ANNE’S BEST FRIEND
Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you
afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend.
Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. Her family was Jewish so the had to hide or
they would be caught by the German Nazis. She and her family hide away for two years before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.” Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.
Thursday 15, June, 1944
I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about
everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here.
…For example, when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in order
to have a good look at the moon for once by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time some months ago, I happened to be upstairs one evening when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…
…Sadly…I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no
pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.
必修1 第二单元 THE ROAD TO MODERN ENGLISH
At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. Nearly all of them lived
in England. Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or foreign language than ever before.
Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.
Look at this example:
British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?
American Amy: Yes, I’d like to come up to your apartment.
So why has English changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoken first Danish and later French. These new settlers enriched the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English began to be spoken in both countries.
Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling
happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language. The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.
English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very
large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.
JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG沿湄公河而下的旅行
PART 1 THE DREAM AND THE PLAN
My name is Wang Kun. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking
a great bike trip. Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one. Last year, she visited our cousins, Dao Wei and Yu Hang at their college in Kunming. They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near the Lancang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries. Wang Wei soon got them interested in cycling too. After graduating from college.we finally got the chance to take a bike trip. I asked my sister, "Where are we going?" It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. Now she is planning our schedule for the trip.
I am fond of my sister but she has one serious shortcoming. She can be really stubborn. Although she didn't
know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. Now, I know that the proper way is always her way. I kept asking her, "When are we leaving and when are we coming back?" I asked her whether she had looked at a map yet. Of course, she hadn't; my sister doesn't care about details. So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province. She gave me a determined look—the kind that said she would not change her mind. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she seemed to be excited about it. When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience. I know my sister well. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. Finally, I had to give in.
Several months before our trip,Wang Wei and I went to the library. We found a large atlas with good
maps that showed details of world geography. From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins in a glacier on a Tibetan mountain. At first the river is small and the water is clear and cold. Then it begins to move quickly. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province. Sometimes the river becomes a waterfall and enters wide valleys. We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China. After it leaves China and the high altitude,the Mekong becomes wide，brown and warm. As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace slows. It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows. At last, the river delta enters the South China Sea.
PART 2 A NIGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS
Although it was autumn, the snow was already beginning to fall in Tibet.Our legs were so heavy and cold that they felt like blocks of ice. Have you ever seen snowmen ride bicycles? That's what we looked like! Along the way children dressed in long wool coats stopped to look at us. In the late afternoon we found it was so cold that our water bottles froze.However,the lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked wonderful.Wang Wei rode in front of me as usual.She is very reliable and I knew I did't need to encourage her.To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us,we were surprised by the view.We seemed to be able to see for miles.At one point we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds.Then we began going down the hills.It was great fun especially as it gradually became much warmer.In the valleys colourful butterflies flew around us and we saw many yaks and sheep eating green grass.At this point we had to change our caps,coats,gloves and trousers for T-shirts and shorts.
In the early evening we always stop to make camp.We put up our tent and then we eat.After supper Wang Wei put her head down on her pillow and went to sleep but I stayed awake.At midnight the sky became clearer and the stars grew brighter. It was so quiet.There was almost no wind-only the flames of our fire for company.As I lay beneath the stars I thought about how far we had already travelled.
We will reach Dali in Yunnan Province soon,where our cousins Dao Wei and Yu Hang will join us.We can hardly wait to see them!
必修1 Unit 4 Earthquakes A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN'T SLEEP
Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei.For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell,rose and fell.Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them.A smelly gas came out of the cracks.In the farmyards,the chickens and even the pigs were too nervois to eat.Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide.Fish jumped out of their bowls and ponds.At about 3:00 am on july 28,1976,some people saw bright lights in the sky.The sound of planes could be heard outside the city of Tangshan even when no planes were in the sky.In the city,the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst.but the one million people of the city,who thiught little of these events,were asleep as usual that night.
At 3:42 am everything began to shake.It seemed as if the world was at an end!Eleven kilometres directly below the city the greatest earthquake of the 20th century had begun.It was felt in Beijing,which is more than two hundred kilometres away.One-third of the nation felt it.A huge crack that was eight kilometres long and thirty metres wide cut across houses,roads and canals.Steam burst from holes in the ground.Hard hills of rock became rivers of dir.In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.The suffering of the people was extreme.Two-thirds of them died or were left without parents.The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.
But how could the survivors believe it was natural?Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed.All of the city's hospitals,75%of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone.Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves.No wind,however,could blow them away.Two dams fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for travelling.The railway tracks were now useless pieces of steel.Tens of thousands of cows would never give milk again.Half a million oigs and millions of chickens were dead.Sand now filled the wells instead of water.People were shocked.Then,later that afternoon,another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan.Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins.More buildings fell down.Water,food,and electricity were hard to get.people begab to wonder how long the disaster would last.
All hope was not lost.Soon after the quakes,the army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to help the rescue workers.Hundreds of thousands of people were helped.The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead.To the north of the city,most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there.Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.Fresh water was taken to the city bu train,truck and plane.Slowly,the city began to breathe again.
必修1 Unit 5 ELIAS’ STORY
My name is Elias. I am a poor black worker in South Africa. The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went for advice. He offered guidance to poor black people on their legal problems. He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful.
I needed his help because I had very little education. I began school at six. The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. I had to leave because my family could not continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare. I could not read or write well. After trying hard, I got a job in a gold mine. However, this was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. Sadly I did not have it because I was not born there, and I worried about whether I would become out of work.
The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. He told my how to get the correct papers so I could stay in Johannesburg. I became more hopeful about my future. I never forgot how kind Mandela was. When he organized the ANC Youth League, I joined it as soon as I could. He said:
“The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.”
It was the truth. Black people could not vote or choose their leaders. They could not get the jobs they wanted. The parts of town in which they had to live were decided by white people. The places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South Africa. No one could grow food there. In fact as Nelson Mandela said:
“…we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important or fight the government. We chose to attack the laws. We first broke the law in a way which was peaceful; when this was not allowed…only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.
As a matter of fact, I do not like violence…but in 1963 I helped him blow up some government buildings. It was very dangerous because if I was caught I could be put in prison. But I was happy to help because I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal.
