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范文一:JKRowling哈佛毕业演讲 投稿:袁欭欮

J.K. Rowling, author of the best-selling Harry Potter book series, delivers her Commencement Address, “The Fringe Benefits of Failure, and the Importance of Imagination,” at the Annual Meeting of the Harvard Alumni Association.

Text as delivered follows.

Copyright of JK Rowling, June 2008

President Faust, members of the Harvard Corporation and the Board of Overseers, members of the faculty, proud parents, and, above all, graduates.

The first thing I would like to say is „thank you.‟ Not only has Harvard given me an extraordinary honour, but the weeks of fear and nausea I have endured at the thought of giving this commencement address have made me lose weight. A win-win situation! Now all I have to do is take deep breaths, squint at the red banners and convince myself that I am at the world‟s largest Gryffindor reunion.

Delivering a commencement address is a great responsibility; or so I thought until I cast my mind back to my own graduation. The commencement speaker that day was the distinguished British philosopher Baroness Mary Warnock. Reflecting on her speech has helped me enormously in writing this one, because it turns out that I can‟t remember a single word she said. This liberating discovery enables me to proceed without any fear that I might inadvertently influence you to abandon promising careers in business, the law or politics for the giddy delights of becoming a gay wizard.

You see? If all you remember in years to come is the „gay wizard‟ joke, I‟ve come out ahead of Baroness Mary Warnock. Achievable goals: the first step to self improvement. Actually, I have wracked my mind and heart for what I ought to say to you today. I have asked myself what I wish I had known at my own graduation, and what important lessons I have learned in the 21 years that have expired between that day and this.

I have come up with two answers. On this wonderful day when we are gathered together to celebrate your academic success, I have decided to talk to you about the benefits of failure. And as you stand on the threshold of what is sometimes called „real life‟, I want to extol the crucial importance of imagination.

These may seem quixotic or paradoxical choices, but please bear with me.

Looking back at the 21-year-old that I was at graduation, is a slightly uncomfortable experience for the 42-year-old that she has become. Half my lifetime ago, I was striking an uneasy balance between the ambition I had for myself, and what those closest to me expected of me.

I was convinced that the only thing I wanted to do, ever, was to write novels. However, my parents, both of whom came from impoverished backgrounds and neither of whom had been to college, took the view that my overactive imagination was an amusing personal quirk that would never pay a mortgage, or secure a pension. I know that the irony strikes with the force of a cartoon anvil, now.

So they hoped that I would take a vocational degree; I wanted to study English Literature.

A compromise was reached that in retrospect satisfied nobody, and I went up to study Modern Languages. Hardly had my parents‟ car rounded the corner at the end of the road than I ditched German and scuttled off down the Classics corridor.

I cannot remember telling my parents that I was studying Classics; they might well have

found out for the first time on graduation day. Of all the subjects on this planet, I think they would have been hard put to name one less useful than Greek mythology when it came to securing the keys to an executive bathroom.

I would like to make it clear, in parenthesis, that I do not blame my parents for their point of view. There is an expiry date on blaming your parents for steering you in the wrong direction; the moment you are old enough to take the wheel, responsibility lies with you. What is more, I cannot criticise my parents for hoping that I would never experience poverty. They had been poor themselves, and I have since been poor, and I quite agree with them that it is not an ennobling experience. Poverty entails fear, and stress, and sometimes depression; it means a thousand petty humiliations and hardships. Climbing out of poverty by your own efforts, that is indeed something on which to pride yourself, but poverty itself is romanticised only by fools.

What I feared most for myself at your age was not poverty, but failure.

At your age, in spite of a distinct lack of motivation at university, where I had spent far too long in the coffee bar writing stories, and far too little time at lectures, I had a knack for passing examinations, and that, for years, had been the measure of success in my life and that of my peers.

I am not dull enough to suppose that because you are young, gifted and well-educated; you have never known hardship or heartbreak. Talent and intelligence never yet inoculated anyone against the caprice of the Fates, and I do not for a moment suppose that everyone here has enjoyed an existence of unruffled privilege and contentment.

However, the fact that you are graduating from Harvard suggests that you are not very well-acquainted with failure. You might be driven by a fear of failure quite as much as a desire for success. Indeed, your conception of failure might not be too far from the average person‟s idea of success, so high have you already flown.

Ultimately, we all have to decide for ourselves what constitutes failure, but the world is quite eager to give you a set of criteria if you let it. So I think it fair to say that by any conventional measure, a mere seven years after my graduation day, I had failed on an epic scale. An exceptionally short-lived marriage had imploded, and I was jobless, a lone parent, and as poor as it is possible to be in modern Britain, without being homeless. The fears that my parents had had for me, and that I had had for myself, had both come to pass, and by every usual standard, I was the biggest failure I knew.

Now, I am not going to stand here and tell you that failure is fun. That period of my life was a dark one, and I had no idea that there was going to be what the press has since represented as a kind of fairy tale resolution. I had no idea then how far the tunnel extended, and for a long time, any light at the end of it was a hope rather than a reality. So why do I talk about the benefits of failure? Simply because failure meant a stripping away of the inessential. I stopped pretending to myself that I was anything other than what I was, and began to direct all my energy into finishing the only work that mattered to me. Had I really succeeded at anything else, I might never have found the determination to succeed in the one arena I believed I truly belonged. I was set free, because my greatest fear had been realised, and I was still alive, and I still had a daughter whom I adored, and I had an old typewriter and a big idea. And so rock bottom became the solid foundation on which I rebuilt my life.

You might never fail on the scale I did, but some failure in life is inevitable. It is impossible to live without failing at something, unless you live so cautiously that you might as well not have lived at all – in which case, you fail by default.

Failure gave me an inner security that I had never attained by passing examinations. Failure taught me things about myself that I could have learned no other way. I discovered that I had a strong will, and more discipline than I had suspected; I also found out that I had friends whose value was truly above the price of rubies.

The knowledge that you have emerged wiser and stronger from setbacks means that you are, ever after, secure in your ability to survive. You will never truly know yourself, or the strength of your relationships, until both have been tested by adversity. Such knowledge is a true gift, for all that it is painfully won, and it has been worth more than any qualification I ever earned.

So given a Time Turner, I would tell my 21-year-old self that personal happiness lies in knowing that life is not a check-list of acquisition or achievement. Your qualifications, your CV, are not your life, though you will meet many people of my age and older who confuse the two. Life is difficult, and complicated, and beyond anyone‟s total control, and the humility to know that will enable you to survive its vicissitudes.

Now you might think that I chose my second theme, the importance of imagination, because of the part it played in rebuilding my life, but that is not wholly so. Though I personally will defend the value of bedtime stories to my last gasp, I have learned to value imagination in a much broader sense. Imagination is not only the uniquely human capacity to envision that which is not, and therefore the fount of all invention and innovation. In its arguably most transformative and revelatory capacity, it is the power that enables us to empathise with humans whose experiences we have never shared.

One of the greatest formative experiences of my life preceded Harry Potter, though it informed much of what I subsequently wrote in those books. This revelation came in the form of one of my earliest day jobs. Though I was sloping off to write stories during my lunch hours, I paid the rent in my early 20s by working at the African research department at Amnesty International‟s headquarters in London.

