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范文一:高中英语必修五课文 投稿:梁蓥蓦

必修5

Unit 1 Great scientists

Reading

JOHH SHOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”

John Snow was a famous doctor in London - so expert, indeed, that he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera. This was the deadly disease of its day. Neither its cause nor its cure was understood. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak. John Snow wanted to face the challenge and solve this problem. He knew that cholera would never be controlled until its cause was found.

He became interested in two theories that possibly explained how cholera killed people. The first suggested that cholera multiplied in the air. A cloud of dangerous gas floated around until it found its victims. The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals. From the stomach the disease quickly attacked the body and soon the affected person died.

John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct but he needed evidence. So when another outbreak hit London in 1854, he was ready to begin his enquiry. As the disease spread quickly through poor neighbourhoods, he began to gather information. In two particular streets, the cholera outbreak was so severe that more than 500 people died in ten days. He was determined to find out why.

First he marked on a map the exact places where all the dead people had lived. This gave him a valuable clue about the cause of the disease. Many of the deaths were near the water pump in Broad Street (especially numbers 16, 37, 38 and 40). He also noticed that some houses (such as 20 and 21 Broad Street and 8 and 9 Cambridge Street) had had no deaths. He had not foreseen this, so he made further investigations. He discovered that these people worked in the pub at 7 Cambridge Street. They had been given free beer and so had not drunk the water from the pump. It seemed that the water was to blame.

Next, John Snow looked into the source of the water for these two streets. He found that it came from the river polluted by the dirty water from London. He immediately told the astonished people in Broad Street to remove the handle from the pump so that it could not be used. Soon afterwards the disease slowed down. He had shown that cholera was spread by germs and not in a cloud of gas.

In another part of London, he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak. A woman, who had moved away from Broad Street, liked the water from the pump so much that she had it delivered to her house every day. Both she and her daughter died of cholera after drinking the water. With this extra evidence John Snow was able to announce with certainty that polluted water carried the virus.

To prevent this from happening again, John Snow suggested that the source of all the water supplies be examined. The water companies were instructed not to expose people to polluted water any more. Finally

Using Language

COPERNICUS’ REVOLUTIONRRY THEORY

Nicolaus Copernicus was frightened and his mind was confused. Although he had tried to ignore them, all his mathematical calculations led to the same conclusion: that the earth was not the centre of the solar system. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense. Yet he could not tell anyone about his theory as the powerful Christian Church would have punished him for even suggesting such an idea. They believed God had made the world and for that reason the earth was special and must be the centre of the solar system.

The problem arose because astronomers had noticed that some planets in the sky seemed to stop, move backward and then go forward in a loop. Others appeared brighter at times and less bright at others. This was very strange if the earth was the centre of the solar system and all planets went round it.

Copernicus had thought long and hard about these problems and tried to find an answer. He had collected observations of the stars and used all his mathematical knowledge to explain them. But only his new theory could do that. So between 1510 and 1514 he worked on it, gradually improving his theory until he felt it was complete. In 1514 he showed it privately to his friends. The changes he made to the old theory were revolutionary. He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it and only the moon still going round the earth. He also suggested that the earth was spinning as it went round the sun and this explained changes in the movement of the planets and in the brightness of the stars. His friends were enthusiastic and encouraged him to publish his ideas, but Copernicus was cautious. He did not want to be attacked by the Christian Church, so he only published it as he lay dying in 1543.

Certainly he was right to be careful. The Christian Church rejected his theory, saying it was against God's idea and people who supported it would be attacked. Yet Copernicus' theory is now the basis on which all our ideas of the universe are built. His theory replaced the Christian idea of gravity, which said things fell to earth because God created the earth as the centre of the universe. Copernicus showed this was obviously wrong. Now people can see that there is a direct link between his theory and the work of Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking.

Unit 2 The United Kingdom

Reading

PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY

People may wonder why different words are used to describe these four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. You can clarify this question if you study British history.

First there was England. Wales was linked to it in the thirteenth century. Now when people refer to England you find Wales included as well. Next England and Wales were joined to Scotland in the seventeenth century and the name was changed to

To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas (eg, the currency and international relations), but they still have very different institutions. For example, Northern Ireland, England and Scotland have different educational and legal systems as well as different football teams for competitions like the World Cup!

England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones. The zone nearest France is called the South of England, the middle zone is called the Midlands and the one nearest to Scotland is known as the North. You find most of the population settled in the south, but most of the industrial cities in the Midlands and the North of England. Although, nationwide, these cities are not as large as those in China, they have world-famous football teams and some of them even have two! It is a pity that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors. For historical architecture you have to go to older but smaller towns built by the Romans. There you will find out more about British history and culture.

The greatest historical treasure of all is London with its museums, art collections, theatres, parks and buildings. It is the centre of national government and its administration. It has the oldest port built by the Romans in the first century AD, the oldest building begun by the Anglo-Saxons in the 1060s and the oldest castle constructed by later Norman rulers in 1066. There has been four sets of invaders of England. The first invaders, the Romans, left their towns and roads. The second, the Anglo-Saxons, left their language and their government. The third, the Vikings, influenced the vocabulary and place-names of the North of England, and the fourth, the Normans, left castles and introduced new words for food.

If you look around the British countryside you will find evidence of all these invaders. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom enjoyable and worthwhile.

Using Language

SIGHTSEEING IN LONDON

Worried about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London. Her first delight was going to the Tower. It was built long ago by the Norman invaders of AD 1066. Fancy! This solid stone, square tower had remained standing for one thousand years.Although the buildings had expanded around it, it remained part of a royal palace and prison combined. To her great surprise, Zhang Pingyu found the Queen's jewels guarded by special royal soldiers who, on special occasions, still wore the four-hundred-year-old uniform of the time of Queen Elizabeth I.

There followed St Paul's Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666. It looked splendid when first built! Westminster Abbey, too, was very interesting. It contained statues in memory of dead poets and writers, such as Shakespeare. Then just as she came out of the abbey, Pingyu heard the famous sound of the clock, Big Ben, ringing out the hour. She finished the day by looking at the outside of Buckingham Palace, the Queen's house in London. Oh, she had so much to tell her friends!

The second day the girl visited Greenwich and saw its old ships and famous clock that sets the world time. What interested her most was the longitude line. It is an imaginary line dividing the eastern and western halves of the world and is very useful for navigation. It passes through Greenwich, so Pingyu had a photo taken standing on either side of the line.

The last day she visited Karl Marx's statue in Highgate Cemetery. It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London. Not only that, but he had worked in the famous reading room of the Library of the British Museum. Sadly the library had moved from its original place into another building and the old reading room was gone. But she was thrilled by so many wonderful treasures from different cultures displayed in the museum. When she saw many visitors enjoying looking at the beautiful old Chinese pots and other objects on show, she felt very proud of her country.

The next day Pingyu was leaving London for Windsor Castle.

Unit 3 Life in the future

Reading

FIRST IMPRESSIONS

Spacemall: liqiang299A@GreatAdventureSpaceStation.com 15/11/3008 (Earthtime)

Dear Mum and Dad,

I still cannot believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year. I have to remind myself constantly that I am really in AD 3008. Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days. As a result, I suffered from “Time lag”. This is similar to the “jet lag” you get from flying, but it seems you keep getting flashbacks from your previous time period. So I was very nervous and uncertain at first. However, my friend and guide, Wang Ping, was very understanding and gave me some green tablets which helped a lot. Well-known for their expertise, his parents' company, called

I can still remember the moment when the space stewardess called us all to the capsule and we climbed in through a small opening. The seats were comfortable and after a calming drink, we felt sleepy and closed our eyes. The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming. A few minutes later, the journey was completed and we had arrived. I was still on the earth but one thousand years in the future. What would I find?

At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate. The air seemed thin, as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left. Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment to this new situation, Wang Ping appeared.

Arriving at a strange-looking house, he showed me into a large, bright clean room. It had a green wall, a brown floor and soft lighting. Suddenly the wall moved - it was made of trees! I found later that their leaves provided the room with much-needed oxygen. Then Wang Ping flashed a switch on a computer screen, and a table and some chairs rose from under the floor as if by magic.

Li Qiang

Using Language

I HAVE SEEN AMAZING THINGS

My first visit was to a space station considered the most modem in space. Described as an enormous round plate, it spins slowly in space to imitate the pull of the earth's gravity. Inside was an exhibition of the most up-to-date inventions of the 31 st century. A guide (G) showed us around along a moveable path.

G: Good morning to all our visitors from 2008. First we're going to examine one of the latest forms of

communication among our space citizens. No more typists working on a typewriter or computer! No more postage or postcodes! Messages can now be sent using a

During the explanation I looked at the pair of small objects called

G: And now ladies and gentlemen, we are in the

Then the rubbish was sent to be buried or burned, am I fight? (We nodded.) Well, now there's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology. A giant machine, always greedy for more, swallows all the waste available. The rubbish is turned into several grades of useful material, such as

I stared at the moving model of the waste machine, absorbed by its efficiency. But again we moved on.

G: Our third stop shows the changes that have happened to work practices. Manufacturing no longer takes

place on the earth but on space stations like this one. A group of engineers programme robots to perform tasks in space. The robots produce goods such as drugs, clothes, furniture, hovering carriages, etc. There is no waste, no pollution and no environmental damage! However, the companies have to train their representatives to live and work in space settlements. They have to monitor the robots and the production. When the goods are ready they're transported by industrial spaceship back to earth.

My mind began to wander. What job would I do? My motivation increased as I thought of the wonderful world of the future.

Unit 4 Making the news

Reading

MY FIRST WORK ASSIGNMENT

Never will Zhou Yang (ZY) forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper. His discussion with his new boss, Hu Xin (HX), was to strongly influence his life as a journalist.

HX: Welcome. We're delighted you're coming to work with us. Your first job here will be an assistant journalist.

Do you have any questions?

ZY: Can I go out on a story immediately?

HX: (laughing) That' s admirable, but I' m afraid it would be unusual ! Wait till you' re more experienced. First

we'll put you as an assistant to an experienced journalist. Later you can cover a story and submit the article yourself.

ZY: Wonderful. What do I need to take with me? I already have a notebook and camera.

HX: No need for a camera. You'll have a professional photographer with you to take photographs. You'll find

your colleagues very eager to assist you, so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you' re interested.

ZY: Thank you. Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update

my skills.

HX: Good.

ZY: What do I need to remember when I go out to cover a story?

HX: You need to be curious. Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you

need to know. We say a good journalist must have a good

ZY: What should I keep in mind?

HX: Here comes my list of dos and don'ts: don't miss your deadline, don't be rode, don't talk too much, but

make sure you listen to the interviewee carefully.

ZY: Why is listening so important?

HX: Well, you have to listen for detailed facts. Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on

what the person says.

ZY: But how can I listen carefully while taking notes?

HX: This is a trick of the trade, If the interviewee agrees, you can use a recorder to get the facts straight. It's also

useful if a person wants to challenge you. You have the evidence to support your story.

ZY: I see! Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the

stick?

HX: Yes, but it was a long time ago. This is how the story goes. A footballer was accused of taking money for

deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the other team win. We went to interview him. He denied taking

money but we were sceptical. So we arranged an interview between the footballer and the man supposed to bribe him. When we saw them together we guessed from the footballer's body language that he was not telling the truth. So we wrote an article suggesting he was guilty. It was a dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong. He tried to stop us publishing it but later we were proved right.

ZY: Wow! That was a real

too!

HX: Perhaps you will. You never know.

Using Language

GETTING THE

His first task was to write his story, but he had to do it carefully. Although he realized the man had been lying, Zhou Yang knew he must not accuse him directly. He would have to be accurate. Concise too! He knew how to do that. Months of training had taught him to write with no wasted words or phrases. He sat down at his computer and began to work.

The first person who saw his article was a senior editor from his department. He checked the evidence, read the article and passed it on to the copy-editor. She began to edit the piece and design the main headline and smaller heading. “This will look very good on the page,” she said.

The news desk editor took the story and began to work on all the stories and photos until all the pages were set. All the information was then ready to be processed into film negatives. This was the first stage of the printing process. They needed four negatives, as several colours were going to be used on the story. Each of the main colours had one negative sheet and when they were combined they made a coloured page for the newspaper. After one last check the page was ready to be printed. Zhou Yang waited excitedly for the first copies to be ready.

Unit 5 First aid

Reading

FIRST AID FOR BURNS

The skin is an essential part of your body and its largest organ. You have three layers of skin which act as a barrier against disease, poisons and the sun's harmful rays. The functions of your skin are also very complex: it keeps you warm or cool; it prevents your body from losing too much water; it is where you feel cold, heat or pain and it gives you your sense of touch. So as you can imagine, if your skin gets burned it can be very serious. First aid is a very important first step in the treatment of bums.

Causes of burns

You can get burned by a variety of things: hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation (by being close to high heat or fire, etc), the sun, electricity or chemicals.

Types of burns

There are three types of burns. Burns are called first, second or third degree burns, depending on

which layers of the skin are burned.

◎ First degree burns These affect only the top layer of the skin. These burns are not serious and should

feel better within a day or two. Examples include mild sunburn and burns caused by touching a hot pan, stove or iron for a mordent.

◎ Second degree burns These affect both the top and the second layer of the skin. These bums are serious

and take a few weeks to heal. Examples include severe sunburn and bums caused by hot liquids.

◎ Third degree burns These affect all three layers of the skin and any tissue and organs under the skin.

Examples include burns caused by electric shocks, burning clothes, or severe petrol fires. These burns cause very severe injuries and the victim must go to hospital at once.

Characteristics of burns

First degree burns

◎ dry, red and mildly swollen

◎ mildly painful

◎ turn white when pressed

Second degree burns

◎ rough, red and swollen

◎ blisters

◎ watery surface

◎ extremely painful

Third degree burns

◎ black and white and charred

◎ swollen; often tissue under them can be seen

◎ little or no pain if nerves are damaged; may be pain around edge of

injured area.

First aid treatment

1 Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn. Take off other clothing and jewellery near the burn.

2 Cool burns immediately with cool but not icy water. It is best to place burns under gently running water for about 10 minutes. (The cool water stops the burning process, prevents the pain becoming unbearable and reduces swelling.) Do not put cold water on third degree burns.

3 For first degree burns, place cool, clean, wet cloths on them until the pain is not so bad. For second degree burns, keep cloths cool by putting them back in a basin of cold water, squeezing them out and placing them on the burned area over and over again for about an hour until the pain is not so bad.

4 Dry the burned area gently. Do not rob, as this may break any blisters and the wound may get infected.

5 Cover the burned area with a dry, clean bandage that will not stick to the skin. Hold the bandage in place with tape. Never put butter, oil or ointment on bums as they keep the heat in the wounds and may cause infection. 6 If bums are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible. If bums are on the face, the victim should sit up.

7 If the injuries are second or third degree bums, it is vital to get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once.

Using Language

HEROIC TEENAGER RECEIVES AWARD

Seventeen-year-old teenager, John Janson, was honoured at the Lifesaver Awards last night in Rivertown for giving lifesaving first aid on his neighbour after a shocking knife attack.

John was presented with his award at a ceremony which recognized the bravery of ten people who had saved the life of another.

John was studying in his room when he heard screaming. When he and his father rushed outside, a man ran from the scene. They discovered that Anne Slade, mother of three, had been stabbed repeatedly with a knife. She was lying in her front garden bleeding very heavily. Her hands had almost been cut off.

It was John's quick action and knowledge of first aid that saved Ms Slade's life. He immediately asked a number of nearby people for bandages, but when nobody could put their hands on any, his father got some tea towels and tape from their house. John used these to treat the most severe injuries to Ms Slade's hands. He slowed the bleeding by applying pressure to the wounds until the police and ambulance arrived.

John had taken part in the Young Lifesaver Scheme at his high school. When congratulating John, Mr Alan Southerton, Director of the Young Lifesaver Scheme said,

Before receiving their awards last night, John and the nine other Life Savers attended a special reception yesterday hosted by the Prime Minister.

范文二:高中语文必修五第十三课1 投稿:谢漆漇

高中语文必修五第十三课 《祸兮福兮》导学案

学习目标:

1结合时代背景与关于老子的传说记载,初步了解老子及其辩证思想。 2通过精读课文积累文言知识(包括实词虚词和特殊句式)与成语。( 重点 难点)

3结合现实生活中的实例,充分理解本文的思想内容。

(难点)

教课时数:两课时

第一课时

课时目标

1成书的时代背景和历史意义

2积累文言实词虚词 古今异义词和词类活用(重点难点)

教学过程

一 导入

二 思

1通译教材 找出通假字 古今异义词 词类活用 。

2探讨词类活用的类型和规律(针对课文一一讲解)。

三 议

1根据所学的课文七个自然段分七个小组分别找出各段的通假字 古今异义词 词类活用

2联系以前所学知识找出一次多义的实词

四 展

小组派代表发言展示各组思考和讨论的问题

五 评

六 检

1 提问课后练习

七 作业 找出课文中的文言特殊句式

第二课时

课时目标

1总结课文出现的文言特殊句式(重点)

2 结合现实生活中的实例,充分理解本文的思想内容(难点) 教学过程

一 导入

二 思

节选自《道德经》的几段文字不仅包含丰富的文言知识,通过学习我们必须牢固的掌握,更重要的是老子所著《道德经》,是一部哲学著作,充满了朴素的唯物主义思想,它所反映的认识论极具丰富的社会经验。作为一个普通的读者,我尤为喜欢和崇尚老子提出的宇宙观、社会观和人生观,它教我认识生活、,美化心灵。

那么 我们想一想节选的这几段文字包含哪些哲学思想?

结合现实生活说一说这些哲学思想的社会意义

三 议

采用小组辩论赛的形式展开议论

四 展和评

祸兮福兮 事物都是相对而存在的

一切事物中都含有相反的动向

“道”的三种境界

相对存在和相反动向

量变和质变的辩证关系

“天道”和“人道”

弱之胜强 柔之胜刚

五 检

提升训练

其安易持,其未兆易谋。其脆易泮,其微易散。为之于未有,治之于未乱。合抱之木,生于毫末;九层之台,起于垒土;千里之行,始于足下。为者败之,执者失之。是以圣人无为,故无败,无执,故无失。民之从事,常于几成而败之。不慎终也。慎终如始,则无败事。

(老子)

积土成山,风雨兴焉;积水成渊,蛟龙生焉;积善成德,而神明自得,圣心备焉。故不积跬步,无以至千里;不积小流,无以成江海。骐骥一跃,不能十步;驽马十驾,功在不舍。锲而舍之,朽木不折;锲而不舍,金石可镂。蚓无爪牙之利,筋骨之强,上食埃土,下饮黄泉,用心一也;蟹六跪而二螯,非蛇鳝之穴无可寄托者,用心躁也。(荀子《劝学》)

1 翻译下面的句子

(1)民之从事,常于几成而败之。

(2)蟹六跪而二螯,非蛇鳝之穴无可寄托者,用心躁也。

2两段文字阐述了一个什么道理?

范文三:高中英语必修五课文 投稿:白褂褃

-必修5

Unit 2 The United Kingdom

Reading

PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY

People may wonder why different words are used to describe these four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. You can clarify this question if you study British history.