三排，不错……”走到门口，便看见书店里仍像往日一样挤满了顾客。我可以安心了。但我又担忧那本书会不会卖光，因为一连几天都看见有人买，昨天好象只剩下一两本了。心理描写，体现了“我”对那本书的热爱 我跨进店门，暗喜没人注意。我踮起脚尖，从大人的腋下钻过去。哟，把短发弄乱了，没关系，我总算挤到里边来了。在一排排花花绿绿的书里，我的眼睛急切地寻找，却找不到那本书。从头来，再找一遍。啊！它在这里，原来不在昨天的地方了。细节描写，写出了我窃书读的不易和喜悦的心情。 急忙打开书，一页，两页，我像一匹饿狼，贪婪地读着。比喻我
不适宜 知趣地放下 倾盆大雨 肌肠辘辘 依依不舍
季羡林：嗯，你再说说，从技术上讲，怎么才能写得通顺呢？ 苗 苗：得多看点儿课外书。
苗 苗：中西贯通、古今贯通、文理贯通，我记住了。爷爷，有人让我妈妈赶快给我找一个好外语老师，说过了12岁再学外语就永远也说不准了。爷爷，您会那么多种外语，您说，他们说得对吗？ 季羡林：倒不一定是12岁，当然早学比晚学好。学外语的发音跟母语有很大的关系，有些地方的人口音太重，学起来就困难。古文也很重要。我觉得，一个小孩起码要背两百首诗，五十篇古文，这是最起码的要求。最近出了一本书，鼓励小孩背诗。我提个建议，
滚瓜烂熟 能文能理 中西贯通、古今贯通、文理贯通
环绕世界 毫不犹豫地回答 弃家而去 忽略
愉悦之情。记忆的心扉 溜光溢彩的画页 一阕跳跃着欢快音符的乐章 津津有味，天长日久，如醉如痴：浮想联翩 泪落如珠 悲欢离合牵肠挂肚。，囫囵吞枣，不求甚解 如饥似渴 不言而喻。醉心阅读 黯然神伤，编织 悲惨身世。千篇一律 念念不忘
1、.金秋（ ） 景色（ ） （ ）林（ ）染 叠翠（ ） 天高（ ） 大雁（ ） （ ）气爽 山河（ ） 五谷（ ） （ ）飘香 春（ ）秋（ ） （ ）冬藏 2、秋天来啦，秋天来啦，（ ）就是（ ）的图画。梨树挂起（ ）的灯笼，（ ）露出（ ）的脸颊，稻海翻起金色的（ ），高梁举起燃烧的（ ）。谁使秋天这样（ ）？看，（ ）上的大雁（ ）了回答，它们排成一个（ ）的“人”字，好像在说——（ ）的人们画出（ ）的图画。
3、闻名中外的黄山（ ）在我国安徽省（ ）。那里景色（ ），尤其是那些（ ），有趣极了。 就说
在一座（ ）的山峰上，有一只猴子。它两只胳膊抱着腿，一动不动的蹲在（ ），望着（ ）的云海。这就是有趣的（ ）。
蒲公英妈妈准备了降落伞，把它送给自己的（ ）。（ ）有风轻轻吹过，孩子们就乘着风（ ）。
苍耳妈妈有个好办法，她给孩子们穿上带刺的铠甲。只要挂住动物的（ ），孩子们就能去田野、（ ）。
植物妈妈的办法很多很多，不信你就（ ）观察。那里有许许多多的（ ），粗心的小朋友就( )它。
5、荷（ ）（ ）（ ）擎（ ）盖， 菊残犹（ ）傲霜（ ）。 （ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）君（ ）（ ），（ ）（ ）橙（ ）橘（ ）（ ）。 这首诗是（ ）写的《__________》。 6、（ ）（ ）寒（ ）（ ）径斜，白云（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）。 停车（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）， 霜叶（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）。 这首诗是（ ）写的《__________》，是写 季节的景色。 7、秋天到，秋天到，（ ）庄稼（ ）。棉花（ ），大豆（ ），高梁（ ）了脸，稻子（ ）了（ ）。（书19页） 8、____书法 ____图画 ____象棋 ____钢琴 ____二胡
____京戏 ____花草 ____鸽子 ____金鱼 ____航模 ____电脑 ____天气
9、老师-----绿叶在风里沙沙，那是我们给您（ ），帮您（ ）一天的疲倦。老师-----（ ）盛开的花儿，那是我们的笑脸，感谢您时时把我们（ ）。
（ ）深了，星星（ ）眨眼，老师，（ ）吧，让花香（ ）您的梦里，那梦啊，准是（ ）。
10、三横（ ） 草头（ ） 弓长（ ） 立早（ ） 古月（ ） 口天（ ） 双口（ ） 木土（ ） 言午（ ） 双人（ ） 耳东（ ） 干钩（ ） 11、我（ ）（ ），称华夏，（ ）（ ）（ ），可（ ）（ ）。 （ ）（ ）奔，（ ）（ ）涌，（ ）（ ）长，逐风耸。
（ ）（ ）岛，隔海峡，（ ）大陆，是一家。 （ ）（ ）（ ），齐奋（ ），争朝（ ），（ ）（ ）（ ）。 12、田野献上( )的果实，( )举起( )的旗帜，蓝天 飞着（ )的鸽子，大海 奏起( )的乐曲。( )亿孩子( )这( )的日子，( )月( )日——祖国妈妈的 ( )。
1、北京是我国的( )，是一座( )的城市.( )在北京城的( )，( )墙 、( )瓦，又庄严，又( )。天安门( )是宽阔的( )，广场( )矗立着人民英雄纪念碑。
北京有许多又宽又长的柏油马路。道路两旁( )，鲜花盛开。北京新建了许多( )。立交桥的( ) 有绿毯似的草坪和拼成图案的( )。各种车辆在桥上桥下( )，川流不息。 2、（ ）所短 （ ）所长 （ ）补短 （ ）益彰 （ ）窥豹 （ ）观天 （ ）障目 （ ）泰山 （ ）苗（ ）长 徒（ ）无（ ） （ ）熟蒂（ ） （ ）渠成 3、填带数字成语：（书79页）
一（ ） 二（ ） 三（ ） 四（ ） 五（ ） 六（ ） 七（ ） 八（ ） 九（ ） 十（ ） 千（ ）百（ ） 千（ ）万（ ） 4、( )（ ）（ )，泰山移。（ ）（ ）计谋（ ），柴（ ）（ ）焰（ ）。一根筷子（ ）（ ）（ ），（ ）（ ）筷子难折断。树多（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ），线（ ）搓绳（ ）（ ）（ ）。
（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）不是春，（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）春满园。
5、假如我有一枝马良的（ ），我要给（ ）的小树，画一个（ ）
的太阳。让小树在冬天也能（ ）地成长，不会在寒冷的( )
假如我有一枝马良的（ ），我要给（ ）的小鸟画（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）的谷粒。鸟妈妈（ ）也不用到（ ）（ ）的地方去
（ ）（ ），让小鸟呆（ ）家里苦苦等待，饿得（ ）泣。 假如我有一枝马良的（ ），我一定给（ ）的朋友西西画一双好腿，还他一个健康的（ ）。他再也不会只坐在屋里望着窗外的小树和飞燕，而是和我们一起在（ ）上奔跑，在草地上（ ）。假如我有一（ ）（ ）（ ）的神笔„„
6、（ ）（ ）离家（ ）（ ）（ ），（ ）（ ）无改鬓毛衰。
儿童（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ），笑问（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）。 这首诗是（ ）写的《__________》。 课外我也背了很多古诗，比如《 》、《 》等，我最喜欢的诗句是 ， 7、（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）将欲行，忽闻（ ）（ ）踏（ ）（ ）。 （ ）（ ）潭（ ）深（ ）（ ），（ ）（ ）汪伦（ ）（ ）（ ）。 这首诗是唐代大诗人（ ）写的《__________》。我还知道李白写的古诗很多，有《 》、《 》等。 8、（ ）的身体 （ ）的眼光 （ ）的北风
（ ）的地方 （ ）的裙子 （ ）的太阳 （书119页） 9、你拍一，我拍一，（ ）要牢记。你拍二，我拍二，孔雀锦鸡是（ ）。你拍三，我拍三，雄鹰翱翔（ ）（ ）（ ）。你拍四，我拍四，（ ）（ ）雁群（ ）（ ）（ ）。你拍五，我拍五，
（ ）（ ）深（ ）有老虎。你拍六，我拍六，黄鹂（ ）灵唱不休。
你拍七，我拍七，（ ）（ ）熊猫在嬉戏。你拍八，我拍八，
（ ）。你拍九，我拍九，（ ）。
1、（ ），林中谁最快乐？是（ ）的小鸟，叽叽喳喳，（ ），一会儿（ ），一会儿梳理蓬松的（ ）。 （ ），林中谁最活跃？是（ ）的小鸟，扑棱棱，飞来飞去，捕捉（ ），（ ）翠绿的树苗。 （ ），林中谁来得最早？是“（ ）”来放鸟巢。崭新的木牌上写着：“请（ ）小鸟！”小鸟在枝头高唱：“‘（ ）’真好！” (书126——127页) 2、一只（ ）（ ）在湖面上（ ）（ ），（ ）（ ）两侧卷起（ ）（ ）的浪花，船尾拖着（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）的波纹。
小洁穿着红色上衣（ ）在（ ）（ ）。（ ）一边吃面包，一边（ （ ）两岸的（ ）（ ）。看，那边的山石像一只（ ）（ ）（ （ ）的（ ）（ ），这边的山石像一只（ ）（ ）（ ）（ 的（ ）（ ），半山腰的（ ）（ ）、（ ）（ ），好像正在赛跑呢。
小洁看（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）。她吃完面包，刚想把面包纸丢进水里，却被湖里（ ）（ ）的（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）住了。湖水像一面（ ）（ ），映出了（ ）（ ）、（ ）（ ），还有变幻的（ ）（ ）。她觉得自己像在（ ）（ ）（ ），又像在（ ）（ ）（ ）。
小洁（ ）（ ）攥着（ ）（ ）（ ），（ ）（ ）( )（ ）（ ）湖里。哟，（ ）（ ）的湖水里有（ ）（ ）小鱼在（ ）。一条银白色的（ ）（ ）跃出水面，（ ）在浪花中消失，好像在给（ ）（ ）表演呢！突然，一个小孩把香蕉皮（ ）（ ）小鱼。小鱼（ ）（ ）了，湖水变得满是皱纹，（ ）（ ）的景象不见了。小洁回过头不满（ ）看来（ ）一眼，又用企盼的（ ）（ ）望着湖水。 船靠岸了，小洁手里还是（ ）（ ）地攥着（ ）（ ）（ ）。她跨步上岸，（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ），好像在寻找什么。忽然，她（ ）（ ）一亮，（ ）（ ）地向前跑去。 3、从一片（ ）（ ）的森林里，走出一只（ ）（ ）的小花鹿。它的（ ）（ ）（ ）犄角，好像（ ）（ ）小松树。“小树”（ ）（ ）（ ），小鹿（ ）（ ）（ ）；“（ ）（ ）”摇两摇，小鹿（ ）（ ）（ ）。（ ）（ ）的小山羊，（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）的小白兔：“快看，快看（ ）（ ）会走路的（ ）（ ）（ ）！” （书140页） 4、（ ）羿射（ ） 人造（ ）（ ） （ ）（ ）填海