There in my little office I read hastily scribbled letters smuggled out of totalitarian regimes by men and women who were risking imprisonment to inform the outside world of what was happening to them. I saw photographs of those who had disappeared without trace, sent to Amnesty by their desperate families and friends. I read the testimony of torture victims and saw pictures of their injuries. I opened handwritten, eye-witness accounts of summary trials and executions, of kidnappings and rapes.

Many of my co-workers were ex-political prisoners, people who had been displaced from their homes, or fled into exile, because they had the temerity to speak against their governments. Visitors to our offices included those who had come to give information, or to try and find out what had happened to those they had left behind.

I shall never forget the African torture victim, a young man no older than I was at the time, who had become mentally ill after all he had endured in his homeland. He trembled uncontrollably as he spoke into a video camera about the brutality inflicted upon him. He was a foot taller than I was, and seemed as fragile as a child. I was given the job of escorting him back to the Underground Station afterwards, and this man whose life had

been shattered by cruelty took my hand with exquisite courtesy, and wished me future happiness.

And as long as I live I shall remember walking along an empty corridor and suddenly hearing, from behind a closed door, a scream of pain and horror such as I have never heard since. The door opened, and the researcher poked out her head and told me to run and make a hot drink for the young man sitting with her. She had just had to give him the news that in retaliation for his own outspokenness against his country‟s regime, his mother had been seized and executed.

Every day of my working week in my early 20s I was reminded how incredibly fortunate I was, to live in a country with a democratically elected government, where legal representation and a public trial were the rights of everyone.

Every day, I saw more evidence about the evils humankind will inflict on their fellow humans, to gain or maintain power. I began to have nightmares, literal nightmares, about some of the things I saw, heard, and read.

And yet I also learned more about human goodness at Amnesty International than I had ever known before.

Amnesty mobilises thousands of people who have never been tortured or imprisoned for their beliefs to act on behalf of those who have. The power of human empathy, leading to collective action, saves lives, and frees prisoners. Ordinary people, whose personal well-being and security are assured, join together in huge numbers to save people they do not know, and will never meet. My small participation in that process was one of the most humbling and inspiring experiences of my life.

Unlike any other creature on this planet, humans can learn and understand, without having experienced. They can think themselves into other people‟s places.

Of course, this is a power, like my brand of fictional magic, that is morally neutral. One might use such an ability to manipulate, or control, just as much as to understand or sympathise.

And many prefer not to exercise their imaginations at all. They choose to remain comfortably within the bounds of their own experience, never troubling to wonder how it would feel to have been born other than they are. They can refuse to hear screams or to peer inside cages; they can close their minds and hearts to any suffering that does not touch them personally; they can refuse to know.

I might be tempted to envy people who can live that way, except that I do not think they have any fewer nightmares than I do. Choosing to live in narrow spaces leads to a form of mental agoraphobia, and that brings its own terrors. I think the wilfully unimaginative see more monsters. They are often more afraid.

What is more, those who choose not to empathise enable real monsters. For without ever committing an act of outright evil ourselves, we collude with it, through our own apathy. One of the many things I learned at the end of that Classics corridor down which I ventured at the age of 18, in search of something I could not then define, was this, written by the Greek author Plutarch: What we achieve inwardly will change outer reality.

That is an astonishing statement and yet proven a thousand times every day of our lives. It expresses, in part, our inescapable connection with the outside world, the fact that we touch other people‟s lives simply by existing.

But how much more are you, Harvard graduates of 2008, likely to touch other people‟s lives? Your intelligence, your capacity for hard work, the education you have earned and received, give you unique status, and unique responsibilities. Even your nationality sets you apart. The great majority of you belong to the world‟s only remaining superpower. The way you vote, the way you live, the way you protest, the pressure you bring to bear on your government, has an impact way beyond your borders. That is your privilege, and your burden.

If you choose to use your status and influence to raise your voice on behalf of those who have no voice; if you choose to identify not only with the powerful, but with the powerless; if you retain the ability to imagine yourself into the lives of those who do not have your advantages, then it will not only be your proud families who celebrate your existence, but thousands and millions of people whose reality you have helped change. We do not need magic to change the world, we carry all the power we need inside ourselves already: we have the power to imagine better.

I am nearly finished. I have one last hope for you, which is something that I already had at 21. The friends with whom I sat on graduation day have been my friends for life. They are my children‟s godparents, the people to whom I‟ve been able to turn in times of trouble, people who have been kind enough not to sue me when I took their names for Death Eaters. At our graduation we were bound by enormous affection, by our shared experience of a time that could never come again, and, of course, by the knowledge that we held certain photographic evidence that would be exceptionally valuable if any of us ran for Prime Minister.

So today, I wish you nothing better than similar friendships. And tomorrow, I hope that even if you remember not a single word of mine, you remember those of Seneca, another of those old Romans I met when I fled down the Classics corridor, in retreat from career ladders, in search of ancient wisdom:

As is a tale, so is life: not how long it is, but how good it is, is what matters.

I wish you all very good lives.

Thank you very much.

范文二:谁来讲述你的故事?(哈佛毕业典礼演) 投稿:石漮漯

谁来讲述你的故事?(哈佛毕业典礼演) 去从事你真正关心的事业吧,无论是物理还是神经科学,无论是金融还是电影制片。如果你想好了目的地,就直接往那里去吧。这就是我的“停车位理论”:不要因为觉得肯定没有停车位了,就把车停在距离目的地10个街区远的地方。直接去你想去的地方,如果车位已满,你总可以再绕回来。

人们也许会说哈佛是天堂,充满了各种难以想象的机遇和好运——确实,我们每个人都有幸在她漫长而成功的历史中占有一席之地。但这也对我们提出了要求:我们有责任走出自己的舒适区,寻找属于我们的挑战,践行哈佛奋斗不息的精神。

在我准备今天演讲的时候, 我想到了音乐剧《汉密尔顿》中最后那首歌里的问题: “谁来讲述你的故事?”

我想这个问题奠定了你们过去四年大学生活的基调,也将对你们未来作为哈佛毕业生和校友的生活产生深远的影响,无论是作为公民或是领袖——

谁,来讲述你的故事?

是你,你要来讲述你的故事!

