/of course 当然?/clearly?显然?

allin all(总的来说)??

byand large (总的来说)??

+inmy opinion(我认为)??

nomatter how(不管怎样)??

onthe whole(总的来说)

◆ 相关过渡语

1).表示时间顺序:first, then, afterwards, meanwhile, later,first of all, finally, atlast?

2).表示空间顺序:near, next to, far from, in front of, on the left, on one side?

3).表示比较、对照:like, unlike, such as, but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary,nevertheless, otherwise?

4).表示因果关系:because, for, as a result, therefore, thus?

5).表示递进关系:besides, what’s more, what was worse, moreover, furthermore, in addition, ontop of?

6).表示并列关系:and, as well as, also?

7).表示总结性:in general, in a word, in short, on the whole, to sum up, in brief, to conclude

1.occur 替换 think of

suddenlyi had an idea that someone had broken into my house. →

anidea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.

itoccurred to me that someone had broken into my house.

2.devote替换spend

hespends all his spare time in reading. →

hedevotes all his spare time to reading.

3.seek替换want / look for

theysought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees.

4.average 替换ordinary

i’man average ( ordinary ) student.

5.but替换very

thefilm we saw last night was very interesting. →

thefilm we saw last night was nothing but interesting.

thefilm we saw last night was anything but boring.

6.seat 替换sit

onhis way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, lookingworried.

7.suppose 替换should

heis supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.

8.appreciate 替换thank

thankyou very much for you help. →

weappreciate your help very much. / your help is much appreciated.

9.the case替换 true

idon’t think it is the case ( true ).

10.on替换as soon as

assoon as he arrived, he began his research. → on his arrival, he began hisresearch.. dueto替换becauseof

hearrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.

12.cover替换walk/read

aftercovering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired.

13.contribute to替换 be helpful/useful

plentyof memory work is undoubtedly helpful to english study. →

plentyof memory work will undoubtedly contribute to english study.

② li ming studiesin a school round the corner (nearby).

thefamily were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. →

thefamily were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light.

havea ball替换havea good time/ enjoy oneself

aftervisiting the workshop, we went back to school. every one of us had a ball ( hada good time ).

18.set aside替换save

somestudents think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books.(2004天津卷)

19.be of + n. 替换adj.

theproducts are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in china.

20.refer to 替换talk about/of,mention

theprofessor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous

cannot but / can not help but替换have to do

icould not but (had to) go home.

22.more often than not替换usually

moreoften than not (usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed.

23.lest替换so that /in orderthat

iwrote down his telephone number so that i would not forget it. →

iwrote down his telephone number lest i (should) forget it.

perfect(ly) 替换good/very wellhe speaks perfect ( good ) english./ he

speaksenglish perfectly ( very well ).28.do sb a/the favor 替换helpwould you please dome the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio?29.the other day替换a few days agothe other day mybrother and i went to the cinema by bicycle.30.in the course of替换duringin the course of(during) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay specialattention to your safety.31.the majority of替换most

consistof替换bemade up ofour class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students.33.be worn out替换 be tired / broken ① after five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out(tired).② myshoes are worn out (broken). please buy me a new

.be rushed off one’s feet 替换be busy in doing42.a handful of替换a little / some43.meanwhile替换at the same time44.get to one’s feet替换stand up45.beneath替换under46.occasionally替换sometimes /once

inwhile47.for instance替换for example48.seldom替换not

often49.wealthy替换 rich50.amazing替换surprising51.as a matter of fact替换infact

范文三:创业英语作文 投稿:许肝肞

starting a business

Nowadays there are many college students who choose to start their own business instead of finding a job after graduation.It is a common phenomenon that our government offers some policies or conveniences to college students such as lending loan and subsidy, reducing tax. These measures have a great contribution to encourage this practice.

There are many advantages for college students entrepreneurship: College Students are often full of hope for the future, they have the young blood,vigor and vitality, and "fearless" spirit, which are an entrepreneur should have quality. Students in school have learned a lot of theoretical stuff,has a higher level of technical advantages,the importance of technology is self-evident,Some capitalists often because its eyes on the hands of university students of advanced technologies,but are willing to finance its business plan.