（ ）空母（ ） 嫦娥（ ）（ ） （ ）（ ）飞船 （ ）娲补（ ） （ ）载（ ）箭 （ ）（ ）勃勃 引人（ ）（ ） （ ）学（ ）术 （ ）（ ）盛开 瓜果（ ）（ ） （ ）（ ）茁壮 （ ）种（ ）样 金光（ ）（ ） 秀丽（ ）（ ） （ ）海（ ）家 （ ）影（ ）踪 （ ）流（ ）息 迫（ ）（ ）待 （ ）苦连（ ） （ ）言（ ）语 （ ）（ ）纷纷 吞吞（ ）（ ） ( )( )怪状 （ ）（ ）成阴 鲜（ ）盛（ ） （ ）景（ ）美 （ ）（ ）往往 （ ）楼（ ）厦 （ ）（ ）古迹 （识字8、161页、163页、48页、） 、我会( )。太阳一晒，我就变成( )。升到天空，我又变成( )( )极小极小的点儿，连成一片，在空中( )( )。有时候我穿着，有时候我穿着( )( )( )， ( )( )和( )( )我又把( )( )披在身上，人们管我叫“( )”。
我在空中( )( )着，碰到( )( )，就变成( )( ) 落下来。人们就管我叫“( )”。有时候我变成( )( )( )( )下来，人们就管我叫“( )( )”。到了冬天，我变成( )( )( )( )下来，人们又管我叫“( )”。
平常我在池子里( )( )，在小溪里( )( )，在( )( )里( )( )，在海洋里( )( )，( )( )，( ) ( )( )。 6、早晨（ ）（ ）雾，山里看不（ ）（ ），急坏了（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）和（ ）（ ）。小兔（ ）小猪，小猪（ ）小鹿，（ ）着藤，（ ）着树，（ ）（ ）（ ）（ ）走山路。（ ）（ ）婆婆来（ ）（ ），（ ）——（ ）一下子（ ）（ ）满天雾。（书101页） 7、秋天到，秋天到，（ ）（ ）果子（ ）得好。枝头（ ）柿子，架上（ ）葡萄，（ ）（ ）（ ）的是梨，（ ）（ ）（ ）的是枣。(P20) 8、照样子，写词语。
摇摇摆摆 ______ ______ 热腾腾 ______ ______ 一片片树叶______ ______ 看了看 ______ ______ 自言自语 ______ ______ ABCC ______ ______
9、换个说法，意思不变。 由于以前缺乏保护，目前，中华鲟已成为稀有动物。 3页
IN SEARCH OF THE AMBER ROOM
Frederick William Ⅰ，the King of Prussia , could never have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history . This gift was the Amber Room , which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it . The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown colour like honey . The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days . It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels , which took the country's best artists about ten years to make .
In fact , the room was not made to be a gift . It was designed for the palace of Frederick Ⅰ. However, the next King of Prussia , Frederick William Ⅰ,to whom the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it. In 1716 he gave it to Peter the Great. In return , the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers. So the Amber Room because part of the Czar's winter palace in St Petersburg.About four metres long, the room served as a small reception hall for important visitors .
Later,Catherine Ⅱ had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg where she spent her summers. She told her artists to add more details to it .In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted . Almost six hundred candles lit the room ,and its mirrors and pictures shone like gold. Sadly , although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders of the world , it is now missing .
In September 1941, the Nazi army was near St Petersburg . This was a time when the two countries were at war . Before the Nazis could get to the summer palace , the Russians were able to remove some furniture and small art objects from the Amber Room . However , some of the Nazis secretly stole the room itself . In less than two days 100,000 pieces were put inside twenty-seven woooden boxs . There is no doubt that the boxs were then put on a train for Konigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea . After that, what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery .
Recently , the Russians and Germans have built a new Amber Room at the summer palace . By studying old photos of the former Amber Room , they have made the new one look like the old one .In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg when they celebrated the 300th birthday of their city .
A FACT OR AN OPINION?
What is a fact? Is it something that people believe? No. A fact is anything that can be proved. For example, it can be proved that China has more people than any other country in the world. This is a fact.
Then what is an opinion? An opinion is what someone believes is true but has not been proved. So an opinion is not good evidence in a trial. For example, it is an opinion if you say “Cats are better pets than dogs”. It may be true, but it is difficult to prove. Some people may not agree with this opinion but they also cannot prove that they are right.
In a trial, a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe and which not to believe. The judge does not consider what each eyewitness looks like or where that person lives or works. He/she only cares about whether the eyewitness has given true information, which must be facts rather than opinions. This kind of information is called evidence.
Pausanias, who was a Greek writer about 2,000 years ago, has come on a magical journey on March 18th 2007 to find out about the present-day Olympic Games. He is now interviewing Li Yan, a volunteer for the 2008 Olympic Games.
P: My name is Pausanias. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. I’ve come to your time to find out about the present-day Olympic Games because I know that in 2004 they were held in my homeland. May I ask you some questions about the modern Olympics?
L: Good heavens! Have you really come from so long ago? But of course you can
ask any questions you like. What would you like to know?