这就是今天我要对你们说的话:讲你自己的故事,一个充满了无限可能性和新秩序的崭新故事,这是每一代人的任务,也是现在摆在你面前的任务。你在哈佛所接受的文理博雅教育,将会用以下三种重要方式,帮助你去完成这项任务。

“听别人的建议,做你自己的决定”

讲述你的故事意味着发现你自己是谁——而不是成为别人认为你的谁。你要参考别人的意见,但要做出自己的决定。讲述一个别人定义好的或别人希望听到的故事,那太容易了。 哈佛的传奇人物之一、可敬的彼得·戈麦斯教授曾说:“不要让任何人替你把话说完。” 戈麦斯教授自己经常“自相矛盾”,令人难以捉摸,但永远忠于他自己:他是一位剑桥市的共和党人(注:在哈佛所在的剑桥市,共和党是少数派);他是一位浸礼会的牧师,但同时是个同性恋(注:基督教大多不支持同性恋);他是朝圣者协会的会长,同时又是一位黑人(注:朝圣者协会白人居多)。

他对自己的信仰坚定不移,他不为外人的期望牵挂束缚。他说:“我的不同寻常,让开启新的对话变为可能。”

“开启与他人的对话,倾听他人的故事”

开启新的对话,这是我的下一个重点。讲述我们自己的故事并不意味着只关注我们自己。讲故事是与他人对话,借此探寻更远大的目标、探索其他的世界、探究不同的思维方式——你所受的教育不是一个真空的大泡沫。

如果我们只讲述单一的故事,那将是危险的,就像诺大的场地只有一个逃生口,令所有人变得异常脆弱。单一的故事不一定是假的,但它是不完整的。所有的故事都很重要,不能把单一角度的故事变成唯一的故事。

过去四年,你们感受到了倾听他人故事的益处,也体验到了忽略他人故事所带来的危险。只有意识到,世界上充满了各种各样的故事,我们才能想象一个不一样的未来。21世纪的医疗是什么样?能源是什么样?移民是什么样?城市将如何设计?面对这些问题,你要问的不是“我会成为什么样的人”,而是

“我能解决什么问题”?

“在不安和不确定中,不断修正你的故事”

这也引出了最后一个重点:不断修正。每个故事其实都只是一个草稿,我们连最古老的

传说都会不断拿来重提——不管是汉密尔顿将军的故事、美国独立战争的史诗、亦或是哈佛自己的历史。

好的教育之所以好,是因为它让你坐立不安,它强迫你不断重新认识我们自己和我们周遭的世界,并不断去改变。

斯蒂芬·斯皮尔伯格将在毕业典礼上为我们演讲,他就曾经这样解释他创作的基石:“恐惧是我的动力。当我濒临走投无路的时候,那也是我遇见最好的想法的时候。”

大学,不正是这样一个让每一个人都接受挑战、让每一个人都产生不确定性的地方吗? 就这样,大学四年间,你都一直在学习重新讲述你的故事:寻找你自己的声音,将自己放入一个故事中——无论是对气候变化采取反抗行动,发现你对统计学的热衷,还是发起了一项有意义的运动,你亲眼目睹故事不断被重新讲述。

“不要妥协,直奔你的目标”

这些年,我一直在告诉大家:

追随你所爱!

去从事你真正关心的事业吧,无论是物理还是神经科学,无论是金融还是电影制片。如果你想好了目的地,就直接往那里去吧。这就是我的“停车位理论”:不要因为觉得肯定没有停车位了,就把车停在距离目的地10个街区远的地方。直接去你想去的地方,如果车位已满,你总可以再绕回来。

所以在这里,我想祝贺你们,2016届的哈佛毕业生们。别忘了你们来自何处,不断改变你的故事,不断重写你的故事。我相信这项任务除了你们自己,谁也无法替你们完成!

范文三:哈佛校长2016毕业演讲 投稿:钟鄡鄢

哈佛校长2016毕业演讲:谁来讲述你的故事? 只有你自己

当你告诉别人你的故事,是为了发现真正的你,而不是那个别人认为你应该成为的那个你!听别人的建议,但是做你自己的决定!

——哈佛校长 Drew Gilpin Faust

去从事你真正关心的事业吧,无论是物理还是神经科学,无论是金融还是电影制片。如果你想好了目的地,就直接往那里去吧。这就是我的“停车位理论”:不要因为觉得肯定没有停车位了,就把车停在距离目的地10个街区远的地方。直接去你想去的地方,如果车位已满,你总可以再绕回来。

哈佛校长2016毕业演讲:谁来讲述你的故事? 只有你自己

人们也许会说哈佛是天堂,充满了各种难以想象的机遇和好运——确实,我们每个人都有幸在她漫长而成功的历史中占有一席之地。但这也对我们提出了要求:我们有责任走出自己的舒适区,寻找属于我们的挑战,践行哈佛奋斗不息的精神。

在我准备今天演讲的时候,我想到了音乐剧《汉密尔顿》中最后那首歌里的问题: 谁来讲述你的故事?

我想这个问题奠定了你们过去四年大学生活的基调,也将对你们未来作为哈佛毕业生和校友的生活产生深远的影响,无论是作为公民或是领袖——

谁,来讲述你的故事?

是你,你要来讲述你的故事!

这就是今天我要对你们说的话:讲你自己的故事,一个充满了无限可能性和新秩序的崭新故事,这是每一代人的任务,也是现在摆在你面前的任务。你在哈佛所接受的文理博雅教育,将会用以下三种重要方式,帮助你去完成这项任务。

听别人的建议,做你自己的决定

讲述你的故事意味着发现你自己是谁——而不是成为别人认为你的谁。你要参考别人的意见,但要做出自己的决定。讲述一个别人定义好的或别人希望听到的故事,那太容易了。

哈佛的传奇人物之一、可敬的彼得·戈麦斯教授曾说:“不要让任何人替你把话说完。”戈麦斯教授自己经常“自相矛盾”,令人难以捉摸,但永远忠于他自己:他是一位剑桥市的共和党人(注:在哈佛所在的剑桥市,共和党是少数派);他是一位浸礼会的牧师,但同时是个同性恋(注:基督教大多不支持同性恋);他是朝圣者协会的会长,同时又是一位黑人(注:朝圣者协会白人居多)。

他对自己的信仰坚定不移,他不为外人的期望牵挂束缚。他说:“我的不同寻常,让开启新的对话变为可能。”

开启与他人的对话,倾听他人的故事

开启新的对话,这是我的下一个重点。讲述我们自己的故事并不意味着只关注我们自己。讲故事是与他人对话,借此探寻更远大的目标、探索其他的世界、探究不同的思维方式——你所受的教育不是一个真空的大泡沫。

如果我们只讲述单一的故事,那将是危险的,就像诺大的场地只有一个逃生口,令所有人变得异常脆弱。单一的故事不一定是假的,但它是不完整的。所有的故事都很重要,不能把单一角度的故事变成唯一的故事。

过去四年,你们感受到了倾听他人故事的益处,也体验到了忽略他人故事所带来的危险。只有意识到,世界上充满了各种各样的故事,我们才能想象一个不一样的未来。21世纪的医疗是什么样?能源是什么样?移民是什么样?城市将如何设计?面对这些问题,你要问的不是“我会成为什么样的人”,而是

我能解决什么问题?

“在不安和不确定中,不断修正你的故事”

这也引出了最后一个重点:不断修正。每个故事其实都只是一个草稿,我们连最古老的传说都会不断拿来重提——不管是汉密尔顿将军的故事、美国独立战争的史诗、亦或是哈佛自己的历史。

好的教育之所以好,是因为它让你坐立不安,它强迫你不断重新认识我们自己和我们周遭的世界,并不断去改变。

斯蒂芬·斯皮尔伯格将在毕业典礼上为我们演讲,他就曾经这样解释他创作的基石:“恐惧是我的动力。当我濒临走投无路的时候,那也是我遇见最好的想法的时候。”

大学,不正是这样一个让每一个人都接受挑战、让每一个人都产生不确定性的地方吗? 就这样,大学四年间,你都一直在学习重新讲述你的故事:寻找你自己的声音,将自己放入一个故事中——无论是对气候变化采取反抗行动,发现你对统计学的热衷,还是发起了一项有意义的运动,你亲眼目睹故事不断被重新讲述。

不要妥协,直奔你的目标

这些年,我一直在告诉大家:追随你所爱!

