人口老龄化英语作文_范文大全

人口老龄化英语作文

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范文一:人口老龄化的英语作文 投稿:郭躤躥

标题:Population Aging

字数: 不低于100字并且不高于500 字

满分: 100

要求:

To write an essay entitled Population Aging. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words, and base your essay on the chart and the oultline given below:

1. 描述图表;

2.分析原因和所带来的后果;

3. 阐述观点,应对措施

Population Aging

As is indicated in the diagram, in the decades to come,the proportion of people over 60 years old in China will rise from ten percent to thirty percent. That's to say, ageing population will increase by three times. The degree of aging is growing severely.

There are two reasons for it. One is our longer life, and another is family planning policy. These brought about the decline of newly born population and the increase of aging population.

The aging population brings a serious challenge to families and the society. On the one hand, the family's living pressure will be increased. On the other hand,to society,it isn't conducive to the development of China's economy and the rise of public happiness.

As for me,the aging population is unavoidable,but we can reduce its negative impact. Our government is supposed to constitute relevant policies to adjust the times. What's more,we should take more care of the elderly and let them live a harmonious and nice life.

范文二:人口老龄化作文 投稿:马姤姥

人口老龄化作文

In many countries, the proportion of older people is steadily increasing. Does this trend have more positive or negative effects on society?

Some people think it is acceptable to use animals for the benefits of humans. Other people think it is wrong to exploit animals for human purposes. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

在越来越多的发达国家中,我们看到了以下趋势:收入增长了,人们却开始变得晚婚晚育了。这种结果表明人口统计变化了,人们变老了。 尽管拥有更多的老年人看起来像是件好事,(比如他们善良,热心),但不管这本身内在的价值有多少,这都将会对经济和社会产生严重的影响。

In more and more

In an increasing number of developed countries, we have seen the following trends: incomes rise, but people get married later and have few kids. The result shows / reveals / suggests / demonstrates / indicates / denotes that the demographic changes, the population ages. While having more old people sounds like a good thing (like they tend to be kind and warm-hearted), whatever its intrinsic / inner merits, it will have severe impacts on economics and societies.

首先,为了增加一个国家的GDP, 每年需要生产出更多的产品和服务。随着人口老龄化以及更多的人退休,剩下工作的人变少了,并且产生出经济空白.结果是诸如此类的国家不得不依靠移民来填补这一空缺,尽管这可能在某种层面上起作用,这将是不尽如意的解决措施。

First, in order to grow a country’s GDP, more products and services are needed to produce each year. It needs to produce more products and services each year. With the population ageing and more people retiring, fewer are left to work, creating an economic hole. The result is that such countries have to / are forced to rely on immigration to fill the gap, though it may work to some extent / in a sense, this is a less-than-desirable solution.

economic hole

immigration fill the gap

less-than-desirable solution

其次,随着更多的人进入到老年,他们将会面临健康问题,这会对医疗和其他社会项目带来巨大压力。在大多数国家里,政府至少要为医疗的某些费用买单,更不用说像是养老金之类的费用了,这都意味着有一大笔费用要支付。

Second, as more people reach their twilight years, they will face health problems and this puts huge pressure on health care and other social programs. In most countries, governments / the authorities concerned should pay for at least some of the costs of health care, not to mention things like pension, all of which means a big

bill has to pay for.

仅仅看到其不利的一面是目光短浅的。我们不应该直接把愤怒强加在老人身上。老人依然能够对社会做出有价值的贡献,无论这意味着帮着照看第三代,从事兼职还是做义工。从个体层面上说,老人是一笔真正的财富。impose on Only focus on its negative / positive aspects would be short-sighted.

Yet, there is a bright / dark side to this picture. We should not directly impose our anger on the aged. Senior citizens still can make a worthwhile contribution to the society, whether it means helping looking after their grandchildren, working part time or doing voluntary job. From the individual level, the elderly can be a real treasure.

总之,政府应该认识到老龄化社会所带来的挑战,并采取有效的措施。但是除了解决老龄化社会所产生的短期影响外,政府还应该从长计议,尽全力在将来实现年龄平衡。

In an increasing number of / more and more developed countries, we have seen the following trends: incomes rise, but people get married later and have fewer kids. The result depicts / demonstrates / shows / suggests that the demographic changes, the population ages. While having more old people sounds like a good thing (as they tend to be kind and warm-hearted), whatever its intrinsic merit, it will have a negative impact on economics and societies.

First, in order to increase / grow a country’s GDP, it needs to produce more products and services each year. With the population ageing and more people retiring, fewer are left to work, and creating an economic hole. The result is that such countries are forced to rely on immigration to fill the gap, which can work to some extent, will generally be a less-than-desirable solution.

Second, as more people reach their twilight years, they will face increasing healthy issues / problems and this puts much pressure / stress on health care and other social programs / items. In most countries, governments / the authorities concerned pay for at least some of the costs of health care, not to mention items such as pension, and so forth, all of which means a big bill to pay for.

Only focus on its negative / positive aspects should be short-sighted.

Yet, there is a bright side to this picture.

We should not directly impose / put our anger on old people themselves / per se. The aged can also make a worthwhile contribution to societies, whether it means helping looking after their grandchildren, working part-time job and doing self-willingness-work volunteering job. From the individual level, senior citizens can be a real treasure.

Grandiloquence

Aggrandize

Yet, there is a dark side to this picture.