First there was England. Wales was linked to it in the thirteenth century. Now when people refer to England you find Wales included as well. Next England and Wales were joined to Scotland in the seventeenth century and the name was changed to

To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas (eg, the currency and international relations), but they still have very different institutions. For example, Northern Ireland, England and Scotland have different educational and legal systems as well as different football teams for competitions like the World Cup!

England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones. The zone nearest France is called the South of England, the middle zone is called the Midlands and the one nearest to Scotland is known as the North. You find most of the population settled in the south, but most of the industrial cities in the Midlands and the North of England. Although, nationwide, these cities are not as large as those in China, they have world-famous football teams and some of them even have two! It is a pity that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors. For historical architecture you have to go to older but smaller towns built by the Romans. There you will find out more about British history and culture.

The greatest historical treasure of all is London with its museums, art collections, theatres, parks and buildings. It is the centre of national government and its administration. It has the oldest port built by the Romans in the first century AD, the oldest building begun by the Anglo-Saxons in the 1060s and the oldest castle constructed by later Norman rulers in 1066. There has been four sets of invaders of England. The first invaders, the Romans, left their towns and roads. The second, the Anglo-Saxons, left their language and their government. The third, the Vikings, influenced the vocabulary and place-names of the North of England, and the fourth, the Normans, left castles and introduced new words for food.

If you look around the British countryside you will find evidence of all these invaders. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom enjoyable and worthwhile.

Using Language

SIGHTSEEING IN LONDON

Worried about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London. Her first delight was going to the Tower. It was built long ago by the Norman invaders of AD 1066. Fancy! This solid stone, square tower had remained standing for one thousand years.Although the buildings had expanded around it, it remained part of a royal palace and prison combined. To her great surprise, Zhang Pingyu found the Queen's jewels guarded by special royal soldiers who, on special occasions, still wore the four-hundred-year-old uniform of the time of Queen Elizabeth I.

There followed St Paul's Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666. It looked splendid when first built! Westminster Abbey, too, was very interesting. It contained statues in memory of dead poets and writers, such as Shakespeare. Then just as she came out of the abbey, Pingyu heard the famous sound of the clock, Big Ben, ringing out the hour. She finished the day by looking at the outside of Buckingham Palace, the Queen's house in London. Oh, she had so much to tell her friends!

The second day the girl visited Greenwich and saw its old ships and famous clock that sets the world time. What interested her most was the longitude line. It is an imaginary line dividing the eastern and western halves of the world and is very useful for navigation. It passes through Greenwich, so Pingyu had a photo taken standing on either side of the line.

The last day she visited Karl Marx's statue in Highgate Cemetery. It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London. Not only that, but he had worked in the famous reading room of the Library of the British Museum. Sadly the library had moved from its original place into another building and the old reading room was gone. But she was thrilled by so many wonderful treasures from different cultures displayed in the museum. When she saw many visitors enjoying looking at the beautiful old Chinese pots and other objects on show, she felt very proud of her country.

The next day Pingyu was leaving London for Windsor Castle.

Task2: Read the passage and answer these questions:

1. Who built the Tower of London? When was it built?

2. Who guarded the Queen’s jewels? What kind of clothes did they wear?

3. When was St Paul’s Cathedral built?

4. What did Westminster Abby contain?

5. Did she visit the Big Ben?

6. How did Zhang Pingyu finish the first day in London?

7. What could Pingyu see in Greenwich?

8. What interested her most in Greenwich? What kind of line is it?

9. Which places did she visit on the third day?

10. What seemed strange to her?

11. What made her thrilled?

Unit 3 Life in the future

Reading

FIRST IMPRESSIONS

Spacemall: liqiang299A@GreatAdventureSpaceStation.com 15/11/3008 (Earthtime)

Dear Mum and Dad,

I still cannot believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year. I have to remind myself constantly that I am really in AD 3008. Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days. As a result, I suffered from “Time lag”. This is similar to the “jet lag” you get from flying, but it seems you keep getting flashbacks from your previous time period. So I was very nervous and uncertain at first. However, my friend and guide, Wang Ping, was very understanding and gave me some green tablets which helped a lot. Well-known for their expertise, his parents' company, called

I can still remember the moment when the space stewardess called us all to the capsule and we climbed in through a small opening. The seats were comfortable and after a calming drink, we felt sleepy and closed our eyes. The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming. A few minutes later, the journey was completed and we had arrived. I was still on the earth but one thousand years in the future. What would I find?

At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate. The air seemed thin, as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left. Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment to this new situation, Wang Ping appeared.

handed it to me and immediately hurried me through to a small room nearby for a rest. I felt better in no time. Soon I was back on my feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage driven by computer. These carriages float above the ground and by bending or pressing down in your seat, you can move swiftly. Wang Ping fastened my safety belt and showed me how to use it. Soon I could fly as fast as him. However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions. He was swept up into the centre of them. Just at that moment I had a

Arriving at a strange-looking house, he showed me into a large, bright clean room. It had a green wall, a brown floor and soft lighting. Suddenly the wall moved - it was made of trees! I found later that their leaves provided the room with much-needed oxygen. Then Wang Ping flashed a switch on a computer screen, and a table and some chairs rose from under the floor as if by magic.

Li Qiang

Using Language

I HAVE SEEN AMAZING THINGS

My first visit was to a space station considered the most modem in space. Described as an enormous round plate, it spins slowly in space to imitate the pull of the earth's gravity. Inside was an exhibition of the most up-to-date inventions of the 31 st century. A guide (G) showed us around along a moveable path.

G: Good morning to all our visitors from 2008. First we're going to examine one of the latest forms of

communication among our space citizens. No more typists working on a typewriter or computer! No more postage or postcodes! Messages can now be sent using a

During the explanation I looked at the pair of small objects called

G: And now ladies and gentlemen, we are in the

Then the rubbish was sent to be buried or burned, am I fight? (We nodded.) Well, now there's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology. A giant machine, always greedy for more, swallows all the waste available. The rubbish is turned into several grades of useful material, such as

recycled. A great idea, isn't' it?

I stared at the moving model of the waste machine, absorbed by its efficiency. But again we moved on.

G: Our third stop shows the changes that have happened to work practices. Manufacturing no longer takes

place on the earth but on space stations like this one. A group of engineers programme robots to perform tasks in space. The robots produce goods such as drugs, clothes, furniture, hovering carriages, etc. There is no waste, no pollution and no environmental damage! However, the companies have to train their representatives to live and work in space settlements. They have to monitor the robots and the production. When the goods are ready they're transported by industrial spaceship back to earth.

My mind began to wander. What job would I do? My motivation increased as I thought of the wonderful world of the future.

Unit 4 Making the news

Reading

MY FIRST WORK ASSIGNMENT

Never will Zhou Yang (ZY) forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper. His discussion with his new boss, Hu Xin (HX), was to strongly influence his life as a journalist.

HX: Welcome. We're delighted you're coming to work with us. Your first job here will be an assistant journalist.

Do you have any questions?

ZY: Can I go out on a story immediately?

HX: (laughing) That' s admirable, but I' m afraid it would be unusual ! Wait till you' re more experienced. First

we'll put you as an assistant to an experienced journalist. Later you can cover a story and submit the article yourself.

ZY: Wonderful. What do I need to take with me? I already have a notebook and camera.

HX: No need for a camera. You'll have a professional photographer with you to take photographs. You'll find

your colleagues very eager to assist you, so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you' re interested.

ZY: Thank you. Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update

my skills.

HX: Good.

ZY: What do I need to remember when I go out to cover a story?

HX: You need to be curious. Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you

need to know. We say a good journalist must have a good

ZY: What should I keep in mind?

HX: Here comes my list of dos and don'ts: don't miss your deadline, don't be rode, don't talk too much, but

make sure you listen to the interviewee carefully.

ZY: Why is listening so important?

HX: Well, you have to listen for detailed facts. Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on

what the person says.

ZY: But how can I listen carefully while taking notes?

HX: This is a trick of the trade, If the interviewee agrees, you can use a recorder to get the facts straight. It's also

useful if a person wants to challenge you. You have the evidence to support your story.

ZY: I see! Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the

stick?

HX: Yes, but it was a long time ago. This is how the story goes. A footballer was accused of taking money for

deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the other team win. We went to interview him. He denied taking money but we were sceptical. So we arranged an interview between the footballer and the man supposed to bribe him. When we saw them together we guessed from the footballer's body language that he was not telling the truth. So we wrote an article suggesting he was guilty. It was a dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong. He tried to stop us publishing it but later we were proved right.

ZY: Wow! That was a real

too!

HX: Perhaps you will. You never know.

Using Language

GETTING THE

His first task was to write his story, but he had to do it carefully. Although he realized the man had been lying,

Zhou Yang knew he must not accuse him directly. He would have to be accurate. Concise too! He knew how to do that. Months of training had taught him to write with no wasted words or phrases. He sat down at his computer and began to work.

The first person who saw his article was a senior editor from his department. He checked the evidence, read the article and passed it on to the copy-editor. She began to edit the piece and design the main headline and smaller heading. “This will look very good on the page,” she said.

The news desk editor took the story and began to work on all the stories and photos until all the pages were set. All the information was then ready to be processed into film negatives. This was the first stage of the printing process. They needed four negatives, as several colours were going to be used on the story. Each of the main colours had one negative sheet and when they were combined they made a coloured page for the newspaper. After one last check the page was ready to be printed. Zhou Yang waited excitedly for the first copies to be ready.

Unit 5 First aid

Reading

FIRST AID FOR BURNS

The skin is an essential part of your body and its largest organ. You have three layers of skin which act as a barrier against disease, poisons and the sun's harmful rays. The functions of your skin are also very complex: it keeps you warm or cool; it prevents your body from losing too much water; it is where you feel cold, heat or pain and it gives you your sense of touch. So as you can imagine, if your skin gets burned it can be very serious. First aid is a very important first step in the treatment of bums.

Causes of burns

You can get burned by a variety of things: hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation (by being close to high heat or fire, etc), the sun, electricity or chemicals.

Types of burns

There are three types of burns. Burns are called first, second or third degree burns, depending on

which layers of the skin are burned.

◎ First degree burns These affect only the top layer of the skin. These burns are not serious and should feel better within a day or two. Examples include mild sunburn and burns caused by touching a hot pan, stove or iron for a mordent.

◎ Second degree burns These affect both the top and the second layer of the skin. These bums are serious and take a few weeks to heal. Examples include severe sunburn and bums caused by hot liquids.

◎ Third degree burns These affect all three layers of the skin and any tissue and organs under the skin. Examples include burns caused by electric shocks, burning clothes, or severe petrol fires. These burns cause very severe injuries and the victim must go to hospital at once.

Characteristics of burns

First degree burns

◎ dry, red and mildly swollen

◎ mildly painful

◎ turn white when pressed

Second degree burns

◎ rough, red and swollen

◎ blisters

◎ watery surface

◎ extremely painful

Third degree burns

◎ black and white and charred

◎ swollen; often tissue under them can be seen

◎ little or no pain if nerves are damaged; may be pain around edge of

injured area.

First aid treatment

1 Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn. Take off other clothing and jewellery near the burn.

2 Cool burns immediately with cool but not icy water. It is best to place burns under gently running water for about 10 minutes. (The cool water stops the burning process, prevents the pain becoming unbearable and reduces swelling.) Do not put cold water on third degree burns.

3 For first degree burns, place cool, clean, wet cloths on them until the pain is not so bad. For second degree burns, keep cloths cool by putting them back in a basin of cold water, squeezing them out and placing them on the burned area over and over again for about an hour until the pain is not so bad.

4 Dry the burned area gently. Do not rob, as this may break any blisters and the wound may get infected.

5 Cover the burned area with a dry, clean bandage that will not stick to the skin. Hold the bandage in place with tape. Never put butter, oil or ointment on bums as they keep the heat in the wounds and may cause infection. 6 If bums are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible. If bums are on the face, the victim should sit up.

7 If the injuries are second or third degree bums, it is vital to get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once.

Using Language

HEROIC TEENAGER RECEIVES AWARD

Seventeen-year-old teenager, John Janson, was honoured at the Lifesaver Awards last night in Rivertown for giving lifesaving first aid on his neighbour after a shocking knife attack.

John was presented with his award at a ceremony which recognized the bravery of ten people who had saved the life of another.

John was studying in his room when he heard screaming. When he and his father rushed outside, a man ran from the scene. They discovered that Anne Slade, mother of three, had been stabbed repeatedly with a knife. She was lying in her front garden bleeding very heavily. Her hands had almost been cut off.

It was John's quick action and knowledge of first aid that saved Ms Slade's life. He immediately asked a number of nearby people for bandages, but when nobody could put their hands on any, his father got some tea towels and tape from their house. John used these to treat the most severe injuries to Ms Slade's hands. He slowed the bleeding by applying pressure to the wounds until the police and ambulance arrived.

John had taken part in the Young Lifesaver Scheme at his high school. When congratulating John, Mr Alan Southerton, Director of the Young Lifesaver Scheme said,

Before receiving their awards last night, John and the nine other Life Savers attended a special reception yesterday hosted by the Prime Minister.

范文四:高中语文必修一至必修五课内名句背诵 投稿:傅崬崭

• 风萧萧兮易水寒,壮士一去兮不复还! 《诗经•氓》(选自《诗经•卫风》)(10年12考) 用赋的手法写男子向女子求婚的句子是: 氓之蚩蚩,抱布贸丝。匪来贸丝,来即我谋。 在诗中以桑叶之润泽有光,比喻女子的容颜亮丽。另一说,用桑叶茂盛比喻男子情感旺盛之时的句子是: 桑之未落,其叶沃若 桑葚是甜的,鸠多食则易致醉;比喻爱情是美好的,人多迷恋则易上当受骗的句子是 于嗟鸠兮,无食桑葚 女子对爱情态度专一,男子对爱情却怀二心。这种鲜明的对比在文中,集中体现的语句是 女也不爽,士贰其行 以“淇”和“隰”的有界来喻示爱情的终结和痛苦的无边的句子是 淇则有岸,隰则有泮 《离骚》(屈原)(10年11考) 屈原在《离骚》中以饱蘸激情的笔墨,发出了长声叹息而掩面流泪,哀伤人民生活多灾多难的感叹,这两句诗是 长太息以掩涕兮,哀民生之多艰 抒发诗人将坚持心中的理想和追求,纵然死一万次也决不后悔的句子 亦余心之所善兮,虽九死其犹未悔 屈原在《离骚》中用比喻的手法,写出自己才能优秀却遭到嫉妒和造谣中伤的句子是 众女嫉余之蛾眉兮,谣诼谓余以善淫 写作者向古圣先贤学习保持清白为正道而死的句子是 伏清白以死直兮,固前圣之所厚 表现诗人忍受委屈压抑意志,忍受责骂和侮辱的句子 屈心而抑志兮,忍尤而攘诟 表现诗人宁愿突然死去随着流水消逝啊,也不肯做出世俗小人的模样的句子 宁溘死以流亡兮,余不忍为此态也

• 虽体解吾犹未变兮,岂余心之可惩 《赤壁赋》(苏轼)(10年34考) 写在皎洁的月光照耀下白茫茫的雾气笼罩江面,天光、水色连成一片的诗句是 白露横江,水光接天 写作者任凭一叶扁舟飘荡,在水波不兴的辽阔江面上自由来去的语句是 纵一苇之所如,凌万顷之茫然 用蛟龙、嫠妇听箫声的感受来突出箫声的悲凉与幽怨的语句是 舞幽壑之潜蛟,泣孤舟之嫠妇 用比喻手法写生命之渺小的诗句是 寄蜉蝣于天地,渺沧海之一粟 借客人之口来感慨生命的短暂,羡慕江水的长流不息的语句是 哀吾生之须臾,羡长江之无穷 写希望与神仙相交,与明月同在的语句是 挟飞仙以遨游,抱明月而长终 写清风与明月可激情享用,无人禁止,无穷无尽的语句是 取之无尽,用之不竭 《游褒禅山记》(王安石)(10年11考) 说明成功做好一件事,光有“志”与“力”是不够的,还需要借助“物”才能实现的几句 有志与力,而又不随以怠,至于幽暗昏惑无物以相之,亦不能至也 指出只要“尽吾志”,虽然不能达到目的,也可以无讥无悔的句子 尽吾志也而不能至者,可以无悔矣,其孰能讥之乎 在李白的《蜀道难》中,作者夸张地形容蜀道之高就连“黄鹤”“猿猱”都无可奈何的诗句是,。 黄鹤之飞尚不得过,猿猱欲度愁攀援。 诗人描写在山巅行走的艰难情形的句子是: 青泥何盘盘 百步九折萦岩 峦扪参历井仰胁息 以手抚膺坐长叹 展示蜀道一派奇丽风光的句子是: 连峰去天不盈尺 枯松倒挂倚绝壁 飞湍瀑流争喧豗 砯崖转石万壑雷

• 剑阁峥嵘而崔嵬 一夫当关 万夫莫开 《蜀道难》中描写蜀道的开凿过程的诗句是:,。 地崩山摧壮士死,然后天地石栈相钩连。 诗人用“五壮士开山”的神话,交代了蜀道的来历 地崩山摧壮士死,然后天地石栈相钩连。 《蜀道难》中诗人以震耳欲聋的飞瀑声和滚石的撞击声从听觉角度写蜀道之险的诗句是:“_ ____ ___ _ , ______________”。 飞湍瀑流争喧豗,砯崖转石万壑雷 大,意境深沉。 无边落木萧萧下,不尽长江滚滚来 《登高》写远望所见,用传神之笔描写凄冷江色和长江气势的句子是 无边落木萧萧下,不尽长江滚滚来 杜甫在《登高》中用“,”归结出白发日多、护病断饮的根源,忧国伤时的情操也就感人至深。 艰难苦恨繁霜鬓 潦倒新停浊酒杯 杜甫在《咏怀古迹(其三)》中只用了简短而雄浑的两句诗,就写尽了昭君一生的悲剧。这两句是: 一去紫台连朔漠 ,独留青冢向黄昏 杜甫在《登高》诗中借景抒情,在形象地描绘了萧萧落木与滚滚江水之后,无限悲戚地感叹道 , ,一个年迈憔悴而孤独的诗人形象呼之欲出。 万里悲秋常作客,百年多病独登台 白居易《琵琶行》中描写琵琶女犹豫不决而出场的诗句是:“_______________,_______________。 千呼万唤始出来,犹抱琵琶半遮面 “_______________,_______________。”是《琵琶行》全诗的主旨,更是诗人与琵琶女感情的共鸣 同是天涯沦落人,相逢何必曾相识。 白居易在《琵琶行》中把音乐想象成黄莺低语,泉水缓流的名句是 间关莺语花底滑,幽咽泉流冰下难

• 《琵琶行》中琵琶女在调弦校音时虽曲调未成但深情已显露,烘托琵琶女技艺高超的两句:, 。

• 转轴拨弦三两声,未成曲调先有情

• 《琵琶行》中表现诗人与琵琶女虽素昧平生,而相似的经历竟使他们有着故人般的感受的句子是

• 同是天涯沦落人,相逢何必曾相识。

• 白居易《琵琶行》描写音乐的部分中写琵琶声音清脆的一句是________________ ,写琵琶声音悠扬悦耳的一句是________________ 。 • 大珠小珠落玉盘,间关莺语花底滑。

• 古代文人擅长借典故寄托情思,李商隐《锦瑟》中借鲛人泣珠和良玉生烟的典故抒写世 间风情迷离恍惚,可望而不可至的两句是

• 沧海月明珠有泪,蓝田日暖玉生烟

• 李商隐《锦瑟》典故。

• 庄生晓梦迷蝴蝶,望帝春心托杜鹃

• 荀子的《劝学》中,也有一句直接提到了学与思的关系的句子是 • 吾尝终日而思矣,不如须臾之所学也。

• 孔子说:“三人行,必有我师焉。”韩愈在《师说》中也明确提出了择师的标准:

• 是故无贵无贱,无长无少,道之所存,师之所存也。

• 荀子《劝学》中强调学习必须持之以恒的句子是“ ,不能十步; ,功在不舍。”

• 骐骥一跃,驽马十驾

• 《荀子·劝学》指出:“青,取之于蓝,而青于蓝。”这与韩愈《师说》中“是故_________________,____________________”的观点是相同的。 • 弟子不必不如师,师不必贤于弟子

• 《劝学》文中反面论述学习要专一的句子是

• 蟹六跪而二螯,非蛇鳝之穴无可寄托者,用心躁也。

• 荀子在《劝学》中以“雕刻打磨”为例来说明坚持学习的重要性的两句是“__________________,____________________”。

• 锲而不舍,金石可镂

• 《劝学》中强调积累的作用的四句:

• 故不积跬步,无以至千里;不积小流,无以成江海。

• 韩愈《师说》中,引用孔子的“三人行,则必有我师”,从而得出“ , ”这一以能者为师的观点。

• 故弟子不必不如师,师不必贤于弟子

• 韩愈在《师说》中用对比手法揭示了古代圣人和时下一般人形成巨大差距的原因。古代圣人在自身已很优秀的前提下还不断为自己“充电”,而时下一般人“,”。

• 其下圣人也亦远矣,而耻学于师

• 荀子的 《劝学》中用比喻手法,反面强调学习必须专一的一句是 • 蟹六跪而二螯,非蛇蟮之穴无可寄托者,用心躁也.