去从事你真正关心的事业吧,无论是物理还是神经科学,无论是金融还是电影制片。如果你想好了目的地,就直接往那里去吧。这就是我的“停车位理论”:不要因为觉得肯定没有停车位了,就把车停在距离目的地10个街区远的地方。直接去你想去的地方,如果车位已满,你总可以再绕回来。

所以在这里,我想祝贺你们,2016届的哈佛毕业生们。别忘了你们来自何处,不断改变你的故事,不断重写你的故事。我相信这项任务除了你们自己,谁也无法替你们完成!

范文四:何江哈佛大学毕业演讲 投稿:卢捫捬

The Spider’s Bite

蜘蛛咬伤轶事

When I was in middle school, a poisonous spider bit my right hand. I ran to my mom for help—but instead of taking me to a doctor, my mom set my hand on fire.

在我读初中的时候,有一次,一只毒蜘蛛咬伤了我的右手。我问我妈妈该怎么办,妈妈并没有带我去看医生,而是决定用火疗的方法治疗我的伤口。

After wrapping my hand with several layers of cotton, then soaking it in wine, she put a chopstick into my mouth, and ignited the cotton. Heat quickly

penetrated the cotton and began to roast my hand. The searing pain made me want to scream, but the chopstick prevented it. All I could do was watch my hand burn - one minute, then two minutes –until mom put out the fire.

她在我的手上包了好几层棉花,棉花上喷撒了白酒,在我的嘴里放了一双筷子后,妈妈打火点燃了棉花。热量逐渐渗透过棉花,开始炙烤我的右手。灼烧的疼痛让我忍不住想喊叫,可嘴里的筷子却让我发不出声来。我只能看着我的手被火烧着,一分钟、两分钟,直到妈妈熄灭了火苗。

You see, the part of China I grew up in was a rural village, and at that time pre-industrial. When I was born, my village had no cars, no telephones, no electricity, not even running water. And we certainly didn’t have access to

modern medical resources. There was no doctor my mother could bring me to see about my spider bite.

你看,我在中国的农村长大,那个时候,我的村庄还是一个类似前工业时代的传统村落。在我出生时,我的村子里面没有汽车,没有电话,没有电,甚至也没有自来水。我们自然不能轻易获得先进的现代医疗资源。那个时候,我妈妈也找不到一个合适的医生可以来帮我处理蜘蛛咬过的伤口。

For those who study biology, you may have grasped the science behind my mom’s cure: heat deactivates proteins, and a spider’s venom is simply a form of protein. It’s cool how that folk remedy actually incorporates basic

biochemistry, isn’t it? But I am a PhD student in biochemistry at Harvard, I now know that better, less painful and less risky treatments existed. So I can’t help but ask myself, why I didn’t receive one at the time?

在座各位如果有生物背景的,你们或许已经理解到了我妈妈使用的治疗手段背后的基本原理:高热可以让蛋白质变性,而蜘蛛的毒液就是一种蛋白质。这样一种土方法实际上有它一定的理论依据,想来也是挺有意思的。但是,作为哈佛大学生物化学的博士,我现在知道在我初中那个时候,已经有更好的,没有那么痛苦的,风险也没那么大的治疗方法了。于是我忍不住会问自己,为什么我在当时没有能够享用到这些更为先进的治疗方法呢?

Fifteen years have passed since that incident. I am happy to report that my hand is fine. But this question lingers, and I continue to be troubled by the unequal distribution of scientific knowledge throughout the world.

被蜘蛛咬伤的事已经过去大概十五年了。我非常高兴地向在座的各位报告,我的手还是完好的。但是,我刚刚提到的这个问题这些年来一直在我的脑海徘徊,而我也时不时会因为先进科技知识在全球不同地区的不平等分布而感到困扰。 Fifteen years have passed since that incident. I am happy to report that my hand is fine. But this question lingers, and I continue to be troubled by the unequal distribution of scientific knowledge throughout the world. We have learned to edit the human genome and unlock many secrets of how cancer progresses. We can manipulate neuronal activity literally with the switch of a light. Each year brings more advances in biomedical research-exciting, transformative accomplishments.

现如今,我们人类已经学会怎么进行人类基因编辑了,也研究清楚了很多癌症发生发展的原因。我们甚至可以利用一束光来控制我们大脑内神经元的活动。每年生物医学的研究都会给我们带来不一样突破和进步,其中有不少令人振奋,也极具革命颠覆性的成果。

Yet, despite the knowledge we have amassed, we haven’t been so successful in deploying it to where it’s needed most. According to the World Bank, twelve percent of the world’s population lives on less than $2 a day. Malnutrition kills

more than 3 million children annually. Three hundred million people are afflicted by malaria globally. All over the world, we constantly see these problems of poverty, illness, and lack of resources impeding the flow of

scientific information. Lifesaving knowledge we take for granted in the modern world is often unavailable in these underdeveloped regions. And in far too many places, people are still essentially trying to cure a spider bite with fire. 然而,尽管我们人类在科研上已经有了无数的建树,但怎样把这些最前沿的科学研究带到世界最需要该技术的地区,我们做得仍然不尽人意。世界银行的数据显示,世界上大约有12%的人口的生活水平仍然低于每天2美元。营养不良每年导致三百万儿童死亡。将近3亿人口仍然蒙受疟疾带来的痛苦。在世界各地,我们经常看到类似的由于贫穷、疾病和资源匮乏导致科学知识流动受阻。现代社会里习以为常的那些救生常识经常在这些欠发达或不发达地区未能得到普及。于是,在世界上仍有很多地区,人们只能依赖于用火疗这一简单粗暴的方式来治理蜘蛛咬伤事故。

While studying at Harvard, I saw how scientific knowledge can help others in simple, yet profound ways. The bird flu pandemic in the 2000s looked to my village like a spell cast by demons. Our folk medicine didn’t even have half-measures to offer. What’s more, farmers didn’t know the difference between common cold and flu; they didn’t understand that the flu was much more lethal than the common cold. Most people were also unaware that the virus could transmit across different species.

在哈佛读书期间,我切身体会到先进的科技知识能够既简单又深远地帮助到很多人。本世纪初的时候,禽流感在亚洲多个国家肆虐。那个时候,村庄里的农民听到禽流感就像听到恶魔施咒一样,对其特别的恐惧。乡村的土医疗方法对这样一个疾病也是束手无策。农民对于普通感冒和流感的区别并不是很清楚,他们并不懂得流感比普通感冒可能更加致命。而且,大部分人对于科学家所发现的流感病毒能够跨不同物种传播这一事实并不清楚。

So when I realized that simple hygiene practices like separating different animal species could contain the spread of the disease, and that I could help make this knowledge available to my village, that was my first ―Aha‖ moment

as a budding scientist. But it was more than that: it was also a vital inflection point in my own ethical development, my own self-understanding as a member of the global community.

