七年级英语语法_范文大全

七年级英语语法

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范文一:七年级英语语法 投稿:孙盋盌

Uint 11 What do you think of game shows?

一. 词组

1.TV shows(电视节目)

soap opera sitcom a comedy an action movie a documentary a thriller cartoon 

Beijing Opera Animal World Tell it like it is Law Today game show

CCTV News News in 30 Minutes Man and Nature

Chinese Cooking Around China talk show Lucky 52

Sports news sports show Culture China 

2. write an article for the school magazine.给学校杂志写一篇文章

3. a thirteen - year - old boy.一个十三岁的男孩

4. wear colorful clothes.穿着颜色鲜艳的衣服

5. interview sb. 采访某人 in fact. 实际上

6. wear scarves. 戴着围巾 think of 想起,考虑到

二.重点句型

1. What do you think of soap operas? I can't stand them.

2. What do you think of sports shows? I don't mind them.

3. What does she think of "Hilltop High"? She doesn't like it.

4. What does Tony think of Tommy? He likes him.

5. What do they think of Amanda? They love her.

三.重难点解析

1. wear (v. 动词) "穿,戴,佩"。根据不同宾语,翻译不同的汉语意思。

wear earrings 戴耳环 wear a dress 穿连衣裙wear a watch 戴手表

wear a beard 蓄胡子wear long hair 留长发

2. think "想,考虑,思索"(v. 动词)可以和许多介词搭配,组成新的意思。

A:think of "考虑";"有...的看法",有时等于think about.

What does he think of Beijing Opera?他对京剧有什么看法?

My mother always thinks of everything!我妈妈总是想到所有的东西。

think highly of sb. /sth. 对某人或某物评价甚高

Mr Black thinks highly of his son. 布莱克先生对他儿子评价甚高。

B:think about "考虑"(指计划,观念,看它是否相宜、可行)

He is thinking about going to China.他正在考虑去中国。

3. too与either的区别

too"也",表示肯定意义,与肯定的表达方法连用;而either"也不",表示否定意义,

与否定的表达方法连用。

(1)—My brother likes to play soccer.我哥哥喜欢踢足球。

—I do, too.我也是(喜欢)。

(2)—My brother doesn't like to play soccer.我哥哥不喜欢踢足球。

—I don't, either.我也不喜欢。

also也可以表示"也",但一般情况下,too和either放在句子之后,also放在动词之前。

We also love talk shows.我们也喜欢访谈节目。

4. a thirteen - year - old boy 一个十三岁的男孩

此结构中,year用单数形式,且用连字符,这种结构用作定语。

a five - month - old baby 一个五个月大的婴儿

5. enjoy (v. 喜爱,享受)

enjoy后面接名词、代词或动名词,注意与like/ love用法的区别。like/ love还可以接

动词不定式(to do)。

I enjoy the soap operas.我喜爱肥皂剧。

I enjoy watching the soap operas.我喜爱看肥皂剧。

但我们不能说:I enjoy to watch the soap operas.

只能说:I like / love to watch the soap operas.

6. mind 表示"介意,反

对"的意思时,通常用在疑问句、否定句中。

Would you mind opening the window?请你打开窗子好不好?

He doesn't mind the cold weather at all.他一点都不在乎寒冷的天气。

多用于以下句型:(表示请求或征求意见)后接动名词/名词/代词。

Would you mind (doing) ...?Do you mind (doing) ...?

7. stand 表示忍受(多用于否定句、疑问句)

He can't stand the hot weather.他忍受不了炎热的天气。

Can you stand the pain?你忍受得了疼吗?

9. What do you think of ...? 你认为...怎么样?(谈论对某事物的喜好程度)

可选择的回答有:

(1)I like it.

(2)I don't mind it.

(3)I don't like it.

(4)I can't stand it.

(5)I like it very much.

(6)I love it.

(7)It's beautiful.

(8)They're fantastic

Unit 12 Don't eat in class.

一.短语

1. in class 在课上 2. on school nights 在上学的晚上 3. school rules 校规

4. no talking 禁止交谈 5. listen to music 听音乐 6. have to 不得不

7. take my dog for a walk 带狗去散步 8. eat outside 在外面吃饭

9. in the hallway 在走廊上 10. wear a uniform 穿制服 

11. arrive late for class 上学迟到 12. after school 放学后 

17. be in bed 在床上 13. practice the guitar 练习弹吉它 

14. in the cafeteria 在自助食堂里

15. meet my friends 和我朋友见面 16. by ten o'clock.十点之前 

18. the Children's Palace 少年宫

19. help my mom make dinner 帮助我妈做饭

二.重点句型

1.Don’t arrive late for school=Don’t be late for school

2.Don’t fight

3.Don’t listen to music in the classroom.

4.Don’t run in the hallways

5.Don’t smoke. It’s bad for your health.

6.Don’t play cards in school

7.Don’t talk in class

8.Don’t watch TV on school nights.

9.Don’t sleep in class.

10.Don’t play sports in the classrooms.

11.Don’t sing songs at night.

12.Don’t talk when you eat.

13.Don’t wear hats in class.

14.Do homework by 10:00.

15.Clean your house!

16.Make the bed.

17.Can we ……? Yes ,we can. No, we can’t.

Eg:Can we arrive late for class ?

No, we can’t. We can’t arrive late for class.

18.Do you have to wash your clothes? Yes, I do./No, I don’t.

三. 重难点解析:

1. 情态动词have to 的用法,意思是"必须、不得不",它侧重于客观上的必要和外界的权威。(1)结构:主语+have to+动词原形+其他

(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用has to;句子是过去时,用had to.)

如:We have to wear sneakers for gym class. 在体育课上,我们必须穿运动鞋。

Tom has to practice the guitar every day. 汤姆每天必须练习弹吉它。

I had to get up at 5:00 am last Monday. 上周一,我不得不早上5点起床。 

(2)否定形式:主语+don't have to+动词原形+其他

(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用doesn't have to.

句子是过去时,

用didn't have to)

如:Nick doesn't have to wear a uniform. 尼克不必穿制服。

We didn't have to do our homework at once. 我们不必马上完成作业。

(3)疑问句:Do (Does或Did)+主语+have to +动词原形+其他

如:Do you have to stay at home on weekends? 周末你必须呆在家里吗?

Yes, I do. / No, I don't.是的,我必须。不,我不必。

Did he have to go to bed by 11:00 last night? 昨晚,他不得不11点前上床睡觉吗?

2. 情态动词can的用法

(1)表示能力,"会""能"(在第一册中已经学习这种用法)

Can you play the guitar? 你会弹吉它吗?

Judy can speak a little Chinese. 朱蒂会说一点中文。

I can dance and sing. 我能唱歌又能跳舞。

(2)表示允许、许可,"可以"、"能"(在这一课中新学的词义)

Can the students run in the hallways? 学生们可以在走廊上跑吗?

We can eat outside. 我们可以在外面吃东西。Can I come in? 我能进来吗?

注意 同样是情态动词,can 和have to 的用法是有区别的,和大部分情态动词一样,

can在否定句中,直接在can后加上not,在疑问句中,把can放到主语前面,并且没有人称和数的变化。

3. hear,listen和sound都有"听"的意思,但三者是有区别的。

(1)hear"听说",侧重于"听"的内容

I'm sorry to hear that you are ill. 听说你生病了,我很难过。

I never heard such an interesting story. 我从来没听过这么有趣的一个故事。

(2)listen"听"侧重于"听"这一动作。Listen to me carefully. 认真听我说。

The children like to listen to music. 孩子们喜欢听音乐。

(3)sound"听起来",它是系动词,后面接形容词等。

That sounds great. 那听起来真不错。

It sounds like fun. 听起来挺有趣。

4. be in bed "在床上、卧床"in 和bed之间不能用冠词,bed也不用复数。

He is in bed for 10 years. 他卧床10年了。

Dave has to be in bed early every night.大卫每晚必须很早睡觉。

5. arrive late for 与be late for 意思相近,

"迟到"Don't arrive (be)late for school. 上学别迟到。

I arrived (was)late for the meeting yesterday. 我昨天开会迟到了。

6. No talking ! "禁止交谈!"no后面加上名词或动名词(doing)也表示不要做某事。

与don't +do的用法相似。No wet umbrellas! / Don't put wet umbrellas here! 禁止放湿雨伞!

No food! Don't eat food here! 禁止吃食物!No smoking! Don't smoke here! 禁止吸烟!

7.语法(祈使句)

祈使句是用来表示请求、命令、叮嘱、号召或者劝告等的句子,这类句子的主语常是第二人称

you,也就是听话者,因而you常省去了。祈使句的开头是动词原形。

如:Look out! 小心!Wait here for me! 在这等我!

Be sure to come here on time! 务必准时来到这里!

祈使句的否定形式多以do not(常

缩写成don't)开头,再加上动词原形。

Don't arrive late for school. 上学别迟到。

Don't fight! 别打架!

Don't look out of the window. 不要向窗外看

范文二:七年级英语语法 投稿:于纶纷

一)be动词。 1、be动词概说。(包括am, are, is)

be ①连系动词,本身有词义“是”,在句子中和其后的表语一起构成谓语。e.g. I am tall.(表语)

②助动词,无词义。e.g. He is playing football.

2、be动词的用法。

am → 主语是单数第一人称(即I)。e.g. I am…

be are → 单数第二人称及所有复数。e.g. You are… The coats are… is → 单数第三人称及不可数名词。 e.g. Your father is… The money is…

3、否定句式(即改否定句):在be动词之后+not, 句子其它部位不变。 e.g. He is not a teacher.

4、缩写形式。

①主语+be,缩写be第一个字母为 ’,再与主语合

并。 e.g. you are → you’re Jack is → Jack’s

②be+not否定形式的缩写,缩写not中“o”为 ’, 再与be合

并。 e.g. is not→isn’t are not→aren’t

③不能缩写的情况:this is, these are, those are, am not及缩略的肯定回答。 e.g. Yes, I am. (I’m 误)

5、含be动词句子的疑问句型转换。

①一般疑问句:将be动词提前,其它照抄不变,最后+?,读升调。(一般第一人称改为第二人称)

e.g. The man in the car is her father. → Is the man in the car her father? I’m a middle school student. → Are you a middle school student? ②一般疑问句的肯否定回答。

肯定回答: Yes, 主语+be. 否定回答: No, 主语+be+not.

e.g. Is he old? Are you a new student? Is your father at home?