The shaort coming of college students start undertakings,such as: Because of lack of social experience of university students, often blindly optimistic, without adequate psychological preparation. Impatient for success, lack of market awareness and business management experience shortage is affecting college students an important factor in the success of entrepreneurship.Students of entrepreneurship is also understood to remain in only one wonderful ideas and concepts.

I think advantages outweigh the disadvantages, the students should

overcome the shortcomings,

Nowadays there are many college students who choose to start their own business instead of finding a job after graduation.It is a common phenomenon that our government offers some policies or conveniences to college students such as lending loan and subsidy, reducing tax. These measures have a great contribution to encourage this practice.

There are many advantages for college students entrepreneurship:College students are often full of hope for the future, they have the young blood,vigor and vitality, and "fearless" spirit, which are an entrepreneur should have quality. Students in school have learned a lot of theoretical stuff,has a higher level of technical advantages,the importance of technology is self-evident,some capitalists often because its eyes on the hands of university students of advanced technologies,but are willing to finance its business plan.

The shortcoming of college students starts undertakings,for example: Because of lack of social experience of university students, often blindly optimistic, without adequate psychological preparation. Impatient for success, lack of market awareness and business management experience shortage is affecting college students an important factor in the success of entrepreneurship.Students of entrepreneurship are also understood to remain in only one wonderful ideas and concepts.

I hold the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.Entrepreneurial ventures usually are more prepared to accept this risk than would be the best result.

范文四:有关职业的英语作文 投稿:蒋撍撎

有关职业的英语作文 精彩句子抢先看

1、First,……Secondly, ……Finally,很典型的文章格式。

2、 Finally, I want to teach because, being around the students who are beginning to grow and change in front of me, I will grow and change with them too.

3、 And, at the same time, I will make every effort to purify my soul so that I can become an architect of man's soul.

同时,我将努力净化我的心灵,这样我才能成为一位缔造其他人的心灵的人。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic My Ideal Job. You should write no less than 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

  1.人们对职业各有不同的理想;

  2.我理想的职业是什么;

  3.我怎样为我理想的职业做准备。

  Remember to Write your composition neatly.

  My Ideal Job

  There are various kinds of jobs in the world, such as writing, nursing, teaching and engineering. But different people choose different jobs as their ideal careers. This is because everyone has his own interest.

  As for me, I have made up my mind to be a teacher. I choose to do so mainly for three reasons. First, I want to teach because I like the pace of academic calendar. Two long vacations offer me an opportunity for reflection, research and writing. Secondly, I want to teach because I like the freedom to make my own mistakes, to learn my own lesson, to stimulate myself and my students. And I can have the opportunity to keep on learning. Finally, I want to teach because, being around the students who are beginning to grow and change in front of me, I will grow and change with them too.

  But teaching is no easy job at all. I must study cleverly to obtain more knowledge. And, at the same time, I will make every effort to purify my soul so that I can become an architect of man's soul.

范文五:关于职业的英语作文 投稿:叶邰邱

1.Talking about career,I've been planning since my first year in the university. ,I have made up my mind to be a teacher.I choose to do so mainly for two reasons.First,Two long vacations offer me an opportunity for reflection,research and writing.Secondly,I want to teach because,being around the students who are beginning to grow and change in front of me,I will grow and change with them too.But teaching is no easy job at all.So in the five years time l have to have the Teacher qualification certificate.

2.If I want to get ahead in my career,I think we should attend all the meetings and be last to leave work.Attending all the meetings can leave a good impression to the mangers.In a certain situation,if we always absent the meeting or the job, it will affect the efficiency of work.Also be the last to leave work can make you have to finish your job on time . wewill notleave it to the next day and which make us have enough time to do the things which we like. SO I think attend all the meetings and be last to leave work is important.

3.shopping on the Internethas its disadvantages. The first disadvantage is that the consumers can't see the goods or try them on personally If you are careless,it will bring you some trouble. You may find the color of the article is different from what you want.or the size is either too small or too big..Once you put on the clothes you bought online and go out.you will find many people wear the same clothes in the street. So you must be careful.because everything has two sides。 Besides, we can't enjoy the happiness of shopping with our friend

4.8.I want t.o work in my own company. When I work in my own company, we must experience a lot. But most of those things are not learned in school. And that can help me grow up quickly.Working in my own company has many advantages. It is not only benefiting for students themselves, but also for the society.the more students work in their own company,the less stress of employment pressure will be. As a part of students can solve their employment problem by themselves, the society will have fewer students to be unemployed

5

.