• 贾谊在《过秦论》中点明秦王朝迅速灭亡的根本原因是

• 仁义不施而攻守之势异也

• 《望海潮》柳永

• 1、钱塘风景优美,柳永在《望海潮》中运用比喻描写杭州城内美丽风光,描写了茂密如云的树木,浪涛汹涌的海潮的句子是:

• 云树绕堤沙,怒涛卷霜雪,天堑无涯。

• 2、在《望海潮》中,运用数量词写景,描写山清水秀,繁花茂盛,桂花飘香,荷花满湖的句子是

• 重湖叠 山献 清嘉,有三秋桂子,十里荷花。

• 3、下阙中运用互文修辞手法的句子:

• 羌管弄晴,菱歌泛夜。

• 4、写民物富盛的三句:

• 市列珠玑,户盈罗绮,竞豪奢。

• 5、远观杭州城,运用夸张写出其繁华的三句:

• 烟柳画桥,风帘翠幕,参差十万人家。

• 《雨霖铃》柳永

• 1、上阙中写景来渲染离别凄凉气氛的三句:

• 寒蝉凄切,对长亭晚,骤雨初歇。

• 2、上阙中虚写的三句:

• 念去去,千里烟波,暮霭沉沉楚天阔。

• 3、离别时依依不舍的细节描写的句子:

• 执手相看泪眼,竟无语凝噎。

• 4、下阙抒发双重悲哀的直抒胸臆的句子:

• 5、以乐景写悲情的写景句子: 此去经年,应是良辰好景虚设。 《念奴娇.赤壁怀古》苏轼 1.《念奴娇赤壁怀古》中词人从视觉、听觉,同时运用比喻生动描写赤壁雄奇壮阔的景物的语句 乱石穿空,惊涛拍岸,卷起千堆雪 。 2.《念奴娇赤壁怀古》中描写周瑜指挥赤壁之战时正值青春年少的英雄形象的语句是: 小乔初嫁了,雄姿英发。 3.《念奴娇赤壁怀古》中赤壁战场上,周瑜从容娴雅,沉着应战,指挥若定的儒将风度形象: 羽扇纶巾,谈笑间,樯橹灰飞烟灭。 4.《念奴娇赤壁怀古》中,诗人凭吊英雄人物,抒发自己壮志难酬的苦闷心情,只好以一杯清酒祭月的语句: 人生如梦,一尊还酹江月。 《定风波》苏轼 1.上阙中表现作者轻视风雨的句子 莫听穿林打叶声,何妨吟啸且徐行。 谁怕?一蓑烟雨任平生 2.下阙描写雨过天晴的句子 料峭春风吹酒醒,微冷,山头斜照却相迎。 3.最能体现苏轼超然物外情怀的句子: 回首向来萧瑟处,归去,也无风雨也无晴。 《水龙吟.登建康赏心亭》辛弃疾 1、运用比喻、拟人修辞手法描写远望景物的句子: 遥岑远目,献愁供恨,玉簪螺髻。 2、运用传统意象抒发游子之情的句子: 落日楼头,断鸿声里,江南游子。 3、上阕直抒胸臆的句子是 (把吴钩看了,)栏杆拍遍,无人会,登临意。 4、用典表现自己社会责任感(不会归隐)的句子:

• 5、抒发自己不能为国抗敌,虚度时光的感慨: 可惜流年,忧愁风雨,树犹如此! 6、抒发自己知音难觅,无人可诉衷肠,极度孤苦的三句: 倩何人唤取,红巾翠袖,揾英雄泪? 《永遇乐.京口北固亭怀古》辛弃疾 1、这首词,写登临所见又处处关合古人古事,首先想到孙权曾建都京口,因此作者登高望远,首先想到的就是这位著名的历史人物不禁感叹 千古江山,英雄无觅孙仲谋处。 2、感叹东吴那个强盛的局面,孙权那个英雄、风流余韵,都经历了无数的风雨,一去不返了,只留下京口供后人欣赏凭吊而已的句子是 舞榭歌台,风流总被,雨打风吹去。 3、刘裕曾在京口起兵北伐,征讨桓玄,平定叛乱,辛弃疾赞叹刘裕北伐的赫赫战功的两句是: 金戈铁马,气吞万里如虎。 4、在下阕中,刘裕的儿子刘义隆轻率举兵北伐,妄想追求汉代大将霍去病追击匈奴在狼居胥山筑坛祭天那样的功业,结果吃了败仗,张皇南逃,狼狈不堪的句子是: 元嘉草草,封狼居胥,赢得仓皇北顾。 5、词人借历史影射现实,说南宋的失败,金人的南侵,国家的耻辱随着时光的流逝,而渐渐地被人们淡忘了的句子是: 可堪回首,佛狸祠下,一片神鸦社鼓。 6、他借用廉颇的典故,表明自己显然年老却还是壮志犹存,希望能够为国立功的句子是: 凭谁问:廉颇老矣,尚能饭否? 《醉花阴》李清照 1、上阙一语双关,看似写物,实则写尽心情的句子是: 佳节又重阳,玉枕纱厨,半夜凉初透。 2、下片暗写菊花的句子是: 东篱把酒黄昏后,有暗香盈袖。 3、通过对比,突显主旨的句子: 莫道不消魂,帘卷西风,人比黄花瘦。

• 1、使用叠词渲染凄凉气氛的句子: 寻寻觅觅,冷冷清清,凄凄惨惨戚戚。 2、下阙中使用传统菊花意象,又暗含自比的句子: 满地黄花堆积,憔悴损,如今有谁堪摘? 3、下阙中使用梧桐意象直抒胸臆的句子: 梧桐更兼细雨,到黄昏,点点滴滴。这次第,怎一个愁字了得! 《归去来兮辞》(陶渊明) 1、陶渊明《归去来兮辞》起笔二句“归去来兮,_________________”表达出对田园生活的向往。 田园将芜胡不归 2、我们经常用陶渊明《归去来兮辞》中“_________________,_________________”两句来表达过去不可挽回,未来则可把握。 悟已往之不谏,知来者之可追 3、陶渊明《归去来兮辞》中“_____________,_________”两句写诗人问道于行人,恨晨光微弱,不见前路,见出还家之归心似箭。 问征夫以前路,恨晨光之熹微 4、陶渊明《归去来兮辞》中“____,____”两句写诗人拄杖或游或息,时时昂首远望,畅享自然风景。 策扶老以流憩,时矫首而遐观 5、陶渊明《归去来兮辞》中“________,_________?”两句省察生命之有限,生年无多,何不顺从心愿而行? 寓形宇内复几时,曷不委心任去留 6、作者深信自己为官错误,归隐正确之语的两句 实迷途其未远,觉今是而昨非 7、作者表明不求富贵不求成仙之语“ ____,_____ 。” 富贵非吾愿,帝乡不可期 8、作者写登山临水的情趣的句子“ ____,______ 。” 登东皋以舒啸,临清流而赋诗 9、“ ____,____ 。”两句形成了鲜明的对比,即精神上的富足、孤高与物质生活的清贫之间的对比。 倚南窗以寄傲,审容膝之易安 10、“ _______,______ 。”以云鸟自喻,过去做官出自无心,如今归

• 田恰如鸟倦飞而知还。 云无心以出岫,鸟倦飞而知还。 11、表明作者顺随自然的变化走到生命的尽头,点出“乐天安命”的思想,卒章显志的两句 聊乘化以归尽,乐夫天命复奚疑! 《滕王阁序》(王勃) 1、王勃在《滕王阁序》一文中,为我们描绘了一幅天阔水远、孤鹜高飞、晚霞绚烂的秋景图,“____ ,____ 。”此句化用自庾信的《马射赋》“落花与芝盖齐飞,杨柳共春旗一色”两句。 落霞与孤鹜齐飞,秋水共长天一色 2、王勃《滕王阁序》一文写景字字珠玑,尤其是“_____,_____ 。”着力表现大自然的色彩变幻,突出秋日景物的特征,被前人誉为“写尽九月之景”。 潦水尽而寒潭清,烟光凝而暮山紫 6、唐代诗人王勃在《滕王阁序》里用“渔舟唱晚,_______ ”的诗句形象地表现了古代的江南水乡在夕阳西下的晚景中,渔舟纷纷归航,江面歌声四起的动人画面。 响穷彭蠡之滨 7、作者直接描写滕王阁雄伟壮丽的两句是 层峦耸翠,上出重霄;飞阁流丹,下临无地。 8、登上滕王阁放眼远望,山川景象是 山原旷其盈视,川泽纡其骇瞩。 9、王勃《滕王阁序》中写出了滕王阁四周人烟繁盛,富庶繁华的气象。 闾阎扑地,钟鸣鼎食之家;舸舰迷津,青雀黄龙之舳。 10、王勃《滕王阁序》中直接点出时间已到深秋的句子是: 时维九月,序属三秋。 11、傍晚时分,一叶叶小渔船飘荡在鄱阳湖的水面上,船歌相呼应和,悠长而辽远。此景此情正应了王勃《滕王阁序》中的两句: 渔舟唱晚,响穷彭蠡之滨 12、范仲淹有词云:“塞下秋来风景异。衡阳雁去无留意。四面边声连角起。”其中关于“衡阳雁”的意象在王勃的《滕王阁序》中也曾出现过: 雁阵惊寒,声断衡阳之浦 13、王羲之记述兰亭集会的盛况是:“群贤毕至,少长咸集。”王勃也记述了滕王阁集会时的 盛况:

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

• 十旬休假,胜友如云;千里逢迎,高朋满座。 14、作者表现年老不改初衷, 困境不弃远志的四句是 老当益壮,宁移白首之心?穷且益坚,不坠青云之志。 15、王勃借用汉文帝宣室召见贾谊的典故,表达自己怀才不遇的两句是 怀帝阍而不见,奉宣室以何年? 16、借用冯唐、李广的典故抒发自己怀才不遇的苦闷: 冯唐易老,李广难封 16、作者着力表现深秋山水景色的两句是: 潦水尽而寒 潭清,烟光凝而暮山紫。 17、动静结合,声色结合,描绘出晚霞之中一幅绝美的秋江暮色图,成为千古绝唱 落霞与孤鹜齐飞,秋水共长天一色。 渔人悠扬的歌声与天空大雁清脆的叫声交织成一首动人的交响曲,构成了一幅人与自然的和美图景。 渔舟唱晚,响穷彭蠡之滨;雁阵惊寒,声断衡阳之浦。 描写雨过天晴、阳光普照,天空晴朗的两句是 云销雨霁,彩彻区明。 《逍遥游》(庄子) 1、在《逍遥游》中描绘鲲鹏体形硕大无比,变化神奇莫测,奋飞时双翼遮天蔽日,激起的水花达三千里,奋飞直上九万里的高空。即使是如此在作者看来也并非逍遥,因为它依然有所恃的句子是: 抟扶摇而上者九万里,去以六月息者也。 2、 《逍遥游》中以“朝菌”和“蟪蛄”为例来说明“小年”一词的两句是 朝菌不知晦朔,蟪蛄不知春秋。 3、 作者举现实生活中的很小的实物也需要依凭外物的实例与大鹏鸟的“海运将徙”作对比,形象地说明任何事物都有所凭借的句子是 野马也,尘埃也,生物之以息相吹也。 4、举现实生活中的实例,通过舟的浮动对水的依赖性,从而得出结论来说明大鹏鸟的飞翔对风的依赖性的句子是 风之积也不厚,则其负大翼也无力。 5、庄子从奇妙莫测的描写后接着以现实社会的四种人的具体描述,他们

• 效、比、合、征,但却以世俗之见自视,以出类拔萃的佼佼者自居,作为人生的境界,他们也仅仅是斥晏翱翔于蓬蒿之间罢了,并未入道,没有达到真正的“逍遥”。文中描写四种人的句子 故夫知效一官,行比一乡,德合一君,而征一国者。 6、作者在彻底否定了“有所待”的万物和现实中的高人之后,才提出自己的观点——“无所待”才是真正的逍遥的并列句了三类人的句子是 至人无己,神人无功,圣人无名。 7、面对高远蔚蓝的天空,作者不仅想到如果大鹏鸟飞到九万里的高空向下看会是什么样的呢?会不会也像我们看天空一样呢?文中对天空的颜色成因进行了探寻,并发出了疑问的两句是 其正色邪?其远而无所至极邪? 8、文中写宋荣子看淡了世间的荣辱,不会因为外界的评价而更加奋勉或沮丧的句子是: 且举世誉之而不加劝,举世非之而不加沮。 9、当看到大鹏经过一系列的准备才能“图南”之后,蜩与学鸠通过形象地描述自己在林中飞行和休息的样子来嘲笑大鹏鸟的句子是: 我决起而飞,抢榆枋而止。 10、鹏的形象在后世诗文中经常出现,如成语“鹏程万里”“大鹏一日同风起, 扶摇直上九万里”(李白《上李雍》)“鲲鹏展翅九万里, 翻动扶摇羊角。”(毛泽东《念奴娇• 鸟儿问答》)这些均源自庄子《逍遥游》中“______,______,___ __ ____”; “_____________ ”等内容。 鹏之徙于南冥也,水击三千里, 抟扶摇而上者九万里”; “抟扶摇羊角而上者九万里” 《陈情表》(李密) 1、《陈情表》中描绘内外无亲,孤苦无依状的句子 外无期功强近之亲,内无应门五尺之僮。茕茕孑立,形影相吊。 2、作者以“__,__;__,_。”表明眼前进退两难的境遇;用“__, __;__,____”陈说自己不能“废远”的原因。 臣欲奉诏奔驰,则刘病日笃;欲苟顺私情,则告诉不许; 臣无祖母,无以至今日;祖母无臣,无以终余年 3、 作者用比喻手法写祖母刘氏年老病危的句子 但以刘日薄西山,气息奄奄,人命危浅,朝不虑夕 4、李密希望皇上能让自己先尽孝后尽忠,原因是 臣密今年四十有四,祖母今年九十有六,是臣尽节于陛下之日长,报养刘之日短也。

• 5、 李密表达希望皇上能遂自己心愿, 自己将会不惜性命为国出力以报皇恩的语句是

• 愿陛下矜悯愚诚,听臣微志,庶刘侥幸,保卒余年。臣生当陨首,死当结草。

• 6. 《陈情表》中表现帝王对李密责备的句子

• 诏书切峻,责臣逋慢。

• 7、作者以乌鸟反哺作比表达孝道的句子是

• 乌鸟私情,愿乞终养。

• 8、《陈情表》中李密申言自己的苦衷是人神共鉴的句子

• 臣之辛苦,非独蜀之人士及二州牧伯所见明知,皇天后土,实所共鉴。 •

• 9、文中李密用委婉曲折的语气表明自己并非怀念旧朝,先自贬身份,说自己“_______,_________”的地位,对晋武帝的“_______,______”感到无比荣幸,所以不可能“______,________”,委婉得体,消除了晋武帝的疑惑。

• 亡国贱俘,至微至陋;

• 过蒙拔擢,宠命优渥;

• 岂敢盘桓,有所希冀。

范文五:高中语文必修五 投稿:李藽藾

离骚 屈原

长太息以掩涕兮,哀民生之多艰。 余虽好修姱以鞿羁兮,謇朝谇而夕替。 既替余以蕙纕兮,又申之以揽茝。 亦余心之所善兮,虽九死其犹未悔。 怨灵修之浩荡兮,终不察夫民心。 众女嫉余之蛾眉兮,谣诼谓余以善淫。 固时俗之工巧兮,偭规矩而改错。 背绳墨以追曲兮,竞周容以为度。 忳郁邑余佗傺兮,吾独穷困乎此时也。 宁溘死以流亡兮,余不忍为此态也。 鸷鸟之不群兮,自前世而固然。 何方圜之能周兮,夫孰异道而相安? 屈心而抑志兮,忍尤而攘诟。 伏清白以死直兮,固前圣之所厚。

(译:我长声叹息而泪流满面啊,为老百姓多灾多难而哀伤。我只是崇尚美德而约束自己啊,没想到早上进谏晚上就被贬官。 贬黜我是因为我用香蕙作佩带啊,给我加罪是因为我爱好花香。 这也是我心中向往的美德啊,纵然九死一生我也毫不懊丧。 始终不能明了我心迹啊,我怨恨我那君王过分荒唐。 众女子嫉妒我长得美貌啊,放出谣言说我行为放荡。 本来世俗就崇尚投机取巧啊,任意而为将规矩背向。 违背准蝇而追求弯曲啊,竟相把苟合奉迎作为榜样。 忧闷失意啊我孤独彷徨,忍受着此时的穷困我好不心伤。 宁愿突然死去随着流水消逝啊,我也不肯做出世俗小人的模样。 雄鹰和凡鸟不可能生活在一起啊,自古以来就是这样。 方枘圆凿自然不能结合啊,道路不同哪能有相同的思想。 忍受着委屈而压抑着意志啊,忍受强加的罪过又将耻辱品尝。 保持清白为正道而死啊,古圣先贤都认为应该是这样。)

悔相道之不察兮,延伫乎吾将反。 回朕车以复路兮,及行迷之未远。 步余马於兰皋兮,驰椒丘且焉止息。 进不入以离尤兮,退将复修吾初服。 制芰荷以为衣兮,集芙蓉以为裳。 不吾知其亦已兮,苟余情其信芳。 高余冠之岌岌兮,长余佩之陆离。 芳与泽其杂糅兮,唯昭质其犹未亏。 忽反顾以游目兮,将往观乎四荒。 佩缤纷其繁饰兮,芳菲菲其弥章。 民生各有所乐兮,余独好修以为常。 虽体解吾犹未变兮,岂余心之可惩。

(译:真后悔选择道路时没有看清啊,我久久伫立徘徊傍徨。 转过我的车子返回原路,好在我虽然迷途却并没有失去方向。 赶着马车来到长满兰草的水边啊,奔驰后休息在长着椒树的山岗。 为君分忧反受指责啊,我退隐山林整理我当初的衣裳。 裁剪荷叶做出我的上装啊,连缀花瓣做出我的下装。 不了解我的心意也就算了啊,只要我的本心确实善良。 再加高我高高的帽子啊,再将我长长的佩带延长。 清香和污臭杂糅在一起啊,唯独我明洁的品质没有毁伤。 忽然回过头来放眼远眺啊,看到了辽阔大地的四面八方。 我佩戴上缤纷多彩的服饰啊,浑身上下散发着阵阵清香。 人生在世各有各的乐趣啊,我独爱美啊而且习以为常。 肢解我的身体我也不会变心啊,又有谁能改变我的志向?)