Yes, he is. Yes, I am. Yes, he is.

No, he is not.(isn’t) No, I’m not. No, he is not.(isn’t)

注意:①主语必须用代词回答;②肯定回答不能缩写;③回答第二人称,用第一人称回答。

③特殊疑问句(就划线部分提问)。

1) 方法:将句子被提问(即被划线)的部分改为相对应的疑问词,然后置于句首,接着再将be动词或情态动词提前

(置于疑问词之后),其它部分照抄不变,最后+?(即疑问词+一般疑问句?) e.g. The man in a red cap is her brother. → Who is the man in a red cap?

I can sing English songs. → What can you do?

2) 注意:①被提问部分不能再写。

②提问动词(即提问做某事),在改句子时注意还“do”,表示做什么?

3) 相应的疑问词。

1. 事物 → what e.g. That is a cat. → What is that?

2. 地点 → where He is at home? → Where is he?

3. 人 → who The man is his father. → Who is the man?

4. 谁的 → whose The coat is his. → Whose is the coat?

(提问名词性物主代词whose后不用带物)

That is Jack’s ball. → Whose ball is that?

(提问形容词性物主代词whose后要带物或人)

5. 怎样(程度,方式) → how She’s fine. → How is she?

He can go to school by bus. →How can he go to school?

6. 职业 → what My father is a worker. → What is your father?

7. 年龄 → how old Our grandpa is 80. → How old is your grandpa?

8. 班级 → what class

We are in Class 2, Grade 1. → What class are you in?

9. 数字 → what

My phone number is 2212121→What’s your phone number?

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10. 哪一个 → which The boy in a blue shirt is Mike. → Which boy is Mike? (一般which用来提问定语,并且后要带物或人)

11. 颜色 → what colour His car is yellow. → What colour is his car?

12. 数量 → how many+可数复数名词

There are two books on the desk. →

How many books are there on the desk?

how much+不可数名词 There is only a little water in the glass. → How much water is there in the glass?

13. 时间 → what time

I can get there at six. → What time can you get there?

when I can go with you on Sunday. → When can you go with me?

14. 价钱 → how much The bag is twenty yuan. → How much is the bag?

(二)代词:

1、代词的形式

2、代词的用法

①动作的发出者,代词用主格,(一般在句首,动词

前)。 e.g. He often writes to me.

②动作的承受者,代词用宾格,(一般在句末,动词后、介词后)。

e.g. Let’s ask him. Let’s play with them.

③物的主人,用物主代词。(即代词所有格)

1)形容词性物主代词后一定要带物,不能单独使用,一般用在名词前。 e.g. This is their classroom. That is my bike. It is her red coat.

2)名词性物主代词,相当于形容词性物主代词+物。

e.g. The books are hers. (her books) The bike is his. (his bike)

3)形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词之间的区别:

形容词性物主代词:后要带物(即名词)。It’s my pen.

名词性物主代词:后不带物。 It’s mine.

(因此填物主代词应注意判断后有无带物,有用形容词性物主代词,无即用名词性物主代词。)

4)名词性物主代词作主语,要注意be的形式。

e.g. These are not her pens. Hers are in the bag. (her pens)

This is not our classroom. Ours is over there. (our classroom)

5)含形容词性物主代词与含名词性物主代词的句子可以转换。(译法稍有不同)

e.g. This is her pen → This pen is hers. Those black cats are his. → Those are his black cats.

这是她的笔。 这笔是她的。 那些黑猫是他的。 那些是他的黑猫。

6)提问物主代词用whose.

e.g. This is my pen. → Whose pen is this? These pens are mine. → Whose are these pens?

注意:1. 提问形容词性物主代词,用Whose+物。 2. 提问名词性物主代词,用Whose.

3. Whose + be + 主语,be 根据主语判断。

7)whose 句型的转换。e.g. Whose coat is this? → Whose is this coat?

(三)所有格:表示物或人的“所属”关系。

1、名词所有格的形式:

① 名词之后直接+’s e.g. Mary―Mary’s Kate―Kate’s

② 以s结尾的名词只加 ' e.g. students―students’

2、以上形式一般只用于有生命的名词,但也可用于表示时间、距离、国家、地点等无生命的名词。

e.g. today’s newspaper; an hour’s walk; China’s city

3、注意: ①表示两者或多者共有,在最后一个名词

+ ’s。 e.g. Mike and Jim’s room.(共用,用单数)

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②如果不是共有,指各有,则各词都应+’s。 e.g. Mike’s and Jim’s rooms. (各有,用复数)

4、表示无生命的名词所有格用of短语表示,但注意词序与汉语习惯不同,形式为:名词+of+名词(前者属于后者)。

e.g. the door of the room. 那房间的门 the picture of my family. 我的家庭的照片

5、注意:有时’s 结构可以转化为of 短语。(对等)

e.g. his father’s friends → the friends of his father.

the girl’s new bike → the new bike of the girl.

the dog’s name → the name of the dog

但不是所有of 结构都有对等的’s结构。因为’s 只用于有生命的词。

(四)名词的数。

1、名词的概念:名词是指表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念名称的词,如:teacher, school, morning, thanks, duty. 名词

按其所表示的事物的性质分为可数名词和不可数名词。

2、可数名词。

1)可数名词是指可以用数目计算是名词,有单复数两种形式。

可数名词包括个体名词:e.g. apple , student. 集体名词:

e.g. class people

2)用法: ① 单数名词前可用a, an修饰; ② 之前可以直接用数词; ③ 之前可用a lot of, lots of,many, some等修饰; ④ 提问其数量用How many + 复数名词;

3)可数名词的复数形式: 英语名词复数的构成有规则变化和不规则变化两种形式。

A 规则变化:

① 一般在单词的结尾直接+s; e.g. book ― books

② 如果单词以s, x, ch, sh等结尾,+es; bus ― buses

③ 若以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i+es; city ― cities story ― stories ④ 以f或fe结尾,变f或fe为ves; wife ― wives knife ― knives

⑤ 以o结尾,有生命的+es e.g. tomatoes; 没有生命的+s e.g. zoos; ⑥ 两个名词用在一起构成合成名词变复数时,只把合成名词的主体名词变成复数。 e.g. banana trees

⑦ 但是以woman, man等名词与其后面的名词构成合成名词变复数时,里面所含的成分全部要变成复数。

three women teachers

B 不规则变化:

① 单复数同形 Chinese Japanese sheep fish (鱼)

② 只作复数 trousers clothes chips thanks people(人们) ③ 特殊变化:

man―men woman―women foot―feet child―children

policeman―policemen businessman―businessmen postman―postmen

Englishman―Englishmen mouse → mice

3、不可数名词。

1)不可数名词是指不可以用数目计算是名词,它一般没有复数形式。

不可数名词包括物质名词:meat, milk. 抽象名词:work, housework.

2)用法:① 不用a, an修饰;

② 不可直接用数词表达其数量,其量的表达必须用量词短语表示;

1. 数词+容器+of e.g. a cup of tea

量的三种表达 2. 数词+单位+of e.g. two kilos of rice

3. 其它+of e.g. some of bread

不可数名词用该形式表达其数量,这些形式中的容器和单位都是可数,有单复数形式,但无论是单数还是复数,of后的不可数名词绝不能+s。

③ 前面可用a lot of, lots of, much, some, a little等修饰; ④ 作主语时,都视为单数;

⑤ 提问其数量时用How much; e.g. How much money do you have?

3)表达不可数名词数量常用的量词短语。

a bowl of 一碗… a glass of 一杯… a bottle of 一瓶… a cup of 一杯… a bag of 一袋… a basket of 一篮…

a piece of 一张…;一片…;一块…;一则…;一首…; a box of 一盒… a kilo of 一公斤…;一千克… a pound of 一磅…

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(五)There be结构,表示某地存在某物或某人。

There be +物/人+地点。 e.g. There is an apple on the tree.

引导词 主语 引导词 主语

1、be (are, is)的判断。

根据主语,主语为单数或不可数用is, 主语为复数用are,但如果主语是多个,就用就近原则判断。

e.g. There is a pen, some books,… There are some books, a pen …

2、注意:not any/not a =no

e.g. There are not any cats here = There are no cats here. There is not a cat here = There is no cat here.

3、There be句型改特殊疑问句:

① 提问主语(物)用:What is/are +地点?(注意去掉there) (人):Who is +地点?

② 问地点:用Where is/are + the 主语?(应特指)

e.g. There are some cats under the bed. → Where are the cats?(将some→the,表特指)

③ 问可数物品的数量用how many + 复数名词。

e.g. There is a cat under the bed. → How many cats are there under the bed?

There are two glasses of water on the table. → How many glasses of water are there on the table?

④ 问不可数物品的数量用how much + 不可数名词。

e.g. There is some water on the table on the table. → How much water is there on the table?

4、对于“how many, how much” there be 问句的回答:There are/is + 数量。 或: There is (only) one.

e.g. How many glasses of water are there on the table?

How much water is there on the table?

There are four. / There is (only) one There is a little.

5、若是某人某物拥有,占有某物,应用have/has表达。

e.g. He has a ruler. 他有一把尺子。The park has two lakes. 那公园有两个湖。

(六)祈使句:

1、祈使句表示请求,命令,建议等,它没有主语(其实是省略了主语you),以动词开头,动词要用原形,句末用

“!”或“.”,读降调。有时为了使语气比较委婉,常在句首或句末加上please.在句末时要用逗号隔开。

e.g. Sit down, please! Let’s go to school.

2、祈使句的否定形式:

①一般在句首加Don’t. e.g. Throw it like this. → Don’t throw it like this. ②以Let开头的祈使句的否定形式要视具体的否定部分来决定。否定let就在句首加Don’t,否定后面的不定式,就在不定式前加not.

e.g. Don’t let him go out. Let’s not go there.

(七)现在进行时

1. 意义:表示现在正在进行或发生的动作;也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2. 构成:be +现在分词(v. +ing)

3. be动词由主语决定。

4. 现在分词的构成:

①动词直接+ing e.g. play — playing

②动词以重读闭音节而且末尾只有一个辅音,双写末一字母

+ing e.g. swim — swimming

③以不发音e结尾,去e+ing e.g. come — coming

(八)一般现在时。

1、一般现在时的用法:

①表示现在的状态或特征,谓语动词一般是be。

e.g. They are at work. She is very old.