Absorb its essence

Resist its dark side

To sum up, the authorities concerned should recognize the challenges of the ageing society and take drastic measures / steps / actions to combat this tough issue. But in addition to addressing the short-term impact of the older society, the governments are also supposed to look at the bigger picture and make every endeavor / effort to achieve the age balance in the future.

in conclusion

in a sum

Some people believe that time spent on Tv, video and computer games can be beneficial to children. others think this has negative effects on a child. Does this trend has more positive or negative impacts on kids?

范文三:人口老龄化作文 投稿:刘瞋瞌

Aging of the Population

1. 我国人口老龄化现象日趋明显

2. 人口老龄化带来的问题

3. 如何妥善解决人口老龄化问题

【范文】

Aging of the Population

Population officials and demographers have much to worry about China’s increasingly aging population. It is estimated that the proportion of people aged 60 or older in China will rise to 11.8 percent in 2020. By the middle of this century, people aged beyond 60 will take up 27.4 percent of the total population — that means one out of every four people will be senior!

The aging population poses a serious challenge to families and the society. On the one hand, with families becoming smaller and living pace escalating, it is even graver for families to care for aged members adequately. On the other hand, aging causes a relative decline in working force. Consequently, the productivity of the whole society will be affected to some extent.

The rapidity of the population’s aging has made it more urgent for the adoption of countermeasures. There is no doubt that the key is to build a solid economic foundation. Meanwhile, importance should be attached to overall social progress by

changing the backward situation in social security, welfare and service. What’s more, family care and community-based services should also be encouraged.

范文四:2016考研英语二图表作文预测:人口老龄化 投稿:雷竸竹

2016考研英语二图表作文预测:人口老龄化

图表作文是考研英语二大作文的命题热点,离考试只有8天时间了,

大家要注意练习和总结。在此奉上考研英语二图表作文考前实战系列,和大家一起来分享一些热点的话题及范文,大家不妨找几篇练练背背。

Directions:

Write an essay based on the following chart. In your essay, you should

1)interpret the chart, and

2)give your comments.

You should write about 150 words on ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

中国60岁以上人口占总人口比例示意图

The line chart depicts that the percentage of those aged over 60 increased moderately from 6% of the total population in 1990 to 15% in 2010 in China. It is predicted that the proportion will amount to 25% in 2020 and 30% in 2040. Quite a few factors can account for this phenomenon, but the

following might be the critical ones: for one thing, with the implementation of China's family planning policy and the improvement of people's living standard, fewer and fewer people are willing to have more children. Therefore, the birth rate has dramatically dropped, which results in a low proportion of youngsters and a higher proportion of elders. For another, due to the fact that more hospitals are equipped with advanced medical instruments and more

professional staffs, many incurable diseases now can be easily cured. As a result, the public can enjoy an increased life span, adding to the growing proportion of old people.

The aging of the population is also a result of social progress and economic development. However, this phenomenon will be likely to bring about some undesirable consequences in the future. Hence it is high time that we figured out some ways to face the up-coming challenges.

范文五:大学英语六级作文压题点评:人口老龄化 投稿:于焊焋

大学英语六级作文压题点评:人口老龄化 背景文章和英文对照:

在世界人口走向老龄化和发达国家人口老龄化发展的同时,中国人口老龄化也在加剧。人口老龄化的产生,正是社会进步、经济发展的结果。中国人口转变新中国成立,起先是死亡率明显而迅速地下降。而全国性的生育率转变则始于20世纪70年代初期国家计划生育政策的介入,并迅速由高生育率水平转向低生育率水平。这样,人口的老龄化就导致了劳动力人口负担不断增大的问题,影响了我国社会经济的发展,并对相应基础设施、法律制度等物质及精神各方面的建设提出了新的要求。

针对这一情况全国老龄委发布了《中国老龄事业发展“十一五”规划》,提出了“十一五”期间,、医疗保障、社会救助等,以及老龄事业基础设施建设、老年产业、老年精神文化生活等方面所要实现的目标和任务。我们既要正确认识中国人口老龄化的形成原因、基本特征、发展趋势以及可能产生的社会经济后果,更要弄清人口老龄化对社会经济运行及可持续发展的影响。惟此,才能提高决策的科学性和可行性,解决好人口老龄化问题,为实施可持续发展战略创造有利的人口环境。通过对人口老龄化的科学内涵的界定,明确我国人口老龄化的成因。通过对人口老龄化的演进过程的研究,重点阐述我国人口老龄化的特征及其对经济、社会和家庭等各方面的影响,从,提出解决人口老龄化问题的相应对策措施。 Of the world's population aging and the aging of the population in developed countries the same time, China's aging population has intensified. The aging of the population have is social progress and economic development. China's population changes are generally believed to have started in the founding of new China, the mortality rate is initially clear and rapid decline. And the national fertility rate change is the 20th century began in the early 1970s to the national family planning policy intervention and quickly from the high level of fertility to low fertility level. Thus, the aging of the population has led to the burden of the working population growing problems affecting China's social and economic

development, as well as the corresponding infrastructure, legal system and other material and the spirit of building the new requirements.

In view of this situation the National Committee on Aging issued a

Five-Year Plan

We should correctly understand China's population aging of the formation, basic features, Development trends and possible socio-economic consequences, more to be cognizant of the aging of the population and sustainable socio-economic operations development. Only then can we make decision-making more scientific and feasibility of solving the problem of aging population. to the implementation of a sustainable development strategy to create an enabling environment for the population. Based on the aging of the population scientific content defined clearly China's aging population causes. Based on the aging of the population evolution of the study focuses on the aging of China's population and the characteristics of the economy, society and the family, as well as the impact, so as to solve their own inadequate solve the problem of aging population in the corresponding countermeasures. 关键词:

人口老龄化 Population old age

人口负担 Population burden

老年社会保障 Old age social security

可持续发展 Sustainable development

范文一:关于中国人口老龄化问题

1.人口老龄化问题正困扰着中国。

2.人口老龄化带来的问题。

3.应采取怎样的措施,谈谈自己的观点。

Aging of Population in China

Many countries will experience aging populations in the next century because of declining birth and mortality rates. China will soon join their ranks. According to statistics, the aging of China's

population will approach its peak by the middle of the next century,with the percentage of the people aged beyond 60 making up 27.4 percent of the total. That means one out of every four people will be elderly.