范文六:山东省新课标高中语文必修一至必修五必背古诗文 投稿:姜専尃

必修1

沁园春·长沙..毛泽东 独立寒秋,湘江北去,橘子洲头。看万山红遍,层林尽染;漫江碧透,百舸争流。鹰击长空,鱼翔浅底,万类霜天竞自由。怅寥廓,问苍茫天地,谁主沉浮?携来百侣曾游,忆往昔峥嵘岁月稠。恰同学少年,风华正茂;书生意气,挥斥方遒。指点江山,激扬文字,粪土当年万户侯。曾记否,到中流击水,浪遏飞舟!

雨巷..戴望舒 撑着油纸伞,独自 彷徨在悠长、悠长 又寂寥的雨巷,我希望逢着 一个丁香一样的 结着愁怨的姑娘。 她是有 丁香一样的颜色,丁香一样的芬芳,丁香一样的忧愁, 在雨中哀怨,哀怨又彷徨;她彷徨在这寂寥的雨巷, 撑着油纸伞 像我一样, 像我一样地 默默彳亍( chì chù )着 冷漠、凄清,又惆怅她静默地走近 走近,又投出 太息一般的眼光 她飘过 像梦一般地,像梦一般地凄婉迷茫。 像梦中飘过 一枝丁香地, 我身旁飘过这女郎;她静默地远了,远了, 到了颓圮(pǐ)的篱墙, 走尽这雨巷。 在雨的哀曲里, 消了她的颜色,散了她的芬芳 消散了,甚至她的 太息般的眼光,丁香般的惆怅。 撑着油纸伞,独自 彷徨在悠长,悠长 又寂寥的雨巷,我希望飘过 一个丁香一样地 结着愁怨的姑娘。

再别康桥...徐志摩轻轻的我走了,正如我轻轻的来。 我轻轻的招手,作别西天的云彩,那河畔的金柳,是夕阳中的新娘, 波光里的艳影, 在我的心头荡漾。软泥上的青荇,油油的在水底招摇;在康河的柔波里,我甘心做一条水草!那榆荫下的一潭, 不是清泉,是天上虹; 揉碎在浮藻间,沉淀着彩虹似的梦。 寻梦?撑一支长篙,向青草更青处漫溯, 满载一船星辉,在星辉斑斓里放歌。 但我不能放歌,悄悄是别离的笙箫; 夏虫也为我沉默,沉默是今晚的康桥, 悄悄的我走了, 正如我悄悄的来; 我挥一挥衣袖, 不带走一片云彩。 大堰河——我的保姆...艾青大堰河,今天你的乳儿是在狱里,写着一首呈给你的赞美诗,呈给你黄土下紫色的灵魂,呈给你拥抱过我的直伸着的手,呈给你吻过我的唇,呈给你泥黑的温柔的脸颜,呈给你养育了我的乳房,呈给你的儿子们,我的兄弟们,呈给大地上一切的,我的大堰河般的保姆和她们的儿子,呈给爱我如爱她自己的儿子般的大堰河。大堰河,我是吃了你的奶而长大了的你的儿子 我敬你 爱你!

第二单元

烛之武退秦师.《左传》晋侯、秦伯围郑,以其无礼于晋,且贰于楚也。晋军函陵,秦军氾南。佚之狐言于郑伯曰:“国危矣,若使烛之武见秦君,师必退。”公从之。辞曰:“臣之壮也,犹不如人;今老矣,无能为也已。”公曰:“吾不能早用子,今急而求子,是寡人之过也。然郑亡,子亦有不利焉!”许之。 夜缒而出。见秦伯曰:“秦、晋围郑,郑既知亡矣。若亡郑而有益于君,敢以烦执事。越国以鄙远,君知其难也。焉用亡郑以陪邻?邻之厚,君之薄也。若余郑以为东道主,行李之往来,共其乏困,君亦无所害。且君尝为晋君赐矣;许君焦、瑕,朝济而夕设版焉,君之所知也。夫晋,何厌之有?既东封郑、又欲肆其西封,若不阙秦,将焉取之?阙秦以利晋,唯君图之。”秦伯说,与郑人盟。使杞子、逢孙、杨孙戍之,乃还。 子犯请击之。公曰:“不可。微夫人之力不及此。因人之力而敝之,不仁;失其所与,不知;以乱易整,不武。吾其还也。”亦去之。

5.荆轲刺秦王..《战国策》 太子及宾客知其事者皆白衣冠以送之。至易水上,既祖,取道。高渐离击筑,荆轲和而歌,为变徵之声,士皆垂泪涕泣。又前而为歌曰:“风萧萧兮易水寒, 壮士一去兮不复还!”复为慷慨羽声,士皆瞋目,发尽上指冠。于是荆轲遂就车而去,终已不顾。

真的猛士,敢于直面惨淡的人生,敢于正视淋漓的鲜血。这是怎样的哀痛者和幸福者?然而造化又常常为庸人设计,以时间的流驶,来洗涤旧迹,仅使留下淡红的血色和微漠的悲哀。在这淡红的血色和微漠的悲哀中,又给人暂得偷生,维持着这似

人非人的世界。我不知道这样的世界何时是一个尽头! 我们还在这样的世上活着;我也早觉得有写一点东西的必要了。离三月十八日也已有两星期,忘却的救主快要降临了罢,我正有写一点东西的必要了。 惨象,已使我目不忍视了;流言,尤使我耳不忍闻。我还有什么话可说呢?我懂得衰亡民族之所以默无声息的缘由了。沉默呵,沉默呵!不在沉默中爆发,就在沉默中灭亡。

必修二

塘,在这满月的光里 ,总该另有一番样子吧。月亮渐渐地升高了,墙外马路上孩子们的欢笑,已经听不见了;妻在屋里拍着闰儿,迷迷糊糊地哼着眠歌。我悄悄地披了大衫,带上门出去。 沿着荷塘,是一条曲折的小煤屑路。这是一条幽僻的路;白天也少人走,夜晚更加寂寞。荷 塘四面,长着许多树,蓊蓊郁郁的。路的一旁,是些杨柳,和一些不知道名字的树。没有月 光的晚上,这路上阴森森的,有些怕人。今晚却很好,虽然月光也还是淡淡的。 路上只我一个人,背着手踱着。这一片天地好像是我的;我也像超出了平常的自己,到了另 一个世界里。我爱热闹,也爱冷静;爱群居,也爱独处。像今晚上,一个人在这苍茫的月下 ,什么都可以想,什么都可以不想,便觉是个自由的人。白天里一定要做的事,一定要说的 话,现在都可不理。这是独处的妙处;我且受用这无边的荷香月色好了。

曲曲折折的荷塘上面,弥望的是田田的叶子。叶子出水很高,像亭亭的舞女的裙。层层的叶 子中间,零星地点缀着些白花,有袅娜地开着,有羞涩的打着朵儿的;正如一粒粒的明珠, 又如碧天里的星星,又如刚出浴的美人。微风过处,送来缕缕清香,仿佛远处高楼上渺茫的 歌声似的。这时候叶子与花也有一些的颤动,像闪电般,霎时传过荷塘的那边去了。叶子本 是肩并肩密密的挨着,这便宛然有了一道凝碧的波痕。叶子底下是脉脉的流水,遮住了,不 能见一些颜色;而叶子却更见风致了。月光如流水一般,静静地泻在这一片叶子和花上。薄薄的青雾浮起在荷塘里。叶子和花仿佛 在牛乳中洗过一样;又像笼着轻纱的梦。虽然是满月,天上却有一层淡淡的云,所以不能朗 照;但我以为这恰是到了好处--酣眠固不可少,小睡也别有风味的。月光是隔了树照过来 的,高处丛生的灌木,落下参差的斑驳的黑影,却又像是画在荷叶上。塘中的月色并不均匀,但光与影有着和谐的旋律,如梵婀玲上奏着的名曲。 荷塘的四面,远远近近,高高低低的都是树,而杨柳最多。这些树将一片荷塘重重围住;只 在小路一旁,漏着几段空隙,像是特为月光留下的。树色一例是阴阴的,乍看像一团烟雾; 但杨柳的丰姿,便在烟雾里也辨得出。树梢上隐隐约约的是一带远山,只有些大意罢了。树 缝里也漏着一两点路灯光,没精打彩的,是渴睡人的眼。这时候最热闹的,要数树上的蝉声 与水里的蛙声;但热闹的是它们的,我什么也没有。

氓之蚩蚩,抱布贸丝。 匪来贸丝,来即我谋。送子涉淇,至于顿丘。匪我愆期,子无良媒。 将子无怒,秋以为期。 乘彼垝垣,以望复关。 不见复关 桑之未落,其叶沃若。于嗟鸠兮,无食桑葚;于嗟女兮,无与士耽。 士之耽兮,犹可说也;女之耽兮,不可说也。 桑之落矣,其黄而陨。自我徂尔,三岁食贫。淇水汤汤,渐车帷裳。女也不爽,士贰其行。 士也罔极,二三其德。三岁为妇,靡室劳矣;夙兴夜寐,靡有朝矣。言既遂矣,至于暴矣。 兄弟不知,咥其笑矣。静言思之,躬自悼矣。 及尔偕老,老使我怨。 淇则有岸,隰则有泮。 总角之宴,言笑晏晏。信誓旦旦,不思其反。反是不思,亦已焉哉!

采薇,薇亦作止。曰归曰归,岁亦莫止。 靡室靡家,玁狁之故。不遑启居,玁狁之故。 玁(xiǎn) 采薇采薇,薇亦柔止。曰归曰归,心亦忧止。 忧心烈烈,载饥载渴。我戍未定,靡使归聘。 采薇采薇,薇亦刚止。曰归曰归,岁亦阳止。 王事

靡盬,不遑启处。忧心孔疚,我行不来! 盬(gǔ) 彼尔维何?维常之华。彼路斯何?君子之车。 戎车既驾,四牡业业。岂敢定居?一月三捷。 驾彼四牡,四牡骙骙。君子所依,小人所腓。 四牡翼翼,象弭鱼服。岂不日戒?玁狁孔棘!昔我往矣,杨柳依依。今我来思,雨雪霏霏。 行道迟迟,载渴载饥。我心伤悲,莫知我哀!

长太息以掩涕兮,哀民生之多艰。 余虽好修姱以鞿羁兮,謇朝谇而夕替。 既替余以蕙纕兮,又申之以揽茝。 亦余心之所善兮,虽九死其犹未悔。 怨灵修之浩荡兮,终不察夫民心。 众女嫉余之蛾眉兮,谣诼谓余以善淫。 固时俗之工巧兮,偭规矩而改错。 背绳墨以追曲兮,竞周容以为度。 忳郁邑余佗傺兮,吾独穷困乎此时也。 宁溘死以流亡兮,余不忍为此态也。 鸷鸟之不群兮,自前世而固然。 何方圜之能周兮,夫孰异道而相安? 屈心而抑志兮,忍尤而攘诟。 伏清白以死直兮,固前圣之所厚。悔相道之不察兮,延伫乎吾将反。 回朕车以复路兮,及行迷之未远。 步余马於兰皋兮,驰椒丘且焉止息。 进不入以离尤兮,退将复修吾初服。 制芰荷以为衣兮,集芙蓉以为裳。 不吾知其亦已兮,苟余情其信芳。 高余冠之岌岌兮,长余佩之陆离。 芳与泽其杂糅兮,唯昭质其犹未亏。 忽反顾以游目兮,将往观乎四荒。 佩缤纷其繁饰兮,芳菲菲其弥章。 民生各有所乐兮,余独好修以为常。 虽体解吾犹未变兮,岂余心之可惩。

涉江采芙蓉...《古诗十九首》 涉江采芙蓉,兰泽多芳草。采之欲遗谁?所思在远道。还顾望旧乡,长路漫浩浩。同心而离居,忧伤以终老。

譬如朝露,去日苦多。 慨当以慷,忧思难忘。 何以解忧,唯有杜康。青青子衿,悠悠我心。 但为君故,沉吟至今。呦呦鹿鸣,食野之苹。 我有嘉宾,鼓瑟吹笙。明明如月,何时可掇?忧从中来,不可断绝。越陌度阡,枉用相存。 契阔谈宴,心念旧恩。月明星稀,乌鹊南飞。绕树三匝,何枝可依?山不厌高,海不厌深。周公吐哺,天下归心。

狭草木长,夕露沾我衣。衣沾不足惜,但使愿无违。

游褒禅山记 王安石

于是余有叹焉。古人之观于天地、山川、草木、虫鱼、鸟兽,往往有得,以其求思之深而无不在也。夫夷以近,则游者众;险以远,则至者少。而世之奇伟、瑰怪、非常之观,常在于险远,而人之所罕至焉,故非有志者不能至也。有志矣,不随以止也,然力不足者,亦不能至也。有志与力,而又不随以怠,至于幽暗昏惑而无物以相之,亦不能至也。然力足以至焉,于人为可讥,而在已为有悔;尽吾志也而不能至者,可以无悔矣,其孰能讥之乎?此余之所得也。

前赤壁赋 苏轼

壬戌之秋,七月既望,苏子与客泛舟游于赤壁之下。清风徐来,水波不兴。举酒属客,诵明月之诗,歌窈窕之章。少焉,月出于东山之上,徘徊于斗牛之间。白露横江,水光接天。纵一苇之所如,凌万顷之茫然。浩浩乎如冯虚御风,而不知其所止;飘飘乎如遗世独立,羽化而登仙。于是饮酒乐甚,扣舷而歌之。歌曰:“桂棹兮兰桨,击空明兮溯流光。渺渺兮予怀,望美人兮天一方。”客有吹洞箫者,倚歌而和之。其声呜呜然,如怨如慕,如泣如诉,余音袅袅,不绝如缕。舞幽壑之潜蛟,泣孤舟之嫠妇。苏子愀然,正襟危坐而问客曰:“何为其然也?”客曰:“„月明星稀,乌鹊南飞‟,此非曹孟德之诗乎?西望夏口,东望武昌,山川相缪,郁乎苍苍,此非孟德之困于周郎者乎?方其破荆州,下江陵,顺流而东也,舳舻千里,旌旗蔽空,酾酒临江,横槊赋诗;固一世之雄也,而今安在哉?况吾与子渔樵于江渚之上,侣鱼虾而友糜鹿,驾一叶之扁舟,举匏樽以相属。寄蜉蝣于天地,渺沧海之一粟。哀吾生之须臾,羡长江之无穷。挟飞仙以遨游,抱明月而长终。知不可乎骤得,托遗响于悲风。”苏子曰:“客亦知夫水与月乎?逝者如斯,而未尝往也;盈虚者如彼,而卒莫消长也。盖将自

其变者而观之,而天地曾不能以一瞬;自其不变者而观之,则物与我皆无尽也,而又何羡乎!且夫天地之间,物各有主,苟非吾之所有,虽一毫而莫取。惟江上之清风,与山间之明月,耳得之而为声,目遇之而成色,取之无禁,用之不竭,是造物者之无尽藏也,而吾与子之所共适。”客喜而笑,洗盏更酌,肴核既尽,杯盘狼籍。相与枕藉乎舟中,不知东方之既白。 必修三

蜀道难 噫吁嚱!危乎高哉!蜀道之难,难于上青天。蚕丛及鱼凫,开国何茫然!尔来四万八千岁,不与秦塞通人烟。西当太白有鸟道,可以横绝峨眉巅。地崩山摧壮士死,然后天梯石栈相钩连。上有六龙回日之高标,下有冲波逆折之回川。黄鹤之飞尚不得过,猿猱欲度愁攀援。青泥何盘盘!百步九折萦岩峦。扪参历井仰胁息,以手抚膺坐长叹。󰀀󰀀问君西游何时还,畏途巉岩不可攀。但见悲鸟号古木,雄飞雌从绕林间。又闻子规啼夜月,愁空山。蜀道之难,难于上青天!使人听此凋朱颜。连峰去天不盈尺,枯松倒挂倚绝壁。飞湍瀑流争喧豗,砯崖转石万壑雷。其险也如此,嗟尔远道之人胡为乎来哉?󰀀剑阁峥嵘而崔嵬,一夫当关,万夫莫开。所守或匪亲,化为狼与豺。朝避猛虎,夕避长蛇。磨牙吮血,杀人如麻。 锦城虽云乐,不如早还家。蜀道之难,难于上青天,侧身西望长咨嗟。󰀀󰀀

杜甫诗三首

菊两开他日泪,孤舟一系故园心。寒衣处处催刀尺,白帝城高急暮砧。

咏怀古迹(其三)群山万壑赴荆门,生长明妃尚有村。 一去紫台连朔漠,独留青冢向黄昏。 画图省识春风面,环佩空归夜月魂千载琵琶作胡语,分明怨恨曲中论。

登高 风急天高猿啸哀,渚清沙白鸟飞回。无别落木萧萧下,不尽长江滚滚来。万里悲秋常作客,百年多病独登台。艰难苦恨繁霜鬓,潦倒新停浊酒杯。

琵琶行 并序. 忽闻水上琵琶声,主人忘归客不发.寻声暗问弹者谁?琵琶声停欲语迟。移船相近邀相见,添酒回灯重开宴。千呼万唤始出来,犹抱琵琶半遮面。转轴拨弦三两声,未成曲调先有情。弦弦掩抑声声思,似诉平生不得志。低眉信手续续弹,说尽心中无限事。 轻拢慢捻抹复挑,初为《霓裳》后《六幺》。大弦嘈嘈如急雨,小弦切切如私语。嘈嘈切切错杂弹,大珠小珠落玉盘。间关莺语花底滑,幽咽泉流冰下难。冰泉冷涩弦凝绝,凝绝不通声暂歇。别有幽愁暗恨生,此时无声胜有声。银瓶乍破水浆迸,铁骑突出刀枪鸣。曲终收拨当心画,四弦一声如裂帛。东船西舫悄无言,唯见江心秋月白。󰀀 李商隐诗两首

锦瑟 锦瑟无端五十弦,一弦一柱思华年。庄生晓梦迷蝴蝶,望帝春心托杜鹃。沧海月明珠有泪, 蓝田日暖玉生烟。此情可待成追忆,只是当时已惘然󰀀󰀀

马嵬(其二)海外徒闻更九州,他生未卜此生休。空闻虎旅传宵柝,无复鸡人报晓筹。此日六军同驻马,当时七夕笑牵牛。如何四季为天子,不及卢家有莫愁?