②表示经常性或习惯性动作,谓语动词一般是实义动词。

e.g. We go to school from Monday to Friday.

③表示主语具备的性格和能力。

e.g. I like swimming. Do you speak English?

④普遍真理。 e.g. Two plus four is six. The earth goes around the sun.

2、一般时态(一般现在时)的谓语形式。

①动词be 的人称变化: (略)

②实义动词的变化:主语为单数第三人称,实义动词应+s或es。(其变化类同于名词的复数形式)

主语为其他人称时,实义动词不变。

Page 4

3、一般现在时的句型变化。

1)be动词的句式:(略)

2)实义动词的句式:改否定句及疑问句都应借助助动词do或does。 (当主语为单数第三人称时,用does, 同时应将其后的谓语动词还原形)。 ① 改否定句:在实义动词之前+don’t或doesn’t.

e.g. We go to school on Sundays. → We don’t go to school on Sundays.

He does his homework after supper. →

He doesn’t do his homework after supper.

② 改一般疑问句:在句首添加Do或Does,其他照抄,最后加问号。 e.g. They speak English. → Do they speak English?

He goes home at five every day. → Does he go home at five every day?

③ 一般疑问句的肯否定回答。

Yes, 主语do. No, 主语don’t. Yes, 主语does. No, 主语doesn’t. e.g. Do they speak English? Does he go home at five every day? Yes, they do. Yes, he does.

No, they don’t. No, he doesn’t.

④ 改特殊疑问句:疑问代词+一般疑问句?(do/does+其他?)

e.g. I like to eat apple. What do you like to eat?

He goes to school every day. Where does he go every day?

4、often, five days a week, every day, on Sundays, sometimes等表示频度的状语通常位于be动词之后,实义动词之前,

若句子出现频度副词,通常用一般现在时。

范文三:6年级----七年级英语语法 投稿:武雅集

现在进行时

现在进行时.通常用

形式: be + verb +ing

eg: I am(not) doing my homework.

You/We/They are(not) reading.

He/She/It is(not) eating.

动词 -ing 的形式

Most verbs +ing walk-walking

Verbs ending in e -e + ing come-coming

Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run -running swim-swimming

一般现在时基本用法

一般现在时基本用法介绍

一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:

I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加

一般现在时的变化

1. be动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student?

-Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:

I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:

He doesn't often play.

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

- Do you often play football?

- Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:

- Does she go to work by bike?

- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work? 动词+s的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以

一般现在时用法专练:

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________

look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____

come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________

study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______

将来时用法

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:

①be going to + do;

②will+ do.

三、否定句:

在be动词(am, is, are)后加not或情态动词will后加not成won't。

例如:I'm going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I'm not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

四、一般疑问句:

be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1.问人。Who

例如:I'm going to New York soon. →Who's going to New York soon.

2.问干什么。What … do.

例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this

afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3.问什么时候。When.

例如:She's going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?

六、同义句:

be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

分类词汇

动物类 Animal:dog;chicken;frog;duck;horse;cat;sheep;fish;monkey;elephant; tiger;lion;kangaroo;bear;pig;hen;

动词sleep-sleeping;draw-drawing; read -reading;run-running;swim-swimming; 房间物品:floor; light;window;desk;chair;board;door;clock;sofa;TV; phone;bed; cup; flowers; photo;

房间:bedroom;bathroom;living room;kitchen;

介词:on;in;under; near

数字:one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen twenty

饮食: fish;chicken;egg;cake; bread; rice;sandwich; carrot; French fries;ice cream;milk;juice;water;tomato;potato;noodles;

特殊疑问词:what what colour ;who; where; how;how old;how many

颜色:red;yellow;blue;orange;white;black;pink; brown;green;purple

人物:mother;father;brother;sister;grandmother;grandfather;uncle;aunt; 身体:body;head;eyes;ears;face;nose;mouth;hair;hand;foot;

水果:fruit;banana;apple;pear;peach;grape; strawberries;watermelon;

交通工具:bus;bike;train;car; plane; ship;boat;taxi

衣物:jacket;sock;skirt;hat;T-shirt;hat; dress;shoes; sweater T-shirt;jeans; 球类: basketball; football

反义词: old -new;young-old;cold -hot;tall-short ;long-short;big -small;

地点:School;park;bank; library; zoo;supermarket;farm;playground;garden; home 天气:cloudy;rainy;sunny;snowy;windy; cold;hot; cool; warm

星期:Monday;Tuesday;Wednesday;Thursday;Friday;Saturday;Sunday

月份:

January;February;March;April;May;June;July;August;September;October;November;December

颜色

颜色:实物的颜色

colours: red, pink, yellow, brown, blue, purple, orange, black, white, grey, dark blue, light blue.

相关句型:

1) What colour is your coat? It’s ...

2) What’s your favourite colour? My favourite colour is „

介词

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①in+月、年the morning/afternoon/evening/a week表示时间

②on+具体某一天(几月几日)/某个假期(…Day)

③at+具体某点时间、某个假期(…Festival)/the weekend

表示方位:

①in…street

②on…road/left/right

③at the…crossing/stop/某个具体的地点

①in the tree(不是树上长出来的)

②on the tree(树上原来自己长出来的)

表示时间:

① ago(……以前) later(……以后)

② before (在……以前) after(在 ……以后)

一般将来时

表示将来将要发生的动作, 经常和tomorrow, next year, the day after tomorrow, the year after the next, in five hours' time, etc. 表示将来的词联用。 结构:主语+助动词will+动词原形

I will go to America tomorrow.

The pilot will fly to Japan the month after the next.

Jack will move into his new house tomorrow morning.

★变疑问句将助动词移到句首

Will you go to America tomorrow?

Will the pilot fly to Japan the month after the next?

Will Jack move into his new house tomorrow morning?

★变否定句在助动词后面加not

I will not go to America tomorrow.

The pilot will not fly to Japan the month after the next.

Jack will not move into his new house tomorrow morning.

★肯定回答及否定回答

Yes, I will. / No, I will not.

Yes, he/she will. / No, he/she will not.

Yes, he will. / No, he will not.

★特殊疑问句

What will you do?

一般过去时(-ed形式)

构 成 法 例 词

A.一般动词在词尾加-ed cook--cooked

play -- played

B.以e结尾的动词在词尾加-d live -- lived

C. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先y变为i,再加-ed fly -- flied

study -- studied

D. 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词,双写该辅音字母加-ed stop -- stopped plan -- planned

E.不规则变化 swim - swam

have -- had

F. be 动词变化 am - was

is - was

are -- were

形容词比较级(er形式)

构 成 法 例 词

A.一般直接加-er long -- longer

B.如果以-e结尾,直接加-r nice -- nicer

C. 闭音节词如末尾只有一个辅音字母须双写这个字母,再加-er big -- bigger

D. 以辅音字母加-y结尾的词,变y为i,再加-er. heavy -- heavier

现在进行时用法专练

现在进行时用法专练

1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing.

3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:

疑问词 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?

但疑问词当主语时其结构为:

疑问词 + be + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

现在进行时专项练习:

一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________ run__________ swim _________make__________

go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________

read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________

put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________

live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________

stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

9. It's 5 o'clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

一般现在时用法专练

一般现在时用法专练

一般现在时基本用法介绍

【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:

I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加

一般现在时的变化

1. be动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student?

-Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:

I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:

He doesn't often play.

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

- Do you often play football?

- Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:

- Does she go to work by bike?

- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work? 动词+s的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以

一般现在时用法专练:

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________

look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____

come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________

study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______

名词复数规则变化和不规则变化

名词复数规则变化和不规则变化

一、名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以

strawberry-strawberries

4.以

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice

child-children

foot-feet,.tooth-teeth

fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

写出下列各词的复数

I _________him _________this ___________her ______

watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______

day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________

tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____

thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______

man______ woman_______ paper_______ juice___________ water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________

范文四:新目标七年级英语语法 投稿:田哧哨

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Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?

一、词组

be from= come form 来自...

pen pal=pen friend 笔友

like and dislike 好恶;爱憎

live in„.在...居住

speak English 讲英语

play sports 做体育运动

a little French 一些法语

go to the movies 去看电影

an action movie 一部动作片

on weekends 在周末

Excuse me 对不起,打扰

get to 到达、抵达

beginning of 在...开始的时候

at the end of 在...结束的时候

arrive at /

二、句型

(1)、Where主 +be+主语+from?

主语+be+from+地点.

(2)、Where do/does+主语+live?

主语+live/lives in„

(3)、What language do/does +主语+speak?

主语+speak/speaks„.

(4)、主语+like/likes+doing„

三、日常交际用语

1-Where is your pen pal from?

-He’s from China.

2-Where does she live?

--She lives in Tokyo.

3-Does she speak English?

-Yes,she does/No,she dosen’t.

4-Is that your new pen pal?

-Yes,he is /No,he isn’t.

5-What language does she speak?

-She speaks English.

Unit 2 Where’s the post office

一、词组

post office 邮局

pay phone 投币式公用电话

next to 在...隔壁

across from 在...对面

in front of 在...前面

between„and„ 在...和...之间

on a street 在街上

in the neighborhood 在附近

on the right/left 在右边/在左边

on one’s right/left 在某人的右边/左边

turn right/left 向右/左转

take a walk 散步

have fun 玩得开心

the way to „去...的路

take a taxi 打的/乘出租车

go down(along)„沿着...走

go through...穿过...

have a good trip 旅途愉快

二、句型

(1)、Is there a bank near here?

Yes,there is .It’s on Centre Street.

No,there isn’t.

(2)、Where’s the sumpermarket?

It’s next to the library.

(3)、Bridge Street is a good place to have fun.

(4)、I hope you have a good trip.

(5)、If you are hungry,you can buy food in the restaurant.

(6)、Talk a walk though the park..

(7)、enjoy后接名词或动词-ing形式.

Do you enoy(=like) your work?

Do you enjoy(=like) living in the city?

三、日常交际用语

(1)、Is there a „.?句型Eg:

-Excuse me.Is there a hotel in the neighborhood.