于是,当我认识到将受感染的不同物种隔离开等简单的卫生举措可以减缓疾病传播时,当我能够为将这些知识传递到我的村庄贡献力量时,我的内心第一次有了一种作为未来科学家的使命感。但这种使命感不只停在知识层面,它也是我个人道德发展的重要转折点,我自我理解的作为国际社会一员的责任感。

Harvard dares us to dream big, to aspire to change the world. Here on this Commencement Day, we are probably thinking of grand destinations and big adventures that await us. As for me, I am also thinking of the farmers in my village. My experience here reminds me how important it is for researchers to communicate our knowledge to those who need it. Because by using the science we already have, we could probably bring my village and thousands like it into the world you and I take for granted every day. And that’s an impact every one of us can make!

哈佛的教育教会我们敢于拥有自己的梦想,勇于立志改变世界。在毕业典礼这样一个特别的日子,我们在座的毕业生都会畅想我们未来的伟大征程和冒险。对我而言,我在此刻不可避免还会想到我的家乡。成长的经历提醒我,作为一名科学家,积极地将我们所会的知识传递给那些急需这些知识的人是多么地重要。因为利用那些我们已经拥有的科技知识,我们能够轻而易举地帮助我的家乡,还有千千万万类似的村庄,让他们生活的世界变成一个我们现代社会看起来习以为常的地方,而这样一件事,是我们每一个毕业生都能够做的,也都能够做到的。 But the question is, will we make the effort or not?

但问题是,我们愿意来做这样的努力吗?

More than ever before, our society emphasizes science and innovation. But an equally important emphasis should be on distributing the knowledge we have to where it’s needed. Changing the world doesn’t mean that everyone has to find the next big thing. It can be as simple as becoming better communicators, and finding more creative ways to pass on the knowledge we have to people

like my mom and the farmers in their local community. Our society also needs to recognize that the equal distribution of knowledge is a pivotal step of human development, and work to bring this into reality.

比以往任何时候,我们的社会都更强调科学和创新。但我们的社会同样需要关注的一个重心是将知识传递到那些真正需要的地方。改变世界并不意味着每个人都要做一个大突破。改变世界可以非常简单,它可以是作为世界不同地区的沟通者,找出更多创造性的方法将知识传递给像我母亲或农民这样的群体。同时,改变世界也意味着我们的社会,作为一个整体,能够更清醒地认识到科技知识更加均衡的分布,是人类社会发展的一个关键环节,而我们也能够一起奋斗将此目标变成现实。

And if we do that, then perhaps a teenager in rural China who is bitten by a spider will not have to burn his hand, but will know to seek a doctor instead. 如果我们能够做到这些,或许,将来有一天,一个在农村被毒蜘蛛咬伤的少年或许不用火疗治疗伤口,而是去看医生接受更为先进的医疗。

范文五:毕业演讲,哈佛的“最后一课” 投稿:尹眎眏

毕业演讲,哈佛的“最后一课”

  文/王可

  在美国几乎每一所大学,毕业典礼都是一场“重头戏”.它们讲究排场,大多还蕴含着历史与传统。这在哈佛这所美国最古老的大学里更是展露无遗。

  我们的毕业典礼总是定点在“三百年剧场”,它位于哈佛纪念堂与怀德纳图书馆之间那片无边绿茵中。通常,哈佛每年会有两个演讲:一是毕业纪念日演讲,一是毕业典礼演讲。前者先于后者,并且专属于哈佛学院应届毕业生,演讲嘉宾由大四学生委员会物色。这种演讲一般被称作“搞笑演讲”,一些着名谐星和幽默作家在演讲中所讲的那些很有味道的笑话,让我们笑破了肚皮,也令家长脸红。

  而使全体毕业生如沐春风的毕业典礼演讲,则几乎永远都是“严肃”的,它由哈佛校友会敲定演讲人选。校方行政管理人员做不了主,谁来演讲还得看学生、校友的意愿,得体现出他们的兴趣与价值取向。有人为此会说毕业典礼演讲是观测哈佛社群的“精神指标”.

  你脑海中浮现的演讲可能是一场劝诫毕业生去做未来领袖、主宰世界的说教,可是,哈佛毕业典礼演讲者最不可能鼓励我们去憧憬、去实现做人目标。

  我XX年毕业时,毕业纪念日演讲嘉宾是前总统比尔·克林顿,毕业典礼演讲嘉宾是比尔·盖茨。一个曾是世界上最有权力的人,另一个是世界上最富有的人。此二人如果不讲权和钱,会讲什么呢?

  克林顿提到一个概念:“ubuntu”.意为“我因你而成”.即人在世界上不是孤立的,而是社会的一分子。他亦谈及我们不应将自身视为个体去追逐个人的成功,而应为全世界兄弟姐妹的福祉奋斗。非洲的艾滋病不是只属于“非洲”,印度尼西亚的海啸不是只属于“印度尼西亚”——我们思考时不应将其看作“他们”,而应视为“我们”.他敦促我们“花尽可能多的时间、爱心与精力去考虑那99.9%的人”.

  比尔·盖茨讲了自己与妻子梅琳达如何扪心自问“以我们所拥有的资源,怎样能最大化地造福最多的人”这一历程。他致力于推进创新型资本主义。在其中,市场力量可以更好地服务于贫困者,极具说服力的阐释:如何利用纷繁复杂、让企业与政府获益的现代科技与创新,在发展中国家拯救生命、改善生活。

  他向我们发出挑战:以你们过硬的文凭、才智和天赋,能否应对重大的全球问题,为更多人的幸福贡献力量。他也为我们送上离别的祝愿:“我希望,你们将来评价自己的标准,不单单是以职业上取得的成就,也包括你们为改变这个世界所作出的努力……以及你们如何善待那些远隔千山万水,除了同为人类之外与你们毫无共同之处的人们。”

  两个截然不同的人,两场如出一辙的演讲。

  你可能会问:为什么?但我会问:为什么不是这样?我们,作为稳拿“好工作”的顶尖大学毕业生,有年轻的活力,有社会的认可——我们没什么输不起的。我们也许以为自己所向披靡、高人一等,从而面临迷失自己谦逊与对全人类同理心的危险。但也恰恰由于这种优势,我们随时能以最佳准备状态服务于最富挑战性的愿景,投身于最具挫折性的目标。这不是要我们牺牲健康、财富或快乐去为其他人做牛做马,事实上,我们应该并且必须为了全人类的共同利益有所行动, 这不只是借由个体层面的同情与怜悯,还包括在梦想和卓越层面上进行革新与创造。我们不必放弃自己的生活,恰恰相反,我们可以通过为更多人幸福的奋战来改善自己的生活。

  我认为,像名校的毕业生,身处一个独特而资源丰富的位置,就该为我们现在身处的世界、为未来一代又一代人赖以生存的世界全力以赴。我盼望全世界毕业生们,同样接受这一挑战,放低身段并为此努力。

范文六:毕业演讲,哈佛的“最后一课” 投稿:罗驟驠

毕业演讲,哈佛的“最后一课”

  文/王可

  在美国几乎每一所大学,毕业典礼都是一场“重头戏”.它们讲究排场,大多还蕴含着历史与传统。这在哈佛这所美国最古老的大学里更是展露无遗。

  我们的毕业典礼总是定点在“三百年剧场”,它位于哈佛纪念堂与怀德纳图书馆之间那片无边绿茵中。通常,哈佛每年会有两个演讲:一是毕业纪念日演讲,一是毕业典礼演讲。前者先于后者,并且专属于哈佛学院应届毕业生,演讲嘉宾由大四学生委员会物色。这种演讲一般被称作“搞笑演讲”,一些着名谐星和幽默作家在演讲中所讲的那些很有味道的笑话,让我们笑破了肚皮,也令家长脸红。

  而使全体毕业生如沐春风的毕业典礼演讲,则几乎永远都是“严肃”的,它由哈佛校友会敲定演讲人选。校方行政管理人员做不了主,谁来演讲还得看学生、校友的意愿,得体现出他们的兴趣与价值取向。有人为此会说毕业典礼演讲是观测哈佛社群的“精神指标”.