6.When I buy a product ,I will think the quality first.Quality is important for the products.If the quality of the item is good,then no matter it is cheap or expensive,I will buy it.BEAUSE it can use for a long tim.Besides,An product with a good quality can ensure that I will use it comfortably.An product with a quality is a good way to save our money.Beacusewo don’t need to buy the same things in a horttime.if the quality of those quality,arebad,then I will be just wasting my precious money.

7. The product impress me most is a pen.When I buy a product ,I will think the quality first.Quality is important for the products.THE REASON why the pen impress my most,is the quality of the item is good.Also I use this pen a long tim.This pen with a good quality can ensure that I will use it comfortably.L use this pen for a long time.So there isno need for me to buy the same things in a short time.to some extent,it saved my money.

9. When applying for a job in foreign country, there’re lots of factors to consider. First of all and most basically, you should have a knowledge of the language you need to ensure that you can communicate with others fluently. Without any language problem, you can take salary into consideration. It’ll at least meet the basic needs in your daily life. And learn to manage the money so that you can save for a rainy day. At last, you’d better apply for a free accommodation as it saves lots of expenses and offers convenience for your job.

10. I think a manaer should enjoy work with others.Because the manager who enjoy work with others shows he is easy to close .He can establish a good working relationship with employees .The employees can not only work easily, but also have no psychological burden, which can make the employees work responsibly.it's easy to produce motivation, and motivation will lead to inefficiency directly .And also give orders and the abilities of judge people are important to.

范文六:关于创新精神的英语作文 投稿:郑輌輍

Young Generation Lacking of Innovation Spirit

The innovation spirit of young generation is a great power of social development, especially the graduate student stage. However, A lot of people in society consider that the innovation spirit of young students is not enough now. About lacking of innovation spirit, they deem that it can be characterized by the following points. In the first place, most young people don't have their own ideas when they encounter problems, and they also do not deepen the exploration. For another, the utility and fickleness are reflected in young people, they can't settle down to do academic research. This situation can clearly see on graduate students. What's more, young people don't regard innovation consciousness as a fine quality to train. Sometimes your whole life boils down to one insane move. Innovation has this power to change our life and perspective. Adventure may hurt you, but monotony will kill you. Innovation can make a nation prosperous and drive development. There is no doubt that innovation is the most important human resource of all. Without innovation ,there would be no progress, and we would be forever repeating the same patterns. With the global economic integration, the innovation will become the core of the social discussion topic. Many countries see it as the key to develop their economy. In other words, innovation can enhance overall national economy, which is crucial to heighten our nation status in the world. From my point of view, innovation is the soul of a nation. We should vigorously cultivate the innovative consciousness of young people and actively promote the role of innovation. Innovation quality must be fostered when they are children. Only by our innovation, our country will become more and more prosperous.

范文七:关于创造力的英语作文 投稿:蒋鄕鄖

The Importance of the Creativity The creative progress has always been accepted as the source of all important work in the arts , but we should not think the creativity plays a role only in the arts. What is more, creativity is vital in our modern society, wherever we are from and whatever we do.

Every major scientific discovery began with someone imagining the world to look differently from the way others saw it. And this is what creativity is all about----imagining the world in a new way. As a college student,we should attach much importance to the creativity.The more creative we are, the more achievement we will attain. In our daily life,I regard creativity as the salt of life, which transfers boring life into colorful and meaningful life.Being creative, we will acquire more ability and insight.Therefore, those who are creative are always capable and enjoy life.

With the increasingly rapid economic globalization and urbanization, we are entering a new area, full of opportunities and challenges.We are in the stage where everyone are capable, thus, it is undeniable what separates the achiever and loser is creativity.Only in this way can we live a brilliant life in the cruel competition.

In a word, in the 21st century, creativity is of great importance,which plays an increasingly vital role in our study, daily life and future career.