寡人之于国也.《孟子》梁惠王曰:“寡人之于国也,尽心焉耳矣。河内凶,则移其民于河东,移其粟于河内。河东凶亦然。察邻国之政,无如寡人之用心者。邻国之民不加少,寡人之民不加多,何也?” 孟子对曰:“王好战,请以战喻。填然鼓之,兵刃既接,弃甲曳兵而走,或百步而后止,或五十步而后止。以五十步笑百步,则何如?”曰:“不可。直不百步耳,是亦走也。”曰:“王如知此,则无望民之多于邻国也。不违农时,谷不可胜食也。数罟不入洿池,鱼鳖不可胜食也。斧斤以时入山林,材木不可胜用也。谷与鱼鳖不可胜食,材木不可胜用,是使民养生丧死无憾也。养生丧死无憾,王道之始也。五亩之宅,树之以桑,五十者可以衣帛矣。鸡豚狗彘之畜,无失其时,七十者可以食肉矣;百亩之田,勿夺其时,数口之家可以无饥矣;谨庠序之教,申之以孝悌之义,颁白者不负戴于道路矣。七十者衣帛食肉,黎民不饥不寒,然而不王者,未之有也。狗彘食人食而不知检,途有饿殍而不知发。人死,

则曰:„非我也,岁也。‟是何异于刺人而杀之,曰:„非我也,兵也。‟王无罪岁,斯天下之民至焉。”

劝学 .《荀子》古之学者必有师。师者,所以传道受业解惑也。人非生而知之者,孰能无惑?惑而不从师,其为惑也,终不解矣。生乎吾前,其闻道也固先乎吾,吾从而师之;生乎吾后,其闻道也亦先乎吾,吾从而师之。吾师道也,夫庸知其年之先后生于吾乎?是故无贵无贱,无长无少,道之所存,师之所存也。 嗟乎!师道之不传也久矣!欲人之无惑也难矣!古之圣人,其出人也远矣,犹且从师而问焉;今之众人,其下圣人也亦远矣,而耻学于师。是故圣益圣,愚益愚。圣人之所以为圣,愚人之所以为愚,其皆出于此乎?爱其子,择师而教之。于其身也,则耻师焉,惑矣!彼童子之师,授之书而习其句读者,非吾所谓传其道解其惑者也。句读之不知,惑之不解,或师焉,或不焉,小学而大遗,吾未见其明也。巫医乐师百工之人,不耻相师;士大夫之族,曰师曰弟子云者,则群聚而笑之。问之,则曰:彼与彼年相若也,道相似也。位卑则足羞,官盛则近谀。呜呼!师道之不复可知矣!巫医乐师百工之人,君子不齿,今其智乃反不能及,其可怪也欤!圣人无常师。孔子师郯子、苌弘、师襄、老聃。郯子之徒,其贤不及孔子。孔子曰:“三人行,则必有我师。”是故弟子不必不如师,师不必贤于弟子。闻道有先后,术业有专攻,如是而已。李氏子蟠,年十七,好古文,六艺经传皆通习之,不拘于时,学于余。余嘉其能行古道,作《师说》以贻之。󰀀

过秦论. 贾 谊及至始皇,奋六世之余烈,振长策而御宇内,吞二周而亡诸侯,履至尊而制六合,执敲扑而鞭笞(chi)天下,威振四海。南取百越之地,以为桂林、象郡;百越之君,俯首系颈,委命下吏。乃使蒙恬北筑长城而守藩(fan)篱,却匈奴七百余里;胡人不敢南下而牧马,士不敢弯弓而报怨。于是废先王之道,焚百家之言,以愚黔(qian)首;隳(huī)名城,杀豪杰;收天下之兵,聚之咸阳,销锋镝(dí),铸以为金人十二,以弱天下之民。然后践华为城,因河为池,据亿丈之城,临不测之渊,以为固。良将劲弩守要害之处,信臣精卒陈利兵而谁何。天下已定,始皇之心,自以为关中之固,金城千里,子孙帝王万世之业也。 始皇既没,余威震于殊俗。然陈涉瓮牖(yǒu)绳枢之子,氓(méng)隶之人,而迁徙之徒也;才能不及中人,非有仲尼、墨翟(dí)之贤,陶朱、猗(yī)顿之富;蹑足行伍之间,而倔起阡陌之中,率疲弊之卒,将数百之众,转而攻秦;斩木为兵,揭竿为旗,天下云集响应,赢粮而景(yǐng)从。山东豪俊遂并起而亡秦族矣。 且夫天下非小弱也,雍州之地,崤函之固,自若也。陈涉之位,非尊于齐、楚、燕、赵、韩、魏、宋、卫、中山之君也;锄櫌(yōu)棘矜(qín),非铦(xiān)于钩戟长铩也;谪戍之众,非抗于九国之师也;深谋远虑,行军用兵之道,非及向时之士也。然而成败异变,功业相反,何也?试使山东之国与陈涉度(duó)长絜(xié)大,比权量力,则不可同年而语矣。然秦以区区之地,致万乘之势,序八州而朝同列,百有余年矣;然后以六合为家,崤(xiao)函为宫;一夫作难而七庙隳(huī),身死人手,为天下笑者,何也?仁义不施而攻守之势异也。󰀀

青,取之于蓝而青于蓝;冰,水为之,而寒于水。木直中(zhòng)绳,輮(róu)以为轮,其曲(qū)中规;虽有槁(gǎo)暴(pù),不复挺者,輮使之然也。故木受绳则直,金就砺则利,君子博学而日参省乎己,则知明而行无过矣。 吾尝终日而思矣,不如须臾之所学也;吾尝跂而望矣,不如登高之博见也。登高而招,臂非加长也,而见者远;顺风而呼,声非加疾也,而闻者彰。假舆马者,非利足也,而致千里;假舟楫者,非能水也,而绝江河。君子生非异也,善假于物也。 积土成山,风雨兴焉;积水成渊,蛟龙生焉;积善成德,而神明自得,圣心备焉。故不积跬(kuǐ)步,无以至千里;不积小流,无以成江海。骐骥(jì)一跃,不能十步;驽马十驾,功在不舍。锲而舍之,朽木不折;锲而不舍,金石可镂(lòu) 。蚓无爪牙之利,筋骨之强,上食埃土,下饮黄泉,用心一也。蟹六跪而二螯,非蛇鳝之穴无可寄居者,用心躁也。

必修四

柳永词两首

东南形胜,三吴都会,钱塘自古繁华。烟柳画桥,风帘翠幕,参差十万人家。云树绕堤沙,怒涛卷霜雪,天堑(qiàn)无涯。市列珠玑(jī),户盈罗绮,竞豪奢。 重(chóng)湖叠巘(yǎn)清嘉,有三秋桂子,十里荷花。羌管弄晴,菱歌泛夜,嬉嬉钓叟莲娃。千骑(jì)拥高牙,乘醉听箫鼓,吟赏烟霞。异日图将好景,归去凤池夸。

手相看泪眼,竟无语凝噎。念去去,千里烟波,暮霭沉沉楚天阔。多情自古伤离别,更那堪冷落清秋节!今宵酒醒何处?杨柳岸晓风残月。此去经年,应是良辰好景虚设。便纵有千种风情,更与何人说!

郎赤壁。乱石穿空,惊涛拍岸,卷起千堆雪。江山如画,一时多少豪杰。遥想公瑾当年,小乔初嫁了,雄姿英发。羽扇纶巾,谈笑间,樯橹灰飞烟灭。故国神游,多情应笑我,早生华发。人生如梦,一尊还酹江月。

三月七日沙湖道中遇雨。雨具先去,同行皆狼狈,余独不觉。已而遂晴,故作此。 莫听穿林打叶声,何妨吟啸且徐行。竹杖芒鞋轻胜马,谁怕,一蓑烟雨任平生。 料峭春风吹酒醒,微冷,山头斜照却相迎。回首向来萧瑟处,归去,也无风雨也无晴。

楚天千里清秋,水随天去秋无际。遥岑远目,献愁供恨,玉簪(zān)螺髻。落日楼头,断鸿声里,江南游子。把吴钩看了(liǎo),栏杆拍遍,无人会,登临意。 休说鲈鱼堪鲙,尽西风,季鹰归未?求田问舍,怕应羞见,刘郎才气。可惜流年,忧愁风雨,树犹如此!倩何人唤取,红巾翠袖,揾英雄泪?

永遇乐?京口北固亭怀古 辛弃疾千古江山,英雄无觅孙仲谋处。舞榭歌台,风流总被雨打风吹去。斜阳草树,寻常巷陌,人道寄奴曾住。想当年,金戈铁马,气吞万里如虎。元嘉草草,封狼居胥,赢得仓皇北顾。四十三年,望中犹记,烽火扬州路。可堪回首,佛狸祠下,一片神鸦社鼓!凭谁问:廉颇老矣,尚能饭否?

两盏淡酒,怎敌他,晚来风急?雁过也,正伤心,却是旧时相识。

满地黄花堆积。憔悴损,如今有谁堪摘?守着窗儿,独自怎生得黑?梧桐更兼细雨,到黄昏,点点滴滴。这次第,怎一个愁字了得!

醉花阴 李清照 薄雾浓云愁永昼,瑞脑销金兽。 佳节又重阳,玉枕纱厨,半夜凉初透。东篱把酒黄昏后,有暗香盈袖。莫道不销魂,帘卷西风,人比黄花瘦。

必修五

归去来兮辞 陶渊明 归去来兮!田园将芜胡不归?既自以心为形役,奚惆怅而独悲?悟已往之不谏,知来者之可追。实迷途其未远,觉今是而昨非。舟遥遥以轻飏,风飘

已矣乎!寓形宇内复几时?曷不委心任去留?胡为乎遑遑欲何之?富贵非吾愿,帝乡不可期。怀良辰以孤往,或植杖而耘耔。登东皋以舒啸,临清流而赋诗。聊乘化以归尽,乐夫天命复奚疑!

滕王阁序 王勃豫章故郡,洪都新府。星分翼轸(zhěn),地接衡庐。襟三江而带五湖,控蛮荆而引瓯(ōu)越。物华天宝,龙光射牛斗之墟;人杰地灵,徐孺下陈蕃(fān)之榻。雄州雾列,俊采星驰。台隍(huáng)枕夷夏之交,宾主尽东南之美。都督阎公之雅望,棨(qǐ )戟(j ǐ)遥临;宇文新州之懿(yì)范,襜(chān)帷(wéi)暂驻。十旬休假,胜友如云;千里逢迎,高朋满座。腾蛟起凤,孟学士之词宗;紫电清霜,王将军之武库。家君作宰,路出名区;童子何知,躬逢胜饯

时维九月,序属三秋。潦(lǎo)水尽而寒潭清,烟光凝而暮山紫。俨(yǎn)骖騑(cān fēi)于上路,访风景于崇阿(ē);临帝子之长洲,得天人之旧馆。层峦耸翠,上出重霄;飞阁流丹,下临无地。鹤汀(tīng)凫(fú )渚(zhǔ),穷岛屿之萦(yíng)回;桂殿兰宫,即冈峦之体势。

披绣闼(tà),俯雕甍(mãng ),山原旷其盈视,川泽纡(yū)其骇瞩。闾(lǘ)阎(yán) 扑地,钟鸣鼎食之家;舸(gě)舰弥津,青雀黄龙之轴(zhú)。云销雨霁(jì),彩彻区明。落霞与孤鹜(wù)齐飞,秋水共长天一色。渔舟唱晚,响穷彭蠡(lǐ)之滨;雁阵惊寒,声断衡阳之浦。

遥襟甫畅,逸兴遄(chuán)飞。爽籁发而清风生,纤歌凝而白云遏(â)。睢(suī)园绿竹,气凌彭泽之樽(zūn);邺(yâ)水朱华,光照临川之笔。四美具,二难并。穷睇眄(dì miǎn)于中天,极娱游于暇日。天高地迥(jiǒng),觉宇宙之无穷;兴尽悲来,识盈虚之有数。望长安于日下,目吴会(kuài)于云间。地势极而南溟(míng)深,天柱高而北辰远。关山难越,谁悲失路之人;萍水相逢,尽是他乡之客。怀帝阍(hūn)而不见,奉宣室以何年?

嗟乎!时运不齐,命途多舛(chuǎn)。冯唐易老,李广难封。屈贾谊于长沙,非无圣主;窜梁鸿于海曲,岂乏明时?所赖君子见机,达人知命。老当益壮,宁移白首之心;穷且益坚,不坠青云之志。酌贪泉而觉爽,处涸辙(hã zhã)以犹欢。北海虽赊(shē),扶摇可接;东隅(yú)已逝,桑榆非晚。孟尝高洁,空余报国之情;阮籍猖狂,岂效穷途之哭!

勃,三尺微命,一介书生。无路请缨,等终军之弱冠;有怀投笔,慕宗悫(quâ)之长风。舍簪(zān)笏(hù)于百龄,奉晨昏于万里。非谢家之宝树,接孟氏之芳邻。他日趋庭,叨(tāo)陪鲤对;今兹(苏教版为“晨”)捧袂(mâi),喜托龙门。杨意不逢,抚凌云而自惜;钟期既(苏教版为“相”)遇,奏流水以何惭?

呜呼!胜地不常,盛筵难再;兰亭已矣,梓(zǐ) 泽丘墟。临别赠言,幸承恩于伟饯;登高作赋,是所望于群公。敢竭鄙怀,恭疏短引;一言均赋,四韵俱成。请洒潘江,各倾陆海云尔

逍遥游 庄周 北冥(míng)有鱼(1),其名为鲲(kūn)(2)。鲲之大,不知其几千里也。化而为鸟,其名为鹏(3)。鹏之背,不知其几千里也;怒而飞(4),其翼若垂天之云(5)。是鸟也,海运则将徙(xǐ)于南冥(6)。南冥者,天池也(7)。