As for the issue of aging, its situation has been growing increasingly severe in spite of the fact most people are still ignorant of the problems it brings about. Firstly, with families becoming smaller and living , it is even graver for families to care for aged members adequately. Secondly, aging causes a relative decline in working force in that fewer people have to support the increasing aged people. Consequently, the productivity of the whole society is affected to some extent. Thirdly and most

importantly,the aging of population in China resulted from the successful implementation of family planning has not been synchronized with national economic progress.

The rapidity of the population's aging has made it more urgent for the adoption of counter measures. No doubt they key is to build a solid economic foundation. Meanwhile, importance shall be attached to overall changing the backward situation in social security,welfare and service. What's more, family care and community services shall also be encouraged.

范文六:大学英语六级作文压题点评:人口老龄化 投稿:黄割剳

大学英语六级作文压题点评:人口老龄化

背景文章和英文对照:

在世界人口走向老龄化和发达国家人口老龄化发展的同时,中国人口老龄化也在加剧。人口老龄化的产生,正是社会进步、经济发展的结果。中国人口转变新中国成立,起先是死亡率明显而迅速地下降。而全国性的生育率转变则始于20世纪70年代初期国家计划生育政策的介入,并迅速由高生育率水平转向低生育率水平。这样,人口的老龄化就导致了劳动力人口负担不断增大的问题,影响了我国社会经济的发展,并对相应基础设施、法律制度等物质及精神各方面的建设提出了新的要求。

针对这一情况全国老龄委发布了《中国老龄事业发展“十一五”规划》,提出了“十一五”期间,、医疗保障、社会救助等,以及老龄事业基础设施建设、老年产业、老年精神文化生活等方面所要实现的目标和任务。我们既要正确认识中国人口老龄化的形成原因、基本特征、发展趋势以及可能产生的社会经济后果,更要弄清人口老龄化对社会经济运行及可持续发展的影响。惟此,才能提高决策的科学性和可行性,解决好人口老龄化问题,为实施可持续发展战略创造有利的人口环境。通过对人口老龄化的科学内涵的界定,明确我国人口老龄化的成因。通过对人口老龄化的演进过程的研究,重点阐述我国人口老龄化的特征及其对经济、社会和家庭等各方面的影响,从,提出解决人口老龄化问题的相应对策措施。

Of the world's population aging and the aging of the population in developed countries the same time, China's aging population has intensified. The aging of the population have is social progress and economic development. China's population changes are generally believed to have started in the founding of new China, the mortality rate is initially clear and rapid decline. And the national fertility rate change is the 20th century began in the early 1970s to the national family planning policy intervention and quickly from the high level of fertility to low fertility level. Thus, the aging of the population has led to the burden of the working population growing problems affecting China's social and economic development, as well as the corresponding infrastructure, legal system and other material and the spirit of building the new requirements.

In view of this situation the National Committee on Aging issued a

关键词:

人口老龄化 Population old age

人口负担 Population burden

老年社会保障 Old age social security

可持续发展 Sustainable development

范文一:关于中国人口老龄化问题

1.人口老龄化问题正困扰着中国。

2.人口老龄化带来的问题。

3.应采取怎样的措施,谈谈自己的观点。

Aging of Population in China

Many countries will experience aging populations in this century because of declining birth and mortality rates. China will soon join their ranks. According to statistics, the aging of China's population will approach its peak by the middle of this century, with the percentage of the people aged beyond 60 making up 27.4 percent of the total. That means one out of every four people will be elderly.

As for the issue of aging, its situation has been growing increasingly severe in spite of the fact most people are still ignorant of the problems it brings about. Firstly, with families becoming smaller and living, it is even graver for families to care for aged members adequately. Secondly, aging causes a relative decline in working force in that fewer people have to support the increasing aged people. Consequently, the productivity of the whole society is affected to some extent. Thirdly and most importantly, the aging of population in China resulted from the successful implementation of family planning

has not been synchronized with national economic progress.

The rapidity of the population's aging has made it more urgent for the adoption of counter measures. No doubt the key is to build a solid economic foundation. Meanwhile, importance shall be attached to overall changing the backward situation in social security, welfare and service. What's more, family care and community services shall also be encouraged.

我们如何面对人口老龄化(How Could We Cope with Aging Population)

Progress in science and improvement of living conditions have resulted in aging population. In the first place, modern medicine has made it possible for people to kill many deadly diseases and thus live longer. Secondly, with the improved living conditions, people lead a stable and trouble free life. as a result, graying population (白发人口) is growing in China. However, aging population poses unexpected problems to the society. A large population is bound to influence the consumption structure. Moreover, welfare pension and health care can be a heavy duty for governments at different levels if some bottleneck problems could not be dealt with properly, surprising consequences will be answered.

To guarantee the stable life of these past wealth builders, government should launch some projects with proper preliminary(初步的,开始的) studies. an all round supporting system(全方位的保障体系) should be established to protect the rights of senior citizens (老年人). only by adopting effective measures can the senior citizens peacefully step the last phase(时期,阶段) of their life.