范文八:关于科技创新的英语作文 投稿:刘矯矰

Dear Mr. President,

I’d like to show my opinions on students’ scientific and technological abilities for innovation and give some suggestions. I don’t think our school is well engaged in improving students’ innovation abilities. In my eyes, students in our school do little innovative jobs other than study. In most of their part time, they listen to music, read books, or play computer games, which needn’t be much creative.

In order to improve abilities for innovation, firstly university leaders can show the importance of innovation by lectures, posters, etc. Then secondly, lessons and atmosphere in class can be improved by teachers, for example, to encourage creative thinking and innovative assignments. Finally, large numbers of creative activities such as scientific inventions also help a lot. By participating in those activities, students can not only be more creative, but also enrich their lives.

In a word, scientific and technological innovation is of great importance. With more excellent and creative students in science and technology, our school will be more powerful, so will our country.

范文九:创新一关于语文作业的改革-论文 投稿:曾荞荟

! ! 至亟§ 塑l 占2  

M OT HE RLA ND  

教 育创 新 

创新一

关于语文作业的改革 

王 凤 勇 

( 辽 宁省朝 阳市双塔 区西街小学

语文 是富有 创造性 的学 科,在语 文教学 过程 中时时 处处都充 满着 创造和  创新 。 目前创新 教育在 阅读 教学 中已被教师 们充 分注意 到 ,然而 很少会 有人  留意 学生 的作业 也 同样 需要创 新 。 作业 是语 文教学评 价 的一 个重要 组成部 分 ,   学生 的知 识在作 业 中获 得 ,技巧在作 业 中掌 握 ,能力在作 业 中形 成 ,思维在  作业 中发 展。作 业不应 是单 一枯燥 的文本 ,而是 富有色彩 、充满 情趣 、体现  创新 的 多元复合 体 。多年来 ,作为语 文老师 的我 ,开始积 极 引入 现代 教育理  念 ,构建 人文交 互性作 业评价 机制 ,作业形 式上追 求活泼 多样 ,内容上 体现  个性 化 、生活 化和 社会化 ,形 成 了  以 自主 学习为 主线 、以人 文互动 为主 体  的作 业设 计与指 导策略 ,演绎 这语文作 业的“ 变奏 曲” 。   改 革一 : “ 文本 作 业 ”变 为 “ 个 性形 式 “   传 统 的作业 练 习中 ,教 师往往 忽 视 了指 导 学生 充分 运用 感 官,全 方位 、   多 角度 地感 知和 认识 事物 , 也 很少 鼓励 学生 以丰 富 多彩 的形 式展 现其 学 习、   思考 的结果 ,最终 导致 作 业只是 师 生之 间 浅薄 的文 本符 号 的往 来 。学 生个  性得 不 到发 挥 ,创 造潜 力 也得 不 到挖掘 ,难 以由此 获得 可 持续 发展 的 学习  能力。   新 课程 中 作业 的设 计 应是 开放 的 ,应努 力 实现 课 内外联 系 ,校 内外 沟  通 ,学 习 间融 合 ,作业 应 成为 培养 和发 展 学生 创新 能力 的 一座桥 梁 。我鼓  励 学生 在做 作 业 的时候 ,可 以用 图画 、照 片、 剪报 、互 联 网资料 来 表达 ,   甚 至可 以用 手 工制 作 、植 物叶 片 ,用创 作 的乐 曲 ,用摄 录 的活 动录 像 ,用  排练 的短句 或 小 品来表 现 … … 鼓 励学 生 以看 、听 、触 、 闻 、尝 、摸和 想  象等 手 段感 受 知识 的存 在 、进 行学 问 的探 讨 ,完成 生动 活 泼 、精 彩 纷呈 的  作业 。   改革 二 :   被动 完 成 ”变 为 “ 自主学 习 ”   《 基础 教育 课 程 改革 纲要 ( 试 行 )》指 出 :  “ 倡导 学 生主动 参 与 、乐 

辽宁 . 朝阳

1 2 2 0 0 0)  

于 探 究、勤 于动 手 、培养 学 生收集 和 处理 信息 的能 力 、获取 新知 识的 能力 、   分 析和 解决 问题 的 能力 以及 交流 合作 的 能力 。 ”作为 教育 者 的教师 ,必 须  组 中受 教育 者一 一 学生 在受