󰀀󰀀

范文七:高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累复习 投稿:史谪谫

高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累

必修一

1、峥嵘岁月:形容不平凡的年月

2、风华正茂:正是风采动人和才华横溢的时候。形容青年朝气蓬勃、年轻有为

3、挥斥方遒:是说热情奔放,劲头正足。

4、百舸争流:形容群舟争相行驶。

5、天伦叙乐:老人和孩子在一起其乐融融的样子。

6、危在旦夕:形容危险即在眼前。

7、从谏如流:指听从好的建议就像水从高处流下一样顺畅自然,形容乐意接受别人的意见。

8、洞若观火:就像黑夜里看火一样,形容观察事物非常清楚。

9、以退为进:表面上退却,其实准备进攻的一种战略或战术。

10、化险为夷:将危险转化为平安。放浪形骸:指行为放纵,不受约束。

11、一去不复返:一去之后就不再回来。

12、图穷匕首:比喻事情发展到了最后,真相或本意显露出来。

13、悲歌击筑:亦作“悲歌易水”,常用以抒写悲壮苍凉的气氛。

14、切齿拊心:形容愤恨到极点。

15、发上指冠:毛发竖起的样子。形容极度愤怒。

16、无可奈何:没有办法,无法可想。表示事已如此,再要挽回已是无能为力。

17、变徵之声:乐声中的徵调变化,常作悲壮之声。

18、秋毫不犯:指军纪严明,丝毫不侵犯人民的利益。

19、劳苦功高:指出了很多力,吃了很多苦,立下了很大的功劳。

20、约法三章:比喻以语言或文字规定出几条共同遵守的条款。刘邦由于坚决执行约法三章,得到了老百姓的信任、拥护和支持,最后取得天下,建立了西汉王朝。

21、人为刀俎,我为鱼肉:比喻生杀大权掌握在他人手中,自己处于被人宰割的地位。

22、长歌当哭:长歌:长声歌咏,也指写诗;当:当作。用长声歌咏或写诗文来代替痛哭,借以抒发心中的悲愤。

23、目不忍视:眼睛不忍看视。形容景象极其悲惨。

24、耳不忍闻:耳朵不忍听知。形容消息极其悲惨。

25、百折不回:挫折。无论受多少挫折都不退缩,形容意志坚强。也说百折不挠。

26、殒身不恤: 殒:牺牲;恤:顾惜。牺牲生命也不顾惜。

28、步履稳健:表面意思指步伐稳重,用在特定场合也可以指办事一步一个脚印,很稳健。

29、博闻强记:形容知识丰富,记忆力强

30、屏息以待:抑止气息静静的等待。

31、世人瞩目:全世界都在关注某事或人

32、婆娑起舞:形容跳起舞来的姿态

33、引人注目:吸引人们注意。

34、发人深思:启发人深入地思考。形容语言或文章有深刻的含意,耐人寻味。

35、耸入云天:形容,高山,或者参天巨树的高大,比云还要高。

36、扭转乾坤:比喻从根本上改变整个局面。

必修二

范文八:高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累 投稿:汪櫟櫠

高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累 教案

2014-05-13 18:47

高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累

必修一

1、峥嵘岁月:形容不平凡的年月

2、风华正茂:正是风采动人和才华横溢的时候。形容青年朝气蓬勃、年轻有为

3、挥斥方遒:是说热情奔放,劲头正足。

4、百舸争流:形容群舟争相行驶。

5、天伦叙乐:老人和孩子在一起其乐融融的样子。

6、危在旦夕:形容危险即在眼前。

7、从谏如流:指听从好的建议就像水从高处流下一样顺畅自然,形容乐意接受别人的意见。

8、洞若观火:就像黑夜里看火一样,形容观察事物非常清楚。

9、以退为进:表面上退却,其实准备进攻的一种战略或战术。

10、化险为夷:将危险转化为平安。放浪形骸:指行为放纵,不受约束。

11、一去不复返:一去之后就不再回来。

12、图穷匕首:比喻事情发展到了最后,真相或本意显露出来。

13、悲歌击筑:亦作“悲歌易水”,常用以抒写悲壮苍凉的气氛。

14、切齿拊心:形容愤恨到极点。

15、发上指冠:毛发竖起的样子。形容极度愤怒。

16、无可奈何:没有办法,无法可想。表示事已如此,再要挽回已是无能为力。

17、变徵之声:乐声中的徵调变化,常作悲壮之声。

18、秋毫不犯:指军纪严明,丝毫不侵犯人民的利益。

19、劳苦功高:指出了很多力,吃了很多苦,立下了很大的功劳。

20、约法三章:比喻以语言或文字规定出几条共同遵守的条款。刘邦由于坚决执行约法三章,得到了老百姓的信任、拥护和支持,最后取得天下,建立了西汉王朝。

21、人为刀俎,我为鱼肉:比喻生杀大权掌握在他人手中,自己处于被人宰割的地位。

22、长歌当哭:长歌:长声歌咏,也指写诗;当:当作。用长声歌咏或写诗文来代替痛哭,借以抒发心中的悲愤。

23、目不忍视:眼睛不忍看视。形容景象极其悲惨。

24、耳不忍闻:耳朵不忍听知。形容消息极其悲惨。

25、百折不回:挫折。无论受多少挫折都不退缩,形容意志坚强。也说百折不挠。

26、殒身不恤: 殒:牺牲;恤:顾惜。牺牲生命也不顾惜。

28、步履稳健:表面意思指步伐稳重,用在特定场合也可以指办事一步一个脚印,很稳健。

29、博闻强记:形容知识丰富,记忆力强

30、屏息以待:抑止气息静静的等待。

31、世人瞩目:全世界都在关注某事或人

32、婆娑起舞:形容跳起舞来的姿态

33、引人注目:吸引人们注意。

34、发人深思:启发人深入地思考。形容语言或文章有深刻的含意,耐人寻味。

35、耸入云天:形容,高山,或者参天巨树的高大,比云还要高。

36、扭转乾坤:比喻从根本上改变整个局面。

必修二

1、蓊蓊郁郁:多形容草木蓬勃茂盛的样子。

2、混混沌沌:迷糊不清的样子,模糊一片,不分明。

3、急不暇择:在紧急的情况下来不及选择。

4、二三其德: 形容三心二意。

5、载笑载言:边笑边说话。

6、信誓旦旦:信誓:表示诚意的誓言;旦旦:诚恳的样子。誓言说得真实可信。

7、夙兴夜寐:早起晚睡。形容勤奋。

8、杨柳依依:古人送行,折柳相赠,表示依依惜别。比喻依依不舍的惜别之情。

9、九死不悔:纵然死很多回也不后悔。形容意志坚定,不认经历多少危险,也决不动摇退缩。

10、瞻前顾后:看看前面,又看看后面。形容做事之前考虑周密慎重。也形容顾虑太多,犹豫不决。

11、卓尔不群:指才德超出常人,与众不同。易误用为形容人的性格孤傲,难以与周围人相处。

12、日月不淹:日月飞快地运转,一刻也不停留,形容时间过得很快。

13、楚楚可怜:本指幼松纤弱可爱,后形容女子娇弱的样子。

14、坚如磐石:象大石头一样坚固。比喻不可动摇。

15、去日苦多:已经过去的日子太多了。用于感叹光阴易逝之语。

16、天下归心:形容天下老百姓心悦诚服

17、少长咸集:年少的、年长的都聚集在了一起。

18、群贤毕至:很多有才能的人都来了。

19、曲水流觞:古民俗,每年农历三月在弯曲的水流旁设酒杯,流到谁面前,谁就取下来喝,可以除去不吉利。

20、情随事迁:情况变了,思想感情也随着起了变化。

21、游目骋怀:纵目四望,开阔心胸。

22、放浪形骸:指行动不受世俗礼节的束缚。

23、感慨系之:有所感触,慨叹不已。

24、沧海一粟:大海里的一颗谷粒,形容物体非常渺小。

25、正襟危坐:使衣襟端正,使身子端正,这里是使动用法。形容人物严肃或拘谨的样子。

26、遗世独立:脱离社会,独自生活,不跟别人往来。

27、不绝如缕:像细线一样连着,差点就断了。多用来形容局势危急或声音细微悠长。

28、杯盘狼藉:形容宴饮后桌上凌乱的样子。

29、如泣如诉:好象在哭泣,又象在诉说。形容声音悲切。

30、余音袅袅:形容音乐悦耳动听,令人沉醉。

31、终南捷径:指求名利的最近便是门路。也比喻达到目的的便捷途径。

32、容有底止:或许能相当深。底止,深的意思。

33、责无旁贷:自己应尽的责任,不能推卸给旁人。

34、旁稽、博采两词意义相仿,连用表示从多方面考察、吸收各家长处之意

35、骇人听闻:指使人听了感到非常震惊。

36、义愤填膺:由不义的人和事所激起的愤怒感情充满胸膛。

37、安之若素:对于困危境地或异常情况,一如平素,泰然处之。

38、心急如焚:心里急得像着了火一样。形容内心焦急万分。

39、无济于事:对事情没有帮助,指解决不了问题。

40、空头支票:无法生效的支票。比喻不能实现的诺言。

41、不言而喻:不用说什么就能明白。

42、息息相关:呼吸相关连,比喻关系密切。

43、休戚相关:休,喜悦、吉利;戚,忧愁悲哀。形容关系密切,利害相关。

44、休戚与共:忧患祸福彼此共同承担

45、豁然开朗:形容由狭窄阴暗突然变为开阔敞亮。也比喻心里突然悟出道理而感觉明朗。

46、浅尝辄止:只略微尝试一下就停止。比喻做事不深入。

47、坚韧不拔:形容意志坚强,有毅力,毫不动摇。

48、卓有成效:卓,特别突出,卓越。指很有成绩、效果。

必修三

1、谨小慎微:过分小心谨慎,缩手缩脚,不敢放手去做。

2、寄人篱下:依附于他人篱笆下。比喻依附别人生活。

3、小家碧玉:旧时指小户人家美丽的年轻女子。

4、入不敷出:收入不够支出。

5、横七竖八:有的横,有的竖,杂乱无章。形容纵横杂乱。

6、吞吞吐吐:想说,但又不痛痛快快地说。形容说话有顾虑。

7、沸反盈天:声音象水开锅一样沸腾翻滚,充满了空间。形容人声喧闹,乱成一片。

8、为所欲为:本指做自己想做的事。后指想干什么就干什么。

9、遍体鳞伤:浑身受伤,伤痕象鱼鳞一样密。形容受伤很重。

10、皮开肉绽:皮肉都裂开了。形容伤势严重。多指受残酷拷打。

11、胆战心惊:发抖。形容十分害怕。

12、喜出望外:由于没有想到的好事而非常高兴。

13、地崩山摧:土地崩裂,山岭倒塌。多形容巨大变故。

14、一夫当关万夫莫开:意思是山势又高又险,一个人把着关口,一万个人也打不进来。形容地势十分险要

15、磨牙吮血:磨利牙齿,吮吸鲜血。多形容像野兽一样嗜杀。

16、杀人如麻:杀死的人多得象乱麻。形容杀的人多得数不清。

17、千呼万唤:指呼唤多次,再三催促,形容不轻易出面。

18、切切私语:指在暗中小声说话。

19、珠盘玉落:形容乐器弹奏的声音清脆悦耳,十分动听。

20、整衣敛容:现指整理衣服,收起笑容,脸色严肃起来。

21、秋月春风:比喻良辰佳景、美好岁月。

22、暮去朝来:比喻时间过得很快。

23、门前冷落:形容来来往往的人极少。也作“门庭冷落”。

24、杜鹃啼血:本指杜鹃啼鸣,形容鸟类啼声的悲苦。

25、司马青衫:司马的衣衫都被泪水浸湿了。形容十分悲伤。

26、弃甲曳兵:形容打败仗逃跑时的狼狈相。

27、五十步笑百步:后泛用以比喻缺点或错误的性质相同,只有情节或好或重的区别。

28、祸起萧墙:指祸乱发生在家里。比喻内部发生祸乱。

29、锲而不舍:不断地镂刻。比喻有恒心,有毅力。

30、席卷天下:形容力量强大,控制了全国

31、包举宇内:并吞天下,占有一切。

32、囊括四海:比喻统统包罗在内。指统一全国。

33、追亡逐北:追击败走的敌军。

34、因利乘便:凭藉有利的形势。

35、云集响应:大家迅速集合在一起,表示赞同和支持。

36、斩木揭竿:砍削树木当兵器,举起竹竿作军旗。比喻武装起义

37、深谋远虑:指计划得很周密,考虑得很长远。

38、同年而语:犹言相提并论。把不同的人或不同的事放在一起谈论或看待。

39、瓮牖绳枢:破瓮做窗,绳作门轴。比喻贫穷人家。

40、畏葸不前:畏惧退缩,不敢前进。

必修四

1、开柙出虎:原指负责看管的人未尽责任。后多比喻放纵坏人。

2、虎兕出柙:虎、兕从木笼中逃出。比喻恶人逃脱,主管者应负责任。

3、既来之,则安之:原意是既然把他们招抚来,就要把他们安顿下来。后指既然来了,就要在这里安下必来。

4、分崩离析:崩塌解体,四分五裂。形容国家或集团分裂瓦解。

5、祸起萧墙:指祸乱发生在家里。比喻内部发生祸乱。

6、五十步笑百步:作战时后退了五十步的人讥笑后退了百步的人。比喻自己跟别人有同样的缺点错误,只是程度上轻一些,却毫无自知之明地去讥笑别人。

7、饿殍(piǎo)遍野:饿死的人到处都是。

8、豁然开朗:从黑暗狭窄变得宽敞明亮。比喻突然领悟了一个道理。

9、浅尝辄止:略微尝试一下就停下来。指不深入钻研。

10、卓有成效:有突出的成绩和效果。

11、坚忍不拔:形容在艰苦困难的情况下意志坚定,毫不动摇。

12、永垂不朽:指光辉的事迹和伟大的精神永远流传,不会磨灭。

13、骇人听闻:使人听了非常吃惊、害怕。

14、义愤填膺(yīnɡ):发于正义的愤懑充满胸中。

15、安之若素:安然相处,和往常一样,不觉得有什么不合适。

16、心急如焚:心里急得象着了火一样。形容非常着急。

17、息息相关:呼吸也相互关联。形容彼此的关系非常密切。

18、无济于事:对事情没有什么帮助或益处。比喻不解决问题。

19、摇摇欲坠:形容十分危险,很快就要掉下来,或不稳固,很快就要垮台。

20、不言而喻:不用说话就能明白。形容道理很明显。

21、大放厥(jué)词:原指铺张词藻或畅所欲言。现用来指大发议论。

22、语焉不详:指虽然提到了,但说得不详细。

23、一帆风顺:船挂着满帆顺风行驶。比喻非常顺利,没有任何阻碍。

24、不可思议:①佛家语。指思维和言语所不能达到的微妙境界。道教也借用此语。②形容事物无法想象或难以理解。

25、筋疲力尽:形容非常疲乏,一点力气也没有了。

26、恫瘝(ɡuān)在抱:把人民的疾苦放在心里。

27、无忧无虑:没有一点忧愁和顾虑。

28、遮天蔽日:遮蔽天空和太阳。形容事物体积庞大、数量众多或气势盛大。

29、白头偕老:夫妻相亲相爱,一直到老。

30、恻(cè)隐之心:形容对人寄予同情。

31、忐忑(tǎn tè)不安:心神极为不安。

32、兴高采烈:原指文章志趣高尚,言词犀利。后多形容兴致高,精神饱满。

33、慢条斯理:原指说话做事有条有理,不慌不忙。现也形容说话做事慢腾腾,不慌不忙。

34、提心吊胆:形容十分担心或害怕。

35、奋不顾身:奋勇向前,不考虑个人安危。

36、物华天宝:指各种珍美的宝物。

37、人杰地灵:指有杰出的人降生或到过,其地也就成了名胜之区。

38、高朋满座:形容宾客很多。

39、命途多舛(chuǎn):形容在人生道路上历经坎坷,屡遭磨难。

40、冯唐易老:汉冯唐身历三朝,至武帝时,举为贤良,但唐已九十馀岁,不能再做官了。

41、画栋珠帘:形容房屋装备的华丽。

42、李广难封:汉名将李广部下因军功而封侯的人很多,而李广本人抗击匈奴,战功显赫,却不见封侯。后以“李广未封”、“李广不侯”、“李广难封”慨叹功高不爵,命运乖舛。

43、老当益壮:年纪虽老而志气更旺盛,干劲更足。

44、东隅已逝:早年的时光消逝,如果珍惜时光,发愤图强,晚年并不晚。

45、各抒己见:各人充分发表自己的意见。

46、艰苦卓绝:坚忍刻苦的精神超过寻常。

47、充耳不闻:塞住耳朵不听。形容有意不听别人的意见。

48、置之不理:放在一边,不理不睬。

49、虚无缥缈:形容空虚渺茫。

50、袖手旁观:把手笼在袖子里,在一旁观看。比喻置身事外,既不过问,也不协助别人。

51、自得其乐:自己能从中得到乐趣。

52、不屑一顾:认为不值得一看。形容极端轻视。

53、扬眉吐气:扬起眉头,吐出怨气。形容摆脱了长期受压状态后高兴痛快的样子。

54、迎刃而解:原意是说,劈竹子时,头上几节一破开,下面的顺着刀口自己就裂开了。比喻处理事情、解决问题很顺利。

55、兢兢业业:形容做事谨慎、勤恳。

56、天伦之乐:泛指家庭的乐趣。

57、耳熟能详:指听得多了,能够说得很清楚、很详细。

58、庸人自扰:指本来没有事,自己瞎着急或自找麻烦。

59、来龙去脉:本指山脉的走势和去向。现比喻一件事的前因后果。

60、雷霆万钧:形容威力极大,无法阻挡。

必修五

1、忍无可忍:再也忍受不下去了。

2、逼上梁山:比喻被迫起来反抗。现也比喻被迫采取某种行动。

3、垂头丧气:形容因失败或不顺利而情绪低落、萎蘼不振的样子

4、没精打采:形容精神不振,提不起劲头

5、兴高采烈:原指文章志趣高尚,言词犀利。后多形容兴致高,精神饱满。

6、平心静气:心情平和,态度冷静。

7、理所当然:按道理应当这样。

8、正大光明:心怀坦白,言行正派

9、物华天宝:原指万物的光华,天上的宝气。形容各种珍贵的物品。

10、人杰地灵:意指人使地增色,地因人而著名。即杰出的人物出生或到过的地方,便成为名胜之地,或指杰出人物生于灵秀之地。

11、胜友如云:才智出众的朋友们云集一处。

12、高朋满座:满座尽是高贵的宾朋。

13、腾蛟起凤:象蛟龙腾越,凤凰起舞。比喻文辞奇巧优美,才华横溢。

14、钟鸣鼎食:吃饭时,奏乐列鼎。形容贵族和富贵人家豪华奢侈的生活。

15、云销雨霁:云消雨散。指满天的云雨顿时消散,形容已经逝去的一切都不会再回来了。

16、响遏行云:声音高入云霄,把浮动着的云彩也阻止了。形容歌声嘹亮有力,悦耳动听。

17、天高地迥:迥:遥远。形容天地之间广阔无边。

18、兴尽悲来:高兴的劲儿过去了,使人悲苦的事又来了。

19、萍水相逢:萍:在水面上浮生的一种蕨类植物,随水漂泊,聚散不定。浮萍在水里偶然相遇。比喻从来不相识的人偶然相遇。

20、冯唐易老:比喻仕宦不得志。

21、老当益壮:当:应当。益:更加。原指年纪老而志气应当更壮。

22、穷且益坚:也作“穷当益坚”。穷:不得志。益:更加。处境困难而意志应当更加坚定。

23、涸辙之鲋:涸:水干,枯竭。辙:车辙。鲋:鲫鱼。干枯的车辙里的鲫鱼。比喻处于困境急待救援的人。

24、失之东隅,收之桑榆:东隅:东方,日出处,指早上。桑榆:西方;日落时,余光落在桑树和榆树之间;指晚上。早上有所失,晚上则有所得。比喻这个时候失败了,另一个时候得到补偿。

25、一介书生:一介:一个。旧时读书人自称。或对一般读书人的雅称。

26、投笔从戎:投:扔掉,放弃。笔:笔杆子,指文墨生涯。从戎:参军。指弃文就武,放弃文墨生涯去参加军队。

27、高山流水:原指含蓄在古琴曲里的两种喻意。后用以比喻知音或知己。

28、盛筵难再:盛:盛大。筵:筵席。盛大的筵席难以再得。

29、陆海潘江:陆、潘:晋朝的文学家陆机、潘岳。本是称颂陆机和潘岳文才很高。后用以称颂学识渊博,才华横溢的人。

30、鹏程万里:相传鹏鸟能飞万里路程。比喻前程远大。

31、不近人情:不合乎人的常情。也指性情或言行怪僻。

32、扶摇直上:形容上升很快。比喻仕途得意。

33、孤苦伶仃:孤独困苦,无依无靠

34、茕茕孓立:孤独无依的样子。

35、形影相吊:只有自己的身子和影子在一起互相慰问。形容非常孤单,没有伴侣。

36、日薄西山:太阳接近西山。比喻人已经衰老或事物衰败腐朽,临近死亡。

37、气息奄奄:形容人即将断气、死亡的样子。也比喻事物衰败没落,即将灭亡。

38、朝不谋夕:亦作“朝不虑夕。”早晨不能谋及晚上。形容形势或事情危急,只能顾及眼前,无暇作长远打算。

39、乌鸟私情:比喻侍奉尊亲的孝心。

40、结草衔环:亦作“衔环结草”。原是古代两个受恩报答的故事。比喻感恩报德,至死不忘。

41、皇天后土:古人对天地的尊称,君履后土而戴皇天,皇天后土,实闻君之言。

42、人命危浅:指人的寿命不长了,随时都会死亡。

43、咬文嚼字:形容过分地斟酌字句。多指死扣字眼而不注意精神实质。

44、学富五车:形容读书多,学识丰富。

45、才高八斗:比喻人极有才华。

46、心有余悸:危险的事情虽然过去了,回想起来心里还害怕。

47、流毒无穷:比喻祸害非常严重的事物

补充

1、走投无路:无路可走。比喻处境非常困难。

2、咀嚼鉴赏:细细品味和欣赏。

3、张冠李戴:比喻弄错了对象或弄错了事实。

4、信口开河:随口乱说一气

5、深恶痛绝:厌恶、痛恨到了极点。

6、不即不离:不靠近也不分离。

7、锱铢必较:对极小的事都计较

8、得鱼忘筌:筌是用来捕鱼的,得了鱼,就忘了筌。比喻达到目的后就忘了原来的凭借。

9、熟能生巧:熟练了就能掌握技巧或窍门。

10、游刃有余:比喻技术熟练,经验丰富,解决问题毫不费力

范文九:高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累 投稿:任敝敞

高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累

语言运用 2014-05-13 10:54

高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累 必修一 1、峥嵘岁月:形容不平凡的年月 2、风华正茂:正是风采动人和才华横溢的时候。形容青年朝气蓬勃、年轻有为 3、挥斥方遒:是说热情奔放,劲头正足。 4、百舸争流:形容群舟争相行驶。 5、天伦叙乐:老人和孩子在一起其乐融融的样子。 6、危在旦夕:形容危险即在眼前。 7、从谏如流:指听从好的建议就像水从高处流下一样顺畅自然,形容乐意接受 别人的意见。 8、洞若观火:就像黑夜里看火一样,形容观察事物非常清楚。 9、以退为进:表面上退却,其实准备进攻的一种战略或战术。 10、化险为夷:将危险转化为平安。放浪形骸:指行为放纵,不受约束。 11、一去不复返:一去之后就不再回来。 12、图穷匕首:比喻事情发展到了最后,真相或本意显露出来。 13、悲歌击筑:亦作“悲歌易水”,常用以抒写悲壮苍凉的气氛。 14、切齿拊心:形容愤恨到极点。 15、发上指冠:毛发竖起的样子。形容极度愤怒。 16、无可奈何:没有办法,无法可想。表示事已如此,再要挽回已是无能为 力。 17、变徵之声:乐声中的徵调变化,常作悲壮之声。 18、秋毫不犯:指军纪严明,丝毫不侵犯人民的利益。 19、劳苦功高:指出了很多力,吃了很多苦,立下了很大的功劳。 20、约法三章:比喻以语言或文字规定出几条共同遵守的条款。刘邦由于坚决 执行约法三章,得到了老百姓的信任、拥护和支持,最后取得天下,建立了西 汉王朝。 21、人为刀俎,我为鱼肉:比喻生杀大权掌握在他人手中,自己处于被人宰割 的地位。 22、长歌当哭:长歌:长声歌咏,也指写诗;当:当作。用长声歌咏或写诗文 来代替痛哭,借以抒发心中的悲愤。 23、目不忍视:眼睛不忍看视。形容景象极其悲惨。 24、耳不忍闻:耳朵不忍听知。形容消息极其悲惨。 25、百折不回:挫折。无论受多少挫折都不退缩,形容意志坚强。也说百折不 挠。 26、殒身不恤: 殒:牺牲;恤:顾惜。牺牲生命也不顾惜。 28、步履稳健:表面意思指步伐稳重,用在特定场合也可以指办事一步一个脚 印,很稳健。 29、博闻强记:形容知识丰富,记忆力强 30、屏息以待:抑止气息静静的等待。