  你脑海中浮现的演讲可能是一场劝诫毕业生去做未来领袖、主宰世界的说教,可是,哈佛毕业典礼演讲者最不可能鼓励我们去憧憬、去实现做人目标。

  我2007年毕业时,毕业纪念日演讲嘉宾是前总统比尔·克林顿,毕业典礼演讲嘉宾是比尔·盖茨。一个曾是世界上最有权力的人,另一个是世界上最富有的人。此二人如果不讲权和钱,会讲什么呢?

  克林顿提到一个概念:“ubuntu”.意为“我因你而成”.即人在世界上不是孤立的,而是社会的一分子。他亦谈及我们不应将自身视为个体去追逐个人的成功,而应为全世界兄弟姐妹的福祉奋斗。非洲的艾滋病不是只属于“非洲”,印度尼西亚的海啸不是只属于“印度尼西亚”——我们思考时不应将其看作“他们”,而应视为“我们”.他敦促我们“花尽可能多的时间、爱心与精力去考虑那99.9%的人”.

  比尔·盖茨讲了自己与妻子梅琳达如何扪心自问“以我们所拥有的资源,怎样能最大化地造福最多的人”这一历程。他致力于推进创新型资本主义。在其中,市场力量可以更好地服务于贫困者,极具说服力的阐释:如何利用纷繁复杂、让企业与政府获益的现代科技与创新,在发展中国家拯救生命、改善生活。

  他向我们发出挑战:以你们过硬的文凭、才智和天赋,能否应对重大的全球问题,为更多人的幸福贡献力量。他也为我们送上离别的祝愿:“我希望,你们将来评价自己的标准,不单单是以职业上取得的成就,也包括你们为改变这个世界所作出的努力……以及你们如何善待那些远隔千山万水,除了同为人类之外与你们毫无共同之处的人们。”

  两个截然不同的人,两场如出一辙的演讲。

  你可能会问:为什么?但我会问:为什么不是这样?我们,作为稳拿“好工作”的顶尖大学毕业生,有年轻的活力,有社会的认可——我们没什么输不起的。我们也许以为自己所向披靡、高人一等,从而面临迷失自己谦逊与对全人类同理心的危险。但也恰恰由于这种优势,我们随时能以最佳准备状态服务于最富挑战性的愿景,投身于最具挫折性的目标。这不是要我们牺牲健康、财富或快乐去为其他人做牛做马,事实上,我们应该并且必须为了全人类的共同利益有所行动, 这不只是借由个体层面的同情与怜悯,还包括在梦想和卓越层面上进行革新与创造。我们不必放弃自己的生活,恰恰相反,我们可以通过为更多人幸福的奋战来改善自己的生活。

  我认为,像名校的毕业生,身处一个独特而资源丰富的位置,就该为我们现在身处的世界、为未来一代又一代人赖以生存的世界全力以赴。我盼望全世界毕业生们,同样接受这一挑战,放低身段并为此努力。

* 毕业前,我们谈谈失败吧

* 远方——华科校长李培根2012毕业典礼演讲稿

* 王恩哥2013北京大学本科生毕业典礼演讲

范文七:毕业演讲,哈佛的“最后一课” 投稿:赵走赱

文/王可

在美国几乎每一所大学,毕业典礼都是一场“重头戏”。它们讲究排场,大多还蕴含着历史与传统。这在哈佛这所美国最古老的大学里更是展露无遗。

我们的毕业典礼总是定点在“三百年剧场”,它位于哈佛纪念堂与怀德纳图书馆之间那片无边绿茵中。毕业演讲,哈佛的“最后一课”。通常,哈佛每年会有两个演讲:一是毕业纪念日演讲,一是毕业典礼演讲。前者先于后者,并且专属于哈佛学院应届毕业生,演讲嘉宾由大四学生委员会物色。这种演讲一般被称作“搞笑演讲”,一些着名谐星和幽默作家在演讲中所讲的那些很有味道的笑话,让我们笑破了肚皮,也令家长脸红。

而使全体毕业生如沐春风的毕业典礼演讲,则几乎永远都是“严肃”的,它由哈佛校友会敲定演讲人选。校方行政管理人员做不了主,谁来演讲还得看学生、校友的意愿,得体现出他们的兴趣与价值取向。有人为此会说毕业典礼演讲是观测哈佛社群的“精神指标”。

你脑海中浮现的演讲可能是一场劝诫毕业生去做未来领袖、主宰世界的说教,可是,哈佛毕业典礼演讲者最不可能鼓励我们去憧憬、去实现做人目标。毕业演讲,哈佛的“最后一课”。

我2007年毕业时,毕业纪念日演讲嘉宾是前总统比尔·克林顿,毕业典礼演讲嘉宾是比尔·盖茨。一个曾是世界上最有权力的人,另一个是世界上最富有的人。此二人如果不讲权和钱,会讲什么呢?

克林顿提到一个概念:“ubuntu”。意为“我因你而成”。即人在世界上不是孤立的,而是社会的一分子。他亦谈及我们不应将自身视为个体去追逐个人的成功,而应为全世界兄弟姐妹的福祉奋斗。非洲的艾滋病不是只属于“非洲”,印度尼西亚的海啸不是只属于“印度尼西亚”——我们思考时不应将其看作“他们”,而应视为“我们”。他敦促我们“花尽可能多的时间、爱心与精力去考虑那99。9%的人”。

比尔·盖茨讲了自己与妻子梅琳达如何扪心自问“以我们所拥有的资源,怎样能最大化地造福最多的人”这一历程。他致力于推进创新型资本主义。在其中,市场力量可以更好地服务于贫困者,极具说服力的阐释:如何利用纷繁复杂、让企业与政府获益的现代科技与创新,在发展中国家拯救生命、改善生活。

他向我们发出挑战:以你们过硬的文凭、才智和天赋,能否应对重大的全球问题,为更多人的幸福贡献力量。他也为我们送上离别的祝愿:“我希望,你们将来评价自己的标准,不单单是以职业上取得的成就,也包括你们为改变这个世界所作出的努力……以及你们如何善待那些远隔千山万水,除了同为人类之外与你们毫无共同之处的人们。”