P: How often do you hold your Games?
L: Every four years. There are two main sets of Games-the Winter and Summer Olympics, and both are held every four years on a regular basis. The Winter Olympics are usually held two years before the Summer Games. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. They may come from anywhere in the world.
P: Winter Games? How can the runners enjoy competing in winter? And what about the horses?
L: Oh no! There are no running races or horse riding events. Instead there are competitions like skiing and ice skating which need snow and ice. That’s why they’re called the Winter Olympics. It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing
and all the team sports.
P: I see. Earlier you said that athletes are invited from all over the world. Do you mean the Greek world? Our Greek cities used to compete against each other just for the honour of winning. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women!
L: Nowadays any country can take part if their athletes are good enough. There are over 250 sports and each on has its own standard. Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics, athletics, team sports and …
P: Please wait a minute! All those events, all those countries and even women taking part! Where are all the athletes housed?
L: For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium as well.
P: That sounds very expensive. Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games?
L: As a matter of fact, every country wants the opportunity. It’s a great responsibility but also a great honour to be chosen. There’s as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. The 2008 Olympics will be held in Beijing, China. Did you know that?
P: Oh yes! You must be very proud.
L: Certainly. And after that the 2012 Olympics will be held in London. They have already started planning for it. A new village for the athletes and all the stadiums will be built to the east of London. New medals will be designed of course and …
P: Did you say medals? So even the olive wreath has been replaced! Oh dear! Do you compete for prize money too?
L: No, we don’t. it’s still all about being able to run faster, jump higher and throw further. That’s the motto of the Olympics, you know-“Swifter, Higher and Stronger.”
P: Well, that’s good news. How interesting! Thank you so much for your time.
THE STORY OF ATLANTA
Atlanta was a Greek princess. She was very beautiful and could run faster than any man in Greece. But she was not allowed to run and win glory for herself in the Olympic Games. She was so angry that she said to her father that she would not marry anyone who could not run faster than her. Her father said that she must marry, so Atlanta made a bargain with him. She said to him,
are my rules. When a man says he wants to marry me, I will run against him. If he cannot run as fast as me, he will be killed. No one will be pardoned.
Many kings and princes wanted to marry Atlanta, but when they heard of rules they knew it was hopeless. So many of them sadly went home, but others stayed to run the race. There was a man called Hippomenes who was amazed when he heard of Atlanta's rules,
The race started and although the man ran very fast, Atlanta ran faster. As Hippomenes watched he thought,
ast her and win.
Hippomenes took the apples and went to the King. He said,
WHO AM I?
Over time I have been changed quite a lot. I began as a calculating machine in France in 1642. Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums. I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage. After I was programmed by an operator who used cards with holes, I could “think” logically and produce an answer quicker than any person. At that time it was considered a technological revolution and the start of my “artificial intelligence”. In 1936 my real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a “universal machine” to solve any difficult mathematical problem. From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. By the 1949s I had grown as large as a room, and I wondered if I would grow any larger. However, this reality also worried my designers. As time went by, as was make smaller. First as a PC(personal computer) and then as a laptop, I have been used in offices and homes since the 1970s.
These changes only became possible as my memory improved. First it was stored in tubes, then on transistors and later on very small chips. As a result I totally changed my shape. As I have grown older I have also grown smaller. Over time my memory has developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told! And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it! But I was always so lonely standing there by myself, until in early 1960s they gave me a family connected by a network. I was able to share my knowledge with others through
the World Wide Web.
Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for my. I have become very important in communication, finance and trade. I have also been put into robots and used to make mobile phones as well as help with medical operations. I have even been put into space rockets and sent to explore the Moon and Mars. Anyhow, my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality. I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human race!
ANDY – THE ANDROID
I’m part of an android football team. About once a year we are allowed to get together to play a game of football. I’m as big as a human. It fact, I look like one too. On the football team I’m a striker so I have to be able to run very fast. My computer ships help me to move and think like a human. For example, I have learned to signal to my teammates in computer language to give me the ball when I am open and have a good for a goal.
My first football competition was in Nagoya, Japan several years ago. Last year our team went to Seattle, Washington in the USA. We won second place. Personally, I think the team that won first place cheated. They had developed a new type of program just before the competition. So we need to encourage our programmer to improve our intelligence too. We are determined to create an even better system. In a way our programmer is like our coach. She programs us with all the possible moves she has seen while watching human games. Then she prepares reliable moves to use if a new situation arises. In this way I can make up new moves using my “artificial intelligence”. I could like to play against a human team, for I have been programmed to act just like them. After all, with the help of my electronic brain which never forgets anything, using my intelligence is what I’m all about!
HOW DAISY LEARNED TO HELP WILDLIFE
Daisy had always longed to help endangered species of wildlife. One day she woke up and found a flying carpet by her bed. “Where do you want to go?” it asked. Daisy responded immediately. “I’d like to see some endangered wildlife,” she said. “Please take me to a distant land where I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater.” At once the carpet flew away and took her to Tibet. There d
aisy saw and antelope looking sad. It said, “We’re being killed for the wool beneath our stomachs. Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. As a result, we are now an endangered species.” At that Daisy cried, “I’m sorry I didn’t know that. I wonder what is being done to help you. Flying carpet, please show me a place where there’s some wildlife protection.”
The flying carpet traveled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. Daisy turned around
and found that she was being watched by and elephant. “Have you come to take my photo?” it asked. In relief Daisy burst into laughter. “Don’t laugh,” said the elephant, “We used to be an endangered species. Farmers hunted us without mercy. They said we destroyed their farms, and money from tourists only went to the large tour companies. So the government decided to help. They allowed tourists to hunt only a certain number of animals if they paid the farmers. Now the farmers are happy and our numbers are increasing. So good things are being done here to save local wildlife.”
Daisy smiled, “That’s good news. It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests.” The carpet rose again and almost at once they were in a thick rainforest. A monkey watched them as it rubbed itself. “What are you doing?” asked Daisy. “I’m protecting myself from mosquitoes,” it replied. When I find a millipede insect, I rub it over my body. It contains a powerful drug which affects mosquitoes. You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live the appreciate how the animals live together. No rainforest, no animals, no drugs.”
Daisy was amazed. “Flying carpet, please take me home so I can tell WWF and we can begin producing this new drug. Monkey, please come and help.” The monkey agreed. The carpet flew home. As they landed, things began to disappear. Two minutes later everything had gone-the monkey, too. So Daisy was not able to make her new drug. But what an experience! She had learned so much! And there was always WWF…
Many animals have disappeared during the long history of the earth.The most famous of these animals are dinosaurs.They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long before humans came into being and their future seemed secure at that time.
There were many different kinds of dinosaur and a number of them used to live in China.The eggs of twenty-five species have been found in Xixia,County,Nanyang, Henan Province.Not long ago a rare new species of bird-like dinosaur was discovered in Chaoyang County,Liaoning Province.When scientists inspeacted the bones,they were surprised to find that these dinosaurs could not only run like the others but also climb trees.They learned this from the way the bones were joined together.
Dinosaurs died out suddenly about 65 million years ago. Some scientists think it came after an unexpected incident when a huge rock from space hit the earth and put too much dust into the air.Others think the earth got too hot for the dinosaurs
to live on any more.Nobody knows for sure why and how dinosaurs disappeared from the earth in such a short time.
We know many other wild plants, animals,insects and birds have died out more
recently.According to a UN report,some 844 animals and plants have disappeared in the last 500 years.The dodo is one of them.It lived on the Island of Mauritius and was a very friendly animal.Please listen to a story of the dodo and how it disappeared frome the earth.