教育 过程 中 的主体 地位 , 为此 要尽 可 能的创造  条件 ,最大 限度 的激 发 学生 的主 观能 动性 。而 传 统 的语 文 作业无 非 机械 、   重 复 的抄写 ,令 人 头疼 的背诵 ,题 目陈 旧的作 文 。学 生有如 疲 惫不 堪 的渔  夫在 无 边 的苦海 漫无边 际地漫游 。   改 革三 : “ 整体 统一 ”变 为 “ 体现层 次 ”   学 生是 有差 异 的 。有 差 异 的学生 做无 差异 的作 业 ,势必 会造 成 有 的学  生 “ 吃 不饱 ”,有 的学 生 “ 吃不 了 ”的现 象 ,这样 ,学生 的语文 能 力 的发  展就 会 受到遏 制 。承认 并尊 重这 种差 异性 ,是 主题 性学 习的 一个 重要特 点 。   作业 的设计 和布 置 也可 一改 以往 命令 式 、强制 式 ,给 学生 的作业 也 开设 一  个 ‘ 自助餐 “ ,让 学生 有一个 较 为轻松 的作业 氛 围 ,使 不 同发展 水 平 的学  生 ,都 能较好 地 参与 作业 ,培养 语 文能 力 。   改 革 四: “ 标准答 案 ”变 为 “ 合 理 回答 ”   创 新能 力培 养 的一个 重要 方 面是 刨造 想象 能力 的培 养 。爱 因斯 坦 曾经  说过: “ 想 象 力 比知 识 更 重 要 。 ”美 国一 个 学 生说 “ 鸡 蛋里 孵 出里 根总  统 , ”却受 到 了老师 的表 扬 ,试 想如 果类 似 的事发 生在 我 国 ,也 许 很多人   要 大骂 他是 笨 蛋,或 一 笑置之 。在平 时 的教学 中 ,我们 的 学生都 是 不敢越  “ 标 准 答案 ”一 步 。当 作业 “ 雪 化 了变 成 ” ,学 生回答 ’变 成春 天 , ”,   如 果我 们用 标准 答案 “ 水 ”来 将 她的 回答 一 口否定 ,那 么 这位学 生 的想象  力 也将 被我们 扼 杀 了。   .   总 之 ,我们 必须 冲破 “ 标 准 答案 ” 的樊篱 ,变 “ 标 准答 案 “ 为合 理 回  答 。鼓 励学 生独 立 思考 ,尊重 个 人见解 。客人 以学 生与 学 生争论 答 案 ,最  后 自己得 出正确答 案 ,而 不是一 味 的有老 师下 定语 。  

谈初中物理教学中创新思维的培养策略 

吴海燕 

( 河北 省 成 安 县 第 二 中 学 )  

【 摘 要】 创新思维着重强调思维的角度,它能在发现 问 题和解决问题受阻时不断地转换思维角度, 破除消极思维定势 , 用创新的知识和方法解决  

问题 。  

【 关键词 】物理 ;教 学;创新思维 

“ 创新 是一 个 民族进 步 的灵 魂 ,是一 个 国家兴 旺发 达 的不竭 动力 。 ”具  体讲 ,创新 是 指人 为 了一 定的 目的,遵 循 事物 发展 的规 律 ,对 事物 的整 体  或其 中的某 些 部分 进行 变 革 ,从而 使其 得 以更 新与 发展 的 活动 。创 新 的核  心就 是 创新 思 维 。创新 思 维着