两个截然不同的人,两场如出一辙的演讲。

你可能会问:为什么?但我会问:为什么不是这样?我们,作为稳拿“好工作”的顶尖大学毕业生,有年轻的活力,有社会的认可——我们没什么输不起的。我们也许以为自己所向披靡、高人一等,从而面临迷失自己谦逊与对全人类同理心的危险。但也恰恰由于这种优势,我们随时能以最佳准备状态服务于最富挑战性的愿景,投身于最具挫折性的目标。这不是要我们牺牲健康、财富或快乐去为其他人做牛做马,事实上,我们应该并且必须为了全人类的共同利益有所行动, 这不只是借由个体层面的同情与怜悯,还包括在梦想和卓越层面上进行革新与创造。我们不必放弃自己的生活,恰恰相反,我们可以通过为更多人幸福的奋战来改善自己的生活。

我认为,像名校的毕业生,身处一个独特而资源丰富的位置,就该为我们现在身处的世界、为未来一代又一代人赖以生存的世界全力以赴。我盼望全世界毕业生们,同样接受这一挑战,放低身段并为此努力。

范文八:毕业演讲:哈佛的“最后一课” 投稿:贺甡產

在美国几乎每一所大学,毕业典礼都是一场“重头戏”。它们讲究排场,大多还蕴含着历史与传统。这在哈佛这所美国最古老的大学里更是展露无遗。

  我们的毕业典礼总是定点在“三百年剧场”,它位于哈佛纪念堂与怀德纳图书馆之间那片无边绿茵中。通常,哈佛每年会有两个演讲:一是毕业纪念日演讲,一是毕业典礼演讲。前者先于后者,并且专属于哈佛学院应届毕业生,演讲嘉宾由大四学生委员会物色。这种演讲一般被称作“搞笑演讲”,一些著名谐星和幽默作家在演讲中所讲的那些很有味道的笑话,让我们笑破了肚皮,也令家长脸红。

  而使全体毕业生如沐春风的毕业典礼演讲,则几乎永远都是“严肃”的,它由哈佛校友会敲定演讲人选。校方行政管理人员做不了主,谁来演讲还得看学生、校友的意愿,得体现出他们的兴趣与价值取向。有人为此会说毕业典礼演讲是观测哈佛社群的“精神指标”。

  你脑海中浮现的演讲可能是一场劝诫毕业生去做未来领袖、主宰世界的说教,可是,哈佛毕业典礼演讲者最不可能鼓励我们去憧憬、去实现做人目标。

  我2007年毕业时,毕业纪念日演讲嘉宾是前总统比尔·克林顿,毕业典礼演讲嘉宾是比尔·盖茨。一个曾是世界上最有权力的人,另一个是世界上最富有的人。此二人如果不讲权和钱,会讲什么呢?

  克林顿提到一个概念:“ubuntu”。意为“我因你而成”。即人在世界上不是孤立的,而是社会的一分子。他亦谈及我们不应将自身视为个体去追逐个人的成功,而应为全世界兄弟姐妹的福祉奋斗。非洲的艾滋病不是只属于“非洲”,印度尼西亚的海啸不是只属于“印度尼西亚”——我们思考时不应将其看作“他们”,而应视为“我们”。他敦促我们“花尽可能多的时间、爱心与精力去考虑那99.9%的人”。

  比尔·盖茨讲了自己与妻子梅琳达如何扪心自问“以我们所拥有的资源,怎样能最大化地造福最多的人”这一历程。他致力于推进创新型资本主义。在其中,市场力量可以更好地服务于贫困者,极具说服力的阐释:如何利用纷繁复杂、让企业与政府获益的现代科技与创新,在发展中国家拯救生命、改善生活。

  他向我们发出挑战:以你们过硬的文凭、才智和天赋,能否应对重大的全球问题,为更多人的幸福贡献力量。他也为我们送上离别的祝愿:“我希望,你们将来评价自己的标准,不单单是以职业上取得的成就,也包括你们为改变这个世界所作出的努力……以及你们如何善待那些远隔千山万水,除了同为人类之外与你们毫无共同之处的人们。”

  两个截然不同的人,两场如出一辙的演讲。

  你可能会问:为什么?但我会问:为什么不是这样?我们,作为稳拿“好工作”的顶尖大学毕业生,有年轻的活力,有社会的认可——我们没什么输不起的。我们也许以为自己所向披靡、高人一等,从而面临迷失自己谦逊与对全人类同理心的危险。但也恰恰由于这种优势,我们随时能以最佳准备状态服务于最富挑战性的愿景,投身于最具挫折性的目标。这不是要我们牺牲健康、财富或快乐去为其他人做牛做马,事实上,我们应该并且必须为了全人类的共同利益有所行动, 这不只是借由个体层面的同情与怜悯,还包括在梦想和卓越层面上进行革新与创造。我们不必放弃自己的生活,恰恰相反,我们可以通过为更多人幸福的奋战来改善自己的生活。

  我认为,像名校的毕业生,身处一个独特而资源丰富的位置,就该为我们现在身处的世界、为未来一代又一代人赖以生存的世界全力以赴。我盼望全世界毕业生们,同样接受这一挑战,放低身段并为此努力。

范文九:比尔盖茨哈佛毕业演讲稿 投稿:郝秔秕

比尔盖茨哈佛毕业演讲稿 楼主

破茧晨蝶 [研一] President Bok, former President Rudenstine, incoming President Faust, members of the Harvard Corporation and the Board of Overseers, members of the faculty, parents, and especially, the graduates: 尊敬的 Bok 校长,Rudenstine 前校长,即将上任的 Faust 校长, 哈佛集团的各位成员,监管理事会的各位理事,各位老师,各位家 长,各位同学: I've been waiting more than 30 years to say this: , 讨论着各种事情。因为每个人都知道我从不考虑第二天早起。这使 得我变成了校园里那些不安分学生的头头,我们互相粘在一起,做 出一种拒绝所有正常学生的姿态。 Radcliffe was a great place to live. There were more women up there, and most of the guys were science-math types. That combination offered me the best odds, if you know what I mean. This is Where I learned the sad lesson that improving your odds doesn't guarantee success. Radcliffe 是个过日子的好地方。那里的女生比男生多,而且大多数

男生都是理工科的。这种状况为我创造了最好的机会,如果你们明 白我的意思。可惜的是,我正是在这里学到了人生中悲伤的一课: 机会大,并不等于你就会成功。 One of my biggest memories of Harvard came in January 1975, when I made a call From Currier House to a company in Albuquerque that had begun making the world's first personal computers. I offered to sell them software. 我在哈佛最难忘的回忆之一,发生在 1975 年 1 月。那时,我从宿 舍楼里给位于 Albuquerque 的一家公司打了一个电话, 那家公司已 经在着手制造世界上第一台个人电脑。我提出想向他们出售软件。 I worried that they would realize I was just a student in a dorm and hang up on me. Instead they said: 憾。 I left Harvard with no real awareness of the awful inequities in the world--the appalling disparities of health, and wealth, and opportunity that condemn millions of people to lives of despair. 我离开哈佛的时候,根本没有意识到这个世界是多么的不平等。人 类在健康、财富和机遇上的不平等大得可怕,它们使得无数的人们