延迟退休大势所趋:养老金“很差钱”

A Chinese government agency has revealed that it will propose a more flexible pension system to central authorities at an appropriate time to keep a balance between employment and expected shortfall in retirement payments.

The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security said in a written statement posted on its website Wednesday that the ministry is conducting research into the retirement and pension system, and will submit the proposal at an appropriate time after listening to comments from all circles.

In China most men retire at 60 and women at 50. And China is facing a ballooning deficit in the country's retirement pension

funds due to an aging population.

Although the ministry did not clarify a detailed plan of a more flexible pension system, experts say two possible scenarios are being considered.

The first scenario is to allow employees to continue working and getting paid for several years after the retirement age, which will increase their incomes and reduce the pension fund's outward payments.

The second scenario is to delay employees' time to collect their pensions, which means an employee has to continue contributing to his pension account after retirement and collect it several years later.

This scenario could create more uncertainty and even more financial burdens to the already retired and the lay-off employees.

Allowing for negative immediate repercussions the proposal could cause, experts suggest that any reform to the retirement and pension system should be conducted step by step.

范文七:人口老龄化论文 投稿:田邫邬

浅谈人口老龄化

一、中国人口老龄化的现状及预测

来自国家统计局的权威数据:截至2014年底,我国60周岁及以上老年人口21242万人,占总人口的15.5%,65周岁及以上人口13755万人,占总人口的10.1%。

截至2013年底,我国60周岁及以上老年人口20243万人,占总人口的14.9%。其中,65岁及以上人口13161万人,占总人口的9.7%。

2014年,全国60岁以上的老年人口净增加999万,约1000万,增长6‰,高于自然人口增长率5.21‰,老龄化加速。其中:60-65岁老年人口7487万,占老年人口的35%,65岁以上老年人口13755万,占老年人口的65%。

全世界老年人口超过1亿的国家只有中国。2亿老年人口数几乎相当于印尼的总人口数,已超过了巴西、俄罗斯、日本等人口大国的人口数。如果作为一个国家的总人口数,也能排世界第四位。

未来几十年里,老龄化浪潮将会席卷中国,60岁以上老年人口所占比例将会迅速提高,预计2015年,这一比例将达到15%,2012年和2013年是中国人口老龄化发展中形成的第一个老年人口增长高峰。2005年,相对每100名适龄工作成年人,仅有16名中国老年人。这一老年抚养比到2025年将会翻番到32%,到2050年会再翻一翻,达到61%。到2050年时,将会有4.38亿中国人年龄达到或超过60岁,其中1.08亿人超过80岁,老年人口将达到全国人口的三分之一,“银发潮”将对我国的经济、社会、政治、文化发展产生深远的影响。

目前业内普遍认为,中国老龄化的主要特征是增速快、规模大、未富先老。虽然与世界上很多国家和地区如日本、欧洲相比,中国老龄化问题出现时间不长,但近几年大有愈演愈烈趋势,一方面中国人均寿命不断提高,同时由于中国实行的相关政策,导致年轻人口增长速度一直低于自然增长速度,在这两个因素的共同影响下,中国面临的老龄化问题更加严峻,很多人称之为“银发浪潮”或是“人口海啸”,中国老龄化问题已经引发全球关注。

二、中国人口老龄化的经济社会影响

不言而喻,随着人口老龄化的快速到来,对各个领域将产生极大的影响。在这里首先考察人口老龄化对经济发展影响。一般来说,人口老龄化对于经济发展具有阻碍作用。 一是被抚养人口负担,特别是老龄化负担的增大,导致在职职工与离退休人员比例发生变化,对于经济发展是不利的。从宏观上来看抚养老年人口的主要承担者是劳动力人口,其主要指标是劳动力对老年人口的总负担率。老年人口规模与劳动力总负担率密切相关,老年人口规模小,退休金和养老金支出倾向低,劳动力的负担相对较轻,反之则相反,两者之间呈现正相关关系。

应该看到,中国今后随着计划生育政策的实施,老年负担系数不断上升,由2000年11.07%急速上升到2030年21.66%,仅30年间增大了近2倍。随着经济的发展和人口老龄化的发展,今后领取退休金和养老金的人数将不断扩大,老龄化负担的增大引起老年退休金、养老金、老年医疗保健费用、社会福利基金和社会保险基金等国家财政支出的急剧上升,加重国家的财政负担,需要提供社会福利、老年医疗以及老年福利设施等多种社会的服务。这样,政府财政支出的增大,减少了生产部门的投资规模,加重了国民经济的负担。

二是人口老龄化的加快对个人消费是有影响的,这对于经济发展是不利的。一般而言,年龄结构的老龄化正在进行的过程中,因老年人口数量的增加,使消费群体日益扩大,消费支出呈现逐渐上升倾向。但是,进入老龄化社会以后,消费支出则呈现减少趋势,年龄结构的变化影响了消费结构。从中国城市居民的消费水平来看,老龄者的家庭用品、保健费、医疗费以及交际费等支出的比例显著提高。但是,将来随着人口老龄化的迅速发展,由于收入

水平相对较低的老龄者人均消费额随着衰老而减少,住宅、轿车、电视机以及电冰箱等耐用消费品部门的需求量减少,这样,人口老龄化的消费减退效果在某种程度上抑制了经济发展。