重 强调思 维 的角 度 ,它 能在 发现 问题 和解 决  问题 受 阻 时不 断地 转换 思 维角 度 ,破 除消 极思 维定 势 ,用 创新 的知 识和 方  法解 决 问题 。创 新就 是 改变 ,或 者根 本性 地 改变 。   在 初 中物 理教 学过 程 中如 何培 养学 生 的创 新思 维能 力 呢 ?笔者 认 为首  要 的任 务就 是 培养 创 新 的意识 ,教 给学 生 创新 思维 的方 法 并作 有针 对 性的  创 新思 维训 练 。   1 、在 阅读教 材 中培 养学 生的 创新 思维 。   人 教八 上物 理课 本 有这 样一 段话 :“ 按 照这 个规 定 ,当电路 闭合 时 ,在  电源 外 部 , 电流 的方 向是从 电源 正极 经过 用 电器流 向负极 。 ”我在 讲课 时 ,   引 导学 生提 出新 的 问题 :在 电源 内部 电流 应该 怎样 流 ?这 是逆 向 思维 的训  练 , 既然有 外 部 当然 要想 一想 内部。 同样 在学 磁场 时提 出:在 磁体 内部磁  感 线方 向是什 么样 的情 况 呢 ?教师 要关 注 课本 上有 限的文 字 ,挖掘 思 维训  练 的 资源 。八 下 7页研 究 了 串联 电池 组 电压 ,很 少有 学 生主动 探 究干 电池  并 联使 用 问题 ,我 又 引导 学生 提 出 电池 并 联 的问题 。许 多 发 明创造 就 是在  这 打破 常规 看似 荒唐 的 想法 中诞 生 的。   2 、在 实验探 究 中培 养学 生的 创新 思维  在 用 电压 表测 串 々并 联 电路 电压 的实验 后 ,我 提 出 ,如果 电压 表 量程  不够 用 ,该怎 么 办 ?学生 们很 快提 出了用 几个 电 阻 串联 ,分别 测这 几 个 电  阻 的 电压再 相 加得 到 总 的电压 。我 肯 定 了这一 方法 ,进 一 步提 出没 有 电阻  只 有几 块 电压 表 ,鼓励 学 生探 讨其 它方 法 。有 的学 生提 出了 能不 能把 两块  电压表 串联 的设想 。我指 导学 生 设计 实验 方案 并进 行 实验 ,最 终 学生 发现  了用 电压表 串联测 高 电压 方法 。解 决 问题 的方 法不 止一 个 ,运 用发 散 思维  方 法使 学 生们 有 了创 新 ,得到 了 新的测 电压 的方法 。学生 们 意犹未 尽 ,还 

换 一个 小透 镜 吧,也 没 有。经 过 讨论 和实 验最 后得 出方 法 :在 凸透镜 前挡  个 纸 片 ,在纸 片上 打 一个 比眼 镜片稍 小 的孔 。清 晰 的像 消失 了 ,只有一  个模 糊 的光 斑 。我有 意 堵住 学生 思维 的路 子让 学 生的 思维 发散 开去 ,使其  另僻 蹊 径 。   另 外 ,一题 多解 也 是训练 发 散思 维很 有实 效 的方法 。 多种方 法测 电阻  就 是很 好 的例子 。如 果 能在 习题 讲解 中也 不失 时机 地 引入 实验 ,相信 会给  学 生更 多直观 的感性积 累 ,有助

于 学生 发现 问题 、解 决 问题 能力 的提 升 。   4 、在小 制作 中培 养学 生的创 新 思维  重 视实 践活 动 ,是 培养 学生 创造 能力 和刨 新 思维 能力 的有效 途 径 。根  据 我校 学生 的情 况我 重 点抓 的是 小制 作 。小孔 成像 器采 用 了书上 的方法 统  选 择 了八 宝 粥罐 ,半 透明 的塑 料膜 。成 品 出来 效果 良莠 不齐 。我 指导 学  生 列举 缺 点并提 出 改进 方法 。首 先解 决看 不清 像 这个 问题 ,经过 对 比 、讨  论 和实 践 ,学 生们 认识 到膜 太透 、屏 周 围的光 太亮 以致看 不清像 。最后 选  定 毛玻 璃作 屏 ,并在 屏 这一 端接 了一 截纸 管 。成 功解 决 了第一个 问题后 ,   我 又指 导学 生希 望 成像 器具 备哪 些新 功 能 。学 生提 出能调 节像 的大 小 ,增  加 照 明功 能使成 像器 能 看清 暗处 的物 体 ,给成 象器 增加 一 个支架 等 。我 又  提 出 怎样方 便 改变 孔 的大小 、形 状和 个数 的 问题 。经 过师 生共 同努 力具 备  照 明功 能 ,可方 便调 节 的抽拉 式 圆筒成 像器 最终诞 生 了 。   5 、新 、奇 、悬 、趣 、迷 的实验 。使 学生 见之 生趣  众 所周 知 ,物理 学是 一 门 以实验为 基础 的科 学 ,对 于中学 生来 说 ,新 、   奇 、悬 、趣 、迷 的 实验 ,会 使他 们感 到新 鲜和 好 奇 ,可 以给他们 带 来饶 有  兴 趣 的乐趣 ,在 此基 础 上 ,才 能使他 们有 效地 掌 握物 理基 础知 识 ,使之 逐  步 取得 探索 物 理知 识 的主动 权 ,掌握 学 习方法 ,培养 自学 能力 。例 如 :初  三 学生 学 习 “ 功 ”这一 章时 ,对 功 、功率 、机 械 效率 三个 概念 容易 混淆 ,   为 了解 决这 一难 题 ,可 以设计 一堂 比赛形 式 的实验 课 ,比比谁做 的功 最多 ,  