THE BAND THAT WASN’T
Have you ever wanted to be part of a band as a famous singer or musician? Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at which everyone is clapping and appreciating your music? Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Lin Huan? To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous. But just how do people form a band?
Many musicians meet and form a band because they like to write and play their own music. They may start as a group of high-school students, for wh
om practicing their music in someone’s hours is the first step to fame. Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments. Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for which they are paid in cash. Of course they hope to make records in a studio and sell millions of copies to become millionaires!
However, there was one band hat started in a different way. It was called the Monkees and began as a TV show. The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the beatles. The TV organizers had planned to find four musicians who could act as well as sing. They put an advertisement in a newspaper looking for rock musicians, but they could only find one who was good enough. They had to use actors for the other three members of the band.
As some of these actors could not sing well enough, they had to rely on other musicians to help them. So during the broadcasts they just pretended to sing. Anyhow their performances were humorous enough to be copied by clubs in order to get more familiar with them. Each week on TV, the Mondees would play and sing songs written by other musicians. However, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band. Then they produced their own records and started touring and play their own music. In the USA they became even more popular than the Beatles and sold even more records. The band broke up about 1970, but happily the reunited in the mid-1980s. they produced a new record in 1996, with which they celebrated their former time as a real band.
FREDDY THE FROG(II)
Not long after Freddy and the band became famous,they visited Britain on a brief tour.Fans
showed their devotion by waiting for hours to get tichkets for their concerts.Freddy was now quite confident when he went into a concert hall.He enjoyed singing and all the congratulations afterwards!His most exciting invitation was to perform on a programme called
Then things went wrong.Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without being followed.Even when they wore sunglasses or beards people recognized them. Fans found them even when they went into the toilet.They tried to hide in the reading rooms of libraries,but it was useless.Someone was always there!Their personal life was regularly discussed by people who did not know them but talked as if they were close friends. At last feeling very upset and sensitive,Freddy and his band to which they were never to return,and went back to the lak 5
必修 4 Unit 1
A STUDENT OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE It is 5:45 am and the sun is just rising over Gombe National Park in East Africa. Following Jane's way of studying chimps, our group are all going to visit them in the forest. Jane has studied these families of chimps for many years and helped people understand how much they behave like humans. Watching a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day. This means going back to the place where we left the family sleeping in a tree the night before. Everybody sits and waits in the shade of the trees while the family begins to wake up and move off. Then we follow as they wander into the forest. Most of the time, chimps either feed or clean each other as a way of showing love in their family. Jane warns us that our group is going to be very tired and dirty by the afternoon and she is right. However, the evening makes it all worthwhile. We watch the mother chimp and her babies play in the tree. Then we see them go to sleep together in their nest for the night. We realize that the bond between members of a chimp family is as strong as in a human family. Nobody before Jane fully understood chimp behaviour. She spent years observing and recording their daily activities. Since her childhood she had wanted to work with animals in their own environment. However, this was not easy. When she first arrived in Gombe in 1960, it was unusual for a woman to live in the forest. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project. Her work changed the way people think about chimps. For example, one important thing she discovered was that chimps hunt and eat meat. Until then everyone had thought chimps ate only fruit and nuts. She actually observed chimps as a group hunting a monkey and then eating it. She also discovered how chimps communicate with each other, and her study of their body language helped her work out their social system. For forty years Jane Goodall has been outspoken about making the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. She has argued that wild animals should be left in the wild and not used for entertainment or advertisements. She has helped to set up special places where they can live safely. She is leading a busy life but she says: y? I did not know the answer until one evening when I sat down at the computer to do some research on great women of China. By chance I came across an article about a doctor called Lin Qiaozhi, a specialist in women's diseases. She lived from 1901 to 1983. It seemed that she had been very busy in her chosen career, travelling abroad to study as well as writing books and articles. One of them caught my eye. It was a small book explaining how to cut the death rate from having and caring for babies. She gave some simple rules to follow for keeping babies clean, healthy and free from sickness. Why did she write that? Who were the women that Lin Qiaozhi thought needed this advice? I looked carefully at the text and realized that it was intended for women in the countryside. Perhaps if they had an emergency they could not reach a doctor. Suddenly it hit me how difficult it was for a woman to get medical training at that time. That was a generation when girls' education was always placed second to boys'. Was she so much cleverer than anyone else? Further reading made me realize that it was hard work and determination as well as her gentle nature that got her into medical school. What made her succeed later on was the kindness and consideration she showed to all her patients. There was story after story of how Lin Qiaozhi, tired after a day's work, went late at night to deliver a baby for a poor family who could not pay her. By now I could not wait to find out more about her. I discovered that Lin Qiaozhi had devoted her whole life to her patients and had chosen not to have a family of her own. Instead she made sure that about 50,000 babies were safely delivered. By this time I was very excited. Why not study at medical college like Lin Qiaozhi and carry on her good work? It was still not too late for me to improve my studies, prepare for the university entrance examinations, and….
必修 4 Unit 2
A PIONEER FOR ALL PEOPLE Although he is one of China's most famous scientists, Yuan Longping considers himself a farmer, for he works the land to do his research. Indeed, his sunburnt face and arms and his slim, strong body are just like those of millions of Chinese farmers, for whom he has struggled for the past five decades. Dr Yuan Longping grows what is called super hybrid rice. In 1974, he became the first agricultural pioneer in the world to grow rice that has a high output. This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. Now more than 60% of the rice produced in China each year is from this hybrid strain. Born into a poor farmer's family in 1930, Dr Yuan graduated from Southwest Agricultural College in 1953. Since then, finding ways to grow more rice has been his life goal. As a young man, he saw the great need for increasing the rice output. At that time, hunger was a disturbing problem in many parts of the countryside. Dr Yuan searched for a way to increase rice harvests without expanding th
e area of the fields. In 1950, Chinese farmers could produce only fifty million tons of rice. In a recent harvest, however, nearly two hundred million tons of rice was produced. These increased harvests mean that 22% of the world's people are fed from just 7% of the farmland in China. Dr Yuan is now circulating his knowledge in India, Vietnam and many other less developed countries to increase their rice harvests. Thanks to his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the world of hunger. Using his hybrid rice, farmers are producing harvests twice as large as before. Dr Yuan is quite satisfied with his life. However, he doesn't care about being famous. He feels it gives him less freedom to do his research. He would much rather keep time for his hobbles. He enjoys listening to violin music, playing mah-jong, swimming and reading. Spending money on himself or leading a comfortable life also means very little to him. Indeed, he believes that a person with too much money has more rather than fewer troubles. He therefore gives millions of yuan to equip others for their research in agriculture. Just dreaming for things, however, costs nothing. Long ago Dr yuan had a dream about rice plants as tall as sorghum. Each ear of rice was as big as an ear of corn and each grain of rice was as huge as a peanut. Dr Yuan awoke from his dream with the hope of producing a kind of rice
that could feed more people. Now, many years later, Dr Yuan has another dream: to export his rice so that it can be grown around the globe. One dream is not always enough, especially for a person who loves and cares for his people.