三是人口老龄化对于储蓄也产生相当的减退效果,,从而,减少了资本积累。对于个人来说,进入老年以后,由于收入的来源和数量的减少,会带来个人储蓄的减少。退休使个人收入大幅度降低,退休人员的购买力也会因通货膨胀的影响进一步降低,而提前退休将会使个人的收入与储蓄能力下降的幅度更大。中国老龄者的实际收入一贯较低,储蓄倾向也低,老年人口的增加会带来总储蓄水平的降低。今后随着经济的高速发展,通货膨胀显性化的同时,伴随着人口老龄化程度加深,退休、退职人口的比例上升,老年阶层的储蓄倾向逐渐减弱,今后老年阶层的储蓄进一步呈现降低趋势。大量的老年者由于通货膨胀导致储蓄不足,不得不依靠子女的照顾。从总体上看,不仅减少资本的积累和持续储蓄,使投资受到一定的限制,影响了社会扩大再生产。

四是在劳动年龄人口的数量和质量方面,人口老龄化成为抑制经济增长的因素。由于人口老龄化,出生人口减少,随着老年人口比重的上升,劳动年龄人口所占比重相应下降,使从事经济活动的劳动力人口往往呈现下降趋势,不利于经济发展。目前,西欧、北欧以及美国、日本、澳大利亚等发达国家大都面临这一问题,特别是西欧国家、日本由于劳动力严重不足,在一定程度上不得不依靠吸引外国劳动力来补充,这对其经济发展的影响是深刻的。中国的劳动力自1978年以来以3%左右的速度增长,成为经济快速增长的动力。但1994年以后,由于产业结构的失衡、国有企业优胜劣汰机制的实施导致新就业劳动力增长钝化,2020年以后随着人口老龄化的加速,劳动年龄人口数量将逐渐减少,比重下降,导致劳动力不足,对于经济发展是不利的。与此同时,伴随着人口老龄化的发展,劳动年龄人口的年龄结构逐渐趋向老化趋势。这种变化是劳动年龄人口老龄化对于经济变动产生的负面影响。一般来说,老年劳动力的反映不如年轻劳动力快,不能适应快节奏的生产活动,特别是在劳动密集型的生产中,不利于劳动生产率的提高。中国的工业化水平还不高,属于劳动密集型的行业偏多。在这些行业,劳动年龄人口老龄化会影响劳动生产率的提高。而伴随着年龄结构的老龄化,意味着中国经济将来不得不依靠老年劳动力。劳动力的生产性减退的同时,老年劳动力的体力逐渐衰退是明显的。

劳动年龄人口数量的钝化通常起因于新生劳动力的减少。随着人口老龄化速度的加快,生产后备军的少年儿童人口系数的下降使劳动力源泉的劳动年龄人口增长缓慢或者呈现负增长趋势。由于具有生产技能和革新能力的年轻劳动力人口逐渐减少,使企业的新制品开发和技术革新受到一定影响,劳动生产率逐渐低下,使经济技术的进步受到不利影响。总的来说,人口老龄化对经济的影响,在宏观和主导方面是不利于经济发展的。

但是老年人口作为“次要劳动力”不是纯消费者,他们中间仍有一部分人从事经济活动,劳动经验和知识积累相对丰富,他们有丰富的经验和知识技能,尊守劳动纪律,这会在相当程度上有助于经济发展。还应该看到,随着以微电子技术为主导的知识经济的发展,加快了社会生产力的发展,为包括老年人口在内的有劳动能力人口提供了就业机会。今后随着物质生活的改善和医学生命科学技术的进步,人口平均寿命延长,老年健康状况逐步改善,使老年劳动力对经济发展做出比以往更大的贡献。通过鼓励他们积极参与劳动力市场竞争重新工作,使他们的经验和才能得到充分运用。因此,重视中国人口老龄化带来的变化,加快经济发展,完善社会保险制度,合理开发利用中国老年人力资源,将成为减轻人口老龄化对经济发展不利因素的重要任务。

三、中国人口老龄化面临的主要问题

中国是在经济尚不发达的情况下进入老龄社会的,应对人口老龄化的经济实力较弱,制度准备也较为迟滞,面临的形势相当严峻。

一是现行养老保障体系还不适应人口老龄化快速发展的要求。充足稳定的养老金供给是

养老保障制度的核心和可持续发展的关键。我国的快速老龄化将导致抚养结构的根本性转变,造成在本已较迟建立养老保险制度的情况下,养老金缴费者急剧减少和领取者大量增多,养老金供需矛盾日益尖锐。一方面,我国现行养老保险制度的资金支付压力逐年加大。198年我国在职职工与离退休人员之比为l2.8:1,24年锐减到3:1,养老负担急剧加重。另一方面,由于长期形成的城乡二元经济结构,使我国现行养老保险制度覆盖面窄,只在城镇建立起养老保险制度,绝大多数农村老龄人口还没有纳入社会养老保险制度。因此,完善养老保险制度的任务十分艰巨。

二是医疗保障体制不适应老年群体迅猛增加的要求。老年人是医疗卫生资源消费的主体,据统计,6岁以上老人余寿中约有2/3时间为带病期。而目前我国医疗资源总体不足、分布不均衡,医疗保障制度覆盖面小,政府投入相对不足,个人负担费用上涨过快。老年人口总量的迅速增长,对医疗资源的消费和占用越来越大,而支付能力有限,这将给我国医疗保障体系带来巨大压力和严峻考验。

三是老年照料服务体系不适应老年人服务需求增长的要求。不断增多的高龄、病残、独居老人。要求提供社会照料服务需求的日益增多。目前,我国约有325万老人需要不同形式的长期照料护理服务。但我国老年照料服务体系建设严重滞后,服务能力需要大力加强。 四是传统管理体制不适应社会化管理和服务的要求。随着各项改革的深化和政府职能的转换,企业退休人员由“单位人”转为“社会人”,越来越多的退休人员都将进入社区,对其实行社会化管理和服务已成必然。这就要求社区承担起健全老年工作机制、培育和发展老年群众组织、维护老年人合法权益、提供老年活动项目、活跃老年人精神文化生活、引导老年人参与经济发展和社会事务等任务,迫切要求加强社区建设,发展社区服务。但我国的社区建设尚处于起步和探索阶段,社区服务体系还很不健全,服务能力和服务水平都亟待快速提升。