-Yes, there is. No.there isn’t

(2)、Where is „?句型Eg:

-Where is the park,please?

-It’s behind the bank.(肯定回答)

-I’m sorry I don’t know. (否定回答)

(3)、Which is the way to +地点? 句型.例如:

- Which is the way to the library.

(4)、How can I get to +地点?句型.例如:

-How can I get to the restaurant?

(5)、Can you tell me the way to +地点?句型.例

- Can you tell me the way to the post office?

(6)、Let me tell you the way to my house.

(7)、Just go straight and turn left.

Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?

一、词组

want to do sth .想要做某事

want sb to do sth 想要某做某事

want sth 想要某物

Let sb do sth 让某人做某事

kind of 有几分\种类

a kind of 一种„

„years old „年龄 如:ten years old 十岁

like to do sth 喜欢做某事

like doing sth

play with „ 与...一起玩

be quiet 安静

during the day 在白天

at night 在夜间

have a look at.. 看...

one„the other 一个...另一个...

二、句型

(1)、-why do you like pandas?

-Because they’re very cure.

(2)、-Why dose he like koalas?

-Because they are kind of interesting.

(3)、-Where are lions from?

-Lions are from South Africa.

(4)、-What animals do you like?

-I like elephants.

三、日常交际用语

(1)、-Let’s see the lions.

(2)-Why do you want to see the lions?

-Becase they are very cute.

(3)-Do you like giraffes?

Yes,I do./ No,I don’t

(4)-What other animal do you like?

_I like dogs.too

other+ 名词的复数.表示没有特定的数量范围

the other+名词的复数表示有特定的数量范围.

(5)-Why are you looking at me?

-Because you are very cute.

(6)-Let us play games. –Great!

Let me see.

Unit 4 I want to be an actor.

一、词组

want to be+职业 想要成为。。。

shop assistant 店员

bank clerk 银行职员

work with 与。。。一起工作

work hard 努力工作

work for 为。。。而工作

work as 作为。。而工作

get.. from„从。。。获得。。。

give sth.to.sb /give.sb.sth 把某物给某人

正确的表示:give it/them to sb.

错误的表示:give sb.it/them

in the day 在白天

at night 在夜间

talk to /with 与„讲话

go out to dinners 外出吃饭

in a hospital 在医院

newspaper reporter 报社记者

movie actor 电影演员

二、句型

(1)-What do/does+某人+do?

例:-What do you do?-I’m a student.

-What dose he do? He’s a teacher.

(2)-What do/does+某人+want to be?

例:What do you want to be?-I want to be a teacher.

-What does she want to be ?She want to be a nuser.

(3)-Where does your sister work?

-She works in a hospital.

(4)-Does he work in the hospiat

Yes.he does/No,he doesn’t

(5)-Does she work late?

-Yes,she does/No.she doesn’t

(6)-英语中询问职业的几种表达方式:

What do/does „do?

What is„? What is your father?

What’s one’s job?例:What’s your father’s job?

Unit 5 I’m watching TV.

一、词组

do homework 做家庭作业

watch TV 看电视

eat dinner 吃饭;就餐

clean the room 打扫房间

read newspaper/a book 看报纸/看书

go to the movies 看电影

write a letter 写信

wait for 等待;等候

talk about 谈论。。。。

play basketball/soccer/ 打篮球/踢足球

take photos 拍照

TV show 电视节目

Some of。。。 。。。中的一些

a photo of my family 我的家庭照

at school 在学校

be with 和。。。一起

in the tree 在树上

二、句型

(1)-What+be+主语+doing? „.正在做什么?

-主语+be+doing。。。 „正在做某事。

例: -what are you doing?

-I’m doing my homework.

(2)-Thanks for „ 为。。。而感谢

例:Thanks for your letter.

(3)-Here are/is„

例:Here are some of my photos.

Here is a photo of my family.

(4)-That sounds good.

(5)-This TV show is boring.

三、日常交际用语

(1)-Do you want to go to the movices? –Sure.

(2)-When do you want to go? –Let’s go at seven.

(3)-Where do people play basketball? –At school.

(4)-What’s he waiting for?-He’s waiting for a bus.

(5)-What’s he reading? He’s reading a newspaper.

1)现在在进行时的形式是:

助动词be(am,is,are)+动词-ing形式(也叫现在分词),表示现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。

2)现在进行时的肯定句形式

主语+be(am,is,are)+动词现在分词+其他

I’m watching TV.

3)现在进行时的否定句形式

主语+be(am,is,are)+not+动词现在分词+其他

They are not playing soccer.

4)现在进行时的一般疑问句形式及回答:

Is(am,are)+主语+动词现在分词+其他?

Yes,主语+is/am/are. No,主语+isn’t/aren’t/am not.

Are you reading? Yes,I am. No,I am not.

5) 现在进行时的特殊疑问句形式:

特殊疑问词+is/am/are+主语+现在分词+其他?

例:What is your brother doing?

6) 动词+ing形式(现在分词)的构成.

1一般情况下在动词词结尾加-ing.

如: eat--eating, do—doing,clean—cleaning,

play—playing,

2以不发音的元音字母e结尾的动词,先去掉e再加-ing.

如:take--taking,write—writing,have-having

come—coming.dance--dancing

3词尾如果是以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节词.应该先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ing. 如:run—runing,sit—sitting ,swim—swimming.

Shop—shopping.put—putting,sit—sitting

Unit 6 It’s raning!

一、词组

Around The World 世界各地

On vacation 度假

Take photos 拍照

On the beach 在海边

a group of people 一群人

play beach volleyball 打沙滩排球

be surprised 惊讶的

be surprised at sth./sb.对某人或某人感到惊讶

in this heat 在酷暑中

be relaxed 放松

have a good time 玩得很痛快

in different kind of weather 在不同的天气里

Thank sb for(doing)sth由于(做)某事而感谢某人

How’s it going? 近况如何

Some„others„一些„另一些„

Look like..看起来像。。。

二、句型/日常交际用语

(1)-How’s the weather(+地点)? –It’s raining?

(2)-What’s the weather like?—It’s sunny./It’s cold and snowing.

(3)-How’s it going? –Great./Not bad.

(4)Thanks you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show?

(5)-Is Aunt Wang there? –Yes,she is/No,she isn’t

Unit 7 What dose he look like?

一、词组

look like 看起来像....

curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发

medium height/build 中等高度/身体

a little bit 一点儿„

a pop singer 一位流行歌手

play的用法。

wear glasses 戴眼镜

have a new look 呈现新面貌

go shopping 去购物

the captain of the basketball team 篮球队队长

Nobody knows me 没有人认识我

二、句型

1) --What does he look like?

--He’s really short.He has short hair.

2) --She has beautiful,long black hair.

3) --I don’t think he’s so great .

4) --What do you look like? I’m tall.I’m thin.

5) --What do they look like?-

--They are medium height.

6) --She never stops talking.

--Stop doing(sth)表示停止正在干的事.

如:He stop listening

--stop to do (sth)表示停下来去做某事

如:He stops to listen.

7)I can go shopping and nobody knows me.

Unit 8 I’d like some noodles.

1.词组

would like 想要

a large/medium/small bowl 大碗/中碗/小碗

what size 什么尺寸

orange juice 桔汁

green tea 绿茶

phone number 电话号码

as well as 而且

what kind of 表示„.的种类

a kind of 一种„

some kind of 许多种„

a bowl of rice 一碗米饭

a bottle fo orange juice 一瓶桔子汁

three oranges 三个桔子(可数)

a bottle fo orange j 一瓶桔子汁(不可数)

some chicken 一些鸡肉(不可数)

three chickens 三只小鸡(可数)

二\句型

1)What kind of „ would you like? 你想要„?

EG:--What kind of noodles would you like?

--Beef and tomato noodles. please.

2)We have lare ,medium,and small bowls.

3)I like dumplings,I don’t lkee noodles.

三\日常交际用语

(1)—Can I help you?

--I’d like some noodles.please.

(2)--what kind of noodles would you like?

--I’d like mutton and potato noodles. Please.

( 3)—Would you like a cup fo green tea?

--Yes,please./No,thanks

would like后面还可以跟不定式.即:

A:would like to do.sth.想要做某事.

He would like to see you today.

B:would like sb.to.do.sth.想要某人做某事

What would you like me to do.

Unit 9 How was your weekend?

一、词组

do one’s homework 做某人的家庭作业

如:do my homework 做我的家庭作业

play +运动或棋类

如:play soccer 踢足球 play chess 下棋

play +乐器 如:play the guitar 弹吉他

go to the movies 去看电影

do some reading 阅读

study for the (math) test 准备(数学)考试

stay at home 呆家里

go to summer camp 去夏令营

go to the mountains 去爬山

visit sb 拜访某人

go shopping 去购物

last month 上个月

three days ago 三天前

yesterday 昨天

look for 寻找

go for a walk 散步

in the morning/afternoon/evening 在早上/在下午/在晚上

play computer games 玩电脑游戏

It was time to do sth 该。。。的时候了

二、句型

(1)I visited my aunt last weekend.

(2)-- How was your weekend?

--It was great./OK

(3)—It was time to go home.

三、日常交际用语

(1)—What did you do last weekend?

--On Saturday morning,I played teenis.

(2)—How was your weekend?

--It was great.I went to the brach.

一般过去时态

一般过去时态表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,动词通常用一般过去式来表示,除动词be的过去式was/were有人称变化,其他都没人称的变化.

过去式的构成

(1) 一般情况下在动词词尾加-ed.如:

stay—stayed help—helped visit-visited

(2) 词尾是e的动词加-d.

如:like—liked live—lived

(3) 以一个元音字母加一个辅音结尾的重读闭章节应双写该辅音字母,再加-ed.如: stop—stopped plan—planned

(4) 以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,要将y改为i再加-ed.如: study—studied worryworried

(5) 不规则动词的过去

am/is—was are—were have-had

go—went find—found do—did see-saw

Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation?

一、词组

ptetty good 相当好;不错

in the conner 在角落

kind of boring 有点无聊

be lost 迷路

feel happy 感到高兴

be fun 很有趣

on vacation 在度假

Central Park 中央公园

the Great Wall 长城

the Palace Museum 故宫

Tian’an Men Square 天安门广场

二、句型

(1)—Where did you go on vacation?