CHEMICAL OR ORGANIC FARMING? Over the past half century, using chemical fertilizers has become very common in farming. Many farmers welcomed them as a great way to stop crop disease and increase production. Recently, however, scientists have been finding that long-term use of these fertilizers can cause damage to the land and, even more dangerous, to people's health. What are some of the problems caused by chemical fertilizers? First, they damage the land by killing the helpful bacteria and pests as well as the harmful ones. Chemicals also stay in the ground and underground water for a long time. This affects crops and, therefore, animals and humans, since chemicals get inside the crops and cannot just be washed off. These chemicals in the food supply build up in people's bodies over time. Many of these chemicals can lead to cancer or other illnesses. In addition, fruit, vegetables and other food grown with chemical fertilizers usually grow too fast to be full of much nutrition. They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins and minerals. With these discoveries, some farmers and many customers are beginning to turn to organic farming. Organic farming is simply farming without using any chemicals. They focus on keeping their soil rich and free of disease. A healthy soil reduces disease and helps crops grow stro
ng and healthy. Organic farmers, therefore, often prefer using natural waste from animals as fertilizer. They feel that this makes the soil in their fields richer in minerals and so more fertile. This also keeps the air, soil, water and crops free from chemicals. Organic farmers also use many other methods to keep the soil fertile. They often change the kind of crop in each field every few years, for example, growing corn or wheat and then the next year peas or soybeans. Crops such as peas or soybeans put important minerals back into the soil, making it ready for crops such as wheat or corn that need rich and fertile soil. Organic farmers also plant crops to use different levels of soil, for example, planting peanuts that use the ground's surface followed by vegetables that put down deep roots. Some organic farmers prefer planting grass between crops to prevent wind or water from carrying away the soil, and then
leaving it in the ground to become a natural fertilizer for the next year's crop. These many different organic farming methods have the same goal: to grow good food and avoid damaging the environment or people's health.
必修 4 Unit 3
A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR As Victor Hugo once said, st been discovered in California. Like so many others, the little tramp and his friend have rushed there in search of gold, but without success. Instead they are hiding in a small hut on the edge of a mountain during a snowstorm with nothing to eat. They are so hungry that they try boiling a pair of leather shoes for their dinner. Charlie first picks out the laces and eats them as if they were
spaghetti. Then he cuts off the leather top of the shoe as if it were the finest steak. Finally he tries cutting and chewing the bottom of the shoe. He eats each mouthful with great enjoyment. The acting is so convincing that it makes you believe that it is one of the best meals he has ever tasted! Charlie Chaplin wrote, directed and produced the films he starred in. In 1972 he was given a special Oscar for his outstanding work in films. He lived in England and the USA but spent his last years in Switzerland, where he was buried in 1977. He is loved and remembered as a great actor who could inspire people with great confidence. ENGLISH JOKES 1 There are thousands of jokes which use und curiously. I stood for a minute watching them and then went to greet them. The first person to arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely followed by Julia Smith from Britain. After I met them and then introduced them to each other, I was very surprised. Tony approached Julia, touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek! She stepped back appearing surprised and put up her hands, as if in defence. I guessed that there was probably a major misunderstanding. Then Akira Nagata from Japan came in smiling, together with George Cook from Canada. As they were introduced, George reached his hand out to the Japanese student. Just at that moment, however, Akira bowed so his nose touched George's moving hand. They both apologized - another cultural mistake! Ahmed Aziz, another international student, was from Jordan. When we met yesterday, he moved very close to me as I introduced myself. I moved back a bit, but he came closer to ask a question and then shook my hand. When Darlene Coulon from France came dashing through the door, she recognized Tony Garcia's smiling face. They shook hands and then kissed each other twice on each cheek, since that is the French custom when adults meet people they know. Ahmed Aziz., on the contrary, simply nodded at the girls. Men from Middle Eastern and other Muslim countries will often stand quite close to other men to talk but will usually not touch women. As I get to know more international friends, I learn more about this cultural niversal. The most universal facial expression is, of course, the smile – its function is to show happiness and put people at ease. It does not always mean that we are truly happy, however. Smiles around the world can be false, hiding other feelings like anger, fear or worry. There are unhappy smiles, such as when someone the southeastern USA, is one of the most unique theme parks in the world. Dollywood shows and celebrates America's traditional southeastern culture. Although Dollywood has rides, the park's main attraction is its culture. Famous country music groups perform there all year in indoor and outdoor theatres. People come from all over America to see carpenters and other craftsmen make wood, glass and iron objects in the old-fashioned way. Visit the candy shop to try the same kind of candy that American southerners made 150 years ago, or take a ride on the only steam- engine train still working in the southeast USA. You can even see beautiful bald eagles in the world's largest bald eagle preserve. And for those who like rides, Dollywood has one of the best old wooden roller
coasters, Thunderhead. It is world-famous for having the most length in the smallest space. Come to Dollywood to have fun learning all about America's historical southeastern culture! If you want to experience the ancient days and great deeds of English knights and ladies, princes and queens, then England's Camelot Park is the place for you. Every area of the park is modelled after life in the days of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. In one place, you can watch magic shows with Merlin the Wizard. If you want to see fighting with swords or on horseback, then the jousting area is a good place to visit. If you do well there, King Arthur may choose you to fight in the big jousting tournament. Do you like animals? Then visit the farm area, and learn how people in ancient England ran their farms and took care of their animals. To enter a world of fantasy about ancient England, come to Camelot Park!
FUTUROSCOP —EXCITEMENT AND LEARNING Last week I took a journey deep into space, to the end of the solar system, and was pulled into a black hole. Then I took a trip to Brazil and experienced surviving an airplane crash in the jungle. After that, I joined some divers and went to the bottom of the ocean to see strange blind creatures that have never seen sunlight. For a break, I took part in some car racing and then skied down some of the most difficult mountains in the world. I ended my travels by meeting face to face with a dinosaur, the terrible T-Rex, and survived the experience! I did all this in one great day at Futuroscope. Opened in 1987, Futuroscope is one of the largest space-age parks in the world. This science and technology-based theme park in France uses the most advanced technology. Its 3-D cinemas and giant movie screens provide brand new experiences of the earth and beyond. Visitors can get close to parts of the world they have never experienced, going to the bottom of the ocean, flying through the jungle or visiting the edges of the solar system. The amazing, up-to-date information together with many opportunities for hands-on learning makes the world come to life in a completely new way for visitors. Learning centres throughout the park let visitors try th
eir own scientific experiments, as well as learn more about space travel, the undersea world and much mote. I bought tickets for myself and my friends at the park's entrance, but tickets are also available online. Futuroscope is not only for individuals, but is also the perfect mix of fun and learning for class outings. Classes or other large groups that let Futuroscope know their plans in
advance can get the group admission rate. For anyone coming from out of town, Futuroscope has many excellent hotels nearby, most of which provide a shuttle service to the park. If driving, Futuroscope is within easy reach of the freeway. Plan your trip well before starting, since Futuroscope has so many shows, activities and great souvenir shops that it is difficult to see them all. Come ready to walk a lot - be sure to wear some comfortable sneakers or other walking shoes!
1．这次，我看到了 。那里的天比别处 ，空气
是那么 ，天空是那么 ，使我总想高歌一曲，表示
我 。在天底下， ，而并不茫茫。 小丘，平地是绿的，小丘也 ，羊群一会儿
的 。那些小丘的线条是 ，
十里 。再走一百五十里， 。草原上
着 ，群马疾驰， ，像一条彩虹向我
头， ， ，在汽车的左右与前面引路。静寂的草原热
3.《白杨》 白杨树从来 。哪儿需要它，它就在
到 ，不管遇到 ，
它总是 ， ， ， 。”
5.《古诗词三首》 《牧童》（唐）吕岩 草铺横野六七
里， 。归来饱饭黄昏后， 。
《舟过安仁》 （宋）杨万里 一叶渔船两小童，收篙停棹坐船
中。 ， 。
《清平乐·村居》 （宋）辛弃疾 茅檐低小， 。
醉里吴音相媚好， ？ 大儿锄豆溪
6、《冬阳·童年·骆驼队》 爸爸和他 。人在
气， 。我看呆了，自己的牙齿也动起来。 老师教给我， ， 。
道， ，长脖子底下 ，
夏天过去， ， ，骆驼队又来
了，但是 。冬阳底下 ，
10、《杨氏之子》 梁国杨氏子九岁， 。孔君平诣其
父， ，乃呼儿出。为设果， 。孔指以示儿
14、《再见了，亲人》 大娘， ！
纪， ？ ！为什么摇
役的时候， 由于敌机的封锁， 。
再见了，亲人！ 跟你们在一起。 .