四、人口老龄化对策研究

1)推迟退休时间

我国目前的采用的退休制度为男60岁,女55岁这是我国在建国初期根据当时的人均寿命指定的,随着时间的推移,我国的人均寿命已由当时的55岁提高到73岁,因此,我国的退休年龄可适当向后延长3~5年与此同时,为了缓解社会就业率,给年轻人让出就业岗位,我国存在着很多提前退休的情况,有退休后继续参与劳动的,也有不参与劳动的如果提高后者的劳动参与率,劳动力市场也犹如重新注入了新的力量,从某些方面来讲是可以创造出更多劳动力价值,并且能够活发社会行业结构。

2)不断加强社会养老服务体系的建设和完善

老龄人口是一个特殊的社会群体,需要全社会的共同关爱,日本早在20世纪60年代就开始建立全国民的养老及医疗社会保险制度,以使老年人的经济医疗保健等基本问题,并在随后的几十年里对这一制度进行不断地完善和发展2000年4月,日本推出了介护保险制度,保障了行动不便的老年人的生活起居得到了专人照顾,同时生病也能得到更加及时专业的治疗近年来,随着我国4-2-1的家庭结构越来越普遍,年轻人赡养老人的压力不断增加,家庭养老功能日渐弱化,因此,为了更好地保障老龄人的生活,必须加强社会养老服务体系的建设和完善,一方面,政府要加大对养老机构的投入;另一方面,吸收民间组织积极参与,并做好引导管理和监督工作真正使人民能够实现老有所养老有所依,过上幸福美满的晚年生活。

3)创造老龄人口再就业的机会

现今企业招收人员的年龄限制使很多老年人群再就业很大的屏障,一旦年龄有了限制,想工作也是不可能的要让老年人群更好的实现价值就必须让他们去做他们能够做的事情,就业要的是实力而并不是只要年轻就好很多日本人在退休后,会根据自己的兴趣爱好在一个全

新的领域发挥自己的余热随着中国老龄化的不断严峻,老龄人口已在全人口中占了相当大的比重,应为他们创造机会重回工作岗位,进一步实现其价值,不断为社会创造财富。

五、总结

应对人口老龄化社会的到来,还要树立和发扬尊老助老的社会风尚,提倡中国传统文化中优秀的孝文化:赡养父母和老人,对父母和老人要和顺,要尊敬父母和老人,要精心对待父母老人的生活和疾病。

中国人口老龄化是新的人口社会经济问题,是一种挑战,但并不可怕。西方的金融经济危机,不是人口老龄化惹的祸。人口老龄化不是经济发展的偃塞湖。全中国的老年人,全世界的老年人,一定会大有作为!

范文八:人口老龄化文档(2) 投稿:郭苬苭

一.单选题 1.企业年金属于我国社会化养老保险运作机制的的()支柱体系。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:B 学员答案:B A.第一 B.第二 C.第三 D.第四 2.机关和事业单位中的技术工人、普通工人退休后按本人退休前职务工资和级别工资之和的一定比例计发。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:B 学员答案:B A.对 B.错 3.2009 年 09 月美国“人口数据局”发布的数据显示:2008 年,全球 65 岁以上人口约占总人口()。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:B 学员答案:B A.5.6% B.7.6% C.8.6% D.13.3% 4.2006 年,我国退休金计发比例中,工作年限满 35 年的,按()计发。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:A 学员答案:A A.90% B.85% C.80% D.75% 5.联合国常用 65 岁作为老年的起点,而发展中国家更多的用 60 岁为老年的起点。 则 60 岁或者 65 岁及以上的人口称为老 标准答案:A 学员答案:A A.对 B.错 6.按照《人口学方法与资料》的划分方法,年龄中位数在 30 岁以上是()。 (分数:10 分)

标准答案:D 学员答案:D A.年轻型人口 B.成年型人口 C.中年型人口 D.老年型人口 7.我国第六次人口普查数据显示:大陆 31 个省、自治区、直辖市和现役军人的人口中,60 岁及以上人口占()。 (分数:1 标准答案:D 学员答案:D A.5.6% B.7.6% C.8.6% D.13.3% 二.多选题 1.我国社会化养老保险运作机制的支柱体系包括()。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:BCD 学员答案:BCD A.医疗保险 B.基本养老保险 C.补充养老保险 D.商业养老保险 E.公务员退休制度 2.社会化养老保险特征包括()。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:ABCDE 学员答案:ABCDE A.社会化筹资 B.养老风险共担 C.体现个人责任 D.养老金水平适度 E.国际主流做法 3.人口老龄化问题对整个社会的直接后果有()。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:BCDE 学员答案:BCDE A.劳动力过剩 B.老年人口规模大

C.年轻人口相对减少 D.劳动力短缺 E.生产力下降 一.单选题 1.按照《人口学方法与资料》的划分方法,年龄中位数在 30 岁以上是()。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:D 学员答案:D A.年轻型人口 B.成年型人口 C.中年型人口 D.老年型人口 2.我国第六次人口普查数据显示:大陆 31 个省、自治区、直辖市和现役军人的人口中,60 岁及以上人口占()。 (分数:1 标准答案:D 学员答案:D A.5.6% B.7.6% C.8.6% D.13.3% 3.2009 年 09 月美国“人口数据局”发布的数据显示:2008 年,全球 65 岁以上人口约占总人口()。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:B 学员答案:B A.5.6% B.7.6% C.8.6% D.13.3%