--I went to the breach.

(2)—How was the weather?

--It was hot and humid.

(3)--It was kind of boring

(4)—That made me feel very happy.

(5)--We had great fun playing in the water.

--have great fun doing sth表示“愉快地做某事”,“做某事很有趣”

(6)I helped him find his father.That made me feel very happy.

help sb.(to)do.sth.帮助某人做某事(to可省)

make sb.do.sth. 使某人做某事

let sb.do.sth.

Let me help you carry(搬动) it.

(7)I found a small boy crying in the conner.

find sb.doing sth.发现某人正在做某事。

find sb.do.sth.发现某人做某事(整个过程) —

Unit 11 What do you think of game shows?

一、词组

talk show 谈话节目

soap opera 肥皂剧

sports show 体育节目

game show 比赛节目

think of 认为

how about„ „怎么样?=what about„

in fact 事实上

a thirteen-year-old boy 一个十三岁的男孩= The boy is thirteen years old talk to(with)„ 跟 „谈话

thanks for„ 为„感谢

each student 每个学生

key ring 钥匙链

baseball cap 棒球帽

the school magazine 校刊

can’t stand 不能忍受

don’t mind 不介意/无所谓/不在乎

二、句型

(1)—What do you think of situation comedy?

-- I love them

(2)—I asked students about fashion.

(3)—This is what I think.

(4)--I don’t mind what young people think of me!

(5)—Can you please put my letter in next month’s magazine?

三、日常交际用语

(1)—What do you think of suop operas?

--- I love them/I don’t mind them/I can’t stand them/I don’t like.

(2)—How about you? ---I do.too.

(3)--What do you think of „?

--=How do you like„?

如:What do you think of the picture?

=How do you like the picture?

Unit 12 Don’t eat in class.

一、词组

school rules 学校规章制度

break the rules 违反规章制度

in the hallways 在过道

listen to music 听音乐

in the music room 在音乐教室里

in the dining hall 在餐厅

sports shoes 运动鞋

gym class 体育课

after school 放学后

have to do 不得不做

too many 太多

get up 起床

by ten o’clock 十点之前

make dinner 做饭

the children’s palace 少年宫

二、句型

(1)—Don’t arrive late for class.

(2)—We can’t listen to music in the hallways,but we can listen to it outside.

(3)—What else do you have to do?

-- We have to clean the classroom.

(4)--Can we wear hats in school?

--Yes,we can/ No,we can’t.

(5)-Do you have to wear a uniform at school?

-Yes,we do /No,we don’t.

重难点精析

祈使句

通常用来表示命令、请求、禁止、建议、警告等语气。它的主语you(听话人)通常省略。其构成通常有以下几种形式。

1)Be型(即系动词原型be+表语+其他)。

如:Be quiet,please.

否定句Don’t + be+表语+其他。

如:Don’t be angry.

2)Do型(即系动词原形+宾语+其他)。如:

Open you books,please.

否定句Don’t +实义动词原形+宾语+其他。

如:Don’t eat in the classroom.

3)Let型(即Let+宾语+动词原形+其他)如:

Let me help you.

Let’s go at six o’clock.

否定句一般在宾语后加not。如:

Let’ not watch TV.

4)No+V-ing型(此种形式通常用于公共场合的提示语中,意为“禁止做某事“)如: No smoking! 严禁吸烟!

No talking! 不许交谈!

No passing! 禁止通行!

No parking! 不许停车

范文五:七年级上册英语语法[1] 投稿:廖禵禶

新目标七年级上册英语语法整理

一. 词汇

⑴方位单词

1. 介词:in, on, under, behind, near, at, of

1). in表示"在……中", "在……内"。例如:

in our class 在我们班上

in my bag 在我的书包里

in the desk 在桌子里

in the classroom 在教室里

2). on 表示"在……上"。例如:

on the wall 在墙上

on the desk 在桌子上

on the blackboard 在黑板上

3). under表示"在……下"。例如:

under the tree 在树下

under the chair 在椅子下

under the bed 在床下

4). behind表示"在……后面"。例如:

behind the door 在门后

behind the tree 在树后

5). near表示"在……附近"。例如:

near the teacher's desk 在讲桌附近

near the bed 在床附近

6). at表示"在……处"。例如:

at school 在学校

at home 在家

at the door 在门口

7). of 表示"……的"。例如:

a picture of our classroom 我们教室的一幅画

a map of China 一张中国地图

2. 冠词 a / an / the:

冠词一般位于所限定的名词前,用来署名名词所指的人或事物。冠词有不定冠词和定冠词两种。不定冠词

有两个形式,即a和an。a用在以辅音音素开头的词前,如a book; an用在以元音音素开头的字母前,如an apple.

a或an与可数名词单数连用,泛指某类人或某物中的一个。

This is a cat.

这是一只猫。

It's an English book.

这是一本英语书。

His father is a worker.

他的爸爸是个工人。

the既可以用在可数名词前,也可以用在不可数名词前,表示某个或某些特定的人或事物,也可以指上文提到过的人或事物。

Who's the boy in the hat?

戴帽子的男孩是谁呀?

------ What can you see in the classroom?

------ I can see a bag.

------ Where's the bag?

------ It's on the desk.

------- 你能在教室里看到什么呀?

------ 我能看见一个书包。

------ 书包在哪呀?

------ 在桌子上。

3.some和any

①在肯定句中用some.例如:

There are some books on the desk.桌子上有一些书。

Lucy has some good books露西有一些好书。

②在疑问句和否定句中用any。例如:

Is there any ink in your pen?你的钢笔里有墨水吗?

Do you have any brothers and sisters?你有兄弟姐妹吗?

There isn't any water in the glass.杯子里没有水。

⑵记住它们的特殊用法。

①some亦可用于表示盼望得到对方肯定的答复或表示建议、委婉请求的疑问句中,这一点我们不久就会学到。例如:

Would you like to have some apples?你想吃苹果吗?

②any也可用于肯定句中,表示"任何的"。例如:

Any one of us can do this.我们当中任何一个都能做这个。

some 和any的用法是经常出现的考点,希望大家能准确地掌握它们的用法。

4.family

family看作为一个整体时,意思是"家庭",后面的谓语动词be用单数形式 is ;如把family看作为家庭成员时,应理解为复数,后面的谓语动词be应用are。

My family is a big family. 我的家庭是个大家庭。

My family are all at home now. 我的家人现在都在家。

Family强调由家人组成的一个集体或强调这个集体中的成员。home指个人出生、被抚养长大的环境和居住地点。 house指"家"、"房屋",侧重居住的建筑本身。

His family are all workers. 他的家人都是工人。

My home is in Beijing. 我的家在北京。

He isn't at home now. 他现在不在家。

It's a picture of my family. 这是一张我全家的照片。

5. little的用法

a little dog 一只小狗,a little boy 一个小男孩。little常用来修饰有生命的名词。

*但little还可表示否定意义,意为"少的",加不可数名词。

There is little time. 几乎没时间了。

There is little water in the cup. 杯中水很少。

⑵ 词组

on the desk 在桌子上

behind the chair 在椅子后

under the chair 在椅子下面

in her pencil-box 在她的铅笔盒中

near the door 在门附近

a picture of a classroom 一个教室的图片

look at the picture 看这张图片

the teacher's desk 讲桌

a map of China 一张中国地图

family tree 家谱

have a seat 坐下,就坐

this way 这边走

二. 日常用语

1. Come and meet my family.

2. Go and see. I think it's Li Lei.

3. Glad to meet you.

4. What can you see in the picture?

I can see a clock / some books.

5. Can you see an orange?

Yes, I can. / No, I can't.

6. Where's Shenzhen?

It's near Hong Kong.

7. Let me see.(口语)让我想想看。

see 在这是"明白、懂了",不可译作"看见"。例如:

8. Please have a seat.

seat表示"座位",是个名词。have a seat表示"就坐",也可以说take a seat, 和sit down的意思相同。

三. 语法

1. 名词所有格

名词如要表示与后面名词的所有关系,通常用名词所有格的形式,意为"……的"。一般有以下几种形式:

(1). 一般情况下在词尾加"'s"。例如:

Kate's father Kate的爸爸

my mother's friend 我妈妈的朋友

(2). 如果复数名词以s结尾,只加"'"。例如:

Teachers' Day 教师节

The boys' game 男孩们的游戏

(3). 如果复数名词不以s结尾,仍加"'s"。例如:

Children's Day 儿童节

Women's Day 妇女节

(4). 表示两个或几个共有时,所有格应加在后一个名词上。例如:

Lucy and Lily's room Lucy 和Lily的房间

Kate and Jim's father Kate 和Jim的爸爸

动物和无生命事物的名词的所有格一般不在词尾加"'s",而常常用介词of的短语来表示。

a map of China 一幅中国地图

the name of her cat 她的猫的名字

a picture of my family 我的家庭的一张照片

the door of the bedroom 卧室的门

2. 祈使句

祈使句主要用来表示说话人的请求、命令、建议、叮嘱等意图。祈使句一般不用主语,读时用降调。为使语气委婉、礼貌,常在句首或句尾加please 。在句尾时,please前多用逗号。

(1). 祈使句肯定形式的谓语动词一律用动词原形。

Go and see. 去看看。

Come in, please. 请进。

(2). 祈使句的否定形式常用don't于句首。

Don't look at your books. 不要看书。

Don't play on the road. 不要在马路上玩。

3. There be 的句子结构

There be是一个"存在"句型,表示"有"的意思,

肯定句的形式为:There be + 名词(单数或复数)+地点状语或时间状语。

be动词单复数的确定,看be后边第一个名词,当所接主语为单数或不可数名词时,be动词形式为is;当所接主语为复数名词时,be动词为are;当be动词后接两个以上主语时,be动词与最临近主语保持数上的一致。意思为"某地有某人或某物"。如:

There is an eraser and two pens on the desk. 桌子上有一块橡皮和两支钢笔。

There are two pens and an eraser on the desk. 桌上有两支钢笔和一块橡皮。

(1)there be的否定句,即在be的后面加上not。

否定形式为:There be + not + (any) + 名词+地点状语。

There is not any cat in the room. 房间里没猫。

There aren't any books on the desk. 桌子上没书。

(2)there be句型的疑问句就是将be提到句首:Be there + (any) +名词+地点状语?肯定回答:Yes, there is / are. 否定回答:No, there isn't / aren't.