31、世人瞩目:全世界都在关注某事或人 32、婆娑起舞:形容跳起舞来的姿态 33、引人注目:吸引人们注意。 34、发人深思:启发人深入地思考。形容语言或文章有深刻的含意,耐人寻 味。 35、耸入云天:形容,高山,或者参天巨树的高大,比云还要高。 36、扭转乾坤:比喻从根本上改

变整个局面。 必修二 1、蓊蓊郁郁:多形容草木蓬勃茂盛的样子。 2、混混沌沌:迷糊不清的样子,模糊一片,不分明。 3、急不暇择:在紧急的情况下来不及选择。 4、二三其德: 形容三心二意。 5、载笑载言:边笑边说话。 6、信誓旦旦:信誓:表示诚意的誓言;旦旦:诚恳的样子。誓言说得真实可 信。 7、夙兴夜寐:早起晚睡。形容勤奋。 8、杨柳依依:古人送行,折柳相赠,表示依依惜别。比喻依依不舍的惜别之 情。 9、九死不悔:纵然死很多回也不后悔。形容意志坚定,不认经历多少危险,也 决不动摇退缩。 10、瞻前顾后:看看前面,又看看后面。形容做事之前考虑周密慎重。也形容 顾虑太多,犹豫不决。 11、卓尔不群:指才德超出常人,与众不同。易误用为形容人的性格孤傲,难 以与周围人相处。 12、日月不淹:日月飞快地运转,一刻也不停留,形容时间过得很快。 13、楚楚可怜:本指幼松纤弱可爱,后形容女子娇弱的样子。 14、坚如磐石:象大石头一样坚固。比喻不可动摇。 15、去日苦多:已经过去的日子太多了。用于感叹光阴易逝之语。 16、天下归心:形容天下老百姓心悦诚服 17、少长咸集:年少的、年长的都聚集在了一起。 18、群贤毕至:很多有才能的人都来了。 19、曲水流觞:古民俗,每年农历三月在弯曲的水流旁设酒杯,流到谁面前, 谁就取下来喝,可以除去不吉利。 20、情随事迁:情况变了,思想感情也随着起了变化。 21、游目骋怀:纵目四望,开阔心胸。 22、放浪形骸:指行动不受世俗礼节的束缚。 23、感慨系之:有所感触,慨叹不已。 24、沧海一粟:大海里的一颗谷粒,形容物体非常渺小。 25、正襟危坐:使衣襟端正,使身子端正,这里是使动用法。形容人物严肃或 拘谨的样子。 26、遗世独立:脱离社会,独自生活,不跟别人往来。 27、不绝如缕:像细线一样连着,差点就断了。多用来形容局势危急或声音细 微悠长。

28、杯盘狼藉:形容宴饮后桌上凌乱的样子。 29、如泣如诉:好象在哭泣,又象在诉说。形容声音悲切。 30、余音袅袅:形容音乐悦耳动听,令人沉醉。 31、终南捷径:指求名利的最近便是门路。也比喻达到目的的便捷途径。 32、容有底止:或许能相当深。底止,深的意思。 33、责无旁贷:自己应尽的责任,不能推卸给旁人。 34、旁稽、博采两词意义相仿,连用表示从多方面考察、吸收各家长处之意 35、骇人听闻:指使人听了感到非常震惊。 36、义愤填膺:由不义的人和事所激起的愤怒感情充满胸膛。 37、安之若素:对于困危境地或异常情况,一如平素,泰然处之。 38、心急如焚:心

里急得像着了火一样。形容内心焦急万分。 39、无济于事:对事情没有帮助,指解决不了问题。 40、空头支票:无法生效的支票。比喻不能实现的诺言。 41、不言而喻:不用说什么就能明白。 42、息息相关:呼吸相关连,比喻关系密切。 43、休戚相关:休,喜悦、吉利;戚,忧愁悲哀。形容关系密切,利害相关。 44、休戚与共:忧患祸福彼此共同承担 45、 豁然开朗:形容由狭窄阴暗突然变为开阔敞亮。也比喻心里突然悟出道理 而感觉明朗。 46、浅尝辄止:只略微尝试一下就停止。比喻做事不深入。 47、坚韧不拔:形容意志坚强,有毅力,毫不动摇。 48、卓有成效:卓,特别突出,卓越。指很有成绩、效果。 必修三 1、谨小慎微:过分小心谨慎,缩手缩脚,不敢放手去做。 2、寄人篱下:依附于他人篱笆下。比喻依附别人生活。 3、小家碧玉:旧时指小户人家美丽的年轻女子。 4、入不敷出:收入不够支出。 5、横七竖八:有的横,有的竖,杂乱无章。形容纵横杂乱。 6、吞吞吐吐:想说,但又不痛痛快快地说。形容说话有顾虑。 7、沸反盈天:声音象水开锅一样沸腾翻滚,充满了空间。形容人声喧闹,乱成 一片。 8、为所欲为:本指做自己想做的事。后指想干什么就干什么。 9、遍体鳞伤:浑身受伤,伤痕象鱼鳞一样密。形容受伤很重。 10、皮开肉绽:皮肉都裂开了。形容伤势严重。多指受残酷拷打。 11、胆战心惊:发抖。形容十分害怕。 12、喜出望外:由于没有想到的好事而非常高兴。 13、地崩山摧:土地崩裂,山岭倒塌。多形容巨大变故。 14、一夫当关万夫莫开:意思是山势又高又险,一个人把着关口,一万个人也 打不进来。形容地势十分险要 15、磨牙吮血:磨利牙齿,吮吸鲜血。多形容像野兽一样嗜杀。 16、杀人如麻:杀死的人多得象乱麻。形容杀的人多得数不清。 17、千呼万唤:指呼唤多次,再三催促,形容不轻易出面。 18、切切私语:指在暗中小声说话。

19、珠盘玉落:形容乐器弹奏的声音清脆悦耳,十分动听。 20、整衣敛容:现指整理衣服,收起笑容,脸色严肃起来。 21、秋月春风:比喻良辰佳景、美好岁月。 22、暮去朝来:比喻时间过得很快。 23、门前冷落:形容来来往往的人极少。也作“门庭冷落”。 24、杜鹃啼血:本指杜鹃啼鸣,形容鸟类啼声的悲苦。 25、司马青衫:司马的衣衫都被泪水浸湿了。形容十分悲伤。 26、弃甲曳兵:形容打败仗逃跑时的狼狈相。 27、五十步笑百步:后泛用以比喻缺点或错误的性质相同,只有情节或好或重 的区别。 28、祸起萧墙:指祸乱发生在家里。比喻内部发生祸乱。 29、锲而不

舍:不断地镂刻。比喻有恒心,有毅力。 30、席卷天下:形容力量强大,控制了全国 31、包举宇内:并吞天下,占有一切。 32、囊括四海:比喻统统包罗在内。指统一全国。 33、追亡逐北:追击败走的敌军。 34、因利乘便:凭藉有利的形势。 35、云集响应:大家迅速集合在一起,表示赞同和支持。 36、斩木揭竿:砍削树木当兵器,举起竹竿作军旗。比喻武装起义 37、深谋远虑:指计划得很周密,考虑得很长远。 38、同年而语:犹言相提并论。把不同的人或不同的事放在一起谈论或看待。 39、瓮牖绳枢:破瓮做窗,绳作门轴。比喻贫穷人家。 40、畏葸不前:畏惧退缩,不敢前进。 必修四 1、开柙出虎:原指负责看管的人未尽责任。后多比喻放纵坏人。 2、虎兕出柙:虎、兕从木笼中逃出。比喻恶人逃脱,主管者应负责任。 3、既来之,则安之:原意是既然把他们招抚来,就要把他们安顿下来。后指既 然来了,就要在这里安下必来。 4、分崩离析:崩塌解体,四分五裂。形容国家或集团分裂瓦解。 5、祸起萧墙:指祸乱发生在家里。比喻内部发生祸乱。 6、五十步笑百步:作战时后退了五十步的人讥笑后退了百步的人。比喻自己跟 别人有同样的缺点错误,只是程度上轻一些,却毫无自知之明地去讥笑别人。 7、饿殍(piǎo)遍野:饿死的人到处都是。 8、豁然开朗:从黑暗狭窄变得宽敞明亮。比喻突然领悟了一个道理。 9、浅尝辄止:略微尝试一下就停下来。指不深入钻研。 10、卓有成效:有突出的成绩和效果。 11、坚忍不拔:形容在艰苦困难的情况下意志坚定,毫不动摇。 12、永垂不朽:指光辉的事迹和伟大的精神永远流传,不会磨灭。 13、骇人听闻:使人听了非常吃惊、害怕。 14、义愤填膺(yīnɡ):发于正义的愤懑充满胸中。 15、安之若素:安然相处,和往常一样,不觉得有什么不合适。 16、心急如焚:心里急得象着了火一样。形容非常着急。 17、息息相关:呼吸也相互关联。形容彼此的关系非常密切。

18、无济于事:对事情没有什么帮助或益处。比喻不解决问题。 19、摇摇欲坠:形容十分危险,很快就要掉下来,或不稳固,很快就要垮台。 20、不言而喻:不用说话就能明白。形容道理很明显。 21、大放厥(jué)词:原指铺张词藻或畅所欲言。现用来指大发议论。 22、语焉不详:指虽然提到了,但说得不详细。 23、一帆风顺:船挂着满帆顺风行驶。比喻非常顺利,没有任何阻碍。 24、不可思议:①佛家语。指思维和言语所不能达到的微妙境界。道教也借用 此语。②形容事物无法想象或难以理解。 25、筋疲力尽:形容非常疲乏,一

点力气也没有了。 26、恫瘝(ɡuān)在抱:把人民的疾苦放在心里。 27、无忧无虑:没有一点忧愁和顾虑。 28、遮天蔽日:遮蔽天空和太阳。形容事物体积庞大、数量众多或气势盛大。 29、白头偕老:夫妻相亲相爱,一直到老。 30、恻(cè)隐之心:形容对人寄予同情。 31、忐忑(tǎn tè)不安:心神极为不安。 32、兴高采烈:原指文章志趣高尚,言词犀利。后多形容兴致高,精神饱满。 33、慢条斯理:原指说话做事有条有理,不慌不忙。现也形容说话做事慢腾 腾,不慌不忙。 34、提心吊胆:形容十分担心或害怕。 35、奋不顾身:奋勇向前,不考虑个人安危。 36、物华天宝:指各种珍美的宝物。 37、人杰地灵:指有杰出的人降生或到过,其地也就成了名胜之区。 38、高朋满座:形容宾客很多。 39、命途多舛(chuǎn):形容在人生道路上历经坎坷,屡遭磨难。 40、冯唐易老:汉冯唐身历三朝,至武帝时,举为贤良,但唐已九十馀岁,不 能再做官了。 41、画栋珠帘:形容房屋装备的华丽。 42、李广难封:汉名将李广部下因军功而封侯的人很多,而李广本人抗击匈 奴,战功显赫,却不见封侯。后以“李广未封”、“李广不侯”、“李广难 封”慨叹功高不爵,命运乖舛。 43、老当益壮:年纪虽老而志气更旺盛,干劲更足。 44、东隅已逝:早年的时光消逝,如果珍惜时光,发愤图强,晚年并不晚。 45、各抒己见:各人充分发表自己的意见。 46、艰苦卓绝:坚忍刻苦的精神超过寻常。 47、充耳不闻:塞住耳朵不听。形容有意不听别人的意见。 48、置之不理:放在一边,不理不睬。 49、虚无缥缈:形容空虚渺茫。 50、袖手旁观:把手笼在袖子里,在一旁观看。比喻置身事外,既不过问,也 不协助别人。 51、自得其乐:自己能从中得到乐趣。 52、不屑一顾:认为不值得一看。形容极端轻视。 53、扬眉吐气:扬起眉头,吐出怨气。形容摆脱了长期受压状态后高兴痛快的 样子。 54、迎刃而解:原意是说,劈竹子时,头上几节一破开,下面的顺着刀口自己

就裂开了。比喻处理事情、解决问题很顺利。 55、兢兢业业:形容做事谨慎、勤恳。 56、天伦之乐:泛指家庭的乐趣。 57、耳熟能详:指听得多了,能够说得很清楚、很详细。 58、庸人自扰:指本来没有事,自己瞎着急或自找麻烦。 59、来龙去脉:本指山脉的走势和去向。现比喻一件事的前因后果。 60、雷霆万钧:形容威力极大,无法阻挡。 必修五 1、忍无可忍:再也忍受不下去了。 2、逼上梁山:比喻被迫起来反抗。现也比喻被迫采取某种行动。 3、垂头丧气:形容因失败或不顺利而情绪低落、萎

蘼不振的样子 4、没精打采:形容精神不振,提不起劲头 5、兴高采烈:原指文章志趣高尚,言词犀利。后多形容兴致高,精神饱满。 6、平心静气:心情平和,态度冷静。 7、理所当然:按道理应当这样。 8、正大光明:心怀坦白,言行正派 9、物华天宝:原指万物的光华,天上的宝气。形容各种珍贵的物品。 10、人杰地灵:意指人使地增色,地因人而著名。即杰出的人物出生或到过的 地方,便成为名胜之地,或指杰出人物生于灵秀之地。 11、胜友如云:才智出众的朋友们云集一处。 12、高朋满座:满座尽是高贵的宾朋。 13、腾蛟起凤:象蛟龙腾越,凤凰起舞。比喻文辞奇巧优美,才华横溢。 14、钟鸣鼎食:吃饭时,奏乐列鼎。形容贵族和富贵人家豪华奢侈的生活。 15、云销雨霁:云消雨散。指满天的云雨顿时消散,形容已经逝去的一切都不 会再回来了。 16、响遏行云:声音高入云霄,把浮动着的云彩也阻止了。形容歌声嘹亮有 力,悦耳动听。 17、天高地迥:迥:遥远。形容天地之间广阔无边。 18、兴尽悲来:高兴的劲儿过去了,使人悲苦的事又来了。 19、萍水相逢:萍:在水面上浮生的一种蕨类植物,随水漂泊,聚散不定。浮 萍在水里偶然相遇。比喻从来不相识的人偶然相遇。 20、冯唐易老:比喻仕宦不得志。 21、老当益壮:当:应当。益:更加。原指年纪老而志气应当更壮。 22、穷且益坚:也作“穷当益坚”。穷:不得志。益:更加。处境困难而意志 应当更加坚定。 23、涸辙之鲋:涸:水干,枯竭。辙:车辙。鲋:鲫鱼。干枯的车辙里的鲫 鱼。比喻处于困境急待救援的人。 24、失之东隅,收之桑榆:东隅:东方,日出处,指早上。桑榆:西方;日落 时,余光落在桑树和榆树之间;指晚上。早上有所失,晚上则有所得。比喻这 个时候失败了,另一个时候得到补偿。 25、一介书生:一介:一个。旧时读书人自称。或对一般读书人的雅称。 26、投笔从戎:投:扔掉,放弃。笔:笔杆子,指文墨生涯。从戎:参军。指 弃文就武,放弃文墨生涯去参加军队。

27、高山流水:原指含蓄在古琴曲里的两种喻意。后用以比喻知音或知己。 28、盛筵难再:盛:盛大。筵:筵席。盛大的筵席难以再得。 29、陆海潘江:陆、潘:晋朝的文学家陆机、潘岳。本是称颂陆机和潘岳文才 很高。后用以称颂学识渊博,才华横溢的人。 30、鹏程万里:相传鹏鸟能飞万里路程。比喻前程远大。 31、不近人情:不合乎人的常情。也指性情或言行怪僻。 32、扶摇直上:形容上升很快。比喻仕途得意。 33、孤苦伶仃:孤独困苦,无依无靠 34、茕茕孓立:孤独无依

的样子。 35、形影相吊:只有自己的身子和影子在一起互相慰问。形容非常孤单,没有 伴侣。 36、日薄西山:太阳接近西山。比喻人已经衰老或事物衰败腐朽,临近死亡。 37、气息奄奄:形容人即将断气、死亡的样子。也比喻事物衰败没落,即将灭 亡。 38、朝不谋夕: 亦作“朝不虑夕。”早晨不能谋及晚上。形容形势或事情危 急,只能顾及眼前,无暇作长远打算。 39、乌鸟私情:比喻侍奉尊亲的孝心。 40、结草衔环:亦作“衔环结草”。原是古代两个受恩报答的故事。比喻感恩 报德,至死不忘。 41、皇天后土:古人对天地的尊称,君履后土而戴皇天,皇天后土,实闻君之 言。 42、人命危浅:指人的寿命不长了,随时都会死亡。 43、咬文嚼字:形容过分地斟酌字句。多指死扣字眼而不注意精神实质。 44、学富五车:形容读书多,学识丰富。 45、才高八斗:比喻人极有才华。 46、心有余悸:危险的事情虽然过去了,回想起来心里还害怕。 47、流毒无穷:比喻祸害非常严重的事物 补充 1、走投无路:无路可走。比喻处境非常困难。 2、咀嚼鉴赏:细细品味和欣赏。 3、张冠李戴:比喻弄错了对象或弄错了事实。 4、信口开河:随口乱说一气 5、深恶痛绝:厌恶、痛恨到了极点。 6、不即不离:不靠近也不分离。 7、锱铢必较:对极小的事都计较 8、得鱼忘筌:筌是用来捕鱼的,得了鱼,就忘了筌。比喻达到目的后就忘了原 来的凭借。 9、熟能生巧:熟练了就能掌握技巧或窍门。 10、游刃有余:比喻技术熟练,经验丰富,解决问题毫不费力