4.企业年金属于我国社会化养老保险运作机制的的()支柱体系。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:B 学员答案:B A.第一 B.第二 C.第三 D.第四 5.联合国常用 65 岁作为老年的起点,而发展中国家更多的用 60 岁为老年的起点。 则 60 岁或者 65 岁及以上的人口称为老 标准答案:A 学员答案:A A.对 B.错 6.2006 年,我国退休金计发比例中,工作年限满 35 年的,按()计发。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:A 学员答案:A A.90% B.85% C.80% D.75% 7.机关和事业单位中的技术工人、普通工人退休后按本人退休前职务工资和级别工资之和的一定比例计发。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:B 学员答案:B A.对 B.错 二.多选题 1.社会化养老保险特征包括()。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:ABCDE 学员答案:ABCDE A.社会化筹资 B.养老风险共担 C.体现个人责任 D.养老金水平适度 E.国际主流做法

2.我国社会化养老保险运作机制的支柱体系包括()。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:BCD 学员答案:BCD A.医疗保险 B.基本养老保险 C.补充养老保险 D.商业养老保险 E.公务员退休制度 3.人口老龄化问题对整个社会的直接后果有()。 (分数:10 分) 标准答案:BCDE 学员答案:BCDE A.劳动力过剩 B.老年人口规模大 C.年轻人口相对减少 D.劳动力短缺 E.生产力下降

范文九:人口老龄化论文 投稿:梁腡腢

人活着,钱没了

伴随着经济的发展,社会的进步,越来越多的问题凸显出来,亟待我们去解决,其中人口老龄化就是其中一个不可忽视的方面。套用本山大叔的一句经典台词“人生最最悲哀的是什么?人活着,钱没了。”--未富先老,已经成为我国现代化进程中极大的隐患和挑战。

根据联合国教科文组织标准,当一个国家60岁及60岁以上的老年人口超过国家总人口的10%,或65岁及65岁以上的老年人口超过7%,那么该国家就进入了“老龄化社会”。据此,我们在本世纪初就已进入老龄化社会。

现在我们正处在“人口红利”的高峰期,所谓的人口红利,就我个人的简单理解就是相当多的年轻一代进入工作年龄,形成了一个劳动力资源相对丰富,对于经济发展非常有利的黄金时期。

然而,随着独生子女的增多,甚至出现了许多丁克家庭,使生育率迅速下降,从而工作年龄人口无法填补退休人口,造成了工作岗位多,劳动力资源短缺,而需要抚养的退休人口又多的局面,剧权威统计,到2020年领取养老金的退休者将超过1亿人,在职职工与退休人员的供养比例将达到2.5:1,这大大加重了人们的生活负担和工作压力,从而对社会的进步有巨大的阻碍。

人口红利结束吹响"养老集结号",对"老龄社会危机"需未雨绸缪,及早应对。据此,我们需要延长人口红利来改变这种不良的发展趋势。

如何才能延长人口红利呢?我觉得可以就下面四个方面展开:

一.有效合理的人口移动和流动。简单说就是要更合理的利用人力资源,平衡劳动力,从农村到城市,从东部到西部,充分就业,实现经济共同增长。

二.改革养老保障制度。作为应对人口红利枯竭的一项重要措施,有人提出缓慢地延长退休年龄,鼓励企业和职工协议弹性退休,开发老龄人口的就业项目,增加老龄人口的收入。以减少人口红利枯竭带来的劳动力力短缺。

三.调整人口生育政策。像允许“一对夫妇生育两个孩子”等,都是保持劳动年龄人口稳定的有效途径。

四.转变经济增长方式。人口生育政策只能缓解人口红利带来的副作用,所以我认为转变经济增长方式、提高劳动生产率、创造新的经济增长引擎才是王道。加大人力资源投资,提高人口素质,做好各类人才的教育和培训是解决问题的关键,因为产业的升级和技术的进步必然对劳动提出更高的技能和知识要求。

然而,人口红利也只是起到暂时缓解的作用,而非长远之策。

让我

们看一下中国老龄化社会的现状,目前中国老龄人口已超过1.6亿,且每年以近800万的速度增加,有关专家预测,到2050年,中国老龄人口将达到总人口的三分之一。作为社会文明进步的重要标志,老龄化所带来的社会问题涉及各个方面。首先是影响国家经济发展,老龄人口的增长会改变人口抚养比,被抚养人口的增加必将加重现有劳动人口的负担。其次是突出社会保障问题,老龄化使老年社会保障费用大幅增加,给政府带来比较沉重的财政负担。再则是加重家庭赡养负担,给年轻一代带来巨大的工作压力和生活负担。当然还有导致劳动力的严重不足。

由此,我们必须寻找长远之策来转危为机。我觉得主要应该就以下几个方面展开工作:

一。将实施健康老龄化战略纳入长期规划。归纳起来主要是“老友所养,老有所医,老有所为,老有所学,老有所教,老有所乐”,这是对中国老龄工作的综合概括,是促使经济社会可持续发展的重要内容,也是解决老龄化问题的主题思路。

二。家庭养老和社会养老相结合。简历以家庭养老为主,社区养老服务为辅,公共福利设施为补充,社会保险制度为保障的居家养老体系,从而把老年人自身、家庭、社会、国家作用有机的结合。

三。积极发展老龄产业。从实际出发,以满足老人物质和精神生活的需要为目的,保障养老费用的合理使用,提高老年人的消费能力。具体可以开发生产适用对路的老年用品,鼓励和引导老年产品市场的发展等。