---Is there a dog in the picture? 画上有一只狗吗?

---Yes, there is. 有。

---Are there any boats in the river? 河里有船吗?

---No, there aren't. 没有。

(3)特殊疑问句:How many . . . are there (+地点状语)?"某地有多少人或物?"回答用There be . . . There's one. / There are two / three / some . . .

有时直接就用数字来回答。One. / Two . . .

---How many students are there in the classroom? 教室里有多少学生?

---There's only one. / There are nine. 只有一个。/有九个。

(4)如果名词是不可数名词,用:How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 地点状语?

How much water is there in the cup? 杯中有多少水?

How much food is there in the bowl? 碗里有多少食物?

范文六:七到九年级基本英语语法 投稿:汪橻橼

初中英语语法大全

1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump

2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样

3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易) 4 agree with sb 赞成某人

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样 6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

7 along with同……一道,伴随…… eg : I will go along with you我将和你一起去 the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树 8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样 9 as you can see 你是知道的

10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book 11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事 13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen 14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day 16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信 eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test 18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing

20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么

eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高 26 be ashamed to 27 be away from 远离 28 be away from 从……离开

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born 出生于 31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于……

32 be careful 当心;小心 33 be different from…… 和什么不一样

34 be famous for 以……著名 35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好

36 be from = come from 来自 eg :He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?

37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water

38 be glad+to+do/从句 39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……

41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good for your English 42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处

eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处

Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处

44 be in good health 身体健康

45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble 46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到

48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother

49 be mad at 生某人的气

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)

51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料) 52 be not sure 表不确定 53 be on a visit to 参观 54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

55 be quiet 安静 56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰

57 be sick in bed 生病在床 58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you

59 be sorry to hear that 60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you 61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles 62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格 64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么

65 be sure 表确定 66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)

68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试

69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕…… 71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事 72 be the same as … 和什么一样 73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

74 be worth doing 值得做什么 75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句

76 because+句子 because of +短语

eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么

eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home

78 between…and… 两者之间

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西

eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen 80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同

81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth

eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station 我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站

the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了 He's bothering me to lend him money

82 by the end of 到……为止 83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang

84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来

85 catch up with sb 赶上某人 86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地

87 come in 进88 come over to 过来

89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗?

90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州?

92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞

93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查 95 do better in 在……方面做得更好

96 do wrong 做错 97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事 98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

99 each +名(单)每一个…eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书 100 end up +doing 101 enjoy +doing喜欢 102 escape from 从……逃跑eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来 103 expect to do sth 期待做某事 104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么

106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home 107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样

108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg : I find the book interesting 109 finish 完成+doing(名词)

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人 111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door 112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her

113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut 我理了发(头发被剪了)

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) 114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job 115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好

116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 117 get ready for = be

ready for为什么而准备eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math 118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻119 get sb to do sth

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall 122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物 123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳

124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事 125 go out away from go out of

126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) 127 good way to 好方法

128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事

129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会 130 have a talk 听报告 谈一谈

131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talking You have been sleeping since

132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来

133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴 134 have sth to do 有什么事要做

eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做

135 have to do sth 必须做某事

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦

137 have…time +doing

138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假 139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事

140 help a lot 很大用处

141 help sb with sth \one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

142 hope to do sth 希望做某事

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)

144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法

145 if : 是否=wether

eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会

He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达

146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句

eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州

If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国

147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为

148 in some ways 在某些方面

149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后

150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )

范文七:七年级下册英语语法要点 投稿:毛奧奨

七年级下册英语语法要点:

下册知识点总结

重点短语 1.live in ;2.pay phone;3.take a walk ;4.across from ;5.next to ;6.the beginning of ;7.play the guitar ;8.have fun ;9.take a taxi;10.go down;11.kinds of ;12.thanks for;13.do some homework;14.take photos;15.talk on the phone;16.want to ;17.at night;18.get out;19.work for;20.good-looking;21.go shopping;22.a bowl of ;23.study for;24.stay at ;25.summer camp;26.soap opera;27.ask about

重要句型 1. Where’s … from? / It is from…; 2. like doing sth;3. Where is …? / It’s on….; 4. Is there ……? / Yes, there is …../ No, there is not….;5. Why do you like…..? / Because ….; 6. Do you like …..? / Yes, I like it; no, I don’t like it.; 7. …. Want to be a/an …; 8. What dose he do? /he is a/an…; 9. What does he look like? / He has …; 10. What kind of …do you like? / I’d like some …; 11. What did you do on weekend? /I played sports;

12. It’s tome to do sth; 13. Where did you go on …..? / I went to …; 14. Did you go to …? /yes, I went to ..; no, I didn’t go to …; 15. enjoy doing sth ;16. find sb doing sth;17. help sb do sth;18. What do you think of …

交际用语 1. Excuse me; 2. You’re welcome; 3. I hope you

have a great trip; 4. Can I help you?; 5. What can I do for you?;

6. 简单的自我介绍

重要语法 1. 地点介词的用法;2. 书信格式;3. 现在进行时;4. 一般过去时;5. 宾语从句;6. 省略句;7. 情态动词Can的用法 七年级英语(下)Unit1-Unit6知识点

Phrases

1. be from 2. pen pal

3. live in 4. a very interesting country

5. years old 6. the United Kingdom

7. speak English 8. go to the movies

9. write to sb. 10. tell sb. about sth.

11. post office 12. pay phone

13. across from 14. excuse me

15. take/have a walk 16. have fun

17. take a taxi 18. near here = in the neighborhood

19. on Center Street 20. next to…

21. between…and… 22. go straight

23. in front of 24. on the left/ right

25. turn left/right 26. a small house with an interesting garden

27. the beginning of… 28. play games

29. the way to… 30. go down…

31. have a good trip 32. be hungry

33. enjoy doing sth. 34. let sb. do sth.

35. go through 36. kind of

37. want to do sth. 38. South Africa

39. play with 40. be quiet

41. during the day 42. what other animals

43. work with 44. give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb

45. in the day / at night 46. get sth. from sb.

47. wear a white uniform 48. go out to dinners

49. like doing sth/ to do sth 50. talk to/with sb.

51. have a job for sb. 52. in a hospital

53. work hard 53. write stories

54.work for a magazine 55. an international school for children of 5-12

56. watch TV 57. TV show

58. read a book 59. wait for

60. at the pool 61. eat dinner

62. a photo of my family 63. take photos

64. play computer games 65. How's it going?

66. on vacation 67. have a good time

68. lie on the beach 69. this group of people

70. look cool 71. in this heat

Drills

1.-Where is your pen pal from?

-She's from Japan.

2.-Where does he live?

-He lives in Paris.

3.-What language does she speak?

-She speaks English.

4. Please write and tell me about yourself.

5.-Is there a bank near here?

-Yes, there is. It's on Center Street.

6. The pay phone is across from the library.

7. Just go straight and turn left.

8. Next to the hotel is a small house with an interesting garden.

9. This is the beginning of the garden tour.

10. Let me tell you the way to my house.

11.I hope you have a good trip.

12. -Why do you want to see the lions?

-Because they are cute.

13. Why does he like koalas?

14. Where are lions from?

15. Lions are from Africa.

16. What animals do you like?

17. What other animals do you like?

18. What do you do? I'm a reporter.

19. What does he/she do? He/She is a doctor.

20. What do you want to be? I want to be an actor.

21. Where do you work? I work in a restaurant

22. I work with people and money.

23. Thieves don't like me.

24.-What's he doing?

-He's reading.

25.-What are you doing?

-I'm watching TV.

26、-Do you want to go to the movies?

-That sounds good. This TV show is boring.

27.-Is Nancy doing homework?

-No, she isn't. She's writing a,letter.

28.-When do you want to go?

-Let's go at six o'clock.

29. What's he waiting for?

30. In the first photo, I'm playing basketball at school.

31. Here's a photo of my family.

32.-How's the weather?

-It's raining.

33.-What's she doing?

-She's cooking.

34. How's it going?

35. Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show.

36. What do you do when it’s raining? I read a book.

1、一般现在时。主要是主系表结构和主谓、主谓宾结构的句子。包括它们的肯定句、否定句及一般疑问句、特殊疑问句。特别是要注意行为动词的一般现在时,当主语是第三人称单数时,动词的变化。

2、情态动词can的用法。

3、there be 句型及have/has got 的用法及二者的区别。

4、提建议的句型

5、可数与不可数名词,及可数名词复数的构成。

6、介词的用法.主要是jn\on\at\in front of\next to\behind 等。 当然还有一些重点句型和短语,这一方面靠老师,一方面靠自己积累。

范文八:七年级下册英语语法 投稿:雷血衁

Unit 5 I’m watching TV

一.现在进行时

Ⅰ现在进行时的用法

表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作

Ⅱ现在进行时时间状语及标志性词 ① now 现在

② at this time 在这时 ③ at the moment 现在

④ look 看(后面有明显的“!”) ⑤ listen 听(后面有明显的“!”) Ⅲ 现在分词的构成

① 一般在动词结尾处加ing Eg: go—going look--looking

② 以不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e加ing。Eg: write—writing close--closing

③ 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,应先双写这个字母,再加ing.

Eg: get—getting run—running ( swim, run, put,get,sit,begin)

Ⅳ 现在进行时的构成

肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are+ doing +其他+时状. Eg: He is doing his homework now.

否定句:主语+am/is/are +not+ doing+其他+时状. Eg: He is not doing his homework now.

一般疑问句: Am/Is/Are +主语+ doing+其他+时状?Eg: Is he doing his homework now?

肯定回答:Yes,主语 +am/is/are Eg Yes, he is.

否定回答:No, 主语+am not/isn’t/aren’t Eg: No, he isn’t.

二.短语:

1.do one’s homework 做某人的作业

do housework 做家务

2.talk on the phone 在电话里交谈,讲电话

talk about…… 谈论…… talk to(with)sb 和某人交谈

3.write a letter 写信

write a letter to sb 给某人写信

4.play with…… 和……一起玩

5.watch TV 看电视

TV show 电视节目

6.wait for sb/sth 等待某人/某物

7.some of…… ……中的一些

8.in the first photo 在第一张照片里(介词用in,序数词前面有the)

in the last photo 在最后一张照片里

a photo of one’s family 某人的家庭照片

9.at the mall 在购物街 at/in the library 在图书室 at/in the pool 在游泳池

10.read a book = read books = do some reading看书\阅读

11.thanks for = thank you for 为某事而感谢(后接动词要用v-ing)

三. 重点句式及注意事项:

1. 他正在干什么? What is he doing?