抬头向上看，家家户户 、 。
花。 ， 。我
哪一处好。 商人夹了大包的货物， 。
B课文描写了 年 最后一批官兵离朝回国时，
C大娘：洗补衣服，三天没合眼；送食物，累得昏倒；救伤员，失去 的亲人。小金花：为救 ，失去 。
大嫂：为志愿军 ，失去 。志愿军： ，
帮助朝鲜人民 。 D这篇课文的前三个自然段在表达上有什么共同点？
《金色的鱼钩》A写出了老班长 、 、 的精神永垂不朽。他可歌可泣的英雄事迹，闪烁着 的思想光辉。
士 、 的崇高品质。C“金色的鱼钩” 象征着老
《桥》文中的老汉以 和 、 、 的精神保护了村民，老汉为代表的优秀共产党
员就是密切联系群众的“ ”。他在人们心中目中的地位很高，是人们获得生的希望的“ ”。
A这篇课文的句子和段落与我们平常读的文章有什么不同？这样写有什么好处？答：这篇课文的句子和段落都 ，这样写的好处是 。B老汉的精神品质： 、 、 。
《梦想的力量》课文通过记叙6岁的加拿大男孩 为了实现“ ”这一梦想，而不懈努力，终于使梦想成真的经过，体现了瑞恩的一颗 。
《将相和》:“将”是指 ，“相”是指 ，“和”是 的意思。 A本篇课文是根据 代的 《 》中的《 》改写的。B《史记》：被 称为 。
C中心思想：课文以 两国的矛盾为背景，以 的活动为线索，通过对 三个小故事的记述，写出了将相之间由 到 的经过，赞扬了蔺相如 、 的斗争精神和 ， 的可贵品质和政治远见，也赞扬了廉颇 的精神。
D从结构上看，全文由 、 、 3个小故事组成，每个故事都有矛盾的发生、发展和结果，有相对的独立性，但又紧密联系，第2 个故事是第 1个故事的 ，前两个故事的 ，又是第3个故事的 。
F《史记》作者是 的 ，其中有这些个性鲜
明的人物：治水三过家门而不入的 ，伟大的诗人 ，西楚霸王 。《史记》被 先生称为 。
《草船借箭》A根据我国著名古典历史小说 中有关“ ”的情节改写的。草船借箭的故事发生在 。作者： 。
B中心思想：故事以“借”为主线，按事情发展顺序进行叙述。先写了 ；接着写了 ；然后重点 ；最后写了 C诸葛亮： 。 周瑜： 鲁肃： 曹操：
D《三国演义》中的故事还有“ ”“ ”“ ”“ ”。
《景阳冈》 A《景阳冈》是根据我国著名古典小说 第 回选编的，作者： B中心思想：课文记叙了武松在阳谷县的一家酒店内开怀畅饮后，趁着酒兴上了景阳冈，赤手空拳打死猛虎的故事，表现了武松 、 、 、 的英雄性格。 C全文按事情发展的顺序，依次写了 、 、 、 。
D《水浒传》中还有很多个性人物：及时雨 、豹子头 、智多星 、黑旋风 、浪里白条 。
A这篇略读课文节选自我国古典神话小说《 》第 回。作者 朝代的 。 B中心思想：课文主要写了花果山上一块仙石孕育了一只石猴，这石猴与群猴玩耍时，因敢于第一个跳进水帘洞，被群猴拜为猴王，表现了石猴 、 的特点。
A、信息传递方式 古代： 、 、 近
现代： 、 。当代： 、 和 。B古人传递信息的方式： 、 、 等。
C调查研究问题：1、 。2、 。
3、 。4、 。5 。
A《小嘎子和胖墩儿比赛摔跤》选自 的中篇小说《 》，本文主要通过 和 的描写反映了小嘎子 、 、 、 、 ，胖墩儿 的个性特点。
B《临死前的严监生》选自 代 的小说《 》本文主要通过 描写及 描写淋漓尽致、入木三分地刻画了严监生 形象。
C《“凤辣子”初见林黛玉》选自 代 的长篇小说《 》本文从 描写和 描写两个方面展示了 的性格特征，并主要通过 描写、 描写及 描写展示了一个 、 、 、 、 、 和 的人物形象。其中王熙凤的 、 描写属于 面描写； 、 是 面描写。
中国四大名著：《 》罗贯中、《 》施耐庵、《 》吴承恩、《 》曹雪芹。
A本文选自 的《 》。B刷子李： 、 、 C文章最后一句话意思有：1、“刷子李”确实有绝活，这一绝活，要不是亲眼看见，怎么也不敢相信是真的，说明“刷子李” 。2、“刷子
李”的绝活是他 、 的结果。3、“刷子李”的所言所行深深震撼了曹小三，让他感触很深，获益颇多。
《金钱的魔力》节选 著名作家 的 《 》。本文刻画了小市民托德 、 的丑态，也刻画出了老板的 、 、 、 的丑态。
A作者 ，表达了自己对德国 和 风俗习惯的赞美之情。“人人为我，我为人人”的含义是：
介绍了 、 和 。本文抓住了 并把人的 和 、 结合起来， 、 、 相互联系。
《与象共舞》作者 ，每个自然段单独成段，围绕着泰国人与大象关系亲密，每一段分别有一个 。作者用“与象共舞”为题，体现了泰国人与大象的关系 ，大象给泰国人的生活带来了 。
28、《彩色的非洲》作者 ，本文作者以饱满的热情，描述了非洲的 、花 、 、 以及 ，从多个方面展示了非洲是一个“ 。
必修3 unit 1 Festivals and celebrations
Festivals and celebrations of all kinds have been held everywhere since ancient times.Most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of cold weather,planting in spring and harvest in autumn.Sometimes celebrate would be held after hunters had caught animals.At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find,especially during the cold winter months.Today’s festivals have many origins ,some religious,some seasonal, and some for special people or events. Festivals of the Dead
Some festivals are held to honour the dead or to satisfy the ancestors,who might return either to help or to do harm.For the Japanese festival Obon,people should go to clean graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors.They also light lamps and play music because they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth.In Mexico,people celebrate the Day of the Dead in early November.On this important feast day,people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes with”bones”on them.They offer food,flowers and gifts to the dead.The Western holiday Halloween also had its origin in old beliefs about the return of the spirits of dead people. It is now a children’s festival,when they can dress up and to to their neighbours’homes to ask for sweets.If the neighbours do not give any sweets,the children might play a trick on them.
Festivals to Honour People
Festivals can also be held to honour famous people .The Dragon Boat Festival in China honours the famous ancient poet,Qu Yuan.In the USA Columbus Day is in memory of the arrival of Christopher Columbus in New World.India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi,the leader who helped gain India’s independence from Britain.
Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals can be very happy events.People are grateful because their food is gathered for the winter and the agricultural work is over.In European countries,people will usually decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit,and will get together to have meals.Some people might win awards for their farm produce,like the biggest watermelon or the most handsome rooster.China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals,when people admire the moon and in China,enjoy mooncakes.
The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring.At the Spring Festival in China,people eat dumplings,fish and meat and may give children lucky money in red paper.There are dragon dances and carnivals,and families celebrate the Lunar New Year together.Some Western countries have very exciting carnivals,which take place forty days before Easter,usually in February.These carnivals might include parades,dancing in the streets day and night,loud music and colourful clothing of all kinds.Easter is an important religious and social festival for Christians around the world.It celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the coming of spring and new life.Japan’s Cherry Blossom Festival happens a little later.The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as thought it is covered with pink snow.
People love to get together to eat , drink and have fun with each other.Festivals let us enjoy life,be proud of our customs and forget our work for a little while.
COME AND EAT HERE (1)
Wang Peng sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated. It had been a very strange
morning. Usually he got up early and prepared his menu of barbecued mutton kebabs,
roast pork, stir-flied vegetables and fried rice. Then by lunchtime they would all be sold. By now his restaurant ought to be full of people. But not today! Why was that? What could
have happened? He thought of his mutton, beef and bacon cooked in the hottest, finest oil. His cola was sugary and cold, and his ice cream was made of milk, cream and delicious fruit.
Wang Peng followed Li Chang into a new small restaurant. He saw a sign in the window. Tired of all that fat? Want to lose weight?
Come inside Yong Hui’s slimming restaurant.
Only slimming foods served here.
Make yourself thin again!
Curiosity drove Wang Peng inside. It was full of people. The hostess, a very thin lady, came forward.
At the library Wang Peng was surprised to find that his restaurant served far too much fat and Yong Hui’s far too little. Even though her customers might get thin after eating Yong Hui’s food, they were not eating enough energy-giving food to keep them fit. They would become tired very quickly. Wang Peng felt more hopeful as he drove back home. Perhaps
with a discount and a new sign he could win his customers back. So he wrote:
Want to feel fit and energetic?
Come and eat here! Discounts today!
Our food gives you energy all day!
The competition between the two restaurants was on!
COME AND EAT HERE(2)
A week later, Wang Peng' s restaurant was nearly full and he felt happier. Perhaps he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant. He did not look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. He smiled as he welcomed some customers warmly at the door but the smile left his face when he saw Yong Hui walking in. She did not look happy but glared at him.
Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying dumplings and breast of chicken cooked with garlic. When they were served the ice cream,Yong Hui began to look ill.
They began to talk about menus and balanced diets.
必修3 Unit 4
HOW LIFE BEGAN ON THE EARTH
No one knows exactly how the earth began, as it happened so long ago. However, according to a widely accepted theory, the universe began with a
For several billion years after the
the dust settled into a solid globe. The earth became so violent that it was not clear whether the shape would last or not. It exploded loudly with fire and rock. They were in
time to produce carbon, nitrogen, water vapour and other gases, which were to make the earth's atmosphere. What is even more important is that as the earth cooled down, water
began to appear on its surface.
Water had also appeared on other planets like Mars but, unlike the earth, it had disappeared later. It was not immediately obvious that water was to be fundamental to the development of life. What many scientists believe is that the continued presence of water allowed the earth to dissolve harmful gases and acids into the oceans and seas. This produced a chain reaction, which made it possible for life to develop.
Many millions of years later, the first extremely small plants began to appear on the surface of the water. They multiplied and filled the oceans and seas with oxygen, which encouraged the later development of early shellfish and all sorts of fish. Next, green plants began to grow on land. They were followed in time by land animals. Some were insects. Others, called amphibians, were able to live on land as well as in the water. Later when the plants grew into forests, reptiles appeared for the first time. They produced young generally by laying eggs. After that, some huge animals, called dinosaurs, developed. They laid eggs too and existed on the earth for more than 140 million years. However,
65 million years ago the age of the dinosaurs ended. Why they suddenly disappeared still remains a mystery. This disappearance made possible the rise of mammals on the earth. These animals
were different from all life forms in the past, because they gave birth to young baby animals and produced milk to feed them.
Finally about 2.6 million years ago some small clever animals, now with hands and feet, appeared and spread all over the earth. Thus they have, in their turn, become the most important animals on the planet. But they are not looking after the earth very well. They are putting too much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which prevents heat from escaping from the earth into space. As a result of this, many scientists believe the earth may become too hot to live on. So whether life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this problem can be solved.
A VISIT TO THE MOON
Last month I was lucky enough to have a chance to make a trip into space with my friend Li Yanping, an astronomer. We visited the moon in our spaceship!
Before we left, Li Yanping explained to me that the force of gravity would change three times on our journey and that the first change would be the most powerful. Then we were off. As the rocket rose into the air, we were pushed back into our seats because we were trying to escape the pull of the earth's gravity. It was so hard that we could not say anything to each other. Gradually the weight lessened and I was able to talk to him.
When we got there, I wanted to explore immediately.
Leaving the moon's gravity was not as painful as leaving the earth's. But returning to the earth was very frightening. We watched, amazed as fire broke out on the outside of the spaceship as the earth's gravity increased. Again we were pushed hard into our seats as we came back to land.
必修3 Unit 5
A TRIP ON
Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian were on a trip to Canada to visit their cousins in Montreal on the Atlantic coast. Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train west to east across Canada. The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting.
Their friend, Danny Lin, was waiting at the airport. He was going to take them and their
baggage to catch
That afternoon aboard the train, the cousins settled down in their seats. Earlier that day, when they crossed the Rocky Mountains, they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. Their next stop was Calgary, which is famous for the Calgary Stampede. Cowboys from all over the world come to compete in the Stampede. Many of them have a gift for riding wild horses and can win thousands of dollars in prizes.
After two days' travel, the girls began to realize that Canada is quite empty. At school, they had learned that most Canadians live within a few hundred kilometres of the USA border, and Canada's population is only slightly over thirty million, but now they were amazed to see such an empty country. They went through a wheat-growing province and saw farms that covered thousands of acres. After dinner, they were back in an urban area, the busy port city of Thunder Bay at the top of the Great Lakes. The girls were surprised at the fact that ocean ships can sail up the Great Lakes. Because of the Great Lakes, they learned, Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world. In fact, it has one-third of the world's total fresh water, and much of it is in the Great Lakes.
That night as they slept, the train rushed across the top of Lake Superior, through the great forests and southward towards Toronto.
“THE TURE NORTH”FROM TORONTO TO MONTREAL
The next morning the bushes and maple trees outside their windows were red, gold and orange, and there was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in Canada.
Around noon they arrived in Toronto, the biggest and most wealthy city in Canada. They were not leaving for Montreal until later, so they went on a tour of the city. They went up the tall CN Tower and looked across the lake. In the distance, they could see the misty cloud that rose from the great Niagara Falls, which is on the south side of the lake. The water flows into the Niagara River and over the falls on its way to the sea.
They saw the covered stadium, home of several famous basketball teams. As they walked north from the harbour area, Li Daiyu said,
They met Lin Fei around dusk in downtown Chinatown, one of the three in Toronto. Over dinner at a restaurant called The Pink Pearl, the cousins chatted with Lin Fei, who had moved to Canada many years earlier.
The train left late that night and arrived in Montreal at dawn the next morning. At the station, people everywhere were speaking French. There were signs and ads in French, but some of them had English words in smaller letters.
That night as the train was speeding along the St Lawrence River toward the Gulf of St Lawrence and down to the distant east coast, the cousins dreamed of French restaurants and red maple leaves.