四。加快完善老年法律法规体系。中国自古就有尊老爱幼的传统,但这一传统一度有所失落,随着相关法律法规的逐步健全,现在已经到了重拾的时候,国家应该尽快出台养老保险、医疗保险等有关社会保障方面的法律法规,使老年人的生活得到切实的保障促使家庭和睦和社会稳定。

五进一步加强对老龄工作的领导。主要加强党中央对老龄工作的重视,对老龄工作进行积极部署,健全政府的老龄事务管理机构。如在一些大学对老龄专业管理人才进行培养,加强老龄科研机构建设,组合各方面专家学者,深入展开老龄问题的科学研究。

当然这也只是大纲的想法而以,要真正地解决老龄化问题,需要我们每个人的努力,更需要去具体的去实施一些切实可行的想法,我们需要做的还有很多很多。

可别让“人活着,钱没了”这样人生最最悲哀的事发生在我们自己身上啊!

面对老龄化,你准备好了吗?

到2039年,我国将出现不足两个纳税人供养一个养老金领取者的局面,这被称为"老

龄社会危机时点"。

"

老龄社会危机时点"不仅表现在将出现不足两个纳税人供养一个养老金领取者的局

面,早有资料显示,从32岁起,很多年轻人就开始规划养老问题。一方面他们担心即

便按时缴纳了养老金最终仍可能得不到满意的退休金;另一方面,房子、教育费用、医疗费

用等支出上升都不可小觑。"奔四"计划养老也是中国富人群体对慈善事业信心不足,

参与不够、调门不高的原因之一。

更令人担忧的是,据《新京报》载,中国养老金"空账"规模约1.3万亿,中国的养

老金制度并不成功。尽管有关官员说不应该过分担心"空账",如果出现养老金赤字,将会由

国家兜底,但大凡正常心智的人都会想像,"输血"的前提是必须"止血"。要看到,伴随中

国经济高速增长的同时,是社会平均工资的高增长率,使得养老金的投资收益率超过工资增

长率,成为几乎不可能的事情。--因此,单靠养老金投资收益来弥补亏空是不现实

的。寻求严格的监管机制,确保养老金安全和社会保险制度的良性运行乃当务之

急。

人口红利结束吹响"养老集结号",对"老龄社会危机时点"需未雨绸缪,及早应对。

在社会方面,对于养老保障和养老服务方面存在的不足,我认为一个和谐的老龄化

社会会让社会关系的各方面都达到和谐,让很多社会问题消弭于无形,从而促进国家长治久

安。而要实现和谐的目标,有三方面的问题必须着重注意:

首先是老年人的安全问题。一些地方都出现过这样的情况,老年人病了甚至过世了

好几天才被人发现,这都是与和谐社会的宗旨相违背的。社会各方应当对广大老年人的人身

安全、身心健康给予高度的关注。

  其次,提升老年人的权益和地位。"中国自古就有尊老爱幼的传统,但这一传统一度

有所失落,随着相关法律法规的逐步健全,现在已经到了重拾的时候,老年人的合法权益和

法律地位应当得到全社会的认可和尊重"。

  最后,在迈入老龄化社会之后应当发掘老年人这个群体自身的潜力。"随着人口

平均寿命的延长,很多老年人其实还有为社会作贡献的愿望和能力,应当充分满足他们的愿

望,这也能促进老龄化社会的和谐"。

  在政策方面,增收既是源源不断补充养老金的迂回救援之策,也是调节社会收入分配

的必由之路,更是国富民富的"造血之举"。其次,护驾"养老金"离不开公众参与。现行

物权法的赋权中,作为产权人的缴存者,有权利过问其信托财产的用途和去向,并对监管与

保值具有参与权和监督权。更为重要的是,老龄化问题是重要国情,也是重大民生问

题,需要战略规划。要结

合老龄化发展趋势和市场经济条件下养老形势和任务的变化,认

真研究制定和完善老龄事业发展和法规政策体系,依法保障老年人的各种合法权益。同时,

积极协调有关部门推进养老、医疗、福利、社区服务等老年保障法规、政策的制定、修订和

完善,为老龄事业发展创造更加良好、宽松的法律政策环境。

  当然这只是理论上的想法,如要真正解决老龄话问题,还有很多要做的。

范文十:2017考研英语二图表写作模拟之人口老龄化 投稿:董岸岹

凯程考研辅导班,中国最权威的考研辅导机构

2017考研英语二图表写作模拟之人口老

龄化

Directions:

Write an essay based on the following chart. In your essay, you should

1)interpret the chart, and

2)give your comments.

You should write about 150 words on ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

中国60岁以上人口占总人口比例示意图

The line chart depicts that the percentage of those aged over 60 increased moderately from 6% of the total population in 1990 to 15% in 2010 in China. It is predicted that the proportion will amount to 25% in 2020 and 30% in 2040.

Quite a few factors can account for this phenomenon, but the following might be the critical ones: for one thing, with the implementation of China's family planning policy and the improvement of people's living standard, fewer and fewer people are willing to have more children. Therefore, the birth rate has dramatically dropped, which results in a low proportion of youngsters and a higher proportion of elders. For another, due to the fact that more hospitals are equipped with advanced medical instruments and more professional staffs, many incurable diseases now can be easily cured. As a result, the public can enjoy an increased life span, adding to the growing proportion of old people.

The aging of the population is also a result of social progress and economic development. However, this phenomenon will be likely to bring about some undesirable consequences in the future. Hence it is high time that we figured out some ways to face the up-coming challenges.

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