他正在吃饭。 He is eating dinner.

他正在哪里吃饭? Where is he eating dinner?

他正在家里吃饭。 He is eating dinner at home.

2. 你想什么时候去? When do you want to go?

让我们六点钟去吧。 Let’s go at six o’clock.

3. 他正在等什么? What is he waiting for?

他正在等公交车。 He is waiting for a bus.

4. 他们正在和谁说话? Who are they talking with?

他们正在和Miss Wu说话。 They are talking with Miss Wu.

5. 你们正在谈论什么? What are you talking about?

我们正在谈论天气。 We are talking about the weather.

6. 他们都正在去上学。 They are all going to school.

7. 这儿是一些我的照片。 Here are some of my photos.

这儿是一些肉。 Here is some of meat. (some of meat不可数,故用is)

8. 谢谢你帮我买这本书。 Thank you for helping me buy this book.

9. family 家;家庭。强调“整体”,是单数;强调“成员”时,是复数。 His family has a shower. 他们家有一个淋浴。

His family are watching TV. 他全家在看电视。

Unit 6 It’s raining!

一.短语:

1 take photos/ pictures 照像 2 take photos/ pictures of sb/ sth 给某人或某物照相

3 have a good time\have fun\have a great tame 玩得愉快

4 work for sb / sth 为某人工作 Eg: Yuan Yuan works for CCTV’s Around The World show

5 on vacation 度假

Eg: There are many people here on vacation.

6 some----others--- 一

些.....另外一些..... one……the others…….一

个....另一个....(两者之间)

Eg: There are many students in the classroom. Some are writing, others are reading.

7 put on 穿上(动作) wear 穿着(状态)

Eg: Tom is putting on his coat now.

8 on the beach 在沙滩上

Eg: Tom and his family are playing on the beach at this moment.

9 this group of people 这一群人

10. in this heat

二.重点句型

1.How is the weather? 天气怎么样? In the raining. 在下雨。

2.What are you doing? 你正在做什么? I'm watching TV. 我在看电视。

3.What are they doing? 他们在做什么? They are studying. 他们在学习。

4.What is he doing? 他在做什么? He is playing basketball . 他在打篮球。

5.What is she doing ? 她在做什么? She is cooking . 她在做饭。

三.重难点解析

1 询问天气情况的句式:(横线内容可替换)

① How is the weather in Beijing? (How is the weather today?)

② What’s the weather like in Beijing? ( What’s the weather like today?)

2 回答上面问题的句式: ①It’s + adj. (形容词)s windy.

3 How’s it going (with you)? ① Not bad.

② Great!

③ Terrible!

④ Pretty good.

4 Thank you for joining CCTVAround The Word show. Eg: It’’s

5 I am surprised they can play in this heat.

6 Everyone is having a good time.

7 People are wearing hats and scarfs.

① wear 指穿衣服的状态。 ② put on 指穿衣服的动作。

一.短语

1 look like 看起来像....

2 curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发

3 medium height/build 中等高度/身体

4 a little bit 一点儿… 5 a pop singer 一位流行歌手 6 have a new look 呈现新面貌 7 go shopping (do some shopping) 去购物

8 the captain of the basketball team 篮球队队长

9 be popular with sb 为---所喜爱

10 stop to do sth 停下来去做某事

11 stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情

12 tell jokes/ stories 讲笑话/ 讲故事

13 have fun doing sth 愉快地做某事

14 remember ( forget) to do sth 记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的) 15 remember (forget) doing sth 记得(忘记)做过某事(已做) 16 one of --- ---中的一个

二.本单元的重点句:

1 Is that your friend? No, it isn’t.

2 What does she look like?

3 I think I know her. ( I don’t think I know her.)

4 Wang Lin is the captain of the basketball team.

5 She’s a little bit quiet. 6 Xu Qian loves to tell jokes. 7 She never stops talking. 8 She likes reading and playing chess.

9 I don’t think he’s so great. 10 I can go shopping and nobody knows me.

11 Now he has a new look.

三.重难点解析

1 What does/ do +主语 + look like? 询问某人的外貌特征,看上去什么样?

Eg: What does your friend look like?

2 形容头发时, 可按照先长短,后曲直,最后说颜色的顺序说。 Eg: She has long curly black hair.

3 one of + 名词复数,谓语动词要用“单三”形式。

Eg: One of his friends is a worker.

4 不定代词做主语时,谓语动词要用“单三”形式。修饰不定代词词,应该放在它的后面.

Eg: I can go shopping and nobody knows me.

5.He is …(通常为形容词,包括身高、体形等)

He has…(通常为形容词修饰的名词,包括头发、五官)

He wears…(穿、戴、留。可以是衣服、帽子、鞋子等,也可以是眼镜、手表、胡须)

6.I don’t think…的用法表达否定的看法 I don’t think she is good-looking.

Unit 8 I'd like some noodles

一. 短语

1. beef and tomato noodles\noodles with beef and tomato 牛肉西红柿面

chicken and cabbage noodles mutton and potato noodles

tomato and egg noodles beef and carrot noodles

2.would like to do sth \want to do sth 想要作某事

3.what kind of noodles什么种类的面条

4.what size bowl of noodles什么大小碗型的面

5.a large\medium\small bowl of noodles 大\中\小碗的面

6.ice cream 冰淇淋 orange juice桔汁 green tea绿茶 RMB人民币phone number

7. House of Dumplings\noodles饺子\面馆 Dessert House甜点屋

二.重难点解析

1. would like 想要(表示一种委婉的语气)其用法相当于want. would like + 名词 would like an apple (want an apple) would like to do sth

He would like to play soccer. ----Would you like to see the dolphins?

----Yes, I’d like to.

(1)would 是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,可与人称代词缩写为’d, 与其它情态动词一样可帮助完成疑问句和否定句。(你能举出例子吗?)

我想要些牛肉。 I’d like some beef.

她想去打乒乓球。She would like to play ping-pang. (你能变否定句和疑问句吗?)

(2) Would you like sth.? 是提建议的一种句型,如需用一些,用some而不用any.

肯定回答是: Yes, please./ All right./ Yes./OK.

其否定回答是:No, thanks.

2. What kind of noodles would you like?

kind 在此句中作“种类”讲,a kind of 一种,all kinds of 各种各样的。kind of 有几分

A cat is a kind of animal. There are all kinds of animals in the zoo

The cat is kind of smart.

3. Can I help you?你要买什么 肯定 Yes, please . I would like …… 否定 No, thanks.

范文九:七年级下册英语语法要点 投稿:阎古句

七年级下册英语语法要点:

下册知识点总结

重点短语 1.live in

;2.pay phone

;3.take a walk

;4.across from

;5.next to

;6.the beginning of

;7.play the guitar

;8.have fun

;9.take a taxi;

10.go down;

11.kinds of

;12.thanks for;

13.do some homework;

14.take photos;

15.talk on the phone

16.want to ;

17.at night;

18.get out

;19.work for

;20.good-looking;

21.go shopping;

22.a bowl of ;

23.study for;

24.stay at ;

25.summer camp;

26.soap opera

;27.ask about

重要句型 1. Where’s … from? / It is from…;

2. like doing sth;

3. Where is …? / It’s on….;

4. Is there ……? / Yes, there is …../ No, there is not….;5. Why do you like…..? /

Because ….; 6. Do you like …..? / Yes, I like it; no, I don’t like it.; 7. …. Want to be a/an …;

8. What dose he do? /he is a/an…; 9. What does he look like? / He has …; 10. What kind of …do you like? / I’d like some …; 11. What did you do on weekend? /I played sports; 12. It’s tome to do sth; 13. Where did you go on …..? / I went to …; 14. Did you go to …? /yes, I went to ..; no, I didn’t go to …; 15. enjoy doing sth ;16. find sb doing sth;17. help sb do sth;18. What do you think of …

交际用语 1. Excuse me; 2. You’re welcome; 3. I hope you have a great trip; 4. Can I help you?; 5. What can I do for you?; 6. 简单的自我介绍

重要语法 1. 地点介词的用法;2. 书信格式;3. 现在进行时;4. 一般过去时;5. 宾语从句;6. 省略句;7. 情态动词Can的用法

七年级英语(下)Unit1-Unit6知识点

Phrases

1. be from 2. pen pal

3. live in 4. a very interesting country

5. years old 6. the United Kingdom

7. speak English 8. go to the movies

9. write to sb. 10. tell sb. about sth.

11. post office 12. pay phone

13. across from 14. excuse me

15. take/have a walk 16. have fun

17. take a taxi 18. near here = in the neighborhood

19. on Center Street 20. next to…

21. between…and… 22. go straight

23. in front of 24. on the left/ right

25. turn left/right 26. a small house with an interesting garden

27. the beginning of… 28. play games

29. the way to… 30. go down…

31. have a good trip 32. be hungry

33. enjoy doing sth. 34. let sb. do sth.

35. go through 36. kind of

37. want to do sth. 38. South Africa

39. play with 40. be quiet

41. during the day 42. what other animals

43. work with 44. give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb

45. in the day / at night 46. get sth. from sb.

47. wear a white uniform 48. go out to dinners

49. like doing sth/ to do sth 50. talk to/with sb.

51. have a job for sb. 52. in a hospital

53. work hard 53. write stories

54.work for a magazine 55. an international school for children of 5-12

56. watch TV 57. TV show

58. read a book 59. wait for

60. at the pool 61. eat dinner

62. a photo of my family 63. take photos

64. play computer games 65. How's it going?

66. on vacation 67. have a good time

68. lie on the beach 69. this group of people

70. look cool 71. in this heat

Drills

1.-Where is your pen pal from?

-She's from Japan.

2.-Where does he live?

-He lives in Paris.

3.-What language does she speak?

-She speaks English.

4. Please write and tell me about yourself.

5.-Is there a bank near here?

-Yes, there is. It's on Center Street.