范文十:高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累 投稿:胡豊豋

高中语文人教版必修一至必修五课文成语积累

必修一

1、峥嵘岁月:形容不平凡的年月

2、风华正茂:正是风采动人和才华横溢的时候。形容青年朝气蓬勃、年轻有为

3、挥斥方遒:是说热情奔放,劲头正足。

4、百舸争流:形容群舟争相行驶。

5、天伦叙乐:老人和孩子在一起其乐融融的样子。

6、危在旦夕:形容危险即在眼前。

7、从谏如流:指听从好的建议就像水从高处流下一样顺畅自然,形容乐意接受别人的意见。

8、洞若观火:就像黑夜里看火一样,形容观察事物非常清楚。

9、以退为进:表面上退却,其实准备进攻的一种战略或战术。

10、化险为夷:将危险转化为平安。放浪形骸:指行为放纵,不受约束。

11、一去不复返:一去之后就不再回来。

12、图穷匕首:比喻事情发展到了最后,真相或本意显露出来。

13、悲歌击筑:亦作“悲歌易水”,常用以抒写悲壮苍凉的气氛。

14、切齿拊心:形容愤恨到极点。

15、发上指冠:毛发竖起的样子。形容极度愤怒。

16、无可奈何:没有办法,无法可想。表示事已如此,再要挽回已是无能为力。

17、变徵之声:乐声中的徵调变化,常作悲壮之声。

18、秋毫不犯:指军纪严明,丝毫不侵犯人民的利益。

19、劳苦功高:指出了很多力,吃了很多苦,立下了很大的功劳。

20、约法三章:比喻以语言或文字规定出几条共同遵守的条款。刘邦由于坚决执行约法三章,得到了老百姓的信任、拥护和支持,最后取得天下,建立了西汉王朝。

21、人为刀俎,我为鱼肉:比喻生杀大权掌握在他人手中,自己处于被人宰割的地位。

22、长歌当哭:长歌:长声歌咏,也指写诗;当:当作。用长声歌咏或写诗文来代替痛哭,借以抒发心中的悲愤。

23、目不忍视:眼睛不忍看视。形容景象极其悲惨。

24、耳不忍闻:耳朵不忍听知。形容消息极其悲惨。

25、百折不回:挫折。无论受多少挫折都不退缩,形容意志坚强。也说百折不挠。

26、殒身不恤: 殒:牺牲;恤:顾惜。牺牲生命也不顾惜。

28、步履稳健:表面意思指步伐稳重,用在特定场合也可以指办事一步一个脚印,很稳健。

29、博闻强记:形容知识丰富,记忆力强

30、屏息以待:抑止气息静静的等待。

31、世人瞩目:全世界都在关注某事或人

32、婆娑起舞:形容跳起舞来的姿态

33、引人注目:吸引人们注意。

34、发人深思:启发人深入地思考。形容语言或文章有深刻的含意,耐人寻味。

35、耸入云天:形容,高山,或者参天巨树的高大,比云还要高。

36、扭转乾坤:比喻从根本上改变整个局面。

必修二

1、蓊蓊郁郁:多形容草木蓬勃茂盛的样子。

2、混混沌沌:迷糊不清的样子,模糊一片,不分明。

3、急不暇择:在紧急的情况下来不及选择。

4、二三其德: 形容三心二意。

5、载笑载言:边笑边说话。

6、信誓旦旦:信誓:表示诚意的誓言;旦旦:诚恳的样子。誓言说得真实可信。

7、夙兴夜寐:早起晚睡。形容勤奋。

8、杨柳依依:古人送行,折柳相赠,表示依依惜别。比喻依依不舍的惜别之情。

9、九死不悔:纵然死很多回也不后悔。形容意志坚定,不认经历多少危险,也

决不动摇退缩。

10、瞻前顾后:看看前面,又看看后面。形容做事之前考虑周密慎重。也形容

顾虑太多,犹豫不决。

11、卓尔不群:指才德超出常人,与众不同。易误用为形容人的性格孤傲,难以与周围人相处。

12、日月不淹:日月飞快地运转,一刻也不停留,形容时间过得很快。

13、楚楚可怜:本指幼松纤弱可爱,后形容女子娇弱的样子。

14、坚如磐石:象大石头一样坚固。比喻不可动摇。

15、去日苦多:已经过去的日子太多了。用于感叹光阴易逝之语。

16、天下归心:形容天下老百姓心悦诚服

17、少长咸集:年少的、年长的都聚集在了一起。

18、群贤毕至:很多有才能的人都来了。

19、曲水流觞:古民俗,每年农历三月在弯曲的水流旁设酒杯,流到谁面前,

谁就取下来喝,可以除去不吉利。

20、情随事迁:情况变了,思想感情也随着起了变化。

21、游目骋怀:纵目四望,开阔心胸。

22、放浪形骸:指行动不受世俗礼节的束缚。

23、感慨系之:有所感触,慨叹不已。

24、沧海一粟:大海里的一颗谷粒,形容物体非常渺小。

25、正襟危坐:使衣襟端正,使身子端正,这里是使动用法。形容人物严肃或拘谨的样子。

26、遗世独立:脱离社会,独自生活,不跟别人往来。

27、不绝如缕:像细线一样连着,差点就断了。多用来形容局势危急或声音细微悠长。

28、杯盘狼藉:形容宴饮后桌上凌乱的样子。

29、如泣如诉:好象在哭泣,又象在诉说。形容声音悲切。

30、余音袅袅:形容音乐悦耳动听,令人沉醉。

31、终南捷径:指求名利的最近便是门路。也比喻达到目的的便捷途径。

32、容有底止:或许能相当深。底止,深的意思。

33、责无旁贷:自己应尽的责任,不能推卸给旁人。

34、旁稽、博采两词意义相仿,连用表示从多方面考察、吸收各家长处之意

35、骇人听闻:指使人听了感到非常震惊。

36、义愤填膺:由不义的人和事所激起的愤怒感情充满胸膛。

37、安之若素:对于困危境地或异常情况,一如平素,泰然处之。

38、心急如焚:心里急得像着了火一样。形容内心焦急万分。

39、无济于事:对事情没有帮助,指解决不了问题。

40、空头支票:无法生效的支票。比喻不能实现的诺言。

41、不言而喻:不用说什么就能明白。

42、息息相关:呼吸相关连,比喻关系密切。

43、休戚相关:休,喜悦、吉利;戚,忧愁悲哀。形容关系密切,利害相关。

44、休戚与共:忧患祸福彼此共同承担

45、豁然开朗:形容由狭窄阴暗突然变为开阔敞亮。也比喻心里突然悟出道理而感觉明朗。

46、浅尝辄止:只略微尝试一下就停止。比喻做事不深入。

47、坚韧不拔:形容意志坚强,有毅力,毫不动摇。

48、卓有成效:卓,特别突出,卓越。指很有成绩、效果。

必修三

1、谨小慎微:过分小心谨慎,缩手缩脚,不敢放手去做。

2、寄人篱下:依附于他人篱笆下。比喻依附别人生活。

3、小家碧玉:旧时指小户人家美丽的年轻女子。

4、入不敷出:收入不够支出。

5、横七竖八:有的横,有的竖,杂乱无章。形容纵横杂乱。

6、吞吞吐吐:想说,但又不痛痛快快地说。形容说话有顾虑。

7、沸反盈天:声音象水开锅一样沸腾翻滚,充满了空间。形容人声喧闹,乱成一片。

8、为所欲为:本指做自己想做的事。后指想干什么就干什么。

9、遍体鳞伤:浑身受伤,伤痕象鱼鳞一样密。形容受伤很重。

10、皮开肉绽:皮肉都裂开了。形容伤势严重。多指受残酷拷打。

11、胆战心惊:发抖。形容十分害怕。

12、喜出望外:由于没有想到的好事而非常高兴。

13、地崩山摧:土地崩裂,山岭倒塌。多形容巨大变故。

14、一夫当关万夫莫开:意思是山势又高又险,一个人把着关口,一万个人也打不进来。形容地势十分险要

15、磨牙吮血:磨利牙齿,吮吸鲜血。多形容像野兽一样嗜杀。

16、杀人如麻:杀死的人多得象乱麻。形容杀的人多得数不清。

17、千呼万唤:指呼唤多次,再三催促,形容不轻易出面。

18、切切私语:指在暗中小声说话。

19、珠盘玉落:形容乐器弹奏的声音清脆悦耳,十分动听。

20、整衣敛容:现指整理衣服,收起笑容,脸色严肃起来。

21、秋月春风:比喻良辰佳景、美好岁月。

22、暮去朝来:比喻时间过得很快。

23、门前冷落:形容来来往往的人极少。也作“门庭冷落”。

24、杜鹃啼血:本指杜鹃啼鸣,形容鸟类啼声的悲苦。

25、司马青衫:司马的衣衫都被泪水浸湿了。形容十分悲伤。

26、弃甲曳兵:形容打败仗逃跑时的狼狈相。

27、五十步笑百步:后泛用以比喻缺点或错误的性质相同,只有情节或好或重的区别。

28、祸起萧墙:指祸乱发生在家里。比喻内部发生祸乱。

29、锲而不舍:不断地镂刻。比喻有恒心,有毅力。

30、席卷天下:形容力量强大,控制了全国

31、包举宇内:并吞天下,占有一切。

32、囊括四海:比喻统统包罗在内。指统一全国。

33、追亡逐北:追击败走的敌军。

34、因利乘便:凭藉有利的形势。

35、云集响应:大家迅速集合在一起,表示赞同和支持。

36、斩木揭竿:砍削树木当兵器,举起竹竿作军旗。比喻武装起义

37、深谋远虑:指计划得很周密,考虑得很长远。

38、同年而语:犹言相提并论。把不同的人或不同的事放在一起谈论或看待。

39、瓮牖绳枢:破瓮做窗,绳作门轴。比喻贫穷人家。

40、畏葸不前:畏惧退缩,不敢前进。

必修四

1、开柙出虎:原指负责看管的人未尽责任。后多比喻放纵坏人。

2、虎兕出柙:虎、兕从木笼中逃出。比喻恶人逃脱,主管者应负责任。

3、既来之,则安之:原意是既然把他们招抚来,就要把他们安顿下来。后指既然来了,就要在这里安下必来。

4、分崩离析:崩塌解体,四分五裂。形容国家或集团分裂瓦解。

5、祸起萧墙:指祸乱发生在家里。比喻内部发生祸乱。

6、五十步笑百步:作战时后退了五十步的人讥笑后退了百步的人。比喻自己跟别人有同样的缺点错误,只是程度上轻一些,却毫无自知之明地去讥笑别人。

7、饿殍(piǎo)遍野:饿死的人到处都是。

8、豁然开朗:从黑暗狭窄变得宽敞明亮。比喻突然领悟了一个道理。

9、浅尝辄止:略微尝试一下就停下来。指不深入钻研。

10、卓有成效:有突出的成绩和效果。

11、坚忍不拔:形容在艰苦困难的情况下意志坚定,毫不动摇。

12、永垂不朽:指光辉的事迹和伟大的精神永远流传,不会磨灭。

13、骇人听闻:使人听了非常吃惊、害怕。

14、义愤填膺(yīnɡ):发于正义的愤懑充满胸中。

15、安之若素:安然相处,和往常一样,不觉得有什么不合适。

16、心急如焚:心里急得象着了火一样。形容非常着急。

17、息息相关:呼吸也相互关联。形容彼此的关系非常密切。

18、无济于事:对事情没有什么帮助或益处。比喻不解决问题。

19、摇摇欲坠:形容十分危险,很快就要掉下来,或不稳固,很快就要垮台。

20、不言而喻:不用说话就能明白。形容道理很明显。

21、大放厥(jué)词:原指铺张词藻或畅所欲言。现用来指大发议论。

22、语焉不详:指虽然提到了,但说得不详细。

23、一帆风顺:船挂着满帆顺风行驶。比喻非常顺利,没有任何阻碍。

24、不可思议:①佛家语。指思维和言语所不能达到的微妙境界。道教也借用此语。②形容事物无法想象或难以理解。

25、筋疲力尽:形容非常疲乏,一点力气也没有了。

26、恫瘝(ɡuān)在抱:把人民的疾苦放在心里。

27、无忧无虑:没有一点忧愁和顾虑。

28、遮天蔽日:遮蔽天空和太阳。形容事物体积庞大、数量众多或气势盛大。

29、白头偕老:夫妻相亲相爱,一直到老。

30、恻(cè)隐之心:形容对人寄予同情。

31、忐忑(tǎn tè)不安:心神极为不安。

32、兴高采烈:原指文章志趣高尚,言词犀利。后多形容兴致高,精神饱满。

33、慢条斯理:原指说话做事有条有理,不慌不忙。现也形容说话做事慢腾腾,不慌不忙。

34、提心吊胆:形容十分担心或害怕。

35、奋不顾身:奋勇向前,不考虑个人安危。

36、物华天宝:指各种珍美的宝物。

37、人杰地灵:指有杰出的人降生或到过,其地也就成了名胜之区。

38、高朋满座:形容宾客很多。

39、命途多舛(chuǎn):形容在人生道路上历经坎坷,屡遭磨难。

40、冯唐易老:汉冯唐身历三朝,至武帝时,举为贤良,但唐已九十馀岁,不能再做官了。

41、画栋珠帘:形容房屋装备的华丽。

42、李广难封:汉名将李广部下因军功而封侯的人很多,而李广本人抗击匈奴,战功显赫,却不见封侯。后以“李广未封”、“李广不侯”、“李广难封”慨叹功高不爵,命运乖舛。

43、老当益壮:年纪虽老而志气更旺盛,干劲更足。

44、东隅已逝:早年的时光消逝,如果珍惜时光,发愤图强,晚年并不晚。

45、各抒己见:各人充分发表自己的意见。

46、艰苦卓绝:坚忍刻苦的精神超过寻常。

47、充耳不闻:塞住耳朵不听。形容有意不听别人的意见。

48、臵之不理:放在一边,不理不睬。

49、虚无缥缈:形容空虚渺茫。

50、袖手旁观:把手笼在袖子里,在一旁观看。比喻臵身事外,既不过问,也不协助别人。

51、自得其乐:自己能从中得到乐趣。

52、不屑一顾:认为不值得一看。形容极端轻视。

53、扬眉吐气:扬起眉头,吐出怨气。形容摆脱了长期受压状态后高兴痛快的样子。

54、迎刃而解:原意是说,劈竹子时,头上几节一破开,下面的顺着刀口自己就裂开了。比喻处理事情、解决问题很顺利。

55、兢兢业业:形容做事谨慎、勤恳。

56、天伦之乐:泛指家庭的乐趣。

57、耳熟能详:指听得多了,能够说得很清楚、很详细。

58、庸人自扰:指本来没有事,自己瞎着急或自找麻烦。

59、来龙去脉:本指山脉的走势和去向。现比喻一件事的前因后果。

60、雷霆万钧:形容威力极大,无法阻挡。

必修五

1、忍无可忍:再也忍受不下去了。

2、逼上梁山:比喻被迫起来反抗。现也比喻被迫采取某种行动。

3、垂头丧气:形容因失败或不顺利而情绪低落、萎蘼不振的样子

4、没精打采:形容精神不振,提不起劲头

5、兴高采烈:原指文章志趣高尚,言词犀利。后多形容兴致高,精神饱满。

6、平心静气:心情平和,态度冷静。

7、理所当然:按道理应当这样。

8、正大光明:心怀坦白,言行正派

9、物华天宝:原指万物的光华,天上的宝气。形容各种珍贵的物品。

10、人杰地灵:意指人使地增色,地因人而著名。即杰出的人物出生或到过的地方,便成为名胜之地,或指杰出人物生于灵秀之地。

11、胜友如云:才智出众的朋友们云集一处。

12、高朋满座:满座尽是高贵的宾朋。

13、腾蛟起凤:象蛟龙腾越,凤凰起舞。比喻文辞奇巧优美,才华横溢。

14、钟鸣鼎食:吃饭时,奏乐列鼎。形容贵族和富贵人家豪华奢侈的生活。

15、云销雨霁:云消雨散。指满天的云雨顿时消散,形容已经逝去的一切都不会再回来了。

16、响遏行云:声音高入云霄,把浮动着的云彩也阻止了。形容歌声嘹亮有力,悦耳动听。

17、天高地迥:迥:遥远。形容天地之间广阔无边。

18、兴尽悲来:高兴的劲儿过去了,使人悲苦的事又来了。

19、萍水相逢:萍:在水面上浮生的一种蕨类植物,随水漂泊,聚散不定。浮萍在水里偶然相遇。比喻从来不相识的人偶然相遇。

20、冯唐易老:比喻仕宦不得志。

21、老当益壮:当:应当。益:更加。原指年纪老而志气应当更壮。

22、穷且益坚:也作“穷当益坚”。穷:不得志。益:更加。处境困难而意志应当更加坚定。

23、涸辙之鲋:涸:水干,枯竭。辙:车辙。鲋:鲫鱼。干枯的车辙里的鲫鱼。比喻处于困境急待救援的人。

24、失之东隅,收之桑榆:东隅:东方,日出处,指早上。桑榆:西方;日落时,余光落在桑树和榆树之间;指晚上。早上有所失,晚上则有所得。比喻这个时候失败了,另一个时候得到补偿。

25、一介书生:一介:一个。旧时读书人自称。或对一般读书人的雅称。

26、投笔从戎:投:扔掉,放弃。笔:笔杆子,指文墨生涯。从戎:参军。指弃文就武,放弃文墨生涯去参加军队。

27、高山流水:原指含蓄在古琴曲里的两种喻意。后用以比喻知音或知己。

28、盛筵难再:盛:盛大。筵:筵席。盛大的筵席难以再得。

29、陆海潘江:陆、潘:晋朝的文学家陆机、潘岳。本是称颂陆机和潘岳文才很高。后用以称颂学识渊博,才华横溢的人。

30、鹏程万里:相传鹏鸟能飞万里路程。比喻前程远大。

31、不近人情:不合乎人的常情。也指性情或言行怪僻。

32、扶摇直上:形容上升很快。比喻仕途得意。

33、孤苦伶仃:孤独困苦,无依无靠

34、茕茕孓立:孤独无依的样子。

35、形影相吊:只有自己的身子和影子在一起互相慰问。形容非常孤单,没有伴侣。

36、日薄西山:太阳接近西山。比喻人已经衰老或事物衰败腐朽,临近死亡。

37、气息奄奄:形容人即将断气、死亡的样子。也比喻事物衰败没落,即将灭亡。

38、朝不谋夕:亦作“朝不虑夕。”早晨不能谋及晚上。形容形势或事情危急,只能顾及眼前,无暇作长远打算。

39、乌鸟私情:比喻侍奉尊亲的孝心。

40、结草衔环:亦作“衔环结草”。原是古代两个受恩报答的故事。比喻感恩报德,至死不忘。

41、皇天后土:古人对天地的尊称,君履后土而戴皇天,皇天后土,实闻君之言。

42、人命危浅:指人的寿命不长了,随时都会死亡。

43、咬文嚼字:形容过分地斟酌字句。多指死扣字眼而不注意精神实质。

44、学富五车:形容读书多,学识丰富。

45、才高八斗:比喻人极有才华。

46、心有余悸:危险的事情虽然过去了,回想起来心里还害怕。

47、流毒无穷:比喻祸害非常严重的事物

补充

1、走投无路:无路可走。比喻处境非常困难。

2、咀嚼鉴赏:细细品味和欣赏。

3、张冠李戴:比喻弄错了对象或弄错了事实。

4、信口开河:随口乱说一气

5、深恶痛绝:厌恶、痛恨到了极点。

6、不即不离:不靠近也不分离。

7、锱铢必较:对极小的事都计较

8、得鱼忘筌:筌是用来捕鱼的,得了鱼,就忘了筌。比喻达到目的后就忘了原来的凭借。

9、熟能生巧:熟练了就能掌握技巧或窍门。

10、游刃有余:比喻技术熟练,经验丰富,解决问题毫不费力

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