被迫生活在绝望之中。

I left campus knowing little about the millions of young people cheated out of educational opportunities here in this country. And I knew nothing about the millions of people living in unspeakable poverty and disease in developing countries. 我离开校园的时候,根本不知道在这个国家里,有几百万的年轻人 无法获得接受教育的机会。我也不知道,发展中国家里有无数的人 们生活在无法形容的贫穷和疾病之中。 It took me decades to find out. 我花了几十年才明白了这些事情。 You graduates came to Harvard at a different time. You know more about the world's inequities than the classes that came before. In your years here, I hope you've had a chance to think about how--in this age of accelerating technology--we can finally take on these inequities, and we can solve them. 在座的各位同学,你们是在与我不同的时代来到哈佛的。你们比以 前的学生,更多地了解世界是怎样的不平等。在你们的哈佛求学过 程中,我希望你们已经思考过一个问题,那就是在这个新技术加速 发展的时代,我们怎样最终应对这种不平等,以及我们怎样来解决

这个问题。 Imagine, just for the sake of discussion, that you had a few hours a week and a few dollars a month to donate to a cause--and you wanted to spend that time and money Where it would have the greatest impact in saving and improving lives. Where would you spend it? 为了讨论的方便,请想象一下,假如你每个星期可以捐献一些时间、 每个月可以捐献一些钱——你希望这些时间和金钱,可以用到对拯 救生命和改善人类生活有最大作用的地方。你会选择什么地方? For Melinda and for me, the challenge is the same: how can we do the most good for the greatest number with the resources we have. 对 Melinda(注:盖茨的妻子)和我来说,这也是我们面临的问题: 我们如何能将我们拥有的资源发挥出最大的作用。 During our discussions on this question, Melinda and I read an article about the millions of children who were dying every year in poor countries From diseases that we had long ago made harmless in this country. Measles, malaria, pneumonia, hepatitis B, yellow fever. One disease I had never even heard of, rotavirus, was killing half a million kids each year ? none

of them in the United States. 在讨论过程中,Melinda 和我读到了一篇文章,里面说在那些贫穷 的国家, 每年有数百万的儿童死于那些在美国早已不成问
题的疾病。 麻疹、疟疾、肺炎、乙型肝炎、黄热病、还有一种以前我从未听说 过的轮状病毒,这些疾病每年导致 50 万儿童死亡,但是在美国一例 死亡病例也没有。 We were shocked. We had just assumed that if millions of children were dying and they could be saved, the world would make it a priority to discover and deliver the medicines to save them. But it did not. For under a dollar, there were interventions that could save lives that just weren't being delivered. 我们被震惊了。我们想,如果几百万儿童正在死亡线上挣扎,而且 他们是可以被挽救的,那么世界理应将用药物拯救他们作为头等大 事。但是事实并非如此。那些价格还不到一美元的救命的药剂,并 没有送到他们的手中。 If you believe that every life has equal value, it's revolting to learn that some lives are seen as worth saving and others are not. We said to ourselves: 们将纳税人的钱,花到更符合纳税人价值观的地方。 If we can find approaches that meet the needs of the poor in ways that generate profits for business and votes for politicians, we will have found a sustainable way to reduce inequity in the world. This task is open-ended. It can never be finished. But a conscious effort to answer this challenge will change the world. 如果我们能够找到这样一种方法,既可以帮到穷人,又可以为商人 带来利润,为政治家带来选票,那么我们就找到了一种减少世界性 不平等的可持续的发展道路。这个任务是无限的。它不可能被完全 完成,但是任何自觉地解决这个问题的尝试,都将会改变这个世界。 I am optimistic that we can do this, but I talk to skeptics who claim there is no hope. They say:

范文十:哈佛校长对毕业生的演讲 投稿:何疥疦

哈佛校长对毕业生说

[美]Drew G.Faust 纪海涛译

哈佛校长Drew G.Faust,是哈佛历史上第一位女校长,第一位非哈佛毕业的校长,杰出的历史学家。这是她在哈佛大学2008届本科毕业生的毕业典礼上做的演讲,题为《人生的意义》。

根据这所古老学府的传统,我该慷慨激昂地传授你们一些终身受用的智慧。而现在我站在讲坛上,这身打扮也许已经吓坏了那些声名显赫的祖先们,说不定某些先人还会因此得出巫婆灭绝的根源。可我既然来了,你们也都在,那么我们还是来聊聊真理吧。

其实,早在2007年冬我刚上任那时,我就已经开始准备这次讲话了。 当时我在克兰学舍吃午饭、在莱弗里特吃晚饭时,当我在办公时间接见同学时,甚至当我在国外偶遇刚毕业不久的学生时,同学们都会问我一个问题:为什么我们哈佛的学生中,有那么多人会投身到金融、咨询和电子银行领域中去?

我今天就引用威利·萨顿的话来回答你们。当他被问到为什么抢银行时,他说:“银行里有很多钱。”

高薪,无可抗拒的盲从应聘心理,到纽约和众多朋友一起工作、生活,享受人生的那种踏实感,使大家奋不顾身地投入到那些领域。

比起回答你们的问题,我更有兴趣知道你们为什么会这么问,为什么这个问题会困扰这么多人?

我想,你们之所以会忧心忡忡,是因为你们不想仅仅取得传统意义上的成功,还想让人生过得有意义,可你们不知道怎么把这两个目标结合起来。你们不确定,是不是在一家大名鼎鼎的名牌企业中拥有一份起薪丰厚、前途光明的工作,就能得到精神上的满足。

其实你们一直在问的都是一些最基本的问题:关于价值、关于怎样去调和有可能存在竞争的事物之间的关系、关于鱼和熊掌不可兼得的领悟。你们现在正处于一个需要作出选择的过渡阶段。选择了其中任何一项———比如工作、事业或者读研

究生———就意味着要舍弃其他的选择。每一个决定都意味着取舍———拥抱一种可能性的同时也得放弃一种可能性。你们的问题就是你们对于未来选择的路的失落感。

你们之所以焦虑,是因为你们想获取成功。你们很清楚,受教育不仅仅是为了改变自己的现状,让自己过得舒坦、满足,而是为了改变你们周围的现状。现在,到了你们去设法实现这个可能的时候了。

我想,你们焦虑的第二个原因是你们想过得幸福。你们扎堆选修《乐观心理学》和《幸福学》,就是想从中找到一点秘诀。可怎样才能找到幸福呢?我给你们一个鼓舞人心的答案:成长。调查表明,年纪越大的人———比如说我这个岁数的人———就比年轻人的幸福感更强烈。

每当听到你们谈论自己面临的选择时,我听得出来,你们非常担忧处理不好成功与幸福的关系,确切地说,怎么样去定义成功才能让它带来或者包含真正的幸福,而不只是金钱与名望。你们担心报酬高的工作不一定最有意义、最令人满足。 答案是:只有试过了你才知道。如果你不试着去做自己喜欢做的事,如果你不试着去追求你认为最有意义的东西,你会后悔的。人生路漫漫,选择第二志愿的机会多的是,但不要把它作为首选。

我把这个叫做职业选择中的停车位理论:不要因为没有停车位就把车停在距离目的地20个街区远的地方。想去哪儿就去哪,之后再折回到你该去的地方。

最重要的是牢记我们对于你们高得不可能再高的期望。就算你们觉得我们的期望高得不可能再高,也要记住,我们的期望像北极星一样,可以指引你们到达对自己、对这个世界都有意义的彼岸。你们的人生意义几何,全在乎你们自己。

我都迫不及待地想看到你们取得的成就了。有时间的话,回来看看,和我们分享你们的成就。

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