6. The pay phone is across from the library.

7. Just go straight and turn left.

8. Next to the hotel is a small house with an interesting garden.

9. This is the beginning of the garden tour.

10. Let me tell you the way to my house.

11.I hope you have a good trip.

12. -Why do you want to see the lions?

-Because they are cute.

13. Why does he like koalas?

14. Where are lions from?

15. Lions are from Africa.

16. What animals do you like?

17. What other animals do you like?

18. What do you do? I'm a reporter.

19. What does he/she do? He/She is a doctor.

20. What do you want to be? I want to be an actor.

21. Where do you work? I work in a restaurant

22. I work with people and money.

23. Thieves don't like me.

24.-What's he doing?

-He's reading.

25.-What are you doing?

-I'm watching TV.

26、-Do you want to go to the movies?

-That sounds good. This TV show is boring.

27.-Is Nancy doing homework?

-No, she isn't. She's writing a,letter.

28.-When do you want to go?

-Let's go at six o'clock.

29. What's he waiting for?

30. In the first photo, I'm playing basketball at school.

31. Here's a photo of my family.

32.-How's the weather?

-It's raining.

33.-What's she doing?

-She's cooking.

34. How's it going?

35. Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show.

36. What do you do when it’s raining? I read a book.

1、一般现在时。主要是主系表结构和主谓、主谓宾结构的句子。包括它们的肯定句、否定句及一般疑问句、特殊疑问句。特别是要注意行为动词的一般现在时,当主语是第三人称单数时,动词的变化。

2、情态动词can的用法。

3、there be 句型及have/has got 的用法及二者的区别。

4、提建议的句型

5、可数与不可数名词,及可数名词复数的构成。

6、介词的用法.主要是jn\on\at\in front of\next to\behind 等。

当然还有一些重点句型和短语,这一方面靠老师,一方面靠自己积累。

新标准七年级下英语知识体系Module4_6

Module 4

1、 一般将来时的谓语构成是什么?

2、 不定代词作主语,谓语动词用什么形式?

3、 By train= by bike= by car=

4、 By boat= by plane/ air=

5、 By bus=

6、 对方式状语提问用什么疑问词?

7、 There be 句型的一般将来时的结构是什么?

8.Think引导的宾语从句变否定句否定什么?

9.指人的不定代词下文中用什么代词与之对应?

10、I am not sure.

11.I don’t know=

12.use sth. to do sth.= =

13.little ,small 的区别是什么?

14.Big .large .great的区别是什么?

15.动词原形能作主语吗?

16.All year=

17.什么是主系表结构? 联系动词有哪些?

18.对将来时的天气提问用什么?

19.Rain V. 其形容词形式是?

20.Wind 『c』.其形容词是?

21、job和work的区别是什么?

22.Five times a year通常用什么时态?

23.短语:

(1) 做某事怎样?

(2) 有线电视

(3) 手机

(4) 卫星电视

(5) 在将来

(6) 一张纸

(7) 在电脑上

(8) 一支粉笔

(9) 全年

(10) 变暖和

(11) 变冷

(12) 变凉快

(13) 变长

(14) 大雨

(15) 强风

(16) 在网上

(17) 做枯燥的工作

(18) 干重活

(19) 一周三天

(20) 我梦想中的学校

(21) 波涛汹涌的海

Module 5

1. 单音节adj的比较级的变化口诀

2.比较级的不规则变化:

(1)good/well____ (2) bad/badly_____

(3)many /much_____ (4)little________

(5)far______ _________

3两者中最……

4. 修饰比较级的程度副词有哪些?

5.比较级中that 的用法

6.The +最高级+n.= =

7.哪些词只能修饰原级?

8.Some的特殊用法?

9.对人口提问?

10.指人口的多少用____和______?

11.hundred, thousand, million的用法

12.Tall和high的区别是什么?

13.Be busy with sth.=

14.地理位置中表示内部;相邻;相隔用什么介词?

15.Or的用法?

16.Take /give /bring/send/show sb. Sth.=

17.buy/make/cook/mend sb.sth.=

18.短语:

(1) 华东

(2) 在中国东部

(3) 1.5公里长

(4) 在康河河畔

(5) 低山

(6) 在海附近

(7) 在海岸

(8) 你能回答我家作中的一些问题吗?

(9) 中国的人口是多少?

(10) 在夏季不是非常热,在冬季也不是非常冷

(11) 因为…….而著名

问题补充:20.短语:

(1) 擅长于

(2) 骑自行车比跑步更放松

(3) 离开去上学

(4) 每个星期六

(5) 很早到达那儿

(6) 在…… 内部前面

(7) 在…..外部前面

(8) 很迟到达

(9) 清楚地听见

(10) 慢慢地和大声对某人讲话

(11) 200多个人

(12) 许多观看奥林匹克运动会的游客

(13) 需要做某事

(14) 把英语讲的很好

(15) 讲一口流利的英语

(16) 更好地学习英语

(17) 努力工作

(18) 带领某人参观某地

(19) 仔细地复习他的词汇表

(20) 大声地播放光盘

(21) 安静地听他的课

(22) adv修饰动词的位置?

(23) adj修饰名词的位置?

范文十:七年级下册英语语法要点 投稿:高喞喟

七年级下册英语语法要点

七年级下册英语语法要点:

重点短语

1.live in ; 2.pay phone; 3.take a walk ; 4.across from ; 5.next to ;

6.the beginning of ; 7.play the guitar ; 8.have fun ; 9.take a taxi; 10.go down; 11.kinds of ; 12.thanks for; 13.do some homework; 14.take photos;

重要句型

1. Where’s … from? / It is from…; 2. like doing sth;

3. Where is …? / It’s on….; 4. Is there ……? / Yes, there is …../ No, there is not…. ;

5. Why do you like…..? / Because ….; 6. Do you like …..? / Yes, I like it; no, I don’t like it.; 7. …. Want to be a/an …; 8. What dose he do? /he is a/an…; 9. What does he look like? / He has …; 10.What kind of …do you like? / I’d like some …;

交际用语

1. Excuse me; 2. You’re welcome;

3. I hope you have a great trip; 4. Can I help you?;

11. What did you do on weekend? /I played

sports;

12. It’s tome to do sth;

13. Where did you go on …..? / I went

to …;

14. Did you go to …? /yes, I went to ..;

no, I didn’t go to …; 15. enjoy doing sth ; 16. find sb doing sth; 17. help sb do sth;

18. What do you think of … 15.talk on the phone; 16.want to ; 17.at night; 18.get out; 19.work for; 20.good-looking; 21.go shopping; 22.a bowl of ; 23.study for; 24.stay at ; 25.summer camp; 26.soap opera; 27.ask about

5. What can I do for you?;

七年级英语(下)Unit1-Unit6知识点

1. be from 2. pen pal 3. live in

4. a very interesting country 5. years old

6. the United Kingdom 7. speak English 8. go to the movies 9. write to sb. 10. tell sb. about sth. 11. post office 12. pay phone 13. across from 14. excuse me 15. take/have a walk 16. have fun 17. take a taxi

18. near here = in the neighborhood 19. on Center Street 20. next to… 21. between…and… 22. go straight 23. in front of 24. on the left/ right 25. turn left/right

26. a small house with an interesting

garden

27. the beginning of… 28. play games 29. the way to… 30. go down… 31. have a good trip

32. be hungry 33. enjoy doing sth. 34. let sb. do sth. 35. go through 36. kind of

37. want to do sth. 38. South Africa 39. play with 40. be quiet 41. during the day 42. what other animals 43. work with

44. give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb 45. in the day / at night 46. get sth. from sb. 47. wear a white uniform 48. go out to dinners 49. like doing sth/ to do sth 50. talk to/with sb. 51. have a job for sb. 52. in a hospital

53. work hard 53. write stories 54. work for a magazine 55. an international school for

children of 5-12 56. watch TV 57. TV show 58. read a book 59. wait for 60. at the pool 61. eat dinner

62. a photo of my family

63. take photos 64. play computer games 65. How's it going? 66. on vacation

1.-Where is your pen pal from? -She's from Japan. 2.-Where does he live? -He lives in Paris.

3.-What language does she speak? -She speaks English.

4. Please write and tell me about yourself.

5.-Is there a bank near here? -Yes, there is. It's on Center Street.

6. The pay phone is across from the library.

7. Just go straight and turn left. 8. Next to the hotel is a small house with an interesting garden.

9. This is the beginning of the garden tour.

10. Let me tell you the way to my house. 11.I hope you have a good trip. 12. -Why do you want to see the lions? -Because they are cute. 13. Why does he like koalas? 14. Where are lions from? 15. Lions are from Africa. 16. What animals do you like? 17. What other animals do you like? 18. What do you do? I'm a reporter. 19. What does he/she do? He/She is a doctor.

67. have a good time

68. lie on the beach 69. this group of

people

70. look cool 71. in this heat

20. What do you want to be? I want to be

an actor.

21. Where do you work? I work in a

restaurant

22. I work with people and money. 23. Thieves don't like me. 24.-What's he doing? -He's reading. 25.-What are you doing? -I'm watching TV.

26.-Do you want to go to the movies? -That sounds good. This TV show is

boring.

27.-Is Nancy doing homework? -No, she isn't. She's writing

a letter.

28.-When do you want to go? -Let's go at six o'clock. 29. What's he waiting for?

30. In the first photo, I'm playing

basketball at school. 31. Here's a photo of my family. 32.-How's the weather? -It's raining. 33.-What's she doing? -She's cooking. 34. How's it going?

35. Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show.

36. What do you do when it’s

raining? I read a book.

1、一般现在时。主要是主系表结构和主谓、主谓宾结构的句子。包括它们的肯定句、否定句及一般疑问句、特殊疑问句。特别是要注意行为动词的一般现在时,当主语是第三人称单数时,动词的变化。 2、情态动词can的用法。

3、there be 句型及have/has got 的用法及二者的区别。 4、提建议的句型

5、可数与不可数名词,及可数名词复数的构成。

6、介词的用法.主要是jn\on\at\in front of\next to\behind 等。 当然还有一些重点句型和短语,这一方面靠老师,一方面靠自己积累。

重要语法

1. 地点介词的用法;2. 书信格式;3. 现在进行时;4. 一般过去时;5. 宾语从句;6. 省略句;7. 情态动词Can的用法

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