提出了用电流表并联测大电流的设想。这是联想思维的具体体现,做到了   知 识 、技 能的迁 移 ,培 养 了创造 力 。   3 、在 习题讲 解 中培 养学 生 的创 新思维  有 一 中考 题 :在透 镜 前放 一近 视 眼镜 ,屏 上缩 小 的像 变模 糊 了 ,怎样  移 动光 屏 ,像 才 能重 新清 晰 ?根据 透镜 对 光 的作用 原 理 ,学 生很快 得 出 了  正 确 的结 果 。 问题 并 没有 就此 结 束 ,我演 示 了这 一实验 ,当 把一 学生 的近  视 镜放 在透 镜 前 时发 现屏 上仍 有 一清 晰 的像 ,只 是在像 的周 围出现 了一个  大 的光 斑 ,学 生们 很 是惊 讶 。怎样 去解 释 ?通 过观 察 有 的学 生提 出近 视镜  片 是一 窄条 ,不 能把 凸透 镜全 部 挡住 , 因而其 它 部分仍 能 成完 整 的像 。怎 

样验 证 ?换 一

个大 眼镜 是 学生 的 定势 思维 ,可 班里 根本 就 没有 这种 眼 镜 。  

谁的功率最大,谁的机械效率最高。每个 同学都抱五块砖 以最快的速度从  楼跑上四楼,设计方案,测出自己做的功,功率、机械效率。然后集体 

讨 论评 选 出 四个 “ 全班 之最 ”。上楼 最 快 的,做 功最 多 的 ,功率最 大 的 ,   机 械 效率最 高 的 ,四项 冠军 分 别 由四位 同学 获取 。这 一 结果把 学 生的 思维  集 中 到 了同一 个焦 点上 ,为 什 么做 功最 多 的,功 率不 是最 大 ?机械 效 率也  不 是最 高 ?为 什么 上楼 最快 的 ,做 功却 不是 最 多?通 过这 样 生动有 趣 的实  验 课 ,把本 来 混淆 不清 的概 念 变得 简单 易懂 ,把 理论 知识 转 变成 了亲 眼所  见 的事 实 ,使 学生在 欢快 的 “ 游戏 ” 中, 学到 实在 的知识 。  

总之,创新就是改变,教师要改变教学观念,多从培养学生创新思维  和 创新 能力 角度 反恩 自己的教 学行 为 ,营造 创新 人才 成长 的校 园环 境 。  

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范文十:英语作文大学生自主创业 投稿:钱窠窡

There are a lot of students choose to start their own business rather than after graduation to find work, the government is also very supportive of college students own business.

The government encourages the students to start the cause of the main reasons: first, it is to ease social employment pressure a good way. Second, to encourage students to start business independently in many ways to help our national economic development.

The advantages of College Students' self - employment are: firstly, entrepreneurship helps students to better understand books knowledge.. Secondly, entrepreneurship can help students accumulate rich experience, which is very important for college students. Finally, entrepreneurship can ease the burden on the family. In addition, the main drawbacks of the initiative is the work will delay learning.

On my personal believe that college students should do poineering work independently, because their own businesses can better exercise their own, enable us to get rich working experience and better use the knowledge you have learned.

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